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deed we can now very inadequate the will of the supreme Legislator, ly conceive-one of the fairest and in unbroken communion with flowers of Paradise-but a flower him. that first faded and is last revived How beauteous, how sublime and one which still awaits the fresh- then was this great work of the diness of that sabbatic dawn, which vine Artificer! How fair, how Saturday Evening foreshows, to amply endowed, when it left his restore it to its lustre and fragrance. hand, and how worthy a resemJoy of the highest kind and amplest blance did it thus present of him measure-joy that was unmingled who intended it to be purity unwith a single drop of grief- un- sullied by sin, joy unmixed with clouded by a single shadow, and in- grief, knowledge free from error, capable of increase but by pro- and life impassive to the stroke of gression, is what cannot now be death! But all the glory that now knowu even under the influence of remains to man fallen, is eclipsed grace, till we are translated to the and lost before the perfection of celestial paradise. Then, however, man sinless, as the faint splendour it was of this nature, and depended and pride of secular royalty would upon no fugitive sensations, no sin- fade or flee before the presence of ful objects. It lighted upon man's an angel of God. The glory of heart, fresh from the heaven of true wisdom, which we toil for heavens, and freely, as the efful- through many years of painful disgence of the sun is poured out over cipline, and acquire but in smallest the whole visible creation. It was grains, the glory of moral purity in the light of God's countenance which the Christian wrestles to obthat man stood, it was in his tain by agonizing prayer—the bliss presence that he lived, and in his which we sigh after, but mostly in presence then there was found ful- vain—the spiritual strength which ness of joy.
we derive, but by slow degrees and But add to all this the con- small measures from above - the sideration of immortality. No seed immortality which we hope for as of sin was yet sown in the heart, prisoners, and receive as beggars, consequently no taint of death had were all the first man's native rights yet reached our nature. Man lived yet unforfeit-his primary endowin God, and partook of his immor- ments yet unsullied—the gifts of his tality. His soul was an immediate munificent Creator yet unabused emanation from the Deity. It is and inviolate. We look up from described as the breath of God, our debasement, from our poverty, and bespeaks a higher origination and cry out-o the height and the than the body. The natural en- glory of the blessedness which headowment of the soul, its
very sub- ven in the plentitude of its benigni. stance was life, essential, immortal ty bestowed upon its favourite man! life--continued, happy, intermina- That it is gone-is too obvious to ble existence. Man was, by crea- need proof-that it will be restored tion, a member, and one of the is too certain to adınit a doubt. most distinguished, of the happy Even now the note of preparation family of inmortals, set over a sounds. The earth shall hear the beautiful and ample region of bis word of the Lord, and a renovating own, replete with everything energy shall come down upon it. All adapted to make him for ever joy- the glory of sinless man must not inful, yet kept for his own sake in deed be expected. We cannot reach strict and entire dependance upon the perfection of human nature as
when it drew forth the complacent is similar to that of passing along a approbation of the Almighty Cre- gallery of fine portraits, or fine ator: that height is reserved for the landscapes: we bring no very disheavenly paradise; but the inci- tinct impression away.
We are pient restoration is to be effected not, however, to be understood as on the very theatre of our disasters. denying very high excellence to Even here, where human nalure the present volume, and very sure has fallen, it must rise again; here, we are, that no intelligent reader where it has sinned and suffered, it can rise from the perusal of it must repent and be reconciled to without receiving both pleasure God. The Christian religion not and profit. The following extract only inspires such a hope, but contains a part of the author's essupplies rational ground for ex- timate of the present state of sacred pecting, we will not say a univer- science among us. It is in the sal, but at least a general restora- main true, too true, we admit, but tion of mankind. We see it somewhat over-stated perhaps. actually restored in the human nature of Jesus Christ : the doctrine the Christian temper are preserved, what
“ While the modesty and meekness of of the Divine Spirit fully justifies is so becoming to the public advocate of the expectation of personal renova- religion as the highest tone of confidence tion; prophecy expressly foretels and fervoar ?-If other men are entanand describes it; the plenary official gled in endless surmises, or deluded by
of Christ, as mediator, pro- bis faith rests. power
futile theories, he knows on what ground
He knows whom be vides amply for it, and the expe- serves :-his calculations are all formed rience of multitudes evinces the on a clear foresight of futurity. On the possibility of such a renovation present scene of things – its eager fri
volities--its childish impetuosities, and its upon a larger scale, the divine abi- turbulence and its virulence, he looks lity and purpose being pre-sup- with a feeling hard to designate; for it is posed.
