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have taken the place of that close chequered experience of the beand heart-searching particularity liever is not a fit subject for the which, in better days, used to per- pulpit, but we do earnestly protest tain to the preaching of the Gospel. against experimental preaching
We know how many prejudices being confined to the believer. a young minister has to contend Let the sinner's experience be also with; we know, that in every con- preached. Lay open his heart begregation there are to be found fore him-hold up his dissatisfaca number of pious people who tion with the world-expose his think their young pastor very defi- vain strugglings with consciencecient in his theology, if he does his resistings of the Spirit-bis connot embody, in almost every ser- tinual disappointment in the search mon, the leading doctrines of the after happiness. Distinguish his Gospel, and who cannot at all regenerate convictions from true understand, how it should be right conversion-drive him from his to distress a sinner by pointing out innumerable hiding-places. Put the uncertainty of his ever being a before him, in all its length and Christian, without at the same time breadth, the difficulty of escaping enlarging on the mercy of God, from the damnation of hell, and and the impossibility of his doing make him feel that it is an awfully any thing to promote his own sal- uncertain thing, whether he will vation, without the influences of ever be Christian. This we the Spirit. We do not, however, should call experimental preaching. despair of this difficulty being We have already said enough
on the importance of adopting a There are others, again, who colloquial style. Long and smoothhave seen how husky and worth- ly-rounded periods are an abomiless the mode of address is to nation in the pulpit—a device of which we
have adverted, and the devil to keep the good Word these, having recognized the prin- of God out of the hearts of the ciple that experimental truth is multitude. It should never be foralone valuable to the mass of man- gotten that the great mass of hearkind, have confined themselves ers are, after all, only a wellalmost exclusively to supplying dressed mob of uneducated perthe spiritual wants, and soothing sons. Few ministers are privi. the feelings of the believer; as if leged to have a reflecting auditory. God had intended, that his people Let the recollection, then, of this should be dependant for their spi- simple truth regulate the preacher ritual vigour on the exhortations of in his choice both of style and their minister; as if he had not language. We would have inplanted his church in the world scribed on the wall of every study, for other and far more important “ To the poor the Gospel is purposes; as if he did not intend, preached.” A minister who reby the agency of his people, to members this, will feel that he gather in his elect from the four must depict, not discuss ; that one corners of the earth; as if he had illustration is worth a thousand not himself distinctly pointed out, abstract explanations; and that that his children were to seek their although it should lessen his fame, comfort, not from their fellow man, it will increase his usefulness, albut in the path of deep retirement, ways to be familiar, and not unearnest prayer, and self-denying frequently to repeat the same truth duty. We do not say, that the again and again.
The grand mistake which many of their past lives, we have often make, is to suppose that a familiar wondered why it should never style and plainness of speech dis occur to him that it would be inpenses in great measure with the calculably better to bid them look necessity of study. On the con- back. It is the continual use of trary, it' demands a double portion words which are absolutely uninof labour. A vicious and inflated telligible to the poor, that makes style is that into which men are preaching so uninteresting to them. most commonly apt to fall. To be If it goes on, we shall soon have natural and simple is the highest no poor hearers to preach to. For attainment of art.
the most part our old Saxon words We by no means undervalue a are decidedly the best. They are glowing eloquence; but we can- simpler and more determinate in not forget that although eloquence their signification. may sometimes adorn, it not un The unusual length to which frequently obscures truth, just as this article has extended, alone a painted window intercepts the compels us to lay down the pen. prospect. If we were asked upon In bidding farewell to our Ameriwhat book we should recommend can brethren, we desire most una young preacher to form his style, feignedly to rejoice in the success we should reply, Upon the Pile which has attended their labours. grim's Progress. We cannot re For ourselves, while we are thankfrain from quoting here, as fully ful for much, we covet more. We expressing our sentiments, the would gladly learn from any body. praise which that admirable book One word at parting to our own has just extorted from reviewers brethren. Before we resolve our who have little sympathy with its comparative want of success in the theology.
