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OR,

LIVES,

CRITICAL AND HISTORICAL,

OF THE MOST EMINENT PERSONS OF ALL AGES, COUNTRIES, CON-

DITIONS, AND PROFESSIONS,

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PRINTED FOR J. JOHNSON, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD; G. AND J. ROBINSON, PATER-NOSTER.ROW;
AND G. KEARSLEY, FLEET-STREET.-ALSO FOR BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINBURGH;

AND COLBERT, CAPEL-STREET, DUBLIN.

1802
Ry T. Davison, White-Friars.

GENERAL BIOGRAPHY.

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CLAGETT, WILLIAM, an eminent divine his sermons. Among these was a paraphrase, of the church of England, was born in 1646 with notes, of some of the first chapters of St. at St. Edmund’s-bury, where his father, the John's gospel, which was part of the task Dr. Rev. Nicholas Clagett, was preacher. He was Clagett had undertaken, as his share in a design educated at Emanuel college, Cambridge, where then adopted by some divines of the church he took his regular degrees, and was made of England, of commenting upon the whole doctor in divinity in 1683. He commenced a Bible.

Bible. Dr. Clagett is accounted a clear and expreacher at his native town; whence, in con- cellent reasoner, with much candour of spirit, sequence of the esteem and attachment of and a perspicuous style. Biogr. Britan.-A. some gentlemen of the law who attended at the CLĀRĀ, a saint of the Roman-catholic assizes, he was removed to Gray's-inn, of church, and foundress of an order, was born in which society he was elected preacher. He also 1193 at Assisi ; of which town her father, obtained the rectory of Farnham-Royal, Bucks, Favorino Sciffo, was an illustrious citizen. She and the lectureship of St. Michael Bassishaw, was bred in the principles of strict piety, and London. He was made one of the chaplains in at an early age was so impressed with the holy ordinary to the king, and was rising in repu- life of her townsman, St. Francis, that she rea tation as a writer and preacher, when he was solved to renounce the world under his guidcarried off by the small-pox in 1688, in his ance. She prevailed upon her sister Agnes, forty-second year.

His wife, a relation of and several other young women of quality, to lord-keeper North, died of the same disease follow her example, and resided in various recighteen days after him. Dr. Clagett was a ligious houses, till St. Francis gave her the person highly respected both in his moral and church of St. Damian. Some of her compaprofessional character, and bishop Burnet enu- nions were invited to settle in other convents, merates him among those clergymen who did and they spread to Spain in 1219, and, to most honour to the church at that period, by France in the following year. Ciara, however, their lives and labours. He published several had instituted no rule, and had soiely engagerlos, pieces in controversy, of which the earliest re- herself to obey St. Francis. Some of her for sated to the points in dispute between the esta- lowers adopted that of St. Benedictbuty, aço. blished church and the dissenters; the latter, length, they were all united under the rule of to those between the protestants and Roman- St. Francis, which was solemnly approved in catholics; for he lived long enough to become 1246 by Innocent IV. Rigorous as this was, fully sensible of the danger to which the church Clara did not think it enough so; and her diwas exposed from a popish sovereign, and op- rector, St. Francis, was obliged to moderate her posed it with great vigour. After Dr. Clagett's zeal, and constrain her to continue abbess of death, his brother, Nicholas Clagett, also a dise St. Damian, though she would have preferred tinguished divine, published four volumes of being a simple nun. She descended to the

VOL. III.

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