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was placed. It signifies a hollow and of great mercy.” “Judg- thing; not, it is presumed, an ment is his strange work.”
open receptacle, but a strictlyAmidst the universal apostacy closed, shut-up, coffer or trunk ; one man found favour in the sight and the notion of a trunk most acof the Lord. Noah was upright curately suits its use;
an infant in his generation, and Noah walk- might be safely inclosed in a trunk, ed with God. To him God gave and a trunk would float safely on a further intimation of his in- the waters. It was to be made of tention to destroy
to destroy the world. gopher wood, probably cypress; “ And God said unto Noah, The and it was to be smeared within end of all flesh is come before me; and without with pitch, (bitumen) for the earth is filled with violence to keep out the water. « On the through them; and behold I will subject of filling the interstices bedestroy them with the earth.” tween the timbers with the bituAnother circumstance is here men, it is curious enough that a stated; the earth itself had become patent should, a few years ago, the unwitting instrument of man's have been obtained in this counwickedness, and had even become try, in favour of a principle, the corrupt through it; and God de practice of which is as old as clares his intention to destroy it Noah!" In its external form, the with its inhabitants.
ark was an oblong building, more mand to prepare the ark imme- resembling a house than a ship. diately followed, and the destruc- The length of it was six times the tion by a flood of water was fore- breadth, and ten times the height ; told. Whether ships had ever and the roof was raised or arched then been built, or the art of navi a cubit above the sides, so that it gation was at all known; and was nearly flat. The door was whether, if this were the case, the set in the side of it, and a window, structure of the ark bore a general or transparency, or opening for resemblance to the shipping of the the admission of light, was proage, are questions not easily to be vided, probably, near the eaves, deterinined. If Noah was pre- and the whole length of the buildviously ignorant of the art of sail. ing, except where the upright of ing, and the building of ships, his the sides intercepted it in their prompt and universal and perse- way to the roof. The internal vering obedience to the divine di- structure is not so easy to arrange. rections was the more remarkable, There were to be three stories and his faith in God the more above what might be termed the striking and eminent. For “ Noah hold of the vessel, besides which, did according to all that God com there would be the attic or garret manded him," and this from a in the roof; so that in the whole principle of faith ; as Paul says, there five compartments, “ By faith Noah, being warned which were probably divided into of God of things unseen as yet, rooms, in order to furnish all the moved with fear, prepared the ark necessary conveniences for a year's for the saving of his family." residence. The hold of the vessel
The means of safety to be pro- might be applied to fresh water, a vided is called an ark. This name large supply of which would be reis given also and only to the ves- quired. The next division, or first sel of bulrushes, in which Moses floor, might serre for a kind of
granary, or storehouse of food, ber of human beings to be accomand would, besides, furnish ac modated were only eight. For the commodation for some of the larger inhabitants of the water, no procattle. The second floor would vision was needed in the ark. It contain stalls for the remainder of has been computed that there might the beasts and birds; the next be more than 30,000 bushels of floor would be the abode of Noah fresh water in the hold, which is and his family, whilst the garrets more than sufficient for drink to would do no more than afford con four times as many men and beasts venience for any utensils of hus- for one year; and the granary on bandry or housewifery, or for any on the first floor would contain writings of the old world, or any more provisions than were necesother things which Noah might sary for all the animals during deem it wise and important to pre- the year, whether the carnivorous serve in the ark. This description animals were provided with sheep, is probably very defective in point or lived, as is more probable, on of architectural consistency, but the produce of the earth. Besides it may convey a general idea as to places for the beasts and birds, the form, &c, of the ark, and the and their provision, Noah would conjectural occupation of the dif- find ample room in the other comferent stories is introduced, merely partments, for his own family, as to show how it might be made to well as for every thing which he answer its important end. The might wish to preserve.
As to size of the ark has been made a its capacity of sailing, George subject of difficulty. Infidels have Hornius, in his “ History of the often said it was too small for the several Empires,” tells us “ that in purpose; it is desirable, therefore, the beginning of the 17th century, to pay a little attention to this one Peter Hans, of Home, had point. The admeasurement is given made two ships, built after the by the cubit; this was of various model of proportions of the ark ; lengths. If it be taken at the one was 120 feet long, 20 wide, shortest length, 18 inches, then the and 12 deep. These vessels had length of the ark was 450 feet, its the same fate with Noali's; they width 75, and its height 45; its solid were at first, subjects of ridicule contents would be 1,518,750 feet, and raillery; but experience deand it is computed that at this rate monstrated that they carried oneit would carry about 60,000 tons. third part more than others, though But if the cubit be reckoned at they did not require a larger crew; 21 inches, or nearly 22, then the they were better sailors, and made length would be nearly 550 feet their way with more swiftness. (50 feet more than the entire The inconveniency found in them length of St. Paul's church,) the was that they were fit only for breadth 90 feet, and the height 55, times of peace, because they were
thereabout. Dr. Arbuthnot not proper to carry guns." reckons that a vessel of this size The curious will find more in would carry 80,000 tons. We Calmet's Dictionary, art. Ark; do not know of more than about Taylor's Fragments, Nos. 207, 180 species of quadrupeds; of 218, 518, and in Horne's Introbirds, more in number, but smaller duction to the Study of the Scripin size ; and of reptiles, not more tures, from which sources many of tban 50 or 60 species. The num. the above particulars are derived.
