Page images




As this subject is interesting I revert to it again: the word Autumn is nowhere to be found in the Bible, and the Jews evidently had only two seasons, Winter and Summer, the reign of the bad and the good principle: one commencing at the Autumnal Equinox ushered in by the Serpent, the other at the Vernal Equinox ushered in by the Lamb, "and Summer and Winter, and day and night shall not cease." (Genesis viii. 22.) And I will smite the Winter house with the Summer house." (Amos iii. 15.) This last expression furnishes a key to the meaning; the Good Principle destroys the works of the Bad, i. e. the Lamb destroys the works of the Serpent, "that old Serpent the Devil." As mankind advanced in civilization, three Seasons were instituted, and then four. I shall now shew that there are several circumstances of an extraordinary nature in the Roman Catholic system, in reference to the third Season, which will go far to prove that their priesthood have corrupted the Gospels, and not content with the grand and beautiful religion of Jesus, have added to it the ancient mythos of the Sun.

Hyde in his Commentaries on Ulugbeigh, states in the article on Cancer, that "prima stella (in Cancer) Arabibus vocatur Ma' laph, i. e. Præsepe. idem quod Græc. Parvn. Vocatur item Al Nethra." p. 35.

"Al Nethra est una ex mansionibus Lunæ quæ constat duabus stellis." p. 35.

"Stella quarta ac quinta Arabice audiunt Al Himarein i. e. Duo ASINI, qui in dicto præsepi pascere videntur. Græcis, "Ovo vel 'Ovioкot Aselli." P. 36. Here then we have the important fact that in Cancer which is at the Summer Solstice there are two stars called the Asses, and by the Greeks called both Asses, and little Asses, together with two others called the Crib, or Manger. "in which they seem to feed." It follows from the above that the Sun necessarily attains the summit of his glory, or in other words rides in triumph into his domicile on an Ass. It is known also that the Sun having arrived at that point (June 21) was said in ancient religions to have triumphed, or gained the victory, and after that to be in a state of repose before he began his downward career. It is known also there were two doors or gates of heaven, one in Cancer and the other in Capricorn. Let us now examine the circumstances related in the Gospels. They are these: Two asses are at Bethphage on the Mount of Olives." (Matt. xxi.)


"A Colt whereon never man sat is tied by the door WITHOUT in a place where Two ways met." (Mark xi.) There" is peace in Heaven and glory in the Highest." (Luke xix.)


They took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him." (John xii.)

Why has Matthew two asses, and one of them a little ass? I reply, because there are two stars called asses, and by the Greeks called also little asses.

And why at Bethphage? Because Bethphage is a word signifying House of meeting, from 2 house, and


to meet; and the two stars called Asses are at the Summer Solstice where two ways meet; Bethphage may also mean Eating House, from house, and Dayw to eat, and may allude to the Crib, or Manger, the eating house of the asses, “qui in dicto præsepi pascere videntur." And why the Mount of Olives? Because the Sun having attained his utmost height was allegorically said to be on a mountain, and after that to be in a state of repose, or peace, of which the olive was the symbol. And why an ass on which no man ever sat? Because it is the Zodiacal Ass on which no man ever sat, or ever will sit. And why is the ass tied to the door WITHOUT in a place where two ways met? I reply, because the Zodiacal Ass is fixed or tied to Cancer on its shell OUTSIDE, (i. e. without) and which was one of the doors of Heaven, and is at the Summer Solstice, which is the place where two ways met. And why peace in Heaven and glory in the Highest? Because the Sun having attained the highest pitch of glory at the Summer Solstice, then goes into a state of repose according to the opinion of the ancients; and consequently there is peace in heaven. And why do the multitude bring branches of palm trees? Because the Sun having attained the height of his power, and gained the victory, the symbol of the Sun and of victory is presented to him, viz. the palm.

It follows from the above that the triumphal entry is an allegory upon the Sun at the Summer Solstice, and belongs equally to the Heathen and Christian religions. It is evident the time has arrived when a separation must be made between what constitutes the simple and beautiful religion of Jesus, and the mythos added to it in a subsequent age by the Catholic Priesthood.

test between the two principles of Light and Darkness. Diagram illustrating the three Seasons, and the con

Introduction of evil

by the Serpent Win


Triumphal entry.
Summer Solstice.

