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served; that the blessing of the Almighty gust expressed even by Sir Francis Burmay rest on your Majesty's person, on your dett against those by whom the Queen Royal Consort, the Queen, and on the was so atrociously maligned. According whole of your royal family ; and that the to Sir Francis Burdett, there was not a supreme Potentate, by whom kings reign, single gentleman " who did not glow would cause all the measures of your Ma- with the blush of indignant shame, when jesty's Government to issue in the peace he thought of the manner in which the. and prosperity of this great kingdom, and illustrious and exemplary Lady had been the increase of knowledge, liberty, virtue, dragged before the public, and her chaand religion throughout the world.

racter and conduct libelled in a manner And our fervent supplications shall the most distressing and humiliating to not fail to ascend to the throne of the his mind, and, as he was sure it must Divine Grace, that after an extended have been, to the mind of every honourand happy reign, your Majesty may be able man. exalted, by the mercy of God, through “The feelings expressed by Sir Franthe mediation of our Redeemer, to a cis Burdett were those of an English crown of Glory, unfading and everlasting. gentleman, but the Three Denominations

This address was signed on behalf of the from whose profession of Christianity general body of Dissenting Ministers, by something more might have been exthe members of the Deputation.

pected, not only pronounce no censure His Majesty was pleased to return the upon Mr. Aspland, but actually select following most gracious answer.

him to be their Chairman, and as such to " I return you my thanks for this duti- appear in the Royal presence. We conful address. The sentiments which yon fess that we marvel much at the bad have expressed on the outrage lately taste both of the Board and Mr. Aspland. offered to me are such as I should have We observe, indeed, that Mr. Fox was expected from your known loyalty. And not present, but when we recollect that I rely with confidence on your attach- Mr. Aspland had done his utmost to heap meni to my person and government, and obloquy on the Queen, to bring Her on your steady support of our invaluable Majesty into contempt, charging her constitution."

with intriguing against the rights of the The compiler of The Court Circular, people, and suggesting that the fate of whose accuracy is proverbial in reporting Queen Vashti might be her portion, we this Deputation, remarks,“ This address do confess that his intrusion into the was also expected to be received on the presence of her Royal Consort on this throne : but being only a deputation occasion, could be viewed as nothing from the general body, they were not better than an insult to His Majesty. entitled to that high honour. It is only We would venture also to suggest to Dr. when the general body attends that, Smith, that as he was present, and took from precedent, they are entitled to re- a part in the same meeting, his absence ceive an answer from the throne." might also have been more delicate.

Led by this veritable anthority, the Indeed, the eulogiums heaped by that editors of The Record proceed to their Rev. Gentleman on Mr. Aspland after wonted taste of lecturing the Dissenting he uttered the abuse upon the Queen, Ministers in the following strain.

seemed almost to identify him with Mr. “ Some surprise seems to have been Aspland. We would therefore call upon felt that His Majesty did not honour this Dr. Smith to do justice to himself, and Deputation by receiving their address clear his character with the public, by on the Throne. But when we consider manifesting his abhorrence of the calum, who some of the persons were who com- nies uttered against that illustrious, and posed the Deputation, it could hardly be at the same time most amiable and viranticipated that any peculiar mark of tuous, Lady. What value can be placed distinction could be conferred upon on the loyalty of those who do not scruple them, which was not strictly required by to wound the feelings of their Sovereign precedent. His Majesty could not be by attacking his Queen, or making comwholly ignorant of the recent conduct mon cause with those who seek to destroy of the Rev. Mr. Aspland at the Meet- the Monarchy.” ing at the Mermaid Tavern in Hack- Our readers will be amused to discover ney. His Majesty must be more or less that all this solemn prosing is founded on than man, could be view with com- the blunder of the Court Reporter, for placency a body that had selected as their the Dissenting Ministers, since they have Chairman one who had so recently and enjoyed the privilege of approaching the so publicly vilified his Royal Consort in a Sovereign, have never been received on manner so unmanly and distressing. Did the throne but after an accession, and on the Three Denominations altogether for all other occasions, in the royal closet, and get the language of indignation and dis. bydeputation, consequently no disappoint