not contempt; not petulance; not inThe present volume consists of a difference; not misanthropic scorn; but number of vigorous and eloquent
yet gathers something from each of these
emotions; and has the force of all, withessays, all connected, more or less, out the poison of any.--Of whom should with the renovation of mankind, the public and well-instructed advocate through the medium of Christianity, of the Gospel be afraid? He has the and the final consummation of feli- hastening on (with all around him, coadcity which awaits all the subjects jutors and opponents) to the hour which of the Mediator's dominion. It is shall well vindicate the part he has scarcely necessary for us to de- chosen, and well conclude the course he
has run! scribe the manner in which the au
6. It is the want of a fearless and ag. thor of the Natural History of gressive energy which, at the present Enthusiasm writes. He is always moment, emboldens infidelity, staggers vigorous and eloquent, but not al- the wavering, and leaves the ground
to the wantonness and the impuways severe and continuous in his dence of visionaries. How great a revothinking. He is both too copious lution in favour of Christianity might, and too discursive. It is not, how. under the conduct of the Divine Spirit, ever, to be denied that this volume, be now effected by the intrepidity of though in all respects inferior to the firm as that of the apostles, should be
even a single champion, whose courage, former, is the effort of a powerful sustained by piety and wisdom like and highly cultivated mind. For theirs ! want of unity, however, it is, in a
“ Partly in obedience to the law of
mediocrity, which rules the age, and great measure, powerless upon the
partly in uneasiness from the publicity mind of the reader. The effect that attaches to religious literature, thore
who might be competent to treat the tial than we see, invite the return of some loftiest themes, betake themselves to one of the obsolete forms of theology? lower ground, where, while their talents Better be meagre as we are, than be so and accomplishments insure them dis- enlarged. And yet it must be admitted tinction, little is hazarded. Matters of that those ponderous schemes of sacred fact and erudition ;-all things minute, philosophy, though they spoiled, in their definite, and immediately applicable ;- turns, the simplicity of the Gospel, did the fields of history-technical criticism, call into exercise a force of mind and ingenious elucidation, are safe and tained power of comprehension and dis. facile. The ephemeral controversies that cussion, which have long ceased to apspring from the collision of our religious pear within the precincts of the Church, factions, are also free from the peculiar The Platonic, or profound and meditaperil which weighs upon 11s. And hap- tive theology, after a long reign, fell bepily, too, the very humblest style of de. fore the activity and the tactics of the vout or practical exposition is exempt Aristotelian, orological and disputatious, from the eye and interference of the This again, having lived to its dotage, giant criticism we tremble at. These received a deadly wound from the hand and similar topics ' employ therefore su- of the Reformers; wlio erected in its perior minds.
place its IMAGE, the Dogmatic theology ; “ But who ventures to rise toward the and to this all men did obeisance :-- and upper region of celestial meditation ?
still in measure do 80 ; for it has neither Who forgets the world-its madness, and given a place to a successor, nor been its scorn, while he enters the gate of im- formally consigned to oblivion. Nevermortal hope? Who is it that, as if the theless it exists rather in skeleton, to contemners of heaven were not in hear fill an unclaimed chair of state, than ing, converses with, and concerning, the exercises any positive domination. Noglories of the Supreme? Who, with a thing rises in the room of the ancient reverent yet uncurbed eloquence, fitting systems.-- There is silence in the halls of the occasion, speaks of the mysteries of Sacred Science, as if all men were waitRedemption ?- Or who, regardless of the ing, in anxious expectation of the depowers of calumny that keep their state scent upon earth of the bright and fair as ministers of vengeance around the form of Celestial Wisdom.”.-pp. 114throne of ancient Prejudice, explores 118. anew the half-hidden, half-revealed wonders that yet couch beneath the words of In the article on the state of souls, Scripture? Labours like these, and en- we find many passages which we terprises so great, demand, in times such as our own, an intrepidity equal almost of which we should be constrained
would gladly quote, and on some to that needed to profess the Gospel at the stake!