Place where the two ways met.





Birth in a stable.
Winter Solstice.

Holbeach, Dec. 10, 1852.

Spring. Redemption of evil by the Lamb.


The controversy respecting the" Arms of the Isle of Man" having already occupied considerable space, the publisher respectfully intimates that he cannot admit any more articles on the subject.


actually be identified with Autumn. « Taτoν οι μεν Δια Your Correspondent Dr. Snaith says, “ there is nei- το μοδιον εχειν εν τη κεφαλη.” Suidas. He may be ther difficulty nor mystery" in this subject, yet I hope supposed to be the gatherer in of the fruits of the I may be allowed to say that his dissertation has, in my earth, the collector of the autumnal harvest. But the opinion, only made it 'darker; and I beg to submit to poet Thomson in his description of Autumn will not peryour readers my own more lucid and veracious account haps be excelled in the present day. of the matter. It is well known that the Isle of Man Mr. S. must not suppose that I can spend more of my was formerly rather a dependency than an integral part time in replying to such flimsy criticisms. of the British Empire, and being governed by its own Southwick near Oundle,

Yours truly, laws, and enjoying peculiar privileges, was long, and December 3rd, 1852.

T. R. BROWN. perhaps is now, resorted to as an asylum by fugitive

ARMS OF THE ISLE OF MAN. debtors, who were vulgarly said to have given their creditors leg bail. Now this, I think, will explain the arms

Your learned Correspondent, the Rev. T. R. Brown, in question, for the three legs represent the refugees who has called the attention of your readers to the Arms of fled to the island from the three neighbouring king- the Isle of Man, and has pointed out the curious fact of doms, and the spurs upon the heels are emblematical the existence of figures nearly resembling those arms, of the speed with which they fled from their creditors. one on an ancient Sicilian coin, and another in an en

I am aware, Sir, that this explanation will not satisfy graving in “ Gesenii Monumenta Phænicia.” The all your readers, but I cannot believe that any who trifling difference between the figures is that whereas approve the Doctor's inferential and take-for granted the Mona device has simply three legs joined together, style will object to it.

CALEB GREENSPECS. with spurs at the heels, and the motto, or legend, “ QuoDecember 11th, 1852.

cunque jeceris stabit” (as may be seen in the coins of

the island, one of which I have before me, of the year To F. SNAITH, M.D.

1786), the figure in Gesenius has a human face in the SIR,— A tripod was, primarily, a sacred symbol of the centre, and that on the Sicilian coin has, in the same Trinunity; secondly, “it expressed some priesthood or place, a blank shield, and something like a spike of sacerdotal dignity.” Spanheim. “A seat or stool whereon Egyptian wheat, or of maize, between the legs. It the priests and sybils were placed to render oracles.” would be historically interesting, and would gratify a Lond. Encyc. which expresses exactly the Chinese ting, rational curiosity, if this resemblance should lead to the a tripod. See two of the very ancient figures in Hager's discovery that commercial, or any other kind of interChin. symbols and hieroglyphs, p. xxxvi. In the last course had in ancient times existed between the shores the real nature and use of the seat is beautifully de- of the Mediterranean and this little British island, of scribed, viz. the mouth or speech between two props or which at present there appears no other trace. In the serpents: these serpents can only mean the good and mean time, it is impossible not to pity the weakness and the bad spirit. The tripod never did and never could blindness of another of your correspondents, F. Snaith, refer to three seasons of the year.

