Page images


August 10, 1864.

1. All commanders will habitually remain with their division, brigade, or regiment, as the case may be, on the march and in camp, and not leave them except upon permission from the corps commander, approved by the intermediate.

2. The habitual order of march, unless otherwise ordered, will be to march one hour and halt ten minutes, and whenever a halt is made regiments of each brigade will double up in parallel columns and the ambulances, artillery, and wagons will habitually go into park to the right or left of the road if practicable, the object being to shorten the distance between the rear and head of the column.

3. Whenever convenient the troops, instead of being marched upon the dusty road, will be marched upon the right and left of the road, and a staff officer will precede each column with instructions to have all obstructions removed.

4. Whenever a fordable stream is to be crossed the men will be marched directly through without breaking step or column.

5. Canteens will be habitually filled in the morning before starting on a march and at the noon halt.

6. Division commanders will be held responsible for the execution of this order.

By command of Brevet Major-General Emory:

[ocr errors]

Assistant Adjutant-General.

August 10, 1864—11.30 p. m.

Brigadier-General MCINTOSH,

Commanding First Brigade, Third Cavalry Division:

GENERAL: You will detail two squadrons of your command to move at once as far as Great Falls, where they will find pontoon-boats, which they will escort by the line of' the canal to Berlin or Harper's Ferry. The escort will there rejoin the division at or near Major-General Sheridan's headquarters.

By command of Brigadier-General Wilson:

L. SIEBERT, Assistant Adjutant-General.

Brigadier-General DUFFIÉ,


CUMBERLAND, August 10, 1864.

It is rumored that our troops occupy Martinsburg. Will you send a cavalry scout via Cherry Run to Hedgesville and ascertain if this is so. I wish to send down the timbers and a force to repair Back Creek bridge if Martinsburg is occupied.



Brigadier-General AVERELL:

HARPER'S FERRY, August 10, 1864.

Your dispatch concerning men with General Kelley and notification of the capture of Major Green, chief engineer, General Early's staff, received. Your report of engagement with McCausland and Johnson was received. General Kelley has been ordered to send the 400 men of Eighth Ohio back to your command.

J. W. FORSYTH, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staff.


General AVERELL:

I have directed General Torbert to move to the Front Royal pike to-night; Lowell's brigade to Summit Point. The infantry I will move to Summit Point and Berryville. I send out Captain O'Keeffe, of my staff, to see you. Give him all the items.

Yours, truly,


Brigadier-General AVERELL:

HANCOCK, August 10, 1864-9.20 p. m.

Scout from Hedgesville has just returned. The enemy left that place yesterday, and they informed the citizens that they were going direct to Winchester. Citizens report that the enemy left Martinsburg this a. m. for Winchester. Will send scout up Back Creek Valley to Martinsburg grade, then toward [sic], to ascertain the truth of report in the morning.


NEW CREEK, August 10, 1864.

General B. F. KELLEY:

(Received Cumberland 8.15 p. m.)

Scouting party has just returned from within four miles of Romney. They could learu of no enemy there or in that region.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

HDQRS. FIRST SEPARATE BRIG., EIGHTH ARMY CORPS, Relay House, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, August 10, 1864. Lieut. Col. LYNDE CATLIN,

Assistant Inspector General, Eighth Army Corps:

COLONEL: I have the honor to submit the following report of location, condition, &c., of the various organizations of the First Separate Brigade, consisting of six companies of the First Regiment Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers, eight companies of Eleventh Maryland Infantry, five companies Ninety-third New York State National Guard, One hundred and ninety-fifth Regiment (Pennsylvania) Volunteers, detachment of the One hundred and forty-fourth and One hundred and forty-ninth Ohio State National Guard; Company F, One hundred and forty-fourth Ohio State National Guard; Company A, First New Jersey State Militia; detachment Eighth Illinois Cavalry; detachment First Delaware Cavalry, and Rank's (Pennsylvania) battery. These troops are distributed along the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad as follows: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Relay House, brigade headquarters. Fort Dix, Company A, First New Jersey Militia, 76. Relay House, five companies Ninety-third New York State National Guard, 193; two sections Battery H, Third Pennsylvania Artillery, 80; detachment One hundred and forty-fourth and One hundred and fortyninth Ohio National Guard, 28. Fort Dix, detachment Eighth and Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, 29. Annapolis Junction (Washing ton Branch), Company F, One hundred and forty-fourth Ohio State National Guard, 72. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Elysville, detachment One hundred and forty-fourth Ohio State National Guard, 60. Mount Airy, five companies Eleventh Maryland Infantry, 327. Monrovia, three companies and headquarters Eleventh Maryland Infantry, 137; detachment First Delaware Cavalry, 202. Monocacy Junction, One hundred and ninety-fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 860; six companies First Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers, 431; detachment Eighth Illinois Cavalry, 128; one section Battery H, Third Pennsylvania Artillery, 45.

