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Reports of General Robert E. Lee, C. S. Army, of operations August 13, October 4 and 14.
CHAFFIN'S BLUFF, August 16, 1864. Colonel Mosby reports that he attacked the enemy's supply train near Berryville on the 13th; captured and destroyed 75 loaded wagons and secured over 200 prisoners, including several officers, between 500 and 600 horses and mules, upward of 200 beef-cattle, and many valuable stores. Considerable number of the enemy killed and wounded. His loss 2 killed and 3 wounded.
Hon. J. A. SEDDON,
R. E. LEE,
CHAFFIN'S BLUFF, October 9, 1864.
Colonel Mosby reports that a body of about a thousand of the enemy advanced up the Manassas road on the 4th [with] trains of cars loaded with railroad material and occupied Salem and Rectortown. He attacked them at Salem, defeating them, capturing fifty prisoners, all their baggage, camp equipage, stores, &c., and killed and wounded a considerable number. His loss, two wounded. Enemy is intrenched at Rectortown with two long trains of cars. The railroad is torn up and bridges burned in their rear and all communications cut.
Hon. JAMES A. SEDDON,
R. E. LEE.
CHAFFIN'S BLUFF, October 16, 1864. On the 14th instant Colonel Mosby struck the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Duffield's; destroyed U. S. military train consisting of locomotive and ten cars, securing twenty prisoners and fifteen horses. Among the prisoners are two paymasters with $168,000 in Government funds. R. E. LEE.
Reports of Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, Forty-third Virginia Cavalry
HDQRS. 43D VIRGINIA PARTISAN RANGER BATTALION,
September 11, 1864.
COLONEL: I have the honor to submit, for the information of the commanding general, the following brief report of the operations of this command since the 1st day of March last:*
*For portion of report here omitted, see Vol. XXXIII, p. 248, and Vol. XXXVII, Part I, p. 2.
On August 9, with a detachment of thirty-seven men, I defeated a body of 100 cavalry at Fairfax Station, killing the captain commanding and 6 men, and capturing 21 prisoners and 34 horses. Two detachments sent out at the same time in Fairfax brought in 6 more prisoners and horses; another detachment of five sent to Duf field's Depot brought in 10 prisoners with their horses, &c.
On the morning of August 13 I attacked, near Berryville, the enemy's supply train, which was guarded by some 700 or 800 infantry and cav-, alry, under command of Brigadier-General Kenly. Completely routed the guard, with a loss of over 200 prisoners, including 3 lieutenants, besides several killed and wounded. Captured and destroyed 75 loaded wagons, and secured over 200 head of beef-cattle, between 500 and 600 horses and mules, and many valuable stores. My loss 2 killed and 3 wounded. My force numbered something over 300 men, with two mountain howitzers. One howitzer became disabled before being brought into action by breaking of a wheel; the other after firing a few rounds was rendered useless also by breaking of the carriage.
Too much praise cannot be awarded to Captains Richards aud William Chapman, commanding their respective squadrons, for the bravery with which they scattered largely superior forces of the enemy. The gallant Capt. Sam Chapman, commanding Company E, although burning for the strife, was prudently held in reserve.
A few days after this Lieutenant Glascock, with fourteen men, captured 29 prisoners, including several officers, with their horses, arms, &c., near Kernstown. At the same time Captain Richards, with a small squad, killed a captain and captured 7 or 8 men and horses near Charlestown.
About August 20 I crossed with my command at Snicker's Gap, the enemy being near Berryville, sending the larger portion, under Capt. William Chapman, to operate around Berryville and restrain the enemy from devastating the country. With a small detachment I went to their rear, near Charlestown, and captured 12 prisoners and 10 horses. Captain Chapman, coming upon a portion of the enemy's cavalry which was engaged in burning houses, attacked aud routed them. Such was the indignation of our men at witnessing some of the finest residences in that portion of the State enveloped in flames that no quarter was shown, and about 25 of them were shot to death for their villainy. About 30 horses were brought off, but no prisoners.
On Friday, September 3, with a squad of six men, I attacked the enemy's outposts in Fairfax, mortally wounding 1 and capturing 6 men and 11 horses.
On Sunday, September 5, I sent Capt. Sam Chapman, in command of Companies C and E, to harass the enemy around Berryville, while I made a detour to gain their rear near Charlestown. Arriving at the river, I left the two companies that were with me (A and B), under Lieutenant Nelson, on the east bank of the river, while, with six more, I went on a reconnaissance across previous to carrying my whole force over. Some time after a force of the enemy's cavalry crossed the mountain in their rear, surprised and stampeded them, killing 1, wounding 3, and capturing 3. One of the enemy's cavalry was killed and 5 wounded. With the six men with me I succeeded in capturing and bringing out safely about 25 prisoners, 2 ambulances, and 18 horses. Captain Chapman routed a largely superior force near Berryville, killing and wounding some 15 or 20, besides securing over 30 prisoners, including a captain and lieutenant, with their horses, arms, &c.
On September 8, with about thirty men, having gained a position in the enemy's rear near Charlestown, I divided the command for greater safety. One portion, under Captain Richards, captured a captain and 12 men, with their horses, &c.; with mine I captured a lieutenant and 5 men, with their horses, &c.
I have made no attempt, for it would be impossible, to embrace in this report a full recital of the innumerable affairs with the enemy in which the heroism of both men and officers of this command has been illustrated; yet the fame of their deeds will still live in the grateful remembrance of those whose homes and whose firesides their valor has defended.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA, September 19, 1864. Respectfully forwarded to the Adjutant and Inspector General, for the information of the Department.