M.D. of Holbeach, who has found in this subject occaIn describing the number of seasons, you have omitted sion, by the help of scraps of second-hand learning, the one season and the five seasons, and have fixed raked together out of the rubbish of French sophistry, upon the three seasons merely to make the tripod re- to insinuate opinions antagonistic to the sacred truths present Spring, Summer, and Winter! But here again of Christianity, and, by mixing them up with heathen the Chinese, Sanscrit

, Egyptian, and other languages fables, to endeavour to make them appear equally worthare against you. Spring is thus described ; “the be- less. By his “ IPSE Dixit,” he has converted the three ginning of Summer, presenting the sun." See Oriental spurs at the heels of the device, and the face in the Zodiac. Autumn is thus described : “ the departing figure in Gesenius, into four suns, which seem, by their of Summer, gathering in the fruits of the earth,” &c. excess of light, to have blinded the doctor, or so dazzled

With regard to your diagram, I have merely to say his eyes, that he can see nothing clearly. In that prothat

you would have done better to have taken for your phetic and most sublime description of the last judgment, modes the Oriental Zodiac, of which Sir William Jones given by our Saviour in the 25th chapter of St. Matsays in the Asiatic Researches, vol. ii. p. 289, that it thew, he can see only a fabulous allegory; and he is of " was probably invented by the first progenitors of the opinion that if a history of Serapis, the Egyptian Pluto, Hindu race before the dispersion,” and “ three of the or god of darkness, whom he identifies with Autumn, or figures I firmly believe, from internal and external evi- the season which declines into dark winter, “ were writdence, to be more than three thousand years old,” ten by a person of erudition, it would be found so interp. 305. To which I beg to add that more than three woven with the doctrines of Christianity, as would fill must have been as old as the time when astronomy was the public mind with astonishment;" th first studied. Sat est.

Christianity would be found to be a compound of darkI had almost forgotten the advertisement, “ wanted a ness and fable, as absurd as the idolatrous superstitions person of erudition, &c.Tollite cachinnum. There of ancient Egypt. Truly,“light has come into the world,” are two deities of the name of Serapis ; the first is the but there are men who “love darkness rather than light.” symbol of Spring, and the second of Autumn, and may Bleak House, Dec. 10, 1852.


[ocr errors]

to say,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


his errand, and that there may be no time for consideration, In answer to “ Heraldicus,” in your November num- | ready to sail.

pretends that the vessel that was ready to carry it, was just

He, not in the least suspecting any design, ber, I send the following, which is from Mark Noble's without more ado receives his fee, and puts the seal of the History of the College of Arms :

office, with his own name, to the paper. Presently Brooks “His Majesty conferred the title of Knighthood upon carries it to Thomas Earl of Arundel (then one of the Comhim (Sir W. S.), Nov. 5, 1616. In the following month, missioners for the office of Earl Marshal), and assured him incurring the royal displeasure, he was imprisoned. He had that these were the arms of the kingdom of Arragon, with imprudently given a man the royal arms of Arragon with a

a canton of Brabant; and that Brandon, to whom he had canton of Brabant, or at least confirmed them, for the small granted them, was a mean inconsiderable man. The Earl sum of twenty-two shillings. This man was sent by Brook, acquainted the King with the whole matter, and his Majesty or Brooksworth, York Herald, the most vicious and aband resolved that the person who had set to the seal should be doned character that ever disgraced any society. The man

turned out of his place, and upon a hearing in the Star who sued and obtained the grant or confirmation was Bran Chamber, be severely fined for his affront to the Crown of don, the public executioner. York, finding his diabolical Spain ; but at the intercession of the Earl of Pembroke, his scheme succeed so far, shewed the grant to the King, who Majesty grew more calm, and was prevailed with to refer it was highly exasperated. But at length the iniquitous busi

to the Commissioners. When they came to a hearing, the ness being unravelled, Garter was restored to freedom and gentleman who had been thus imposed on, submitted himfavour."

self entirely to the mercy of the Court; but withal desired CAMDEN, Clarenceux, a contemporary, thus speaks of that it was the importunity of the messenger that led him,

their Lordships to consider, that it was a mere oversight, and this scandalous business :

contrary to his usual method, to pass it without delibera“ Dec. 17, 1616. William Segar, King at Arms, was tion. Brooke, on the other hand, declared openly in court, accused of giving the arms of Arragon, with a canton of the that it was from beginning to end a contrivance of his own arms of Brabant, to George Brandon, the hangman of Lon- to gain an opportunity of convincing their Lordships of the den. This gave great displeasure to the King, but the mat- sordidness of the other, who for the sake of a fee would be ter was detected, that it was done by the infamous malice of guilty of so gross a knavery. They were amazed at the Ralp Brookesworth. The Herald, who was an hired emis. confidence of the man ; and when his Majesty heard the sary,

drew the arms not dissimilar to those of Arragon, with circumstances of the case, he ordered both to be committed a canton of those of Brabant, and abused the easy credulity to prison; one for treachery, and the other for negligence.of Garter, who, for twenty-two shillings,obtained a con

