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care of his Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.
OF THE FALL OF MAN, OF SIN, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT
I. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden fruit.a This their sin God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.b
II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God,c and so became dead in
VII. O Amos ix. 8, 9. Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth, saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. For, lo, I will command, and I will sist the house of Israel aniong all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. Matt. xvi. 18. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. 1 Tim. iv. 10. For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.
I. a Gen. iii. 13. And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
b Rom. xi. 32. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. Rom. v. 20, 21. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound : That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
II. «Gen. iii. 6-8. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. And
sind and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.e
III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed, f and the same death in sin and cor
they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. Rom. iii. 23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Eph. ii. 1-3. And you huth he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedi. ence: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.
e Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Jer. xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? Tit. i. 15.
Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. See Rom. iii. 10–18.
III. f Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Rom. v. 12, 15–19. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.-But not as the offence, so also is the free gift : for if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore, as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 1 Cor. xv. 21, 22, 45, 49. For zince hy
rupted nature conveyed, to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation. 9
IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all evil, i do proceed all actual transgressions. k
V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated :? and although it be
man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.-And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.-And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
9 Psa. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image: and called his name Seth. John iii. 6. That which is born of the flesh is flesh.
IV. " Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. Col. i. 21. And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.
iGen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the LORD said, ... The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth. Rom. iii. 10–12. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one : Ther is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
k Jas. i. 14, 15. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Eph. ii. 2, 3. The spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.
V.? Rom. vii. 14, 17, 18, 21-23. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.-Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. For I know that in me (that is, in my
through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.m
VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto, n doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner," whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God, p and curse of the law, 9 and
made subject to
flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.-I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. James iii. 2. For in many things we offend all. 1 John i. 8, 10. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.-If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
Prov. xx. 9. Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin ? Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
m Rom. vii. 7, 8, 25. What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law : for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead.-So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
o Rom. ii. 15. Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another. Rom. iii. 9, 19. What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin.Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
p Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
9 Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
death, with all miseries spiritual, s temporal,t and eternal.u
OF GOD'S COVENANT WITH MAN.
. I. THE distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him, as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.a
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him
7 Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin is death.
8 Eph. iv. 18. Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.
+ Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
u Matt. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. 2 Thess. i. 9. Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of
I. a Job ix. 32, 33. For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment. Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both. Psa. cxiii. 5, 6. Who is like unto the LORD our God, who dwelleth on high, Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth! Acts xyii. 24, 25. God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; Neither is worshiped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things. Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do. See Job xxxv. 7, 8.
II. 1 Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of faith : but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. See Gen. ii. 16, 17.