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The TWENTY FIFTH ARTICLE.
of the Sacraments.
CACRAMENTS ordained of Christ, be not only D badges or tokens of Christian mens profession: but rather they be certain sure witnesses and effetual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which be doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quieken, but also strengthen and confirm our faith in him, .
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, baptism and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extream Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the gospel, being such as have grown, partly of the corrupy following of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed in the serie .ptures ; but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with 'baptism and the Lord's fupper, for that they have not any
visible sign or ceremony ordained of God. . :: The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed
upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the fame, they have a wholsom effect or operation; but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith.
This Article contains Ten Propositions.
Tokens of Christian Mens Profession.
Witnesses, and effectual Signs of Grace and
work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our Faith
in him. 3. There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ
our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism
and the Supper of the Lord. 4. Those five commonly called Sacraments, that
is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extream Unction, are not
to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel. s. Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony,
and extream Unction, have grown partly of the Corrupt following of the Apostles, partly
are States of Life allowed in the Scriptures. 6. Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony,
and extream Unction, have not like Nature of Sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's
Supper. . 7. Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extream Unction, have not any visible
Sign or Ceremony ordained of God. 8. The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ
to bę gazed upon, or to be carried about, but
that we should duly use them. 9. The Sacraments in such only as worthily
receive the same, have a wholsom Effect or
Operation. 10. They that receive the Sacraments unwor
thily, purchase to themselves Damnation, as St. Paul faith.
The Word rather, in this place, and in the Twen. ty eighth and Twenty ninth Articles, is expressed in the Latin, not by immo, as in the Thirteenth and Twenty second Articles, but by potius, which is manifestly a Comparative. However, the Context in all these Places shews, that the Church did not intend to express her self doubtfully ; but she roundly and directly affirms the respective Propositions, Nay, the Phrase but rather being oppos’d, in this and the Twenty eighth Article, to not only, must needs, signify the same as but also.
Touching the Nature of Sacraments in general, see the First Question of Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus.
The First Proposition. See the Third and Fourth Questions of Turretin's Locus Decimus non us.
The Second Proposition. See the Fifth Question of the same Locus, and Article 27. Prop. 2. and Article 28. Prop. 2, 3.
The Third Proposition. See the Confutation of Quakerifm; Chap. 18, 19, QC.
The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Propositions. See the Thirty first Question of Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus, and the Fourteenth and Twentieth Chapters of the Second part of the Confutation of Popery. You may peruse them in the following Order.
Touching Confirmation, read Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus, Queft. 31. Sect. I-------10...
Touching Penance, read the Confutation of Popery, Part 2, Chap. 14. Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus, Quest. 31. Sect. 11--------26.
Touching Orders, read Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus, Queft. 31. Sect. 34-------39.
Touching Matrimony, read Turretin's Locụs Decimus nonus, Quest. z 1. Sect. 40------44.
. Touching extreme Unction, read the Confutation of Popery, Part 2. Chap. 25. and Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus, Quest. 31. Sect. 27-------33., : The Eighth Proposition: By the Word Sacraments, in this and the Two following Propofitions, the
Church means the Sacramental Elements : And : The manifestly strikes at that known Practice of the
Papists, who elevate the Hoft, and carry it about to be seen and ador'd by the People. But the Papists, themselves never used to carry about or elevate the Element of Baptism, that I know of; and there. fore I can't tell how our Church happen'd to express her self in the Plural Number. However, the Proposition is certainly true with respect to the Elements of both the Sacraments. For the Design of the Sacramental Elements is to be learnt from Scripture, which saies nothing of our gazing on them, or carrying them about. I confess," if the Do&trin of Transubstantiation were true, there would be a good Reason in the nature of the thing (and consequently a good Argument from the very Inftitution) for elevating and carrying about the Hoft, that the People might not only gaze (or behold it) but also adore it: But since that Doctrin is monstrously false, there can be no Pretense for such Customs.
The Ninth Proposition. See the Eighth Question of Turretin's Locus Decimus nonus. · The Tenth Proposition is founded, with respect to the Lord's Supper, on St. Paul's Words, I Cor. 11. 29. and the Reason of the thing proves the same with respect to Baptism. But tho' our Church quotes St. Paul's Words in delivering her Sentiments concerning the unworthy Partakers of both the Sacraments ; yet it must not be imagined, that The understands this Text of Sr. Paul of both the Sacraments. She only applies his Expression, Damnation, to the unworthy Partakers of Baptism, as well as of the Lord's Supper. And that she may adapt St. Paul's Expression to both the Sacraments, she changes the Verbs, saying, that the unworthy Partakers do (not eat and drink, but) purchase to themfelyes Damnation,
The TWENTY SIXTH ARTICLE. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinder
not the Effects of the Sacraments.
A LTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil be ever
A mingled with the good, and sometime the evil bave chief authority in the ministration of the word and facraments: get forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minifter by his commision and authority, we may use their ministry, both in hearing the word of God, and in the receiving of the sacraments, Neither is the effe&t of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such, as by faith and rightly do receive the sacraments ministred unto them, which be effe&tual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministrid by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertainerb to the discipline of the church, that enquiry be made of evil ministers, and tbat they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offen, ces: and finally being found guilty, by just judgment, be deposed.
This Article contains Five Propositions. 1. In the visible Church the Evil be ever min
gled with the Good, and sometime the Evil have chief Authority in the Ministration of
the Word and Sacraments. 2. Those evil Men who minister the Word and
Sacraments, do not the same in their own