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the Supreme entertained thoughts may pass on to a better world, and of mercy, and has traced, with a
thus triumph over the ruins of the sun-beam, in his holy word, a fall. “ high way,” by which the penitent Bristol. JOSEPH COTTLE.
To the Editors,- In the month the nature of Christian intercourse: of September, 1829, you did me they shew in what way the sparks the favour to insert a Memoir of of grace are best fanned in the the Rev. Samuel Lucas. A further soul; and, full of excitement to reference to his manuscripts has humility, and self-renunciation, led to a selection of some of the and works of righteousness, they letters written to him by the excel are adapted to promote that unlent ministers whose names were ceasing mortification of sin which there mentioned, the Rev. James has been described and urged Davidson, and the Rev. David by Dr. Owen with such envi. Edwards. Under an impression able clearness and force. There that they are adapted to useful. is about them, too, a practical miness, they are submitted to your nuteness not at all out of place in consideration.
epistolary communications. They Respecting the worthy men al- go into that sort of detail, which, luded io, little is known. Of Mr. in times of sorrow, and to young Davidson, indeed, next to no Christians in the first stages of thing
Mr. Edwards published their heavenly progress, is pecusome sermons preached to con liarly valuable. Some of the nodemned persons: they are noticed tices they contain are of a biograin one of the following letters ; phical kind, and they will be found and he stands associated with the well suited to allay the fear of celebrated Vicar of Everton, Mr. death; to cheer in adversity; and Berridge, by means of a charac- to rouse the soul to that holy emu. teristic and beautiful letter re- lation which is imperative upon ceived by him, after the death of Christ's followers. Some of the his wife, from that eccentric, but references made in the following devout clergyman. It was in- letters to academical pursuits, serted in the Evangelical Maga- may, occasionally, excite a smile, zine, vol. 14, p. 256.
the advice furnished, The letters now communicated, though good in itself, savouring unlike those of Father Paul, and of inordinate precision, or needless other men of renown, whom it anxiety: but even that tendency would be tedious to enumerate, is checked by the clear display of have little to recommend them be- a kindliness of feeling, and yond the excellence of their senti- sympathy with uninitiated stuments. They ought, nevertheless, dents, which deserves unmingled to be read with an attentive con admiration. sideration, because, whatever may A letter from the venerable be their literary defects, and how Cornelius Winter closes the series, barren soever of news from foreign and is rendered, in this connexion, parts, ancient customs, tricks of the more interesting, because of state, or a thousand other circum- its respectful mention of Mr. Edstances of popular attraction, they wards. furnish interesting illustrations of My attention baving been called
to an error in the Memoir of Mr. disorder in his affections at any Lucas, I gladly avail myself of time? Does he always do good the present opportunity to correct in the completest manner, agreeit.
able to the law of perfect purity ? It is said in the Congregational Does he never feel evil present Magazine, vol. 12, p. 463, that with him ? If I could believe Mr. Lucas improved Mr. Orton's there was such a person, I would death, from 1 Tim. vi. 12; and so go a great many miles to see such Palmer has it in his Memoir of an instance. Such an one would Mr. Orton there cited; but the be a real phenomenon in our world. manuscript of Mr. Lucas' sermon Our best performances are tainted on the occasion, shows the text to with sin, and our religious duties have been 1 Tim. i. 11, 12,—"ac- polluted. But 'tis a comfort, uncording to the glorious gospel of der all such complaints, that our the blesssed God," &c.
glorious Emanuel is our Inter&c.
He is now performing a Shrewsbury.
J. B. W. part of his priestly office. The
doctrine of atonement and inter
cession are founded on a state of To Mr. Lucas, at Bury.