to offer a few strictures : but we " While the rudiments of truth are shall satisfy ourselves with a single happily preserved among us, there never
citation from this essay. It strikes has been an age, perhaps, wherein less of the intensity of the meditative faculty
us as one of the most interesting was concentrated upon sacred themes, and powerful passages in the book. than at present. Our biblical industry is all devoted to the letter : and it must “ We must here note, in passing, the be confessed that exegetical erudition essential folly of the enthusiast, who conabounds in a very fair degree. These temning the true and purifying discernlower studies (indispensable indeed) fall ment of God in the brightness of his in marvellously well with the frigid timi- moral attributes, seeks in its stead cer. dity of the times, and with its love of tain flashes of the animal spirits, which palpable utility: - they run glibly by the he deems to be better proof of the preside of those practical and applicatory sence of God than “joy, and peace, and assciences which are receiving universal
in the Spirit.'--He turns away homage. Professors and students of from the divine converse of the heart with theology feel to be quite in harmony with its Regenerator; and reverts, as a child or the spirit of the age, while they thus con- novice to the earthly elements of turbufine their attention to matters of fact-- lent or passionate emotion. Give him but to things small and tangible, and which a bauble, and he will at any time throw may instantly and visibly be carried away the jewel. He would be more de. home to some specific point of interpre- lighted could you promise him a dazzling tation.
vision, which should have nothing in it “ Shall we then, because we wish for but a blaze, than with that glory which what may seem more great and substan- shineth into the hearts of the children of
God, admitting them to behold the true awe wkich heretofore had held us far image of God, in the person of his Son. from the Incomprehensible Being, we And if you call in question the genuine. admit an intimate and personal affection, ness of this, his bad preference, he says- not antruly symbolized by the relation • You deny all that is divine and peculiar of children to a father. in the Gospel, and oppugn the truth that “ The dissolution of the body must conChrist manifests himself to his people as summate the same approximation, if it he does not to the world.'
has already had its commencement. Love, “ The ordinary process of knowledge, casting out fear, will then reach its cli. or that nataral order whereby, in the max; and all reclaimed souls shall drink present state (revelation apart) we at. of the river of pleasures that makes tain any conception of God, is an ascent glad the city of God.' • All shall live from the natural to the moral attributes. unto God.'—pp. 404–407. In following certain abstract notions we
Notwithstanding the general ex. infer his Eternity, and Infinitude; - then we read the displays of his power, and cellence of the volume, there apwisdom, and bounty in the visible world ; pear to us to be passages which and we go on to assign to him - Holiness occasionally betray haste, or even in great measure, all our theological impetuosity of thought. The folnotions and religious sentiments.- We lowing is certainly a palpable indwell much upon that which in truth is stance of the kind, in which the secondary, or mediate; and see only at a author, in endeavouring to distance that which is primary and essen
down the error of the dogmatist, tial. By the ladder of reason we have gone up to behold the Most High ; and actually makes war upon liberty of 80 are we apt to frequent the same arti- conscience, a warfare in which we ficial line of approach, even when we
should presume he could have no draw near for worship. “ The Spirit of Grace takes us by ano.
