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partake of these holy mysteries, P or be admitted thereunto.9
OF CHIURCII CENSURES.
I. THE Lord Jesus, as king and head of his Church, hath therein appointed a government in the hand of church-officers, distinct from the civil magistrate.a
VIII. P 1 Cor. xi. 27, 29. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.-For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation (judgment] to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. 2 Cor vi. 14-16. Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers : for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness ? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols ? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 1 Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
91 Cor. v. 6, 7, 13. Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.-But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person. 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14, 15. No we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us.-And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed. Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother. Matt. vii. 6. Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.
I. a Isa. ix. 6, 7. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with jus
II. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respectively to retain and remit sins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require.b
III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren; for deterring of others from like offences; for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump; for vindicating the honor of Christ, and the holy profession of the gospel ; and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon
tice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine. 1 Thess. v. 12. And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and acl monish you. Acts xx. 17, 28. And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.-Take heed therefore unto your selves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hatlı made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath pujchased with his own blood. 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. See John xviii. 36.
II. 6 Matt. xvi. 19. And I will give unto thee the keys of the king. dom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Matt. xviii. 17, 18. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church : but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. Verily I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. John xx. 21-23. Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained. 2 Cor. ii. 6-8. Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many. So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow. Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him.
the Church, if they should suffer his covenant, and the seals thereof, to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders.c
IV. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the Church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper for a season, and by excommunication from the Church, accord
ng to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person.d
CHAPTER X X XI.
OF SYNODS AND COUNCILS.
I. For the better government and further edification of the Church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called synods or councils: a and it belongeth to the
III. «See 1 Cor. v. 1 Tim. v. 20. Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear. 1 Tim. i. 20. Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexander: whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme. Jude 23. And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. See 1 Cor. xi. 27-34.
IV. a Matt. xviii. 17. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as a heathen man and a publican. 1 Thess. v. 12. And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you. 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14, 15. Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us.-And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed. Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother. 1 Cor. v. 4, 5, 13. In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, To deliver such a one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.-Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person. See Tit. iii. 10.
1. a Acts xv. 2, 4, 6. When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.-And when they were
overseers and other rulers of the particular churches, by virtue of their office, and the power which Christ hath given them for edification and not for destruction, to appoint such assemblies; b and to convene togetñer in them, as often as they shall judge it expedient for the good of the Church.c
II. It belongeth to synods and councils, ministerially, to determine controversies of faith, and cases of conscience; to set down rules and directions for the better ordering of the public worship of God, and government of his Church ; to receive complaints in cases of mal-administration, and authoritatively to determine the same: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the Word of God, are to be received with reverence and submission, not only for their agreement with the Word, but also for the power whereby they are made, as being an ordinance of God, appointed thereunto in his Word.d
III. All synods or councils since the apostles' times, whether general or particular, may err, and many hare erred; therefore they are not to be made the rule of faith or practice, but to be used as a help in both.e
IV. Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing, but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to
come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them.-And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter. See Rev. ii. 1-6; Acts xx. 17, 28.
o See Acts xv.
c Acts xx. 17. And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus and called the elders of the church. See Acts xv.
II. d Acts xvi. 4. And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem. See Acts xv. 15, 19, 24, 27-31 ; Matt. xviii. 17-19, 29.
III. . Acts xvii. 11. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the Scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 1 Cor. ii. 5. That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand. See Eph. ii. 20.
intermeddle with civil affairs which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble petition in cases extraordinary; or by way of advice for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate. S
OF THE STATE OF MAN AFTER DEATII, AND OF THE
RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
I. The bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption ; a but their souls (which neither die nor sleep), having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies :c
IV.S Luke xii. 13, 14. And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me. And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you? John xviii. 36. Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews : but now is my kingdom not from hence. Matt. xxii. 21. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which are Cesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
I. a Gen. iii. 19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. Acts xiii. 36. For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption.
0 Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
cRev. vii. 4, 15. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed a hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.-Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. 2 Cor. v. 1, 8. For we know that, if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dig.