These detachments are all in good order, considering that they are nearly all new troops and their term of service is so short, but they are very deficient in drill and under poor discipline. This is owing, in a great measure, to the detached condition of the command, and also to the officers, who are not at all well instructed in their duties. This is not the case with the Eighth Illinois Cavalry, First Delaware Cavalry, Rank's battery, and First Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers. These troops are well organized and able to perform good service. The hos pital department of the various detachments is in bad condition, there not being sufficient medical officers to give proper attention to the sick. Since last report Rank's (Pennsylvania) battery, One hundred and ninety-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and detachment of First Delaware Cavalry have been assigned to the command. Captain McNulty, with detachment of First and Twenty-first New York Cavalry, has been ordered to report to Major-General Hunter. The general commanding is constantly engaged visiting the detachments, paying every attention to their wants, and using every endeavor to bring the troops to a proper degree of discipline and drill.

I am, colonel, with respect, your most obedient servant,
Captain and Acting Assistant Inspector-General.


MONOCACY BRIDGE, August 10, 1864.

Major-General WALLACE:

The only troops at Relay House that can be used to relieve the New Jersey men are the Ninety-third New York. Shall I direct them to garrison the fort or send a company from here? Rumors of rebels, but our scouts have seen none for past two days. Will you send the two companies of Eleventh Maryland now in Baltimore to Monrovia? I think that post should be strengthened. I will name an officer tomorrow for Twelfth Maryland. They should be stationed at Hood's Mill. E. B. TYLER, Brigadier-General.

Brig. Gen. E. B. TYLER,

BALTIMORE, August 10, 1864.

Monocacy Bridge, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad:

If you can spare a company send it to Fort Dix; if not, put in some of the Ninety-third New York, and send a competent officer to command. Will try and send you the two companies of the Eleventh Maryland. The Twelfth Maryland is nearly ready to move. By command, &c.:

Assistant Adjutant-General.

No. 199.
Baltimore, August 10, 1864.

1. Paragraph 10, Special Orders, No. 198, headquarters Middle Department, is hereby revoked. The One hundred and ninety-third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia (100-days' service), Col. John B. Clark commanding, will continue to report to Brig. Gen. H. H. Lockwood, commanding Third Separate Brigade.

2. In accordance with order from the War Department the One hundred and ninety-second Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia (100days' service), Col. W. B. Thomas commanding, will be put en route at once to report to the commanding officer at Johnson's Island, Ohio. The quartermaster's department will furnish the necessary transportation. Bvt. Brig. Gen. W. W. Morris is charged with the execution of this order.

[blocks in formation]

6. Company A, Second Delaware Cavalry (thirty-days' service), Capt. Robert Milligan commanding, will be put en route without delay to march to Wilmington, Del., to report to Maj. H. B. Judd, commanding at that post, there to be mustered out and paid off at the expiration of their term of service, in accordance with the mustering regulations of the army. Brig. Gen. H. H. Lockwood is charged with the execution of this order.

[blocks in formation]

8. The Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Col. G. H. Peirson commanding, is hereby transferred from the Third Separate Brigade to the Second Separate Brigade, and will report to Bvt. Brig. Gen. W. W. Morris, without delay.

9. Company A, First New Jersey State Militia (thirty-days' service), Capt. R. H. Lee commanding, will be put en route to report to the commanding officer at Trenton, N. J., there to be mustered out and paid off at the expiration of their term of service, in accordance with the mustering regulations of the army. The quartermaster's department will furnish the necessary transportation. Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler is charged with the execution of this order.

[blocks in formation]

General Dix has requested me to keep the forts in Boston Harbor and our other ports on the coast fully garrisoned. For this purpose fourteen companies are required. Since the withdrawal of the heavy artillery they have been garrisoned by three-months' militia, who no sooner become accustomed to their duties than they are discharged. I desire authority to recruit fourteen companies of volunteers for one year ou the same terms that one-year regiments were authorized, said companies for service at these posts.



Governor of Massachusetts.

CITY POINT, VA., August 11, 1864.

Secretary of War:

I think it but a just reward for services already rendered that General Sherman be now appointed a major-general, W. S. Hancock and Sheridan brigadiers in the Regular Army. There are three vacancies for major-generals and one for brigadier-general and Sherman's promotion would make the second. All these officers have proven their worthiness for this advancement. I would also recommend the promotion of Brigadier-General Mower to fill the vacant volunteer major-generalship that would thus be created.


[AUGUST 11, 1864.—For Sheridan to Halleck, reporting operations, &c., see p. 17.]


On Opequon Creek, August 11, 1864.

Corps and other independent commanders will have their commands in readiness to move at 5 a. m. to-morrow. Further special instructions will be sent to them during the night.

By command of Major-General Sheridan:

F. C. NEWHALL, Major and Aide-de-Camp.

« PreviousContinue »