BROCTUNA. firmation of them, and which he took care to shew to the

Bury, Lancashire, November, 1852. King. Dec. 30th, Garter, York, and other Heralds were called before the delegates for the Earl Marshal ; but the THE TUCKERS OF LAMERTON IN THE Co. OF DEVON. King, as an example of justice to York for his malicious subornation, and to Garter for his easy belief and ignorance, information relative to this family, and more particu

SIR, -Can of your readers oblige me with any and for displaying the arms for so small a sum of money, was desirous to punish them ; they were therefore both de larly of Stephen Tucker of Lamerton, to whom Henry livered into the custody of the Marshalsea. Jan. 1, 1617, VIII. gave permission by deed to sit covered in the a petition was presented to the King in the name of Garter, Royal presence, or elsewhere at his libertie," and with the testimony of the Heralds in his favour. His where the original document is ? They were, I believe, honesty, integrity and good carriage were so strongly urged connected with the Tuckers, or Tookers of Exeter, of to his Majesty by the members of the College, that he was which family Robt. Tooker was mayor of the city in set at liberty, and in the most honorable manner restored to 1538, and whose grandson, Wm. Tooker, was the celeall the privileges of his situation."

brated Dean of Lichfield. The last representative of In Dallaway's Heraldry, under the head of " Ralph this branch in Exeter was, I believe, Mr. Wm. Tucker, Brooke, or Brookesworth," I find a note containing the a banker, who has been some time dead. following information, from which it appears that before

FRIAR TUCK. Camden's admission, Brooke's spleen was principally directed against Sir William Segar ; of which Bishop SIR,-Can you furnish me with any particulars of Gibson relates the following circumstances :

Richard Smith, a noted bibliomaniac of the seventeenth “ After he (Camden) became a member of the College, century, and of whom there is a very rare and fine enhe discharged his office with great integrity, and maintained graving by W. Sherwin. The auction catalogue of his an amicable correspondence with all his brethren. How

library contains some curious articles – volumes printed far his adversary had a claim to this character, let the fol- by Caxton, and rare books,“ the very insertion of which," lowing instance witness. Upon a private pique against one says Dibdin,“ in a bookseller's catalogue, would proof the College, he contrived such a malicious piece of revenge bably now make a hundred bibliomaniacs start from as is not commonly heard of. He employed a person to their homes by starlight, in order to come in for the carry a coat of arms to him ready drawn, who was to pre- first pickings."

Yours, &c. tend that it belonged to one Gregory Brandon (a gentleman

RUSTICUS. who had formerly lived in London, but was then in Spain), Leyburn, near Bedale, Yorkshire. and to desire he would set his hand to it. The man does

November 27, 1852.

[ocr errors]




have their nails cut; if they should, ten to one but they Just now when there is such a lamentable calm in turn out most arrant thieves. the archæological world, when all the brasses have been The Christmas observances of Cockaigne are now, rubbed, all the walls scraped, and all our counties ran- alas! well nigh forgotten, and with the exception of the sacked for choice bits of folk-lore to supply the columns Waits and some of the old customs at the guild-meetings of your own and contemporary periodicals; I have of the smaller companies, scarcely anything remains to thought that it would not be unacceptable if I were to remind us of them. A few dim shadows, however, still send you a few old-world fragments, from a new source, linger. Many of your country readers may not be culled not among the quiet nooks of some remote pro- aware that it is still customary for the London chandlers vince but gleaned among the range of highways and to present their customers with small coloured yulebyeways which intersect the heart of noisy, bustling, candles to be burnt on Christmas Eve. These candles go-a-head Cockaigne! No sneers, Mr. Reader, -- that are not unlike the tapers we see burning before street pains-taking wight - Pegge, did not consider it beneath images of the Virgin in continental cities, and probably his dignity to collect the lingual vagaries of the Lon- had a similar origin. The yule-log is also very genedoner, and why should I think it beneath inine to chro- ral. The genuine cockney cannot reconcile the idea of nicle his mental ones ? Traces of the genuine Cockney Christmas with a coal fire. Among the old standards