ministry altogether into divine so“ The style of Bunyan is delightful to
vereignty, let us be quite sure that every reader, and invaluable as a study we are doing all we can, for the to every person who wishes to obtain a
conversion of the great mass of wide command over the English language. The vocabulary is the vocabulary of the
the unregenerate. It is not enough common people. There is not an ex
to preach to them occasionally or pression, if we except a few technical even frequently. It is not enough terms of theology, which would puzzle the to beseech them, one by one, in prirudest peasant. We have observed se
vate, even with tears, to be reconveral pages which do not contain a single word of more than two syllables. Yet
ciled to God. It is not enough to no writer has said more exactly what he gather them in classes according to meant to say. For magnificence, for their respective circumstances, and pathos, for vehement exhortation, for specially to address them together subtle disquisition, for every purpose the poet, the orator, and the divine, this
in the language of entreaty and homely dialect--the dialect of plain expostulation. It is not enough working men-is perfectly sufficient. to pray for them and with them. There is no book in our literature on
All these, and a thousand other which we would so readily stake the fame of the old unpolluted English language things which will suggest themno book which shows so well how rich selves to a mind bent upon the that language is in its own proper wealth, salvation of souls, must be done, and how little it has been improved by all that it has borrowed." *
and yet much will be left undone. When we have heard a minister
After all, Satan will surpass us telling his hearers to take a retrospect
in activity, and we shall be found
at best but unprofitable servants. * Edinburgh Review.
Researches in Greece and the Lerant. By fathers;" and in modern times, the the Rev. John Ilartley, M. A. late Mis
of the sages, warriors, and sionary in the Mediterranean. London. Hatchard and Son.
poets of antiquity, has procured for
their degenerate sons that sympaThe political fortunes of Greece thy which, divested of such historic have excited an interest of no ordi- associations, would have been nary kind in the west of Europe; and hardly extended to them. Of the our own countrymen have, by their ancient golden times of Greece, labours. eminently distinguished there are, however, no remains, themselves, both in the senate and the besides its language, monuments, field, in promoting the emancipation and “vales of evergreen and hills of that unfortunate and long-oppres- of snow.” It is painful to read the sed territory. The first mutterings of description which Mr. Hartley the voice of freedom were eagerly gives of a country, once the cradle listened to, and the arduous struggle of learning, the ark of liberty, the between the Morea and the Porte, land of Solon and Plato, now successfully terminated, has
the mind's eternal heritage,” been watched with intense anxiety. For ever lit by memory's twilight beams, Though the present race are but Where the proud dead, that live in storied wild and distant offshoots from the page,
Beckon, with awful port, to glory's earlier ancient stock, yet they are associated with the Greeks of Mara
“ I have often,” says he,“ been struck thon and Thermopylæ, as they to observe, how very accurately the despeak the same language, bear the scriptions of the state of Judea by the same name, and inhabit their time- ancient prophets are applicable to it.
To the Greeks may be addressed the honoured land. In the achieve- language, Your country is desolate, ment of Greek independence we your cities are burned with fire, your are called upon, for various rea land strangers devourit in your presence, sons, to rejoice; a country favoured and it is desolate as overthrown by stranwith the labours of the apostles, parts of the Morea, soon after the incor
gers. I passed through the principal and filled with the early churches sions of the Arab'army, In the chief of Christendom, has been wrested towns, and in a multitude of the counfrom the grasp of Mahomet; a door try villages, not a dwelling remained has been opened for the free pro- work of demolition had been complete.
entire. In Tripolitza, the capital, the mulgation of the truth in the scene Not only was the green grass growing of its primitive triumphs; and we amidst the ruins of the palace of the trust that the event may be regard. Pashas of the Morea, but every mosque, ed as a signal, that, ere long, the every church, and even every wall, ha:
been thrown down. The destruction of tide of Moslem dominion will roll Tripolit za seemed only second to that of back to its native Asia, and the su- Jerusalem.' perstition which it has so long up The religious and moral condition held will sink into desuetude and of Greece is still more painfully afoblivion.
