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order and discipline, it is said, trymen take us for Methodists.” “ they believe that the only officers This is evidently regarded as unplaced by the apostles over indi- desirable. But I do not see any vidual churches, are the bishops thing in the Declaration which or pastors, and the deacons.”. would serve to distinguish us from “ Placed over” are terms which some of our worthy brethren, the seem to imply rule, which the New Calvinistic Methodists, or, as you Testament neither asserts nor im- have sometimes styled them, the plies as belonging to the office of partial conformists. Doubtless deacon. It is added, " and to they are conscientious in the adopthese, (i. e. the bishops and dea- tion of the established forms; but cons) as the officers of the Church, Churchmen regard their use of are committed respectively the ad. them as dishonest; and should ministration of its social worship, the Congregational Union compreits discipline, and its, temporal hend these worthy brethren, that

The term respectively comprehension will serve to inis probably designed to intimate crease the slander, that we are kept that to the pastors is committed out of the national establishment the administration of its social by necessity, rather than by the worship and discipline, and to the light of Scripture and the dictates deacons the administration of the of conscience. temporal concerns of the Church. The principles of religion inIf this is the meaning, I perfectly cluded in the proposed Declaraagree with it, but think the senti- tion are admirable ; one or two ment capable of less equivocal words, perhaps, excepted, they expression.

are the language of the dispensaIt is observed in the preliminary tion, and not of a sect. remarks, that some of «

M. S.


our coun



To the Editors.-To prove the toil. The ripening fruits of years value of education would, in these are as little regarded as if the long days, be useless. That a know. period of the tillage was a matter ledge of the Latin and Greek lan- of regret instead of thankful satisguages confers advantages, is faction. In apology, it may be clear and undisputed ; and yet said, that the duties of actual life there are many possessed of it who require such a devotion of time, as appear ignorant of the importance to prevent the continued pursuit of their acquisition by their failing of ornamental studies. But if the to employ it. How frequently do fact were that the Latin and Greek young men, after passing their are merely ornamental studies, this youth at a grammar-school, and excuse would be valid. It is bedevoting years to the study of cause they are not merely such, Latin and Greek, and having van that we now speak of them; they are quished many of the difficulties of the keys by which we can best exthe Grammar and the Lexicon, plore the treasures of that“ wisdom turn their back on school, and which is more precious than ruconsider it from thenceforth only bies, and to which nothing that can as a remembrancer of labours and be desired, is to be compared." Of

with us

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that wisdom we cannot only boast endeavour to analyse, on paper, as did the Roman Orator “ Hæc the arguments contained in it. studia adolescentiam alunt, senec Let the string of the argument be tutem oblectant, secundas res or- shown, and the connection and nant, adversis perfuginm ac sola- value of every idea, and I am pertiam præbent: delectant domi, non suaded, if I may judge from my impediunt foris, pernoctant nobis- own experience, that in the atcum, perigrinantur, rusticantur ; tempt he will cast down his pen in but we can affirm that it is not despair, and say that he has only valuable and pleasurable now striven at a hopeless task. The (at all times, and under all cireum. fact is, that in no part of our comstances), but that it


mon translation are mistakes so' to eternity.

numerous, and corrections But it may be enquired, where is needed, as in the rendering of the the great advantage of being able Greek particles, which are the to read the New Testament in the bonds of union in arguments. original Greek, since we have a How frequently do we find, and translation ? Now if it be con- particularly in the Epistles, a considered (which no one who is at tinued repetition at the commenceall acquainted with the subjectment of each verse of the causal will deny) that no translation from conjunction “ for,” when no conthe Greek into the English lan- nection of cause and effect is seen. guage can ever profess to equal If the particles in the Epistle to the original; and that were a per- the Romans were properly renfect rendering possible, our pre- dered, it would do more towards sent translation bears on its head the clearing up of the meaning of the errors of 211 years, is uni our English translation (the diffiversally admitted to be capable culties of which every English of much improvement, and was reader must have felt and lamentscarcely more than a compilation ed,) than any other partial amendfrom former translations, it might, ment. And thus the grounds of therefore, be reasonably expected dispute and error would be, in that (as time brought forth from some degree, removed, which have different individuals improved been found in the Epistles of St. translations, the fruits of prayer Paul more than in any other part and study,) the common version of the Scriptures, not indeed newould stand in need of revision. cessarily, for they are the perfecIt is conceived, that if these circum- tion of composition, when each stances were duly considered, suf- part is understood ; they are comficient reason would be found for positions which, had the writer examining the truth otherwise than touched on any other subject than at second hand, as in a transla a pure religion, would have extion.

