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great bishop of England was John “ Mother we pray you all together, Bokynham, or Bukkingham, by

For we are here youre owne children; whom he was summoned and proCome into the shippe for feare of the

secuted for translating the Scripweather.”

tures. In the same homily WickNoe's Wiffe.

liffe observes further respecting " That will I not for all your call

the bishop. “And thus he purBut I have my gossippes all.”

sueth another prest by the help of Sem.

the pharyses (i.e. the friars) for “ In fayth mother yet thou shalt,

he precheth Criste's gospel frely Whether thou wylt or not.”

withouten fables. O men that ben Noe.

of Criste's half, helpe ye nowe « Welcome wife into this boat.”

ageynes Antechrist.” The priest Wiffe.

referred to was Wylliam de " Have thou that for thy note.”

(et dat alapam.). Swyndurby, of Leicester, a fol

lower of the Reformer's, whom the These plays were, doubtless, bishop cited to appear before him originally intended to instruct the in the cathedral of Lincola. people in the contents of the Walsingham however tells us, Scriptures; but afterwards they that, " when preparations had degenerated into the lowest buf. been made to correct this man, foonery, and were employed by and to take away from him his the priests to maintain their in- license to preach, the mad multifluence, by practising upon the tude raged in such mapner prejudices and credulity of the as frightened the bishop, and devulgar. What was the character terred him from proceeding against of those miracle-plays, which him.” What became of "prest” amused the Lincolners, and dis. Wylliam afterwards is unknown; gusted the bishop, we are not in- but Fox, in his Actes and Monuformed.

mentes, conjectures that he was Grossteste was a poetical pre- burnt in the succeeding reign.* late, and betrayed his fondness for We shall now bring our notices the French minstrels in the


down to the reign of the unfortusition of his Manuel de Peche, or nate Charles, when the diocese of Manual of Sin," and his “ Chateau Lincoln was under the jurisdiction d'Amour, or Castle of Love." He of Dr. Williams. At this time a died at the palace at Buckden, an

number of pious people worshiphonour to his country, an orna ped at St. Benedict's, a small and ment to his age, Oct. 9, 1253.t

obscure church in the city, who A century afterwards, the see of Lincoln was governed by a

* A very different account is given by prelate of a very different charac

Henry de Knyghton, a canon of Leicester—the persecutor of Wickliffe ter, and cotemporary, in his work De whom, in his homily on Matt. xi. Eventis Angliæ. He says, that Swyn23, he describes

on gret

durby, being convicted, abjured his er

rors, but afterwards relapsed, and coming byschop of Englelond.” This


to Coventry, he was expelled the diocese, with shame and contempt, by the dioce

san and clergy. But Knyghton was *“ She gives him a box on the ear.”. furious enemy of Wycliffe's,

and his au+ A considerable number of unpub- thority is not much to be depended upon: lished works of Grossteste exist; and besides it is exceedingly improbable that are preserved in the college libraries of an individual having twice relapsed, would Oxford and Cambridge,

have been so tenderly dealt with.



invited, Aug. 13, 1626, Mr. Ed. in the evening at the cathedral, up ward Reyner, M. A. from Welton, to the time of his death.* to be the lecturer. This eminent After the Restoration, the flock and learned divine, soon after which Mr. Reyner left at the cawards, March 4, 1627, removed to thedral was soon scattered by the St. Peter's at the Arches, where prelatists; but several worthy and Sir Edward Lake, the Chancellor, pious men preached privately to was frequently one of his hearers. them that remained. Among these, Here he was celebrated for the Mr. Michael Drake, ejected by fidelity and success of his minis- the Act of Uniformity, from the try-his resistance of the popish rectory of Pickworth, in the counceremonies, so warmly patronized ty, may be mentioned. After his by the court—which exposed him ejectment he settled at Fulbeck, to the censures of some connected a village about ten miles from with the Minster. The bishop, Lincoln, in the neighbourhood of however, presented him with the a hot cavalier, Sir Francis Fane, prebend of St. Botolph's, Lincoln; by whom he had the good fortune but not being able to satisfy his to be esteemed. From this place, conscience in the matter, he de. he visited Lincoln for some time clined it through the lady Armine. every, Saturday evening, and “I have had,” said Williams upon preached in the house of John this occasion, “many countesses, Disney, Esq. in the parish of St. ladies, and others, who have been Peter's, at Goats. Soon aftersuitors to me to get preferment for wards, in king James's time, he their friends; but you are the first settled in the city, where he was that ever came to take away.

allowed to preach to his people During the civil wars, when the peaceably, until Monmouth's incounty and city of Lincoln were surrection, when he was confined, possessed by the king's troops, The Disneys appear to have been under the Earl of Newcastle, the firm friends of religion in these Reyner was frequently in danger disastrous times ;t the living of of being slain by the soldiers, Swinderby, between Newark and which obliged him at last to seek Lincoln, was in their gift-and refuge by way of Boston and Lynn after the revolution it was preat Yarmouth. He returned, how- sented to Joshua Drake, the son ever, upon the pressing solicita. of Michael.I tions of his flock, and exercised At the passing of the Act of his ministry in the cathedral. Here he had at one time a narrow

• Palmer. Nonconformist's Memorial, escape, for some of the king's sol. ii. 426. diers coming foraging to the city, + The Disneys were originally seated they attacked and pursued him

at Norton Disney, in Lincolnshire: Wilwith drawn swords to the library, Trinity College, Cambridge, one of the

liam Disney, M. A senior Fellow of and would undoubtedly have de- ejected ministers, was of this family. spatched him, had not the com There are two funeral sermons by Mr. manding officer come to his rescue.