to very

ment was felt on the present occasion ; pour out her soul's desire by repeating in fact, it was known by every member many of the exceeding great and precious of the Deputation, that the mode of their promises. reception was arranged when the time of She was frequently engaged in fervent it was appointed. Had the editors of the prayer, particularly for her grand-chil. Record seen the address, they might have dren and other relatives, and domestics spared their remarks respecting the feel who surrounded her dying bed, and affecings of the body towards her majesty the tionately exhorted all who came near Queen.

her to seek the Lord in good earnest, OBITUARY.

assuring them that he was to her soul Mrs. Opy was the wife of Thos. Ody, “the chief of ten thousand, and altogeEsq. one of the deacons of the Church of ther lovely"-"All her salvation and all Christ in Fetter Lane, under the pastoral her desire." care of the Rev. Caleb Morris and the Thus died this aged Christian, May 23, late Rev. Geo. Burder, and the daughter 1832, in the eighty-second year of her of the late Rev. Jas. Webb, who for up- age; just six days previous to her re. wards of twenty-four years sustained the vered friend and pastor, the Rev. Mr. pastoral office in the above place of Burder. They were buried in the same worship with exemplary piety and dis- grave yard, (Bunhill Fields) and their tinguished usefulness. The subject of funeral sermons preached on the same this memoir was born 1750, and having day, June 10; Mr. Burder's in the received early in life very serious impres- morning by Dr. Fletcher, from the sions of the evil of sin and the great Epistle by Jude, 21st verse ; Mrs. Ody's value and efficacy of the atonement of in the evening by Mr. Morris, from He. the Lord Jesus Christ, she became, at the brews ii. 15th verse,

crowded age of nineteen, a candidate for Church assemblies. communion, to the joy and comfort of

Died, June 5, at Cookham Grove, Berkher beloved parents, and continued a humble retired disciple of the blessed

shire, AMELIA LONDON, relict of Broome Jesus for sixty-three years, an example

Witts, Esq. aged 89.

During a long life she was usefully this, worthy the consideration and imita

connected with various religious institution of all young persons, bat especially the children of pious parents and minis. tions, to which she liberally contributed;

the poor in her neighbourhood have lost She was of a delicate bodily habit, but

a sincere friend. Her piety was unof a calm and even temper of mind, sel

affected, and yet fervent, she lived in dom at any period rising to a high degree in the faith of her God and Savionr; her

the fear, rejoiced in the love, and died of spiritnal enjoyment; on the contrary,

last moments are well represented by her she was frequently reduced to very dis

favourite author, Newton :tressing doubts respecting her interest in Christ, owing, probably, to great de

Fainter, her breath, and fainter grew, bility in the nervous system, arising out

Until she breath'd her last; of a peculiar disorder which she endured The soul was gone before we knew with Christian patience and resignation

The stroke of death was past. for nearly fifty years. It was her happi- Soft was the moment and serene, ness, however, during the last few weeks That all her sufferings clos'd ; of her life to experience much joy and No agony nor struggle seen, peace in believing, and was enabled to No feature discompos’d.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. Communications have been received from the Rev. Messrs. James Rawson-W.L. Alexander-Thos. Milner-J. B. Shenston-Toos. Scales - Robt. Halley-Samuel Weston-J. Bounsall-G. Croft - Edmund T. Prust-G. Redford -0. WinslowH. Barker-Wm. Clayton-Edward Giles-- James Pinkerton.

Also from Messrs. George Hunter-S. Ines—T. Williams-M, Hutchinson-Hall Tirrell.

We thank Mr. Hutchinson for his frank observations, and we shall be additionally obliged if he will, by his own contributions, or by securing the aid of those who sometimes exercise a little criticism” upon us, try to lessen the evils of which he complains. Our work depends upon the denomination it represents for support, and it is in the power of its literary friends greatly to improve it, if they please.