fecting than the calamities here menNearly four centuries have elapsed tioned. The apostacy anticipated in since the name of Greece was blot- the apostolic writings has indeed ted from the map of Europe, and overtaken this section of the Church; about nineteen have revolved since and scarcely any trace of the pure it ceased to be an independent faith of Christ is to be discovered power, and was annexed to the amid the impious mummeries that empire of Rome. " The children now exist. Mr. Hartley's volume are spared,” said Sylla, as he en- contains some interesting notices retered Athens,
“ because of their specting the doctrines of the Eastern
Church-the adoration of the vir- as often as I thought proper; and, subsegin-the worship of saints—and quently, in various other churches. Inthe ridiculous ceremonies that are
deed, under the peculiar circumstances
of the times, I question if any church in practised. The ecclesiastics, how- Liberated Greece would have been deever, as a body, do not object to nied me. the circulation of the Scriptures; Legislative Body held its Sessions ; and,
“ It was in the same building that the they also admit, occasionally, the when I preached in the afternoon, I geneEnglish to preach in their churches; rally had a large number of the Senators and from these favourable circum
to hear me. I have observed among my stances, we may entertain the hope auditors, Mavrocordato, Tricupi and his that evangelical truth will spread Haivali, Pharmakides, and many other
Lady, Theophilus, formerly Professor at in the scene of its early victories. persons of distinction. After one of my The following pleasing particulars of discourses, a cousin of Kolokotroni obMr. Hartley's labours will be read served, “To-day, we have had all the with interest, and exbibit an exam
Ilpočxovres (the principal persons) of
' ple of liberality which might be well the Peloponnesus at Church.
“ I did not think it wise to employ the imitated nearer home.
permission given me too often: I therefore " The communication of religious truth, limited myself to four addresses in Ægina. by every means which can be employed, The three first were almost entirely di. is important; but that mode of proclaim- rected to the object of establishing the ing it, which is usually designated preach- truth of Christianity; and in the last, I ing, is perhaps of more importance than took up some of the leading doctrines of
When I left my native coun Religion, and made a pointed application try, I had scarcely ventured to anticipate of them. The former subject was be. that opportunities of this description come extremely needful, in consequence would be afforded me in Greece: but I of the rapid growth of infidelity amongst met with occasions of the kind, which I the higher classes, and the entire want cherish amongst my fondest recollec- of any means to counteract it. The latter tions, and which will, I trust, not be subject is, at all times, and in a!l places, deemed wholly unworthy of notice.- the principal medium of Ministerial and During my interesting sojourn in Ægina, Missionary labour ; and I was delighted in the winter of 1827–28, I had frequent to have an opportunity of employing it, conversations on Religion with influential under such interesting circumstances. persons. In consequence of these dis. The apparent effect was considerable. cussions, I once observed to some of them, Close attention was given during the disthat it would yield me peculiar pleasure courses; and, after their termination, if I had an opportunity of addressing warm approbation expressed. During them in a connected discourse. I pointed one of my addresses, I was led to exout some of the advantages of such a press a sentiment to this effect :- May method; and, more especially, expressed the Oriental Church, my Greek friends, my wish to discourse upon the Evidences soon recover its ancient splendor! May of Christianity. To this suggestion so it soon have men not inferior to Chrysosmuch deference was paid, that it instantly tom, to Basil, and to Gregory !' This triad became matter of inquiry, what place of names has an effect almost electric on would be most suitable for the purpose. Greek hearts. No sooner had the words When I first started the proposal, I had been uttered, than I found my ears sanot the most distant conception that it lnted by an universal and reiterated exwould lead to the public proclamation of clamation of Amen!' which came rushthe Truth in Greek churches. I had ing upon me from all parts of the assembly. simply expected to see some of my friends I am not aware that this custom is haassembled in a house sufficiently con bitual to the Greeks: I have not witnessmodions for the purpose, and then to ed it on other occasions. I conclude that unfold my opinions: but, to my astonish- it was the genuine feelings of their hearts ment and delight, it was proposed that which gave this unwonted utterance to I should address them in the principal their lips. church; and, without the least difficulty, “I allude not, at present, to any effects permission to that effect was obtained produced upon individuals ; but amongst from the President of the Legislative the general results which appeared most Body. Thus was I left at public liberty encouraging, I number what happened to preach in the Church of the Panagia, after my last sermon. One of the DepuN.S. NO. 90.
