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4. UNIFORMITY in the several and then, instead of indulging in acts of worship. The mode and noisy salutations of all around them, arrangement of divine service is or engaging in fulsome panegyrics not the same in all dissenting on the sermon, or taking up the chapels; but whatever be the order civil or religious politics of the or method adopted in any place, day, they will retire as speedily as every worshipper should endeavour possible, avoiding every thing that to conform to it. What can be more has a tendency to destroy the imincongruous, what more indecent, pressions that may have been prothan to see some standing while duced on their minds, and giving others are sitting, and others loung- themselves to meditation and ing during the celebration of the prayer, that they may secure lastpraises of Jehovah? And what ing benefit from the public exercises more indecorous than to witness a in which they have been similar discordance in outward pos- gaged. ture during the solemn act of 6. Besides these decencies which prayer? It is true, the devout are required in the members of our worshipper will not be scandalized worshipping assemblies generally, by it, forasmuch as his eye is shut there are others which are no less against every thing visible, but the binding on those by whom the wor. effect on the mind of an unbeliever ship is conducted. Any thing in must be any thing but favourable: the shape of puns or witticisms whereas, the sight of a whole con- must ever be regarded as most abgregation observing a due symme- horrent in a minister. Pompous try and uniformity in their religious declamation too, a flowery style, exercises is fitted to strike and im- lightness of manner, and excess of press the careless beholder. In action, as well as a studied and order to secure more of this outward finical gesture and self-display in uniformity, it merits consideration every form, are egregiously out of whether what is commonly and place in the pulpit. Nor ought certainly in most cases very appro- the desk to exhibit any thing like priately termed the long prayer, theatrical display, or be permitted might not be considerably abridged, to indulge in the use of tunes which and part of the petitions left for more befit the tap-room than the that after the sermon. It is likely, house of God. Care should be that, by this ineans, those whose taken to select those to officiate as strength is somewhat feeble, would Clerks who fear God, and are men be able to accomplish what they of sober and grave deportment. may greatly desire, to stand up It has often been remarked, in and praise God with their brethren reference to several of the topics and fellow-worshippers.

touched upon in this paper, that 5. ATTENDANCE to the close there exists a marked difference of the service, and SILENT RE- between the conduct of ChurchTIREMENT from the place of wore men and Dissenters, ship, will distinguish those whose tainly it cannot be denied that minds are properly affected by there is generally a stillness and sodivine things. As their primary lemnity that characterize a congre. object in going up to the courts of gation of Churchmen which it would the Lord was not to listen to man, be vain to look for in many dissentthey will not (excepting under ing places of worship. Much alcircumstances of necessity) leave lowance, it is true, must be made them till the service be concluded : for the religio loci, or those local

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associations which most Churchmen cumstances, to superiuduce seriouspossess in common with the fre

ness and solemnity of spirit. Let quenters of the mosque, or the visi- but the great truths of Revelation tants of the pagoda; but it would duly and properly interest any inargue the grossest perversion of dividual, and it will be found, that, intellect to maintain, that just in whether he be a Churchman or proportion as the mind is enligh- Dissenter, whether he worship in a tened will it be divested of truly church or a chapel, there will be religious reverence and awe. Leav- unequivocal expressions of devout ing out of the account the influence feeling, and a supreme regard to of adventitious objects on the the presence and honour of Alsenses, there is that in true religion mighty God. which is calculated, under any cir




Ila magas artes Æacaque carmina novit.-Ov. The following are, we believe, Samuel were raised by her, it must the chief of the theories by which have been by her only as the the scene at Endor is explained : means which God employed. But

I. That Satan personified Sa- it is surely impossible that God muel.

would have employed her, when IT. That the Witch really raised persons of her calling were soSamuel by her enchantments. lemnly and repeatedly banished.