‘guilt: to this it has an invariable Ipswich, Jan. 12th, 1768. relation.-Did Christ intercede for My dear Sir,—Heavy bodies Adam before he fell? No: be. move slow, but sure. I had it in cause sin had no existence in his my heart to send you a long reply heart.-Does he atone in behalf of to your last kind letter long before angels ? No: for they excel in this, but multiplicity of engage- strength, and are perfect in holiments prevented, and now I have -Ask your friend then for but an inch of time allowed. -As whom does he intercede? and why? to your friend who seems to object I hope he will have no objection against complaining of a wicked against that infallible word, “ He heart, as being unscriptural, I maketh intercession for us.” St. would have bint by all means to Paul needed it as well as other reconsider the matter, and ask believers. himself-Is there not a cause for But I cannot stay, only I would such a complaint? How he came observe, that the plan of redempto suppose this unscriptural, I tion is a plan of love, and to view know not. The seraphic apostle it as such will be one means, under of the Gentiles complained much the influence of the Spirit of God, of the body of sin, in the cele to promote the life of sanctiticabrated 7th of the Epistle to the tion in our souls. Many ChrisRomans; and in another place he tians bitterly complain that they speaks his own language and cannot rejoice and delight in God; other believers" we that are in and, therefore, we find an indisthis tabernacle do groan being bur- posedness in our spirits towalk with dened.” And the beloved disciple him. And pray what is at the botsays,-“ If we say that we have toin of this distemper? Is it not some no sin we deceive ourselves,” &c. upskilfulness in our apprehending Therefore such language can never and viewing the Triune God, who be unfit for the most advanced is full of love and grace e ? So among the disciples of the present much as we see of the love of day. Suppose you were to ask Christ, so much we shall delight your friend whether he feels any in him. But how often do we
form hard thoughts of God, and many disorders there, to sorrow are ready to say in our hearts, I after a godly sort. When we sur. know that thou art an austere man! vey our sins of omission and comGod expostulated with the people mission, it would create mourning, of old. “ What iniquity have you but yet not as those that are withseen in me?-have I been a wilder- out hope; for when we look unto ness unto you, or a land of dark, the completeness and infinite ful
The Lord takes nothing Dess of our surety, it would fill us so unkind at our hands as those with joy; and, in this, to rejoice hard thoughts? and what effect evermore, This would be a kind have they had upon us? Why of a spring which will lead us to they make us gloomy, and fretful, love mankind, and yet be our diand unhappy ; we find much alien rectory whom to choose for our ation of affections, drawings back, bosom friends. Some little degree and blusterings of unbelief. And of this, through grace, I have exthe devil has a strong hand in this perienced at times; and I scruple vile deceit; the great enemy will not to affirm, that this is one way insinuate that it is a pitch of bold to
a thriving course, which will ness to eye God as good, gracious, make the ways of Christ to be ways tender, kind, and loving. He of pleasantness. Come, my dear will tempt us to think that he is friend, let us sit down often at this austere, severe, and almost impla- great fountain of divine, rich, free, cable. This was one of the first infinite, and inexhaustible love, sins of our first parents; and see and we shall quickly have a furthe awful effect-they fled from ther discovery of its sweet streams. the Lord's presence; and their “ We have known and believed, countenance, that looked a little the love that God hath to us," while before as pleasant as that of was the language of the apostle. an angel, looked now scowling " The love of Christ constraineth and sour.
But if the heart be us ;" our love and esteem of God once taken up with the eminences is but the fruit of his love to us : of the Lord's love, this would enbesides, what a sweet retreat is large the heart, and overpower here for the Christian in the midst temptations, and lead the soul to of scorns and reproaches. When make his abode with him. This a child is abused in the street, he would hinder no business, break runs with speed to his father for no squares with lawful conditions, shelter ; here he shall find relief : deprive us of no lawful enjoyments so we read, Isaiah Ixvi. 13. “ As in the world. It would make our one whom his mother comforteth visits unto the closets, and retire- so will I comfort you.' So that ments, as if we were to make a the soul may say, If I have hatred visit to the dearest friend that we and censure in the world, I will esteem and value above all upon go to him where I shall be sure to earth; it would make us to read find love. This principle would his word like a love-letter from breed a holy watch also. We one that we have in the highest are not forward to offend a geneesteem; to attend his courts and rous friend, and one that we love, ordinances with more pleasure Lord, increase our faith!- Excuse than those do who attend the ser- haste. I remain, your's affectionvice of the greatest prince upon ately in the best bonds, earth. It would lead us, when we
D. EDWARDS. look unto our hearts, and see so
gaged in for some years. Our good To Mr. Lucas, at Bury.