ties for Candia, and several other friends, livered my addresses from the Bishop's met me at the door of the church; and, throne. But, shortly before the arrival evincing the impression produced on their of Capo d'Istria, a pulpit was erected, minds, by calling my sermon oú pávios for the express purpose of his hearing an Toyos, a heavenly speech, entreated me
address of congratulation on his entrance to publish it in the Government Journal.
upon office. The first sermon delivered This request they repeated on other
from this pulpit was the sermon of an occasions ; but circumstances prevented English Missionary !" my compliance. I mention one other occurrence, in
We cordially recommend the connexion with my preaching in Ægina. work before us, as replete with It is in itself trivial, but may contribute such information concerning the to show the great freedom of action which East, as we could wish that every was conceded me in Greece. There had formerly been no pulpit in the Church of pious, zealous, and intelligent misthe Panagia, as is not unfrequently the sionary would supply respecting the case in Greek churches : I therefore de- sphere of his labours.
NEW PUBLICATIONS, WITH SHORT NOTICES.
Memoirs of Miss E. Spreckley. By R. not be tempered with prudence, and
in endeavours to cherish juvenile piety, Marshall. London. 1831.
there should be, unintentionally, we A Father's Tribute to the Memory of a beloved Daughter.
are persuaded, a fostering of pride. By E. Turner.
The authors whose articles are placed
By the Rev.
at the head of this notice, have done F. A. Cox, LL.D. Pp. 119. 1832. well in giving to the public their works, Westley and Davis.
which, though all valuable, are of very A Sermon occasioned by the death of w. dissimilar merit, and although there
Henry Lacon. By John Kelly. With be a sameness in design, there is also a brief Memorial. By J. B. Williams, considerable diversity of execution.
Esq. Liverpool. 1832. Pp. 84. Nor do we intend “aught unkind” A Memoir of L. S. Dimsdale, by his Friend to the respective authors, some of
and Tutor, Rev. A. Stewart, Barnet. whom we rank among our personal Hurst and Co. Pp. 52. 1831.
acquaintances, and friends, in speaking The rising generation of the world freely of their productions. Mr. Steware placed in very eligible circum- art's Memoir of Master Dimsdale is stances by the multiplication of works, very interesting, drawn up with simadapted to fit them for the secular plicity, and narrated with considerable duties, which in future life they may unction. The specimens of the amiable be called to discharge. May their youth's essays are very creditable to moral improvement keep pace with himself and his tutor, who is at the head their intellectual progress!
of a well-conducted seminary at Barnet. The rising generation of the church But the genuine worth of this useful possess an additional advantage in publication consists in the exhibition the multiplication of books whose ob- of true and vital religion which disject and tendency are at once to raise tinguished this, his pious pupil. Nor the standard of mental acquirement, will our schools of learning be blesand to sanctify such acquisitions to the sings to the land till they become schools poblest results. Indeed the most fa- of religion also. So impressed with vourable sign of the times, otherwise this conviction, we have heard, was marked by fearful portents, is the at the principal of a large neighbouring tention paid to the moral and mental school, that he introduced a considerculture of the young. Yet amidst able number of copies of this little these causes of thankfulness and gra- work, on its publication, for the use tulation, there are some reasons for of the numerous pupils under his inregret, some grounds for apprehension, spection. Indeed, beyond the imporlest zeal in the service of youth, should tant duties of instruction, vigilant su