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timony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God: h which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption.i

III. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties before he be partaker of it:k yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may,

without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto.? And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure; m that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace

Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 1 John iii. 14. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. See 1 John i. 3; 2 Cor. i. 12.

* Rom. viii. 15, 16. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.

i Eph. i. 13, 14. In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. 2 Cor. i. 21, 22. Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

III. k 1 John v. 13. These things have I written into you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. See Psa. lxxxviii ; lxxvii. 1-12.

11 Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 1 John iv. 13. Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi. 11, 12. And we desire that every one of you do show the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end : That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises. See Eph. iii. 17-19.

m 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall.

and joy in the lIoly Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, the proper fruits of this assurance:n so far is it from inclining men to looseness.'

IV. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted : as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into son special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation ; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness and to


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n Rom. v. 1, 2,5. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Clirist : By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.–And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us. Rom. xiv. 17. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Rom. xv. 13. Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost. Psa. cxix. 32. I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart. See Psa. iv. 6, 7; Eph. i. 3, 4.

• Rom. vi. 1, 2. What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Tit. ii. 11, 12, 14. For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world.-Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. Rom. viii. 1, 12. There is therefore now no condemna tion to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.—Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 1 John iii. 2, 3. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him ; for we shall see him as he is. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. 1 John i. 6, 7. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin,


have no light:P yet are they never utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith; that love of Christ and the brethren; that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty; out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived, 9 and by the which, in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair.”



I. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience; promised life upon

IV. » Psa. li. 8, 12, 14. Make me to hear joy and gladness ; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.--Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free Spirit.-Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. See Psa. lxxvii. 1-10. Psa. xxxi. 22. For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes : nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee.

91 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not. See Psa. lxxiii. 15.

no Micah vii. 7-9. Therefore I will look unto the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me. Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD shall be a light unto me. I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, and I shall behold his righteousness. Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me. See Isa. liv. 7-10; 2 Cor. iv. 8-10. We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.

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the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it.a

II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness, and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables; b the first four commandments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man.c

III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a Church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances,

I. a Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Eph. iv. 21. And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Rom. ii. 11, 15. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves ; Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another. Rom. x. 5. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. Rom. v. 12, 19. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.–For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. See Gal. iii. 10, 12.

II. 6 James i. 25. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. James ii. 8, 10. If ye fulfil the royal law according to the Scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well.-For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. Rom. iji. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law. Deut. v. 32. Ye shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. Deut. x. 4. And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount, out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me. See Ex. xxxiv. 1; Rom. viii. 8, 9.

c Matt. xxii. 37-40. Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. See Ex. xx. 3–18.

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partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits;d and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties.e All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the New Testament.f

IV. To them also, as a body politic, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any other, now, further than the general equity thereof may require.9

V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; ħ and that

III. d Heb. x. 1. For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices, which they offered year by year continually, make the comers thereunto perfect. Gal. iv. 1-3. Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. Col. ii. 27. Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. See Heb. ix.

e Ex. xii. 14. And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations : ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unTeavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. 2 Cor. vi. 17. Wherefore, come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.

$ Col. ii. 14, 16, 17. Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross.--Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. Eph. ii. 15, 16. Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby.

IV. I See Ex. xxi.; xxii. 1-29. Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Matt. v. 38, 39. Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil. See 1 Cor. ix. 8-10.

V. "1 John ii. 3, 4, 7. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. -Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old

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