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In adverting to the moral character of our nanimity which induced them, whilst friend, it is impossible to forget this high they matured into admiration, attachment, and sensitive honour. Instinctively averse and love. I shall not easily forget, when from meanness, he never descended to on a temporary visit at Leicester, about a those artifices which so frequently, dis year ago, he received, while sitting at the grace the professing world, nor could be table, a seasonable token of respect from ever bear to hear of them without a be. his friends, at Clipstone, and at Harbocoming sense of nausea and disgust. En rough, accompanied with expressions of dowed with a spirit of independency, solicitude for his spirits and his health. he disdained to truckle to the great, or Rising from his seat, he paced the room, to submit to the yoke of oppression, and with a countenance inspired with while at the same time his spirit and his gratitude, broke out into occasional ejaconduct were pre-eminently respectful culations of thankful surprise; he was and courteous. Nothing could be further evidently touched with the grace and from him than an arbitrary temper, or beauty of the action itself, rather than than the lust of power: his independen- with the possible advantages of the gift, cy was not a misnomered tyranny, be nor could he refrain from frequent abrupt cause it was attempered with the love of allusions to it during the day, exclaiming justice, and had its foundations on what can I do for such a people as this : wisdom.

it was as though the genius of gratitude The benevolence of Mr. Mack, was of the had settled upon his brow, or was beamrichest and of the purest kind, the fair ing upon us from his expressive eye. and easy expression of a kind and honest Had I never known Mr. Mack before, beart. Whenever it shewed itself you nor had been favoured with intercourse were intuitively impressed with its ge with him since, that single point in his nuineness ; you felt at once that it was history would have sufficiently convinced not a feeble ray darted from a merely me of the dignity and nobility of his susceptible nature, but that it was heart. I do not offer the incense of fulstrong and full beam emitted from the some adulation, in declaring that such a very centre of being. So far from la man consecrated the village in which he bouring to elicit it, all that was neces- dwelt, and that his very dust immorsary.was to direct or to restrain it ; to at- talizes the grave in which it shall retempt its suppression, was to seal up a pose. fountain; it would, in its god-like ener As a Christian, Mr. Mack was subgy, rise above all obstacles, and sweep stantial, not showy--sincere, but not pebefore it, the most adroit system of im · dantic; his religion took hold of his judgpediments. Those suggestions of conve ment as well as of his feelings, and had nierice, of expediency, and of temporiz- in it a larger measure of the profound ing morality, which so frequently dry up than of the lighter elements and sentithe streams of generosity, were of 110 ments-deep reverence for the authority avail with him; it was enough that mi- of God, a lively apprehension of his wissery addressed him, or that want looked dom and his glory, as displayed in the towards him, and abandoning the cold gospel of his Son, with a hallowed anxinquiries of selfishness, or of a superficial iety to acknowledge him in all his ways, benevolence, he must attempt to relieve were the fine features of his inner man; it, and like the good Samaritan in the and if he refrained from cherishing the Gospel, would bind up the wounds and more superficial lineaments, the verbosity, brethe the unsophisticated sentiment, the gesticulations, and the looser habili"take care of him, and when I see thee ments, of piety, he was probably inagain I will repay thee.”

fluenced by motives drawn from the But the gratitude and ingenuousness of very depths of wisdom and grace. He our departed brother, were as signal and obviously had an essential distaste toconspicuous as his kindness. He was wards the mere dress of religious men, not more ready to do good, than he and from whatever made the most distant was to acknowledge the good which was approach to unusual pretensions to sancdone by others: he delighted in the expres- tity. He had probably seen religion in sion of those sentiments by whomsoever some of its grotesque and distorted forms, they were exercised, which so richly im- and had been offended by its effeminacy bued his own breast, while no man could and pained by its injurious tendency. be more delicately susceptible to acts of He was quite aware that the habit of friendship, or of forbearance shown to. talking on a subject was not necessarily ward himself. His grateful emotions did indicative of unusual moral affinity with not escape in boisterous thanks, or flow it, and that those who have the greatest off into a wilderness of words, but settling reverence for religion may oftener evince about his heart, they nourished the mag. it by silence, than by noise. He knew,

moreover, that an unctuous garment were, like the steed, bounding with unmay sometimes serve no other purpose curbed majesty across the plain, they have than to hide the barren skeleton beneath. since resembled him, when, under wise To pretend to determine the degree of and suitable controul,he conducts his rider piety'which may reside in the heart

