Predestination, Policy and Polemic: Conflict and Consensus in the English Church from the Reformation to the Civil War

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 18, 2002 - Religion - 352 pages
This is a major study of the theology of grace in the English Church between the Reformation and the Civil War. On the basis of a wide reading of both English and continental writings, the author challenges the prevailing view that there was essentially a 'Calvinist' consensus in the Elizabethan and Jacobean Church, and stresses instead an indigenous latitudinarianism of doctrine against which a concerted campaign was conducted in the last decade of the sixteenth century in the controversies which led to the Lambeth Articles. Mr White reviews the impact Arminian ideas had in England, firstly through a detailed exposition of the theology of Arminius, and subsequently by means of a review of the links between the English and Dutch churches as the quarrel between the Remonstrants and Contra-Remonstrants reached its climax in the Synod of Dort. Other chapters discuss the place of Hooker in English theology, the impact of Richard Montagu, the ideas of Thomas Jackson, the writings of Neile and Laud on predestination, and the regulation of doctrine in the period of Personal Rule. At all stages the theological debate is related to its political - and often polemical - context, not least in a carefully documented reassessment of the role of the court both in the last years of James' reign and in the early years of the rule of Charles I.
 

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Contents

The polemics of predestination William Prynne and Peter Heylyn
1
The theology of predestination Beza and Arminius
13
The theology of Arminius
22
Early English Protestantism
39
Bucer and Martyr
44
The Edwardian formularies
52
The Elizabethan church settlement
60
John Jewel
69
Preliminaries
180
the Five Articles
183
election and reprobation
184
the extent of the Atonement
187
free will and conversion
192
perseverance
195
The closing sessions
199
Policy and polemic 16191623
203

Henry Bullinger
74
Elizabeths church the limits of consensus
82
The changing face of Elizabethan Calvinism
90
The Cambridge controversies of the 1590s
101
Peter Baro
110
Matthew Hutton
117
Richard Hooker
124
The early Jacobean church
140
The debate on Calvin
152
Remonstrants ContraRemonstrants and the English Church
159
Falling from grace
167
The Synod of Dort
175
A gag for the Gospel? Richard Montagu and Protestant orthodoxy
215
The York House Conference
224
The defence1 of orthodoxy
230
Arminianism and the court 16251629
238
Thomas Jackson
256
Neile and Laud on predestination
272
The personal rule 16291640
287
The regulation of doctrine
299
The personal rule in retrospect
307
Select bibliography
313
Index
327
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