intention of engaging, and would ther path, and shews us that the Moral not like to be caught. Perfections are the end and reason of
“ Times of extraordinary fanatical ex. the Natural. And who can doubt but citement excepted, the leaders of sects that, when matter and its dark symbols do not allow to themselves the use of lanare done with-that which is principal
guage which, by its arrogance, would supshall seem so ?--In bursting from the con
ply its own refutation. But the occult finement of the body, the spirit shall and fundamental principle of all eccle(with amazement perhaps) in a moment
siastical despotism on the one side, and reverse the order of its old conceptions ;
of all factions separation on the other--, and almost cease to think of Omnipo- of all religious rancour and hostility, tence, Eternity, Infinitude, while the whether it be avowed or not, is this more dominant notions of Purity, Blessedness, and Love, fill the soul. This assumption of Divine authority on bebalf revolution must (if we might so say) im- ' I THINK so,' is the whole residuum that
of what is simply an individual opinion. mensely reduce the apparent distance be- can be found after evaporating the protween the created and uncreated Mind; digious pretensions of the zealot-demafor so long as the first named class of no
What is this will of the Lord'tions have principal possession of our this 'anthority of heaven'--this sacred thoughts, the impression that prevails is
cause of truth and righteousness ? Nothat of immeasurable disparity; and of thing, absolutely nothing more than -course, the more we meditate on these
I think so.' Strip the schismatic's dethemes, the more is such an impression clamation of its finery and its sublimity; enhanced. But though the disparity be- of its thunder and its fire; and there tween God and his intelligent creatures remains just this meagre, and scarcely: is as absolute in the attributes of Good
visible particle, the intrinsic value of ness or Holiness, as in those of power and which it would be impossible to express.-wisdom, there belongs to the former a homogeneity which affords ground of communion between God and man. --The
And must not I think so, be to conversion of the heart to God is a bring every man the final rule? After ing God near to us; for this reason, he has read and judged calmly for more in his moral than his natural attri- bimself, is not his own conviction bntes. We approach the throne by a
of what is truth to rule him? direct path, and in the stead of the mute Would our author interpose the N. S. No. 92,
decision of any other judgment biography, is a department of litebetween the Scriptures and the in- rature in which, we think, the dividual ? And if not, why throw Americans peculiarly excel; inthis bitterness of scorn upon what deed, if we except the writings of he calls the individual opinion ? Edwards (and even his most popular What, then, is the individual work is biographical), of Dwight, opinion to give way before an ag- and of Moses Stuart, we have regregate opinion, or any earthlyceived little from them of much imtribunal; where, then, is our Pro- portance, in a religious point of testantism? What becomes of the view, besides the Memoirs to which right of private judgment? We we have alluded. We need only think the author has failed in this mention the names of Brainerd, passage, to discriminate the cha- Mrs. Newell, Mrs. Graham, Mrs. racter of the dogmatist, and has Huntingdon, Mrs. Judson, Dr. supplied ground for a definition of Payson, Pliny Fisk, and Matthias schism, which would inevitably Bruen, (the last not indeed written sap the foundation of the Protes- by an American, but, nevertheless, tant chureb. He must excuse us entirely American in its spirit and for the freeness of these remarks, its details, as well as in its subject)* and, if we have mistaken his in order to recal to the minds of
our meaning, he must forgive us. readers the remembrance of some
We cannot, however, part with of the most pleasing and instructive the volume without assuring him, specimens of biography which our that it has given us, in the main, language contains. In all these much pleasure, and that we do productions there is a freshness very cordially recommend our and virility of thought and manner, most thoughtful and accomplished a freedom of sentiment and ex. readers to gratify themselves by pression, and a somewhat bold the perusal of it. At the same originality of feeling and opinion, time we must say, plainly, there which is peculiarly American, and are a few sentiments in the book which, we confess, is to our minds which we cannot approve, but singularly enlivening and impreswhich do not, however, materially sive. We like to find men speakvitiate the admirable body of ing in our own language, and yet Christian sentiment which the work preserving the peculiar tone and contains.
bias of a nation whose habits and
feelings are very different from our Memoir of the Rev. Levi Parsons, first own; and especially are
we inMissionary to Palestine, from the United terested in seeing in their religious
States. Originally compiled by the Rev, writings an infusion of that spirit Dan. O. Morton, A.M.; now and abridged by William İnnes, Minister of independence of all merely of the Gospel 18mo. pp. ix. 283. human modes of thought and acEdinburgh: 1832.
tion, the want of which has too This is another of those delight. often, in other countries, retarded, ful specimens of biography with we fear, the progress of the truth. which our transatlantic brethren have, of late years, so frequently * We might have added the name of favoured us, and from the perusal Edwards, whose memory bas recently reof which so much pleasure and ceived the respect due to it from a me. edification has been derived by a
moir by the Rev. Sereno Dwight; but
we fear the work is as yet too little known large portion of British Christians.
in Britain, to be ranked among our reBiography, especially religious ceived biographies.