by the to deeds of glory and of might. number and the tone of the words which

As a preocher, Mr. Mack occupied proceed from the mouth is erroneous and very elevated ground; ground to which deceptive, for where religion flows, the he was conveyed not by professional arts, deepest words will be but occasionally or by the gales of popular applause, but uttered in the presence of many. but will through virtue of extraordinary talents, be preserved for those fit and becoming wisely and industriously applied. His seasons of quiet and seclusion which dis sentiments were those of a moderate cretion will select and fortitude embrace ; Calvinist. But while the truth of the and when the language of expostulation, Gospel presented itself to his own mind, consolation, or reproof, is most likely with its several parts connected and arto fall like the dew upon the tender herb. ranged, he was not accustomed to onThese are the attempts on which Heaven trude the angles of his system on the delights to smile, and these the efforts attention of his hearers; he was more which prove the sincerity and which dis- solicitous to convey the spirit, than to close the treasures of the heart : by these adjust and commend the mere framework religion may be honoured, and not by of his plan; and though he was always being called from its sacred elevation to ready to defend with eminent acuieness, mingle with the ordinary conversation of the sentiments he approved, he was never the parlour, or only to be entombed be- guilty of concentrating his anxieties on the neath the variety of subjects which crowd niceties of his creed, as though the mighty around the social board. To these finer economy of evangelical truth rested or actions our excellent friend was never revolved on a mere metaphysical point. backward, or if at any time he neglected His sermons were distinguished for the them, he, be assured, was the first to richness of their sentiments, as well as regret it. Leaving the scenes of enjoy the consistency of their views; and were ment and of health, I have known him only exceeded in their mental weight by penetrate the dwellings of affiction, and

their spir

ual luxuriance and worth. in strains of unusual eloquence and con Few men could have excelled our desoling tenderness, silently endeavour 10 parted friend as an intellectual essayist, mitigate the sorrows which he could not had he chosen to descend to the strife ;

but, aware of the exclusive cast of the A friend of mine has often told me of ministry of Christ, he disdained to disa scene which he can never forget, in honour it by empty declamation on the one which this excellent man, for the space hand, or to desecrate it hy intellectual reof au hour, mingled his sympathies, and finement on the other. It was an occasion administered his wisest counsels, to his of regret, to many of his friends, that this drooping and dying companion in a celebrated preacher could not be prevailed manner that had ever since endeared

on to adopt the extemporaneous style of bim to his heart.

address, but that he tenaciously adhered These efforts are like the showers of to the practice of composing and closely heaven which refresh and fertilize the perusing either a part, or the whole, earth; while the habit of evangelical lo which he advanced. Whatever this has quacity is too often like the incessant bit may have secured in correctness and droppings from a house, wbich only sap precision, it probably sacrificed in amplithe foundations of the building, annoy tude and effect; and though it did not and perplex the traveller, and require prevent him from ascending to an approsome artificial conduct, to convey them priate lieight, and the sober atmo. to a suitable oblivion,

sphere of the study, it may probably have The religious character of Mr. Mack deprived us of some of those vigorous and appeared to me to honour the name he eagle flights to which such a mind must professed ; to have in it much which have been invited, by the occasional im. every one should copy, and little that pulses of the pulpit: if it did not impede any need avoid ; and it during the earlier bim in climbing to those brilliant emi. part of his career, his redundant spirits nences to which his unusual powers would seem to some almost to place clia- adapted him, it might have obstructed racter in jeopardy; these, in more recent him in passing with angel fleetness along days, have contributsd most materially the high table land to which he had atlo confirm the principles which they tained'; for, it seemed to me, that hownever impaired, and to sustain the heart ever great our friend occasionally appearwhich they never disgraced ; if once they ed, he was but half unfolded, that his

remove.

