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V. The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the eternal Spirit onco offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of his Father;k and purchased not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.?
VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof, were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein he was revealed and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent's head, and the
wailing and gnashing of teeth. Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day, See 2 Pet. ii. 4.
V. k Rom. v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Rom. iii. 25, 26. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. See Eph. v. 2.
Eph. i. 11, 14. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.-Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. Col. i. 20. And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. 2 Cor. v. 18, 20. And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. John xvii. 2. As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. Heb. ix. 12, 15. Neither hy the blood of goats and calves, but by his nwn blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and to-day the same, and for ever. m
VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures; by each nature doing that which is proper to itself:n yet by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature, is sometimes in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.
VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same;P making intercession for them,4
VI. m Gal. iv. 4, 5. But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, TC redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
VII. n John x. 17, 18. Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. 1 Pet. iii. 18. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
• Acts xx. 28. Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. John iii. 13. And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man, which is in heaven.
VIII. P John vi. 37, 39. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out.-And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. John x. 15, 16, 27, 28. As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.-My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
91 John ii. 1. If any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. Rom. viii. 34. It is Christ that died, yea
and revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mysteries of salvation;t effectually persuading them by his Spirit to believe and obey; and governing their hearts by his Word and Spirit; 8 overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation.
I. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that it is neither forced, nor, by any absolute necessity of nature, determined to good or evil. a
rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
* John xv. 15. For all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. Eph. i. 9. Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself. John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.
82 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak. Rom. viii. 9, 14. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now, man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.- For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. Rom. xv. 18, 19. For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed, Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ. John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.
+ Psa. cx. 1. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. 1 Cor. xv. 25, 26. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. Col. ii. 15. And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Luke x. 19. Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy; and nothing shall by any means hurt you.
I. a James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away
II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well-pleasing to God; but yet mutably, so that he might fall from
III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;d so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, e and dead in sin, f is not able, by his own of his own lust, and enticed. Deut. xxx. 19. I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live. John v. 40. And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life. Matt. xvii. 12. But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. Acts vii. 51. Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and cars, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. James iv. 7. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
II. • Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.
cGen. ii. 16, 17. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
III. d Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7, 8. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. John xv. 5. For without me ye can do nothing.
e Rom. iii. 9, 10, 12, 23. What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one.- They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
$ Eph. ii. 1, 5. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins.-Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved). Col. ii. 13. And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your filesh,
strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto. 9
IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, le freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and, by his grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; i yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil. k
hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses.
9 John vi. 44, 65. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him.-And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. 1 Cor. ii. 11. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God : for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. Tit. iii. 3-5. For we ourselves also were sometime foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. See Eph. ii. 2-5.
IV. h Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. John viii. 34, 36. Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.-If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
· Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Rom. vi. 18, 22. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.-But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
*Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. Rom. vii. 15, 21-23. For that which I do, I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.-I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. 1 Johni. 8, 10. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.-If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.