By an accident, two or three communications received this münth have been lost, which we regret as much as those who favoured us with them can do. May we request that our esteemed correspondents, whose communications are not acknowledged in the above list, will supply us again with copies of the articles, which by this circumstance, never came to our hands.

ters.

THE

CONGREGATIONAL MAGAZINE.

SEPTEMBER, 1832.

NOTICES OF THE OLDEN TIME.

LINCOLN.

VENERABLE fabric ! Memorial world, and brought the artillery of the piety of past ages !-Such of heaven to play upon its imexclamations we have frequently posing front. All the impure rites heard, as we have been pacing the of pagan deities would have been aisles of some of our cathedrals; in existence now, as well as the and no slight reflections bave been impious mummery of papal anticast by the passing visitor upon christ, had the time-honoured the puny religion of the present associations," of which we are so day, which can only usher into often pathetically reminded, been existence, and that at distant in- admitted as a valid argument for tervals, a few miniature churches, their toleration. But error susor a still more degenerate brood of tains the same character, whether pigmy conventicles. At the same exhibited in bold and undisguised time that the class of persons, who deformity, or wrapped up in the give utterance to such expressions, mantle of worldly pomp and veare entitled, on many accounts, to nerable antiquity; and it matters our respect, it may be doubted not a whit to us, whether superstiwhether, in such instances, they tion cowers in the hut of the desertspeak “ the words of truth and wanderer, or is handed up to an soberness." Without withholding episcopal throne—it is equally obfrom our forefathers any particle noxious, and we are bound to deof the credit they deserve for zeal nounce and to abhor it. Nothing and industry, we must refuse to is, however, more common than entertain the notion that what is for appeals to be made to our feelantiquated must necessarily be ings in behalf of the ancient hie. good, or that a certain system of rarchy, and to be told, in highly ecclesiastical polity is perfect, coloured strains, of the stately because a number of structures temples where our fathers worshipwere reared under its auspices ped; of the ivy-grown turrets, and which are large and splendid. gothic towers, and yew-crowned How finely might a heathen have church-yards, which give such a argued in this way in behalf of his charm to the village landscape. religion, when the apostles broke Really we hope that dissenters are in upon the idolatry of the ancient as much alive to the beautiful and VOL. XV. N. S. NO, 93.

3 X

picturesque as their neighbours; made in any uncandid spirit, but that they are not more closely al- merely intended to guard against lied to the race of Vandals; and that poetic illusion which ecclethat no kind of hostility whatever siastical pageantry is apt to inexists, either to painted windows spire. Amid so

Amid so much"

pomp or the pointed arch. So far as we and circumstance" we are in danare concerned, it has often hap- ger of forgetting that the vain inpened that we have heard with a ventions of men usurp the place of delightful feeling the “curfew toll the simplicity of the gospel, and the knell of parting day;" and we of confounding the spirit of dehave so much poetry about us, votion with the pleasures of taste, that we would not for a good deal and the gratification of the imagideprive a single belfry of its inha- nation. bitants, or infringe in the least upon Lincoln, respecting which the the “ vested” rights and immuni- following particulars will not, perties of any one of the “ birds of haps, be deemed uninteresting, Jove." Our veneration, however, goes back to remote antiquity ; will not allow us to go any fur- Romans, Saxons, Danes, alterther than to admire, as Gold- nately figure in its annals; and at smith has it,

an early period it was advanced « The decent church that topt the neigh- to episcopal honours. The county bouring hill ;'

was distinguished by the Saxon and if stern necessity were to place monarchs with several celebrated the alternative before us, we should religious foundations; but owing prefer the extinction of every trace to the incursions of the piratical of Gothic grandeur, to the con- northmen up the Humber, they tinuance of the monstrous super- were frequently subject to pilstitions with which it has been lage and spoliation. After the connected. And we