alted him to a niche amongst the But a few examples will prove great master-writers of pagan anthe superiority of studying the tiquity. But sad is it to say, to Scriptures, in the original Greek, such an extent are the arguments over the study of the translation. of the writers of the Epistles disLet the reader open the Epistle to figured, that many persons are to the Hebrews, and after having read be met with that have with some it again and again, till every part reason concluded, from the sole and expression is familiar, let him reading of the English translaN. S. NO. 93.

3 Z

tion, that they are frequently writ- in the breast of the one who had ten with very little or no regard been so selected, than in those of to the common modes of reasoning, the other candidates. St. Paul and wilh a defiance of the rules of compares himself to the elected style,

competitor, “ Know ye not that But, besides a want of intelli- all they who are competitors in a gibility, there is frequently an ab race run, and that one of them sence of elegance; for though the holdeth up the prize, and procommon translation often ap- claims the rules and regulations : proaches very near to the digni- then ye run that ye may obtain: fied and unaffected simplicity of And that every one who fights the original, yet it fails in giving uses all cautious restraint. These, all the fulness which constitutes, indeed, for a corruptible crown, in so great a degree, the beauty but we for an incorruptible one. and perfection of the Greek Tes- Therefore I so run, not as against tament. Let the tame rendering of the rules; I so fight, not as one 2 Cor. ix. 8, be compared with the that buffets the air. But I keep almost inexpressible force, em- under my body, and bring it into phasis, and beauty of the original, subjection, fearing Jest that by 46 And God is able to make all any means where I have acted grace abound toward you; that the part of a herald to others, I ye always having all sufficiency in myself may be rejected from the all things may abound to every prize." 1 Cor. ix. 24-27. good work.” Δυνατος δε ο Θεος But further, supposing it were a πασαν χαριν περισσευσαι εις υμας, fact, that the common version of ινα εν παντι παντοτε πασαν αυταρ- the New Testament were nearer κειαν εχοντες, περισσευητε εις παν perfection than it is, still it ought to Epyov ayafov. Again, we might be the earnest wish of every youthrefer to one of the most apt, forci. ful mind to be able to examine for ble, and beautiful illustrations of himself, and for his own satisface St. Paul, but which, in our trans. tion, the truths of Revelation lation, is altogether spoilt, if not in their original dress. He who perverted. It would require too does not feel this, ought to blush much space to assign the reason of that he is willing to receive opievery variation from the ordinary nions from others, when the way yersion.

It will be necessary, was open to him to have judged however, in order to undertand its for himself. beauty, to state that the Apostle is After all, perhaps, the most giving a reason for his more than common apology will be drawn ordinary exertion in the Gospel, from a want of time for studying He brings in the practice of the the original Greek Scriptures. The Grecian games, which were cele. reader may admit, perhaps, the adbrated near Corinth, and with vantages of doing so, if it were pracwhich games, therefore, the Corin- ticable for him. Let us then inquire thians were fully acquainted. It if this excuse, which stands the head is thought to have been the prac- and chief, is not, in reality, of tice in the contests for one of the little consideration, and easily recompetitors to stand forth and moved. Supposing the reader is proclaim the rules of the game and a student of law, to him I would the prize. There would, there- say, that I know, from experience, fore, be greater emulation excited that he may always command


two hours a day for himself, either indeed, be a severe one, which before his periods of business or forestalls all his time, and allows after. I say merely two, though not an hour, even though stolen high legal authority sanctions even from sleep, to repair to the sacred more, for the best of purposes — fountain. But mark a difference:

while time is found to prepare the Sex horas somno, totidem des legibus

body for a decent appearance beæquis,

fore Quatuor orabis, des epulisque duas.

men, we neglect the close Quod superest ultrò sacris largire ca- study of the rules and are list

less to discover the observances Lord Coke on Litt. which can alone prepare us for Let him call to mind the ex


Let then no further time be lost ample of Kirke White; and while he meditates and hesitates whether

in making a resolution to examine he shall follow the example, if the Greek Testament; to enter emulation and imitation have no

on which you have been prepared force, carry the appeal to the by a long course of study at school:

and account that court of conscience, and let the

your school-days question be tried as one in which

have not been very ill spent, and an important duty is concerned, your labours not quite thrown much evidence is to be weighed, away, but far otherwise, if now, by and a speedy determination is de

a little diligent attentive rubbing sirable.

up, you are enabled to have access

to, and can drink of the purest Or supposing the reader to be a medical student, I know that by « Resolve, and keep your resolu

fount of the Grecian fountains. him a fair show of an apology may be made; his studies cannot al

choose, and pursue your ways be regular.