pinions were never fully extended, and med-a circumstance indicative at once that, had he been blessed with early edu of the cast and the direction of his mind. cation, and, at the same time, had trained The years of his boyhood rolled along, till, his mind to more daring and adventurous at about the age of 17, he had taken an efforts, it might have traversed that glo- accustomed stroll, during the hours of rious summit, along which Robert Hall relaxation, afforded for getting his dinwalked in solitary majesty; or that, seated ner, and while standing reading the titles together in their chariot of fire, they of volumes which were exposed for sale, might have appeared, rather as the ho in a tradesman's window, he was accosted noured guardians, than as the favoured bv a soldier, and invited to accompany subjects, of pulpit eloquence. But, as it him to a neighbouring house, which Mr. was, this excellent minister embodied in Mack refusing to do, the entreaties were his productions all the richer elements, renewed with every artifice which exand his addresses were the beautiful con- perience could suggest. After spending ceptions of a well regulated mind, ani a short time in company at the inn, Mr. maled and transfused with the sentiments M. wished to pay his part of the debt conof a renewed and a devout heart. This tracted, and retire, but this was overwas, as I am informed, eminently the ruled by his kidnapper, until, to use our case with regard to his domestic pulpit friends own words, thé “ fatal shilling” duties; divesting himself of that close at was received, and though he deeply retention to his papers which he seemed to gretted the rashness of his conduct, he deem expedient when preaching from was in some measure reconciled to this home, anil giving utterance to the fresh new and sudden change, by the receipt of est feelings of his soul, he would, in sixteen pounds, as bounty money, which strains of familiar and impressive elo he spent in obtaining a chest of books. quence, discover to his auditors the riches When the knowledge of his conduct of the cross of Christ : and, as a Father reached his friends, it occasioned them among his children, would often express great distress, and one of his brothers more effectively than by words, the said to him, “ John, I must enlist too, touching sentiment of St. Paul, “God is for we cannot live apart ;" his answer my record, how greatly I long after you was,

“ beware of the rock on which I all, in the bowels of Jesus Christ.” have split;” but such was the strength

To resist the fervid appeals of his ge of fraternal love, that, after a short time, nerous heart, conveyed in terms of the the brother entered the same regiment, simplest and the purest kind, must have shared the same lot, and is present to-day, required the whole panoply of darkness, from the distance of Glasgow, impelled accompanied with the heavy drowsiness by the same affection, to attend his beof death.

loved relative to the tomb. « The soul It would be easy to descant on the of Jonathan was knit with the soul" of comprehensiveness and the variety of David, and Joriathan loved him as his the ministry of Mr. Mack, on the becom. own soul. The altered circumstances of ing simplicity and deep reverence with our friend, with recollections of the tenwhich he was accustomed to lead the de- der care and earnest prayers of a pious votions of his people, and on his honour parent, blended with impressions derived, able adherence to the church at Clipston, about this time, from an attendance on the amidst flattering invitations to more con ministry of Christ, effected, under God, spicuous stations ; bul, leaving these a change of habil and pursuil, so much features which live in the memory of so, that in addition to his own soul, he felt thousands, we pass on to those points in most deeply for the souls of others; and his history, which are probably known to after a short time, we find our departed but few. Our lamented friend was born brother preaching his first sermon, in Glasgow, in the year 1789, where he the sick and the dying, in the hospital at continued with his parents, till able to Dumfries. Having commenced this good employ himself as a weaver of silk, and work, he persevered, sometimes amidst so to earn his subsistence, and to add to the scoffs of his companions, but, for the the comforts of his friends. Whenever most part. altended by that deference he bad a shilling to spare-even when which his fine powers could not fail to comparatively a child-he would spend command. Two or three years glided by, it in purchasing books, which, when he and part of the regiment was ordered to had read, he would immediately dispose Leicester, to allay some commotions, of, at any rate, that he might procure threatened by a collision between the others, anal gratify his thirst for wisdom workmen and their employers. Mr. and knowledge.

Mack carried with him a certificate of The first book he bought was, as his recommendation from some suitable brother informs me, the Koran of Moham source, to any pastor or church, where

to

RECENT DEATH.

vear3.

he might wish to visit or commune ; he had heard of Mr. Hall, and had read his “ Apology for the Freedom of the Press," On February 2d, died the Rev. Geo. and was delighted to obtain an interview Gill, formerly pastor of the Independent with him, This introduction formed Church at Market Harbro', at the adthe commencement of an acquaintance vanced age of 79. Mr. Gill was a native of and attachment which was continued for Netherthong, near Holmfirth, in Yorkmany years, till recently interrupted by shire, and was educated at the Academy the decease of Mr. Hall, but which has at Heckmondwike, from whence he renow been renewed amidst the ardours of moved to Sloanland, and was there settled eternity. This introduction led also to as pastor over the Independent Church Mr. Mack's separation from the army, for several years. In the year 1782, he though it was effected with great diffi: was invited to be the successor of Dr. culty, through the reluctance of the com Addington, at Market Harbro', where he manding officer to lose so excellent and continued to labour with considerable useful a inan. After preaching in the success for more than seven and thirty pulpit, at Harvey Lane, a few times, Mr.