Attention is invited to the activity and skill of Colonel Mosby, and the intelligence and courage of the officers and men of his command, as displayed in this report. With the loss of little more than 20 men, he has killed, wounded, and captured during the period embraced in the report about 1,200 of the enemy and taken more than 1,600 horses and mules, 230 beef-cattle, and 85 wagons and ambulances, without counting many smaller operations. The services rendered by Colonel Mosby and his command in watching and reporting the enemy's movements have also been of great value. His operations have been highly credit able to himself and his command.
R. E. LEE,
NEAR UPPERVILLE, VA., October 23, 1864. GENERAL: I desire to make an explanation in reference to the capture of my artillery, which you have probably seen in Secretary Stanton's official bulletin. After the enemy had accumulated such a force on the Manassas road that I could no longer oppose their progress in front, I withdrew my command inside their lines north of the road, in order to be in a position to assail both Sheridan's communications in the Valley and also to strike the road whenever opportunity offered. My artillery was sent out to a place of concealment in Fauquier. Unfortunately one of my men deserted and guided the enemy to where it was. They captured no men or horses with it. Since their advance up the railroad we have killed and captured over 300 of them My loss so far has been only four wounded and one captured. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JNO. S. MOSBY,
General R. E. LEE.
AUGUST 21, 1864.-Skirmish in Loudoun County, Va.
Reports of Lieut. Col. Roger E. Cook, First Maryland Potomac Home Brigade Infantry, commanding U. S. forces at Sandy Hook, Md.
Sandy Hook, Md., August 22, 1864.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that agreeably to instructions from headquarters, a scouting party of the Loudoun (Virginia) Rangers crossed the river early in the morning of August 21, under command of Lieutenant Atwell, and proceeded in the direction of Leesburg, where they encountered a detachment of White's battalion; routed them, with a loss of three men mortally wounded. Thence proceeded to Dry Hollow and Grove Meeting-House, where they found five of Mosby's command; captured one, supposed to belong to the quartermaster's department; the other four made their escape. They had just murdered a sick, paroled Federal soldier. They then returned to camp by the way of Goose Creek Meeting-House, Harmony, and Waterford. Heard of no enemy in force north of Rectortown. Longstreet's command reported at Sperryville Gap and Front Royal. Four companies of White's and Mosby's commands are the only troops supposed to be in Loudoun County.
I am, captain, most respectfully, &c.,
Capt. H. M. BURLEIGH,
R. E. COOK, Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding.
Assistant Adjutant-General, Harper's Ferry, Va.
Sandy Hook, August 22, 1864.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to state that the report of a scout into Loudoun County, Va., by a detachment of the Loudoun Rangers on the 21st instant, forwarded to headquarters this date, embraces the operations and is the report of the scout ordered to Aldie. The reason of their failure to fully execute the order is not stated in their written report to these headquarters, but have since learned from the lieutenant commanding the scout that it was in consequence of detachment of White's or Mosby's command, 100 strong, lying at or near that place, and he, having only about twenty men, did not feel safe in attacking them.
I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Capt. H. M. BURLEIGH,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Harper's Ferry, Va.
AUGUST 22, 1864.-Affair at Cove Point, Md.
Report of Lieut. George D. Odell, Fifth Massachusetts Colored Cavalry. AUGUST 23, 1864.
Maj. C. H. RAYMOND,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Department of Washington: MAJOR: I have the honor to send a copy of a telegram received by me to-day. The party was sent by me to investigate the facts in relation to a complaint, referred to me from headquarters, of T. H. Quinau: LEONARDTOWN, MD., August 23, 1864.
SIR: I have the honor to make the following report, and give a particular and detailed account of the bushwhackers, as at present lies in my power:
On receiving your dispatch on the morning of the 16th relating to Doctor Quinan and the blockade-runners, I sent a sergeant and six men, with three days' rations, to Millstone Landing, with orders to leave their horses there, cross the Patuxent in a boat, and find Doctor Quinan, in Calvert County, and from him learn how to proceed further. It appears that he referred them to the provost-marshal, a civilian, at Drum Point, who retained them in that locality until yesterday morning. Expecting a schooner in to take on board some negroes, soon after daylight they got in a boat and went up to Cove Point, eight miles, and while some were eating breakfast on the beach the others were fired into a few rods from them by three men in a ravine near the road, and as the rest of the sergeant's men appeared, about a dozen more appeared from the ravine and said, "Come on, you Yankee sons of b- -s," and fired another volley, which our men returned, though the sergeant fell and two men were wounded. My men then commenced falling back, and were closely followed by the bushwhackers, who now appeared in still stronger force, decorated in gay uniforms and armed mostly with carbines. My men became separated, and two struck out for the Government farms, supposing that the nearest point to Leonardtown, and arrived here about 1 o'clock this morning on foot, their horses being at Millstone Landing. I have re-enforced the squad at Millstone Landing and sent two men over to Calvert County again to learn more of the affair. My men and horses cannot stand a long march at present, or I should have gone myself with a squad. I have but fifteen present for mounted duty. I would respectfully recommend you to have a gun-boat and small force of infantry sent up to Drum Point for a few days. Cove Point is about thirty-five miles from here. I will make another report when my men get back.
No. 1.-Lieut. Col. Henry H. Wells, Twenty-sixth Michigan Infantry, Provost-Marshal-General of Defenses South of the Potomac.
No. 2.-Capt. Joseph Schneider, Sixteenth New York Cavalry.
Report of Lieut. Col. Henry H. Wells, Twenty-sixth Michigan Infantry, Provost-Marshal-General of Defenses south of the Potomac.
ALEXANDRIA, VA., August 24, 1864.
My cavalry has just returned. Mosby, with about 250 men, attacked the stockade at Annandale at 5 o'clock. Posting his two pieces of artillery on the right and left of the road just out of carbine range, say