William Scoffin, on the death of that Upon the settlement of the Com- truly virtuous and religious gentlewoman,

Mrs. Kath. Disney," !--one preached at monwealth, Mr. Reyner became, Kirkstead, and the other at Swinderby, after many

hours spent in prayer where she was buried, May 20th, 1690. with tears, a decided congregạ- Joshua Drake died vicar of Swinderby

# By Daniel Disney, Esq. in 1692: tionalist; and preached regularly in 1727, and was succeeded by his son, in the morning at St. Peter's, and who died Vicar, Dec. 12, 1765.

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Uniformity, Dr. Sanderson pre- calumny, Grantham published a sided over the see of Lincoln, and controversy which he once held many of the nonconformist minis- with a Roman Catholic, and en. ters were harassed with ecclesias- titled it “ The Baptist against the tical processes by the party in Papist.” He also published, dur. power.* The castle and the com- ing his imprisonment, a treatise mon gaol of the city witnessed the entitled, “ The Prisoner against imprisonment of several, whose the Prelate, or a Dialogue beonly crime was the firin assertion tween the Common Gaol of Linof the rights of conscience against coln and the Cathedral ;” and the unprincipled encroachments of another work under the title of a haughty hierarchy.

« Christianismus Primitivus.” This of these witnesses for the truth last is dated “ from the Castle of in these times, it may be said Lincoln, 10th Jan. 1663.” At the

assizes no prosecutor appearing “ They liv'd unknown

against him, he was liberated.* Till persecution dragged them into fame,

Another sufferer was Mr. Theo. And chased them up to heaven. Their ashes flew

Brittaine, ejected from the rectory No marble tells us whither. With their of Brocklesby. Keeping a private No bard embalms and sanctifies his song,

school for his support at SwinAnd history, so warm on meaner themes,

derby, he was apprehended by Is silent upon this.”

Sir Edward Lake, the Chancellor,

and committed to the Among the General Baptists, gaol at Lincoln. The keeper alMr. Thomas Grantham, descend- lowing him to go into the city, to ed from a reduced branch of an dine with a friend, he was severely eminent Lincolnshire family, t was reprehended, and ordered in future in these parts a principal object to keep him close prisoner. After of persecution. Dr. Toulmin tells

several months he obtained his us that about the year 1962 he was liberty, became chaplain to Col. apprehended, carried before a ma- King, of Ashby, but was again gistrate, and bound over to the arrested and confined at the tine Lincoln assizes. The consequence of Monmouth's insurrection. of the proceedings against him was Another worthy and deserving an imprisonment of fifteen months. individual was inmured in the During his confinement he was cells of Lincoln castle, in the visited by several clergymen, who person of Mr. H. Vaughan, the upbraided him with being a Jesuit, ejected vicar of Grantham. His and spread abroad a rumour that was a case of peculiar hardship, he was a papist. To confute this

as he was persecuted by two par

ties-by the Cromwellites for his * Speaking of the Savoy Conference, loyalty, and afterwards by the Baxter says in his life, “ Bishop Sander? royalists for his nonconformity. son, of Lincoln, was sometimes there, but The king's restoration had not a never spoke, that I know of, except a warmer friend or a bolder advovery little ; but his great learning and cate; but, as in many

other cases, worth are known by his labours, and his aged peevishness not unknown.”' On his the only return made to this good death-bed he is said to have requested man, by the thankless monarch, that the ejected ministers might be em was imprisonmeut and exile. In ployed again."-- Baxter's Life, Part II. p. 363.

+ Born at Hatton, near Spilsby, 1634. * Toulmin's Hist. of Protestant Diss. Dr. Toulmin.

p. 315.