III. That God miraculously By the command of heaven, presented Samuel to the affrighted Samuel had fixed the brand of

infamy upon all persons making We have never met with a single pretensions to witchcraft. They argument by which the first of were declared to be an abominathese could be supported. To the tion to the Lord; under no presecond we feel insuperable ob- tence were they to be tolerated; jections. On the third we are in in no emergency were they to be doubt. Our purpose is to show consulted. Is it therefore credible that this woman was a gross impos- that God would have thus cantor, and consequently that if Samuel celled his own decrees, and raised were raised, it was the work of this abominated woman to renown, God. To raise the dead or call to favour, to influence? Would back the departed spirit, is a he thus put a sceptre into her divine prerogative. If this woman hand, upon whose head he had really had the power implied in pronounced an awful execration ? her question to Saul, verse 11, Would he have sanctioned her dewhat, we ask, was it short of tested order by enabling her to divine capacities-short of having work a miracle, a miracle which the keys of death? forif, irrespective could be as boldly pleaded in of power from above, she could support of witchcraft as the openat her bidding call up Samuel, ing earth could in support of the she might with equal ease bring divine legation of Moses? Would up the whole body of the departed, not the supposed Samuel have and thus frustrate the designs of given some intimation that he grace and justice. If then, was raised by God, thus dissolv


ing the charm, exploding for ever hood to the charge of trickery. the pretensions of this witch, and The tomb of Samuel was many rendering her defeat conducive to miles from Endor, as was also the honour of Jehovah ? Besides, Shunem, from which Saul went in be it remembered that God had search of the woman. Passing sternly refused

the informatiou strange, indeed, were it, it by her Saul was now seeking. With the diabolical art she could not only deepest anxiety had it been soli- bring back the glorified saint, imcited, through various divinely part vitality to the mouldering appointed channels. Did he re- dust, and reform the mystical sort to witchcraft with a better union between body and soul, motive than that with which he but could also transport the supplicated the prophets of the person of Samuel from Ramah to Lord ? If the Lord maintained so Endor, and conduct him into her profound and just a silence in his apartments upseen and unheard by own province--if through his own

any one ex herself. Her medium he withheld the response, danger in entering the house of it is incredible that he would Saul was not greater than his in break that silence, that he would walking to her residence. Why gratify Saul's desire in the haunts then did not Saul bid her proceed of sin, and through an instrument to Gilboa and there perform the which he had placed under the wonder? Why did she not ap

? ban of his own displeasure. It is point a meeting at the grave of equally incredible that Samuel Samuel, and there offer with her had it either in his disposition or magic wand to cause the departed power to impart the prophetic in- saint to start up and “blab out, the telligence. "Unbidden by the God secrets for which Saul was thirstwhose smiles he was enjoying, he ing? Surely there must be some neither could nor would have re- reason why her convenience could turned to earth for the purpose of bend neither to the etiquette of strengthening the hand of this ene- royalty, vor to the solemnity of the my to God and man: this indeed sepulchre; why a king and his atwould be to resemble the wretch tendants must disguise themselves, who stole fire from the altar in and wait on an insignificant woorder to consume the temple. man, while the same servants

These considerations render the could have secured her a safe whole scene extremely suspicious. escort to Saul's residence, thus I am aware that we ought not in preventing the fatigue and risk to general to construct theories by which Saul was subjected. which we try the truth or false- aware, that in ancient times, kings hood of any statement, especially were not as now, enveloped in those of Scripture. But as they pomp and circumstance; but siare considerations drawn from tuated as Saul was, and especially Scripture itself, we shall deem after his efforts to extirpate the them conclusive, if the narrative professors of witchcraft, would be found not compatible only with he not have employed some means them, but confirmatory ofthem. The of gaining her a secret access to place where the miracle is pro- his dwelling, if an attendance at fessedly wrought deserves atten- her dwelling, where she had all tion, for it renders the pretended her apparatus about her, and had appearance doubly miraculous, practised her acts, were not a sine while it gives a tenfold likeli- quá non?

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That particular places must be kings were regarded as impeccable resorted to in order to obtain ora- and above all law, he surely might colar information, and to see ap- expect a most condign punishment pearances pretendedly supernatu- for so splendid a sin, as that of ral, is attested by many ancient employing this artful and prowriters.

Had this witch possessed scribed witch. The terror into the expertness of modern conjurors, which he was thrown, the disguise she might have given the desired having failed, would admirably information in almost any place; subserve her purpose ; while the but, that Saul and his attendants, stage of the business at which she at the expense of comfort, safety, professes to have discovered her and honour, should have to travel employer, would give, in Saul's to Endor, is a presumptive evi- mind, a degree of plausibility to dence that at no other spot could her former professed ignorance. she raise the dead that the “ out- Had she addressed him by name ward and visible signs” did not on his first entrance to her, he

proresult from the “ inward and bably would have concealed his spiritual grace"--that it was only errand; or, if she previously knew while surrounded by her own in- of his intended application, forstruments, and in her own cave, bidden the operation. He certhat her feats could be performed, tainly would not have resorted to her deceptions practised.