(To be continued.)
EXTRACTS FROM THE HEBREW GRAMMAR OF DR. GESENIUS.
To the Editors.—Ar the conclusion mily of languages and nations of of your very kind and flattering Hither-Asia, which, originating in notice of my edition of Dr. Van Palestine, diffused itself through Wynpersse's essay upon the Din Syria, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, vivity of Christ, you were pleased Arabia, and Ethiopia. These lanto express your anxiety for the guages have been commonly deappearance of a translation of the nominated, by pre-eminence, OriElementary Hebrew Grammar of ental; or, (since that is too general) Dr. Gesenius, which I had an- Semitic, most of these nations havnounced as preparing for publica- ing sprung from Sem or Shem.tion. I think it due to your polite- Gen. x. 21. et seq. ness and kindness to inform you 2. These kindred dialects are that I have ultimately relinquished closely related to each other, like that design, owing to my having those of the German stock, (viz.
anticipated by the republica- High Dutch, Low Dutch, Holtion, in this country, under the landish, Danish, Swedish,) or those auspices of Professor Pusey, of Ox- of the Slavonic, (viz. Wendian, ford, of the Hebrew Grammar of Polish, Russ,) and branch out Mr. Stuart, of Andover, U.S., into three great divisions ;-the which is in a great measure a Aramaic, comprising Syriac, (or translation of that of Gesenius. lt Western-Aramaïc,) and Chaldee would be folly in me, therefore, to (or Eastern-Aramaïc); the Heput my translation to press; at the brew, with which the slender remsame time, I am unwilling that my nants of th Phænician accord ; labour should be all lost, and I ac the Arabic and Ethiopic. Between cordingly propose, with your permis- the Aramaïc and Hebrew stands sion, to insert in the pages of your the Samaritan ; of these dialects Magazine, from time to time, such the majority is now extinct, or extracts from that work as shall survives only in very inconsiderappear most likely to interest the able districts. The Arabic, howliterary portion of your readers. ever, may be considered one of I am not without hopes that even the most widely diffused of known in this imperfect and detached languages. manner I may be able to advance, 3. This whole class of languages in some degree, the cause, (gene- has a character and grammatical rally too little regarded,) of He- structure very different from those brew literature.
of the western tongues. Among I am yours, truly, its peculiarities may be reckoned
W. L. ALEXANDER. a copiousness of gutturals, the deBlackburn.
rivation of almost all the parts of
speech from the verb,—which latNo, I.
ter generally consists of three con
sonants,-the paucity of forms for Introductory Remarks on the Semitic the tenses of the verb, in connecDialects in general.
tion with the prevailing analogy of 1. The Hebrew constitutes only the verba derivata, or (so called) one member of an extensive fa- conjugations, the construction of
• Translated from Vol. I. of the ninth edition of the “ Hebräisches Elementarbuch" of that author, printed at Halle, in 1828.
the genitive in regimine, &c.* The 2. In their oldest writings, also, Semitic writings also have the pe we find the language as copious culiarities of being read from right and in as high a state of cultivation to left, the (Ethiopic excepted,) as it ever attained ; whilst we have and of writing only the consonants no sources of information as to its in the line, while the vowels are early history and progress. It is, denoted by points and small strokes nevertheless, highly probable that placed over or under it, though to it originated in the land of Canaan, those well skilled in the language and was, with a few differences, even these are superfluous.
the language of the Canaanitic and Obs.—All the methods of writing Phænician races, by which Palesemployed by the Semitic tribes, tine was inhabited prior to the however dissimilar from each other emigration of the family of Abrathey may appear, have proceeded ham; and that, having been adoptin various directions from the Phæ. ed by them, it was carried by them nician, as from a common mother; into Egypt, and again brought as is also the case with the alpha- back with them to Canaan. bets of the western nations.
The facts which render this pro4. From this it is very evident bable are, Ist. The accordance of how useful, and, for every one who several fragments of Canaanitish would go back to first principles, and Phenician (preserved inscriphow indispensable is a comparative tions, coins, and occasionally, in study of these dialects. From the ancient writings,) with the HeArabic, especially, the etymologist brew ; 2dly, The Canaanitish will reap great advantage, as it is names of persons and places, which not only the richest of these dia- a superficial etymology has relects, but one of the most copious ferred to the Hebrew; and, 3dly, of known languages, and is used The occurrence of certain peculiariin a multitude of works still extant. ties of expression in both tongues, The Aramaïc, however, e. g. othe sea, for the west. Moresomewhat nearer to the Hebrew, over, in scripture, the language is and ought not, consequently, to be called the language of Canaan. postponed to it.