1661 Vaughan was a prisoner at and success. The old PresbyteriLincoln for not reading the com- an meeting-house was occupied by mon prayer; and soon afterwards them; and the name of one, lately he died in voluntary banishment deceased, is still held there in in the Bermudas.

affectionate remembrance. This The age of oppression and in- was the Rev. Mr. Glascott, well tolerance passed away with the known in the religious world some fallen dynasty of the Stuarts; and fifty years ago ; and respecting in the calamities which thickly whom some interesting anecdotes crowded upon that ill-starred fa- have recently appeared.* We have mily, God appeared avenging been favoured with the following the blood of his saints, and re- letters of Lady Ann Erskine, for warding the firm and unyielding which we are indebted to the kindpiety of his remnant. The dis- ness of John Hayward, Esq, of senting communities, after an ar. Lincoln, whose father duous struggle, secured their rights active promoter of the cause of and liberties, and the churches Christ there, and was in correspon. which had so long been cast on dence for a considerable period troublous times, were shielded with their pious and amiable from ecclesiastical tyranny. But author. Though valuable on acthe change was in some respects count of the writer alone, their injurious—the calm that succeed- introduction here may not be deed, in too many instances, brought void of interest, and with them with it indifference and apathy-a we shall close the present paper. grave-like cold and deadness • My good friend, Mr. Hayand those interests which nobly ward—I am glad of this opporsurvived the rude attacks of mitred tunity to return you thanks for bigotry, drooped and languished your very kind attentions to Mr. when the storm was over.

" Jeshu

Drew, on his way to Gainsborough, waxed fat and kicked,” wbich he informed me of with many became at "ease in Zion," much gratitude; and I hope you and a deadly night-shade was seen will add to the obligation by exslowly twining its tendrils and cusing me from the trouble I give clasping with its folds the branches you by a further request. I am of the “ living vine.” Principles going to send a minister to Alford, which had triumphed in many a in Lincolnshire, which I underwell-fought field — truths which stand is about 20 or 25 miles from associated with

so many

Lincoln, and I am much at a loss mighty names -- were traitorously to know how he can properly get abandoned for the heartless dog- there. He is now in Suffolk, and mas of Socinian birth; and of I mean he should cross the counsome of the “ churches” which try from thence to Peterborough “ had rest,” the enquiry might and Lincoln ; but when he reaches indeed be prompted, • Where- Lincoln, I know not how he can fore, when I looked that it should get from thence to Alford, and bring forth grapes, brought it more so as he will (I believe) have forth wild grapes.”

a wife and child with him, a little During the last century, the boy about three or four years old. cause of religion in Lincoln was I should be very much obliged warmly espoused by Lady Huntingdon ; and several of her ministers laboured here with diligence Evangelical Magazine, May, 1832. N.S. NO. 93.

3 Y



you, if

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would make meet her, if not, he will be there some inquiry on this subject for on Saturday morning, as I have me, and let me know as soon as written to him by this day's post; you possibly can, whether there but as she is not only a stranger is any means of accomplishing it in Lincolnshire, but in England, on reasonable terms, that I may I thought a line to a friend at Lin. write to him accordingly. As it is coln would be a satisfaction to her. for the Lord's work, I know you Mr. Neilson unites with gratitude will not count it a trouble. May for your friendly attention to him. he abundantly bless you, and make Accept my thanks for this, and his love very precious to your soul, believe me to be sincerely your is the sincere prayer of your friend friend and well-wisher, and well-wisher,


Spa Fields, April, 23, 1795.“ Spa Fields, Feb. 18th, 1795,

" My good friend-In conseMy good friend—The bearer quence of some difference which of this is the Rev. Mr. Neilson, has arisen at Newark, Mr. Wil. who is on bis way for a time to liams is come up to town for about Alford. Though he goes there a week, and I hope every thing without his family, I should have will be settled; but, in the mean. sent him by the Spilsby coach, as time, it would be very improper you directed me, but he arrived in for the chapel at Newark to be London a day too late for it, and left without a supply, even for one must have stopt here till next Sunday. I do therefore most Wednesday, and I thought it a earnestly request that Mr. Griffiths pity he should lie by a Sunday un, will be so good as to go over, and employed, while our old friends I will take care that his expenses at Lincoln were without a supply, shall be paid, and yours too, if and that he might (if they wished you think it proper to go over with it) give them a sermon on his way, him, which, as a trustee, I think and that the Lord might bless it to you should. It seems that about some poor dear soul. He is just a week or ten days ago, some persetting off, so that I have not time sons (I name no names) knocked to answer your last letter particu- down the man who had the keys, larly. I thank you for it, and for and took them from him. I do your kind wishes. Put Mr. Neil. not find they have made any use son in the best way to proceed to of them, for the doors have not Alford. With my best wishes for been locked, and Mr. Williams you and yours, believe me to be preached there without interrupsincerely your friend and well- tion last Lord's Day.

I am sorry wisher, " A. A. ERSKINE." to give you this trouble, but I “ Spa Fields, March, 12, 1795.” hope you, as an old friend, will

excuse me, and believe me to be My good friend--I am asham- sincerely your friend, ed to give you so much trouble,

“ A. A. ERSKINE." but as an old friend, I hope you

Spa Fields, Dec. 21, 1801.” will excuse it. The bearer of this is Mrs. Neilson, who is on her May the Lord give you many way to Gainsborough. Perhaps blessings in the ensuing year, and Mr. Neilson may be at Lincoln to his people at Lincoln.”

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