not conquest, the monasteries of this ashamed to acknowledge that the part of the kingdom retained the sacred edifices around us would use of the Saxon dialect long be contemplated with far greater after most of the others had not complacency, if they contained only submitted to the government no blind leaders of the blind; of Norman ecclesiastics, but had that the picturesqueness of no old neglected their vernacular tongue. grey tower would be diminished The abbey of Croyland, for inby the change; that the entire stance, had preceptors in the removal of that ancient livery of Saxon language up to the time of damp, and green, and mould, which the second Henry, because, foundhas been worn for ages, would be ed by a Saxon prince, it was neno subject of regret; and that cessary that the religious should multitudes would listen with far understand their original charters. greater delight to the “church. In the eleventh century Lincolngoing bell” ushering in the sabbatic sbire had among its ecclesiastics morn, when it ceased to connect the celebrated Ingulph, an Enga itself with the dismal intonations lishman, Abbot of Croyland ; a of that fearful statement-" when somewhat singular circumstance, ye make many prayers I will not in an age when Wolstan hear."

ejected from the bishopric of WorThese remarks have suggested cester by the arbitrary Normans, themselves while arranging the fol- for the sole crime of being an lowing “ Notices :" they are not English idiot, who could not

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speak French." Ingulph tells us, he exhorts the priest diligently to with reference to his abbey,“ We preach the word of God, which is forbade, under the penalty of ex- the “ food of the soul;" and then communication, the lending of our he states—" If any one say, he books, as well the smaller with knows not how, the proper remedy out pictures, as the larger with for him is to resign his benefice; pictures, to distant schools, with- nevertheless I can tell him of a out the abbot's leave, and his cer- better remedy ; let every such pertain knowledge within what time son or priest thoroughly learn, they would be restored. As to every week, the text alone (i. e. the smaller books, as Psalteries, without gloss or comment) of the Donatus, Cato, et similibus poe- gospel-lesson appointed for the ticis ac quaternis de cantu,' adapted following Sunday, that he may be, to the boys, and the relations of at least, able to repeat the history the monks, &c. we forbade to be itself to the people.” That lent more than one day without Grossteste was a decided friend to leave of the prior.

vernacular translations of the ScripIn the thirteenth century, the tures, appears from the following see of Lincoln was filled by Robert passage, cited from his works, by Grossteste or Grosthead, who was the author of an early English called to it in 1235. This was a translation of the Bible: Deus distinguished and extraordinary voluit, ut plures interpretes S. Scripindividual, considering the bar- turam transferrant, ut diverse Transbarism of the age in which he lationes in ecclesiâ essent : idcirco lived ; his life will present us with ut quod unus obscurius dixerat, some curious notices connected alter manifestiùs redderet.with the city at the head of his is the will of God, that the Holy diocese. He was born at Strad- Scriptures should be translated by brook, in Suffolk, in the year many translators, and that there 1175; after having studied the should be different translations in Aristotelian philosophy, with the the church, so that what is obGreek and Hebrew, at Oxford scurely expressed by one, may be and Paris, he was raised, on acs more perspicuously translated by count of his virtues and learning, another.” † to the episcopal bench, and was Grossteste was in every rethe first who dared to set at spect a reformer, and put down baught and resist the authority of several sports and festivals, to the papal hierarchy. Immediately, which the clergy and citizens upon his election, he devoted him- of Lincoln were much attached. self sedulously to the duties of his He prohibited miracle plays, the office, visiting the deaneries and Maii Inductio, Scot-Ales, and the archdeaconries, enforcing upon the Feast of Asses. clergy a strict attention to their The Feast of the Ass was celework, hearing the confessions of brated annually in the cathedral, on the people, and confirming their the feast of the Circumcision, inchildren. In a “ Treatise on the tended to commemorate the flight Pastoral Care,” which he wrote,

Townley's Illustrations, Bib. Lit. i.

455. * Ingnlph died in 1109. The fire + Whartoni Auctarium Hist. Dogmat. which consumed this celebrated abbey in cap. ii. pp. 416–418. Henry's Hist. of 1091 destroyed the library, which con- Great Britain, viii. lib. 4. c. 4. Grati tained 700 volumes.

Fascic, 2 ep. 123, pp. 392. 410.

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