He was laid aside from his public Mack left for Bristol, and spending two

labours in November 1819, in conseyears in the academy, under the presi- quence of a paralytic affection ; but dency of the venerable Dr. Ryland ; he though the powers both of his mind and visited this village, where he has la- body were much enfeebled, he continued boured among you with growing fidelity, to attend the house of God within one usefulness, and zeal, for the space of Sabbath of his death. The memory of seventeen years; and after a protracted Mr. Gill will be long cherished in the and a painful illness, borne with exem neighbourhood as an eminently holy plary patience and submission, has fallen and devoted servant of God. His simasleep in Jesus, in the forty-second year plicity, unaffected piety, kind and bum

ble demeanour, endeared him to many. *.* Should any information be re He was universally respected in the quired, respecting the bereaved family town and neighbourhood in which he of this distinguished minister, we are lived; and not only by those of his own happy to refer to Rev. Messrs Scott, communion, but by all that knew him. Rowell ; Robertson, Wellingborough ; His funeral sermon was preached by the and Toller, Kettering; who will gladly Rev. W. Scott, of Rowell, from Acts ii. receive contributions on their behalf. 24.

of his age.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

Favours have been received from Rev. Drs. J. P. Smith-Charles TownleyRev. Messrs. C. Gilbert-E, Giles-G. Redford-J. Peggs--C. Colton – Thomas Stratten--Joseph Gray.

Also from Messrs. R. Lee-W. S. Alexander H. Dunn--A. Allan-T. S. EllerbyH. Rogers-J. L. Hardy-R. Winter-J. Harvey-A. Brunskill-A. A.-A County Congregationalist.

" A Constant Reader” is informed that we hope to resume The Pastor's Retrospect.

As the Paper on The First Resurrection has been already published in the Christian Examiner for March, we must decline its insertion in our pages.

We did not insert the Lines on the Sea, &c. because they would not have done credit either to our pages or their author's talent.

Mr. M. is under a strange mistake if he thinks that Reviews or Short Notices which Booksellers may supply, can find admission into our pages.

We shall be happy to receive the Memoir of the late. Mr. Parker.

THE

CONGREGATIONAL MAGAZINE.

MAY, 1832.

DR. CALAMY'S BRIEF AND TRUE ACCOUNT

OF

THE PROTESTANT DISSENTERS IN ENGLAND.

Two extracts from Dr. Calamy will supply all that is necessary to be known concerning the following Letter, and the gentleman to whom he addressed it. As that document has become very scarce, we have thought its republication in our pages desirable, as it will show how little the great body of the Disseniers, in the present day, have deviated from the practices or opinions of their distinguished forefathers.

Jan. 1717. I preached at the ordination of Mr. John Munckley, of Bartholomew Close, and printed my sermon. I added, at the close, a letter to Mr. Ulspergh, a German divine, in which I, at his request, gave a brief but true account of the Dissenters in England. This gentlemen was at that time in England, but became afterwards court preacher to the Duke of Wirtemburgh, and was in great reputation.”Historical Account, vol. ii. p. 364.

“ The Letter that is subjoined, gives a true Account of us, as to our rise and state, and sentiments, views, and hardships. It was drawn up at the particular request of an ingenious young German Divine, who in the course of his travels spent some time in this island, conversed freely, as opportunity offered, with persons of all characters and denominations, and often heard the Dissenters spoken of with great contempt and disdain. As he and some others that were foreigners were satisfied by this account, that we were basely injured; so has it been the apprehension of several that have seen it, that we have not a few among our own countrymen, who having unhappily taken their notions of us from suck as (either through ignorance or design) misrepresented us, may from hence have several of their mistakes rectified, if they are but willing to be undeceived: and it is the hope of contributing to this, that is the true reason of it being now made public.”—Preface to the Sermon.

SIR,— In compliance with your agreeable to the Holy Scripturesi repeated request, and my own and the methods of other" Propromise, I transmit the following testant churches; and they are account, which you may, I think, still as desirous of it as ever, depend on as faithful and impartial. though they have not hitherto been

Ever since the first Reformation able to obtain it. In the days of of this land from Popery, there has King Edward VI. several of the been a number of pious persons of reformers owned in their writings, all ranks, wbo have been desirous that they rather got what they that the worship and government could obtain, than fixed things as of the church might be more they apprehended they should be;

VOL. XV. N.S. NO. 89.

Mm

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