A History of Language Philosophies
Theory and history combine in this book to form a coherent narrative of the debates on language and languages in the Western world, from ancient classic philosophy to the present, with a final glance at on-going discussions on language as a cognitive tool, on its bodily roots and philogenetic role.
An introductory chapter reviews the epistemological areas that converge into, or contribute to, language philosophy, and discusses their methods, relations, and goals. In this context, the status of language philosophy is discussed in its relation to the sciences and the arts of language. Each chapter is followed by a list of suggested readings that refer the reader to the final bibliography.
About the author: Lia Formigari, Professor Emeritus at University of Rome, La Sapienza. Her publications include: Language and Experience in XVIIth-century British Philosophy. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, 1988; Signs, Science and Politics. Philosophies of Language in Europe 1700 1830. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, 1993; La sémiotique empiriste face au kantisme. Liège: Mardaga, 1994.
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7 Language and philosophy at the turn of the 19th century
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19th century abstract according analysis analytical analytical philosophy animals Aristotle Aristotle’s articulated artiﬁcial aspects behavior Boethius Chomsky Chomsky’s classic cognitive communication concepts Condillac correspondence Cratylus deﬁned deﬁnition dialectics Diogenes Laertius discourse distinction empirical essay essence example existence explain expression ﬁeld ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst function grammar grammarians Greek Humboldt ibid idea individual inﬁnite inﬂectional inﬂuenced Koerner Latin Leibniz linguistic Locke’s logic meaning mental metaphor mind names natural languages Neogrammarians Neoplatonic notion nouns objects oflanguage ofthe organization origin of language philology philosophy of language principle procedures propositions psychological question refer reﬂection relation representations rhetoric Roger Bacon Rosier Sanskrit scientiﬁc semantic semiotics sense sentences Sextus signiﬁcation signs sound speak speakers species speciﬁc speculative grammar speech Stoics structure study of language symbols syntactic texts theory things Thomas of Erfurt thought tion tradition universal universal grammar usage uttered verbal verbs voice Wittgenstein words