her, had he been aware of the exThe discovery she professes to posure she would make of him; it make of Saul's person is also ex- was, therefore, policy in her to tremely suspicious. The very fact profess ignorance of him, and by of Saul's remarkable tallness must adverting to Saul's decrees against surely have betrayed him. Con- witchcraft, to imply her freedom nect his tallness with the pledge of from suspicion, thus confirming safety which none but a king bim in his guilty purpose, and could have given, and surely no eliciting from him the particulars evidence can be wanting to prove, of the wonder she was to perform. that she must bave recognized Having put himself into her hands, Saul, that she was guilty of daring mentioned the person he wanted, falsehood in her professed igno- and bidden her commence the rance. We are at a loss to con- charm, how natural that she ceive by what means she gained the should name him. He had enkoowledge that it was Saul who tered the limits of the snare, and had employed her, if she had it she now entangles him, yea, he is not from the beginning. It does perfectly entrapped. That Saul not

the pretended spec. heard the voice is evident, that he tre informed her. She evidently saw no man is also evident. But wishes to magnify her danger, why? Where was the necessity for the purpose, we presume, of for him to ask the form of the supsecuring a considerable remunera, posed obedient spirit? Either the tion. Her purpose would there- witch could see what was not seen fore be answered by openly detect. by Saul, or her assertion respecting him, and doing it apparently ing the ascending Gods was on the ground of supernatural in- wilful falsehood. Gladly would formation. How completely was she have introduced Saul to Saul thus cast upon her mercy, Samuel had it been in her power, and at what price would he refuse How would the real appearance to purchase her secrecy. Upless promote her reputation ! With



what deep impression would Saul how evidently one of those evil retire from her haunt! With what works which hateth the light, nei. eclat would she refer to Saul for a ther cometh to the light! With testimony to the power of her Saul's exhausted body and performer enchantments! Had Saul turbed spirit, what was necessary been in his right mind, he, doubt- to give effect and perfection to the less, would have suspected the scene beyond what the woman cheat, when he was thus compelled possessed ? Her applicant, in a to see the spectre only as transmite high state of excitement, from his ted through the eyes of the ope- recent atrocious conduct, in the rator. Such a fact would not be death “ of four score and five

perreceived in modern experiments, sons that did wear a linen ephod," without the sight of every eye, depressed with the fact of God's the touch of every hand. The departure from him, which, in

. woman displays her craft in ob- those times, was a certain presage taining the name of the person of approaching ruin, the enemy whom Saul wished to consult. encamped on the borders of his Had she the power equal to the country, and ready to pounce upon task, she had also possessed wis- his inferior troops, driven by dedom or knowledge to render all spair, in his extremity, to consult a questions needless. Indeed, from sorceress against the dictates of previous transactions of a public his conscience, and the commands nature, we almost wonder she put of his offended God, whilst the the question to Saul; and that witch has the darkness of the feeling confident Samuel was the night, expertness in her arts, a person desired, she did not proceed person to practise upon disposed with the exploit, and render the to credit her pretences, and ready astonishment of Saul still deeper, to receive impressions, and all this by calling up, if possible, the very in her own cave, where previous object of his anxiety, but whose experiments had been performed ; name he had not broached. Here we repeat, what beyond this, and she evinces a want of sagacity. a common share of knowledge, She, however, partly redeems her- was requisite to accomplish the self, by distinctly ascertaining the end ? With such advantages the person required, and had she not skill of modern conjurors would described the production as per- achieve wonders a thousand times fectly resembling the given person, more astonishing. Saul would have questioned her And here we beg to ask those pretences, while the most bitter who credit the pretensions of this imprecations would have fallen woman, why was she not alarmed upon her from every wizard and when ordered to bring up Samuel, witch in the land.

the very man she feared-her unThe darkness in which the scene compromising enemy? Would she was wrapped was favourable, and dare touch the ashes or evoke the perhaps almost necessary to a spirit of that Samuel who had been juggle. Might it not have been her terror before his departure ? by her appointment, or might it Would she call him from the not have been the only season in celestial world, where his devotedwhich her oracle could be con- ness to God had been perfected, sulted, in which her maneuvres and whence he would come burncould be played ? How different ing with zeal against every profrom the miracles of Jehovah ! fessor of witchcraft ?-a system

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