This is true,

choice. Resolution will sometimes but the apology is not complete. relax, and diligence be sometimes Let no man say that he can find interrupted, but,” adds the great no opportunity of searching the moralist, « let no accidental suroriginal prescriptions of the Healer prise or deviation, whether short of souls, whilst his own soul is

or long, dispose you to desponinfected by disease; nor let him dency. Consider, these failings be more anxious for the perishing

are incident to all mankind. Bebodies of others than for his own un

gin again where you left off, and dying and immortal spirit. Should endeavour to avoid the seducehe be possessed of Clement's Mements that prevailed over you moirs, he may see a proof that the before;” and remember the saypursuits of a student of medicine ings of the wise son of David are not altogether incompatible words, and hide my command

· My son, if thou wilt receive my with some degree of regularity.

Or supposing the reader to be ments with thee; if thou criest of any other occupation,* it must,

after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding; if

thou seekest her as silver, and * Young students in divinity, though searchest after her as for hid treanot mentioned, are not excluded in the sures, then shalt thou understand argument. On their part the duty is too clear, were it not the reasoning applies to them with tenfold force; and yet, to the shame of many, must it be said, that Vanderhoot and Griesbach give way to they no sooner leave the college than king James's translation.


the fear of the Lord, and FIND excellent work. It includes many of

the discoveries of the indefatigable GerTHE KNOWLEDGE Of God.* A YOUNG LAWYER. Particles, and Viger on man literati. Hoogeven on the Greek

the Greek Exeter, July 2, 1832.

Idioms, both translated by Seager, are

highly useful in reading the Greek Tes• Parkhurst's Greek Lexicon for the tament. New Testament, edited by Rose, is an



To the Editors. In the interesting congregation, in Poor Jewry Lane, and instructive “ inquiry into the in 1740, and Dr. Lardner had causes of the introduction and pro- been appointed assistant preacher gress of Unitarianism in the Con- to the same congregation, many gregational Churches of New Eng. years before, but neither of those land," with which you gratified very learned men, but very ineffi. your readers last month, it is as

cient ministers, were avowed Soserted, “that the Congregational cinians at the time of their elecChurches of Great Britain have tion, nor for a long time afterbeen preserved, without a single ex- wards. In the country there have ception, from this Unitarian here- not been wanting instances of the sy. As this is a mistake which introduction of Socinianism into: is frequently repeated, you may Independent pulpits; as at Shefthink it worth while to allow me field (in the congregation formerly a short space for its correction. Mr. Jollie's ;) Duckinfield, in The fact, I believe, is, that the Cheshire (Mr. Angier's;) Ransonfirst dissenting congregation in stall, in Lancashire; WaltbamEngland that invited an avowed stow, in Essex, built by Mr. CowSocinian to be its pastor, was of ard. I might also mention Call the Independent denomination. Lane, Leeds; but the congregaI refer to the invitation of Dr. tion of this place are, I believe, Foster to be the Minister of the Arians. It is quite sufficient hoIndependent Church, at Pinners' nour to the Independents, that they Hall, in 1741. For many years have generally escaped the system, after this, no Presbyterian congre- which has scattered so many of gation, perhaps, in the kingdom, our finest dissenting congregacertainly not in London, would tions; but to say, as your correhave invited an avowed Socinian spondent and many others have to the pastoral office. Mr. San- done, “ that the Congregational dercock, another Socinian, became Churches of Great Britain have pastor of the Independent Church, been preserved, without a single in Lower Rotherhithe, as early as exception, from the Unitarian he1738 ; but whether he had then resy," is a glorying which is not avowed his Socinianism, I have good, because it is a glorying not the means of ascertaining. It which is not founded in fact. is true that Dr. Benson had been chosen pastor of the Presbyterian


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