Lord seems plainly to call you to
another post of service: I foresee Ipswich, June 18, 1768. a few difficulties in the way, but My dear Friend and Brother, they are not too great for a willing Last week I sent you a few lines, mind, defended, guided, and supwith a few pamphlets, which I ported by an almighty arm. You hope came safe to hand; if any will have no objection to give a more pamphlets are wanted, I can brief account of the dealings of supply them with more. Last God with your own soul; and as night I received an answer from to your motives to the work of the Dr. Conder concerning you; that ministry, what you wrote to me part is as follows; -" I thank you in your last will be sufficient. I for your
information concerning would have you draw up the acMr. Lucas; I greatly approve of count, in a letter, as soon as you the account you give of him. I have time, and send it to Dr. Conwish I could say I had imme- der, and not to me; or if you dediately house-room for him, but liver it to me, I'll take care to send at present we are quite full; though it to the Doctor. But let it be I dont know but in a few months directed to him. When
may be able to receive him. I is expired where you are, set find you have not sufficiently in- about your studies the first opformed yourself as to our public portunity ; lose no time. If you establishment in London. You were near me, I would, with pleaask, may not Mr. Lucas be ad- sure, show you how to proceed in mitted immediately on the fund ? grammar learning. Let me give I answer, yes, if he is well versed you this caution—not to be disin the Latin and Greek languages, couraged at first setting out. You but if not, it is the Society only will, doubtless, find some difficulty that takes in for Grammar-learn- in learning words at first, and ing; and in order thereto, he, i.e. learning of dead languages is a Mr. Lucas, will be desired to write dry study; but things will be me or you a plain full letter, more pleasant as you advance ; giving an account of his spiritual remember, don't be discouraged. experience of God's work on his Again : expect not to be heart, adding some account of the Cicero in the Latin, nor a Xenogrounds of his inclination to study phon in the Greek. Seek not to for the ministry; and more may be be a smooth silken poet, in Latin, said when providence favours us like Virgil; nor expect to be furwith an interview." Thus far he nished with Greek and dialects writes upon your subject.
enough to compose an epic poem Now give me leave to speak like Homer. if you have Latin my thoughts freely to you. Your enough to understand a Turretive, truly laudable intention of serving Witsius, or take in the sense of God in the Gospel of his Son is some pages in the Latin Fathers; now laid open in London. The Greek enough to understand your great Head of the church is calling Greek Testament; Hebrew enough, uff your thoughts from secular with the help of a Lexicon, to unbusiness ; entertain no thoughts of derstand something of the Old Tesdrawing back even to that lawful tament, without being altogether employ that you have been en at the mercy of translators, be conN.S. NO. 91.
tent:* or, could you attain to a sound, and an instrument of spreadconsiderable perfection in these ing happiness among hundreds things; you will still admire our and thousands, and children yet English translation of both Old and unborn rising to call you blessed. New Testaments, for 'tis excel. When the love of Christ is the lent.
grand principle, it will lead you Some acquaintance with logic not to shun to declare the whole you will find to be of service; a counsel of God, and enforce the sketch of philosophy and astro- truths of God, however displeanomy will help to enlarge your sing to the carnal heart; enforcing ideas in the works of nature. Some the practice of the word without knowledge in the Christian mathe- fearing the face of any man. I matics will be helpful to lead you see you visit families, and conto a close train of thinking. I with souls under convicknow of no other service this last tions and temptations; and your can be of to a minister but that. visits to such will be like the apRhetoric, likewise, has its use in proach of some kind angel, full the pulpit, as well as at the bar. of sympathy and fellow-feeling. But, amidst all these things, keep What can withstand the energy the main point in view ; remember of that ministry when the Holy you are to be a preacher of Christ; Ghost is sealing it upon the heart ? and let all studies be subservient Suppose you are called by provito the grand point. You are to dence, at first, to some obscure preach in English, and to preach place (seek not great things; let plain. Let the study of the Scrip- our Lord lead you; be not your own tures and your own heart have a carver,) I say, suppose you are considerable room in your disqui- called to an obscure place, a misitions. The Lord Jesus be with nister, who is a burning and a your spirit. My dear Friend, me shining light, will not continue thinks I see you passing a few long unnoticed ; a faithful servant years in preparation-yea, me of Christ will be like a pleasant star thinks I see you coming out, ap- in a dark horizon. How often have pearing in a stage of action in the we seen a poor obscure country church, and by your pungent, zea- village become a noted place, by lous display of the blesssed Gos- people flocking to hear the word. pel, uniting the two characters of See the wonderful effect! Adaa Boanerges and Barnabas. I look mantine hearts are bowed; others forward to consequences. By enquire what must they do to be your ministry, under the unction saved? Others are enlightened, of the Holy One, I see Bible re and become a God-glorifying peoligion spreading from family to ple. And suppose that you meet family, from house to house. I with some that laugh, and scoff, hear you diffusing the pleasant and rank you amongst the veriest
fanatics, methodists, and enthus This advice might do in Mr. Edwards’ siasts, what then? You will have time, but it is altogether inapplicable to the consciences of the vilest men the present circumstances of the church, and of the state of general literature. A
on your side in a calm moment. student who now leaves our academies
I remain your affectionate bromust have reached a very different stan-, ther, in the best bonds, dard, otherwise little can be expected from him.-Editors,