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ly that the Descent into it is the same with Burial. Si And perhaps there is good Ground to believe, that
this was the Original Sense of that Word in this Article. At least I am persuaded, that in Pfal. 16. II, which is quoted and applied by St. Peter, Aets 2. 27, 31. and upon which the Belief of the Descent into Hell is generally grounded, it is to be underftood in this Sense. But then 'tis plain, that our
Church by the Descent into Hell means something 2 different from the Burial of Christ. For she mani
festly distinguishes the one from the other. This is evident from the Words of the Article. The Question therefore is, how that Man, who believes
that the Word Hell in Pfal. 16. 11. and A&ts 2. 27,21. 's.betokens nothing but the Grave (as the Reader
may perhaps find good Reason to do) can honestly mi subscribe this Article.
I answer, that the Church excludes no Sense of the Word Hell in this Article, except that which saies, that by Hell is meant the Grave. Wherefore the Church very freely allows us to subscribe this Article in Bishop Pearson's Sense, who faies, that Hell betokens the State of departed Souls. And that our Savior did go into the State of departed Souls, is acknowledged even by those who believe that the Word Hell in Psal. 16. 11. and Asts 2. 27, 31: betokens the Grave. So that tho' they interpret those Texts in the Sense before mention'd, yet they acknowledge the Truth of what the Church allows them to mean by Christ's Descent into Hell. And consequently they may subscribe it. For the Church does not require them to declare, that the Word Hell in Pfal. 16. 11. and A&ts 2. 27, 31. signi. fies the State of separate Souls; but only to'lubfcribe to the Descent into Hell in general ; whe, ther it be prov'd by chole, or by any other Texts ;
and this they may certainly do in the Senfe before mention'd.
'Tis true, those who subscribe after this manner, must then understand the Word Hell in the Article in a Sense very different from that in which 'tis us'd in those Texts; and perhaps in a Sense very diffe, rent from that in which 'twas understood by the greater part of that Convocation which passed the Article it felf: but then it must be remembred, that Words are but arbitrary Signs, and that the Signification of them may by inveterate and allow'd Practice be alter'd, or even chang'd fometimes to the quite contrary, as we find by a Variety of Instances in our own Tongue. And therefore that Person, who subscribes the Word Hell in a Sense which the Church allows (tho' it be different from what it bears in some other Places, or perhaps from what was first intended by the Covocation it self) does very honestly. " · It may be objected perhaps, that the Church diftinguishes the Descent into Hell, not only from the Burial, but also from the Death of Christ : whereas, if by the Descent into Hell we mean his Departure into the State of separate Souls; then che Death of Christ, and his Descent into Hell, are the same thing; because a Man's dying implies his Departure into the State of separate Souls. But I answer, that tho' a Man's Departure into the State of separate Souls be the Consequence of Death, considering that State and Order of things which God has appointed ; yer 'tis noc Death it felf. For Death betokens only the Separation of Soul and Body ; and 'ris possible in the Nature of the thing, that this Separation may be made, al. tho' the Parts separated should from the Moment of their Separation cease to be. Wherefore Death
and the Descent into Hell, are really distinct in themselves, tho’ the one, by virtue of God's Appointment, certainly follows the other.
The FOURTH ARTICLE.
Of the Resurrection of Christ. HRİST did truly rise again from Death, and took ☺ again his body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfe&tion of man's nature, wherewith be ascended into heaven, and there fitteth until he return to judge all men at the last day.
This Article contains Four Propositions.
took again his Body, with Flesh, Bones, and
ascend into Heaven. 3. Christ shall return from Heaven to judge all
Men at the last Day.. 4. Christ sitteth in Heaven, until he return to ; judge all Men at the Last Day.
The First Proposition. See Bishop Pearson on the Fifth Article, beginning at He rose again; and the Fourteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the First Volume of Dr. Fenkin's Reasonableness and certainty of the Christian Religion, and the Twenty eighth Chapter of the Second Volume of the said Book ; and the Eleventh Section of Dr. Whitby's General Preface to his first Volume of Annotations,
The The Second, Third and Fourth Propositions. See Bishop Pearson on the Sixth and Seventh Articles.
The FIFTH ARTICLE.
Of the Holy Ghost.
1 Son, is of one Substance, Majesty, and Glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.
This Article contains Three Propositions.
fty, and Glory, with the Father and the Son. 2. The Holy Ghost proceedeth from the Father
and the Son. À The First and Third Propositions. See Bishop Pearson on the Eighth Article. But concerning the Third, see also Numb. 3. of the Appendix to the Paraphrase with Annotations on the Common Prayer, p. 287, &c.
The Second Proposition is therefore true, because there can be no more Gods than One, according to the Sixth Proposition of the First Article.
The SIXTH ARTICLE. : Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation. L O LY Scripture containeth all things necessary to
11 Salvation so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any
man, that it Phould be believ'd as an Article of the Faith
Twelve Prophets the less. And the other Books (as Hierome faith) the Church doth read for Example of Life, and Instruction of Manners; but yet doth it not apply them to establish any Do&trine fuch are these following,