--quiet slow-going folk who smoke very long pipes, it is taken from the fire when only half burnt, and careand tell very long stories of the riots in the glorious fully preserved in the cellar or some other safe place, days

there being a belief that its possession is a sovereign • When George the great was king,”

preservative against fire! I once knew a man who conthough now, alas ! well nigh extinct, are still to be sidered a log of this character as safe as a Sun fire pomet with in divers places within the reach of Bow bells, licy. He used to keep a regular series of them under -the old wards between Barbican and Aldgate to wit, his sideboard, and when any one was inclined to be heand the quaint old portions of Rotherhithe, still known retical he would point to them triumphantly, —“ Them's among the aborigines by its ancient Saxon name of Relriff

. the logs for five year-my house is still standing ;” and Many curious old customs and superstitions long since an inference so obvious and logical it was of course imfied from politer neighbourhoods still linger among these possible to withstand. people. In these localities the horse-shoe still asserts With many thanks, Mr. Willis, for the able manner its anti-magical properties, and here it is that the cun- in which you cater for our monthly “ banquette of pleaning - woman finds her victims. Your true cockney sant delites," and greeting both yourself and your readalways belongs to the genus gullible, - in Pepys' time ers with that hearty old English salutation, he patronized Palmistry and paid a carolus to have his a merrie Christmasse and a happie Newe Yeare, nativity cast; now a-days he sends twelve postage stamps to the Original Mesmeric Phenomenon, and

Your obedient servant, swallows Elixir Life Pills by the gross. Here are a

J. DRYASDUST, Junior. few of the more curious Metropolitan prejuges which are not to be found in Brand or the other collectors:

TO CORRESPONDENTS. A pigeon settling upon a house is believed to be a G. Willis begs to express his acknowledgments for the sign of death to some of the inmates.- By a curious numerous interesting communications which have been forpassage in the Vasanta-Rajasha-Koona it appears that warded to him, and will feel obliged by the receipt of any this is also an article of Hindoo belief.

original articles on subjects, either of a literary or an antiLive as long as you will there is one thing you will quarian nature. Woodcuts, illustrative of subjects requirnever see, and that is a dog following a Jew.

ing them, will be executed at his expense. To meet a clergyman first thing in the morning is

All communications intended for insertion in the “ Curdeemed very bad luck. From personal observation I am

rent Notes," must be accompanied by the Writer's real inclined to say the same thing of the tax-man.

name and address, which are merely required as a guarantee It is a most preposterous thing to eat pig's marrow;

of his good faith, and not for publication, except at his

desire. everybody knows that it drives people mad. There is a curious Welsh proverb in Howell's collection, which Literary and scientific Obituary. alleges the same thing. Sir Kenelm Digby's doctrine of sympathy finds favour EMPSON, William. (Professor of Civil Law at the East

BAYLEY (F. W. N.) Miscellaneous Writer, Birmingham. in London. It is currently believed (though not, I

India College, Hailey bury ; Editor of the Edinburgh opine, in the latitude of Holywell Street) that a dead

Review). Hailey bury. 10th December. Aged 63. person's clothes decay as fast as his body decomposes.

GALLARDO, D. Bartolomeo. Aut of Diccionario Mr. Calcraft's Old Bailey manipulations have a very Critico-Burlesco. Alcoy, Valencia, returning from sensible influence upon the elements. Just before the the Baths. About September. execution of the Mannings an ancient dame averred to Lee, Samuel. Late Regius Professor of Hebrew in the Uni. me that we should have no change in the weather till versity of Cambridge. Barley Rectory, Herts. Dec. 16. after “them willans was worked off.”

McDIARMID, John. More than 30 years Editor and Pro. Incipient cockneys under twelve months niust never prietor of the Dumfries Courier. Lately.

« PreviousContinue »