Is. xix. 18. Of the Hebrew in particular.
1. In the Hebrew we have vogue among the literati of Germany; and banded down to us the oldest spe- in the text, the cloven foot peeping
will perceive, in the insinuation contained cimens of language which we pos- through the disguise of candour and imsess from antiquity. This is the partiality. The theory hinted at, and case, even if none of the works which is more fully avowed by the author written in it, now extant, could, in afterwards, seems too absurd to require
serious refutation. After all, one can their present state, claim an anti- hardly wonder that Gesenius should not quity higher than the age of David be startled at the absurdity of supposing or Solomon t
that a fraud so gross could have been
passed upon the Jews of the time of These peculiarities of the Semitic David, as must have been the case if dialects, as exemplified in the Hebrew, they received for the writings of Moses will be illustrated in the course of the the compilations of men of their own day, present series of extracts.
when he saw absurdities no less glaring, + My readers are, no doubt, aware of and fancies no less ridiculous, expounded Gesenius's unhappy attachment to the by philosophers and divines, and eagerly false and mischievous doctrines of Anti accredited by multitudes in his own supernaturalism at present so much in country.
REMARKS ON DR. BLAYNEY'S CORRECTIONS OF THE
AUTHORIZED VERSION OF THE BIBLE.
The names of learned and gifted of the manner in which that work has men acquire an ascendancy over
been executed, and hopes for their ap
probation. our minds which is not always fa
In the first place, according to the in. vourable to an impartial estimate of structions he received, the folio edition their labours. The able translator of 1611, that of 1701, published under of Jeremiah and Zechariah, Dr. the direction of Bishop Lloyd, and two
Cambridge editions of a late date, one in Blayney, has been long known as
quarto, the other in octavo, have been the editor of what is called “ the carefully collated, whereby many errors standard edition" of the authorized that were found in former editions have version. He and his colleagues been corrected, and the text reformed to
such a standard of purity, as, it is preare said to have revised that edi- sumed, is not to be met with in any other tion with great labour, and to have edition hitherto extant. bestowed upon it “ singular pains," The punctuation has been carefully in order to render it as
attended to, not only with a view to pre rate as possible. With a general mity as far as was possible.
serve the true sense, but also to uniforimpression of the value of the
Frequent recourse has been had to the Doctor's labours, I have, doubt. Hebrew and Greek originals; and as on less, with many others, been led other occasious, so with a special regard
to the words not expressed in the original to speak of Dr. Blayney's edi
language; but which our translators tion, the folio of 1769, as the have thought fit to insert in italics, in most accurate edition of the au order to make out the sense after the thorized version ; but I have re English idiom, or to preserve the con
nexion. cently met with that gentleman's large corrections in this particular in an
And though Dr. Paris made own account of the matter, which, I edition published at Cambridge, there must confess, has not only dissipated still remained many necessary alterations, my feelings of deference towards which escaped the Doctor's notice; in this immaculate edition, but greatly rely on his own judgment singly, but
making which the Editor chose not to excited my alarm respecting the submitted them all to the previous exapresent state of the public ver- mination of the Select Committee, and sion.
particularly of the Principal of Hertford As the Doctor's report, is in one
College, and Mr. Professor Wheeler.
A list of the above alterations was inof the earlier volumes of the Gen- tended to have been given in to the Vicetleman's Magazine, (39th volume, Chancellor at this time, but the Editor 1769) and of course only accessible has not yet found time to make it comto a few, permit me to transcribe have been made in the heads, or con
pletely out. Considerable alterations it into your pages, not only as an tents prefixed to the chapters, as will interesting document, but as its appear on inspection ; and though the insertion will assist the reader, in Editor is unwilling to enlarge upon the judging of the remarks which I ticular, he cannot avoid taking notice of
labour bestowed by himself in this parshall presume to offer upon it.
the peculiar obligations which both bim
self and the public lie under to the PrinTo the Rev. the Vice Chancellor and the cipal of Heriford College, Mr. Griffith of other Delegates of the Clarendon Press.
Pembroke College, Mr. Wheeler, Poetry
Professor, and the late Warden of New The Fditor of the two editions of the College, so long as he lived to bear a part Bible lately printed at the Clarendon in it; who, with a prodigious expense of Press thinks it his duty, now that lie has time, and inexpressible fatigue to themcompleted the whole, in a course of be- selves, judiciously corrected and imtween three and four years' close appli- proved the rude and imperfect draughts cation, to make his report to the delegates of the Editor.