« PreviousContinue »
and word of God) they may err, and sometime bave erred,
This Article contains Five Propositions.
ther without the Commandment and Will' of
Princes. 2. General Councils be an Assembly of Men,
whereof all be not govern'd with the Spirit
and Word of God. 3. General Councils may err even in things per
taining to God. 4. General Councils sometime have erred even
in things pertaining to God. s. Things ordained by general Councils as ne
cessary to Salvation, have neither Strength nor Authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of Holy Scripture.
2. The First Proposition manifestly supposes, that. the Princes be Christian. Otherwise the Apostles themselves could not lawfully have held a Council at Jerusalem ; nor could the Christian Church have lawfully held so many Councils before the Convers sion of Constantine. For those Reasons, which make it unlawful to hold General Councils, do equally prove it unlawful to hold Provincial ones, without the Will and Commandment of Princes. Again, the Church in this Article manifestly opposes Gene ral Councils to Particular, that is, National or Provincial ones. And consequently, by that Phrase she does not understand those only, which we commonly call General ones, viz, such as were not
only only gathered out of many Nations, but were also Orthodox in their Definitions; but any great Al semblies of Bishops from different Quarters of the World, even tho'cheir Definitions were heretical. Ocherwise she could not say in this very Article, that General Councils have erred in things pertaining to God. Thefe Observations being premised, See what I have written touching this Point in the Discourse of the Independency of the Church on the State, Chap.
The Second Proposition. The Reason of the thing, and conftant Experience, confirm the Truth of this Assertion.
The Third Proposition. That they may err, see the Fourth Chapter of the First Part of the Confutation of Popery ; which may easily be applied to general Councils ; and compare the Nineteenth Chap. ter of the Seventh Book of Limborch's System, from Sect. 25. to Sect. 33. inclusively. And that they may err in things pertaining to God, is evident, because there is n10 Proinise of their being secured from Error in those, more than in other Matters.
The Fourth Proposition. For the Proof of this take a remarkable instance. The Council of Aria minum consisted of above Four Hundred Bishops from all Parts of the Christain World, a Number much superior to that which assembled at Nice. And yet, tho’’twas Orthodox at first, it fell in at last with the Arians ; and consequently erred even in Things pertaining to God.
The Fifth Propofition. See the First and Second. Propositions of the Sixth Article.
The TWENTY SECOND ARTICLE.
worshipping and adoration, as well of images, as of relicks, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing, vainly, invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Jcripture, but rather repugnant to the word of God,
Touching the Phrase but rather, see Art. 13. p. 87.
This Article contains Eight Propositions. 1. The Romijh Doctrin concerning Purgatory is
a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded
upon no Warranty of Scripture. 2. The Romijh Doctin concerning Pardons is a
fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded up
on no Warranty of Scripture. 3. The Romish Doctrin concerning Worshipping
and Adoration, as well of Images as of Relicks, is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and
grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture. 4. The Romish Doctrin concerning Invocation of
Saints, is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and
grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture. s. The Romißh Doctrin concerning Purgatory is
repugnant to the Word of God. 6. The Romifh Doctrin concerning Pardons is
repugnant to the Word of God. 7. The Romish Doctrin concerning Worshipping
and Adoration, as well of Images as of Re
licks, is repugnant to the Word of God. 8. The Romijh Doctrin concerning Invocation of Saints, is repugnant to the Word of God.
The First Proposition. See the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Chapters of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Second Proposition. See the Nineteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Third Propofition. What the Romijlo Doctrin concerning the Worship and adoration of Images is, you may see in the Twenty firft Article of the Trent Creed, which you'll find in the Confutation of Popery, Part 2. Chap. 1. p. 81. As for the Wors ship and Adoration of Relicks, 'tis manifestly, comprizid in the Thirty first Article of the fame Creed, which you'll find ibid. p. 79. Now that the Worship and adoration of Images is not only a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture ; but also repugnant to the Word of God, see the Ninth Queftion of Turretin's Locus Undecimus. And that the Worship and Adoration of Relicks is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scriprure, see the eighth Question of the same Locus of Turrerin, from Sect. 6. down to the End.
The Fourth Propofition. See the Thirteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Fifth Proposition. See the Tenth Chapter of the Sixth Book of Limborch's System, Sect. 12, 13, 14, IS.
The Sixth Propofition. See Ezech. 18. 21, 22. Isaiah 5 3. 4. 5. In which, and in many other Places of Scripture, the Declarations of Forgiveness are so very large and comprehensive, that 'tis utterly absurd to suppose, that any Temporal Punishment remains due for Sin after Repentance. And
consequently the Romish Doctrin concerning Pardons, which the Second Propofition pronounces unfcriptural and groundless, is also repugnant to the Word of God. Because that Doctrin supposes, in Opposition to the Declarations of Scripture, that fome Punishment remains due for Sin after Repentance.
The Seventh Proposition. That the RomisDoctrin concerning the Worship and Adoration of Images, is repugnant to the Word of God, see Turretin as quoted in the Third Proposition. But as for the Worship and Adoration of Relicks, 'tis therefore repugnant to the Word of God, because as 'tis practised by the Papists, and comprized in the Thirteenth Article of the Trent Creed (of which I took notice in the Third Proposition) it teaches Men to place a Confidence in their Folly, endevoring to pleafe God by the Veneration of them, to avert his Judgments by exposing them, to secure their perfons by wearing them, buc. Whereas the Scriptures assure us, that there is no other way of obtaining his Favor and Protection, but by the Practice of true Religion, of which such Fopperies are no Part.
The Eighth Proposition. The Scriptures represent God as the only Object of Worship and Adoration (fee the Fourth Proposition) and therefore they confine Worship and Adoration to him. So that Saints are therefore not to be invoked, because the Scripture does not injoin, and consequently forbids, the Invocation of them.