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II. IT IS

STATE WHICH bour sinneth: but he that hath merey ALWAYS OUGHT TO BE. It ought

on the poor, happy is he. . Do they not

err that devise evil! but mercy and to be-First, as a matter of right. truth shall be to them that derise The good alone are the truly

dig. good.”—Prov. xiv. 20-22. nified, the truly royal. Their THESE verses indicate certain lineage, their inheritance, their principles which seem everywhere characters, their friendships, their at work in the social system of our engagements are all regal. They world. Here is are kings and priests unto God. I. INHUMANITY. The poor is There is more royalty in the kut here spoken of as “hated," dem of a godly pauper, than in all the spised, and injured by those that palaces of unregenerate monarchs. "devise evil." There have always Secondly: As a matter of expe- been men in society, and still are, dience. Indeed, what is right is who hate and oppress the poor, always expedient. The wicked There are many who have procould not even live on the earth fessed great friendship to those in without the good. Unmixed wealth whom they have despised wickedness would soon reduce the in poverty. These are what an earth to & Sodom and Gomorrah. old expositor calls, “Swallow The good are the salt of the earth. friends, that leave in winter." Governments cannot stand long Why are the poor thus despised? that are not fashioned by the prin- First, because of selfishness. There ciples of the good. Evil, there- is nothing to be got from the poor fore, ought to bow before the good. --Do money, no patronage, no

III. IT 18 A STATE WHICH IN- fame. Their good word goes not EVITABLY MUST BB. First : Con- for much in the world. Their science necessitates it. Even the opinions are neither quoted not worst men now and here are com- respected. Secondly: Because of pelled by the laws of their moral prido. Pride is a form of selfishnature to render homage to the ness. It is not thought respectgood. Chastity, truth, honesty, able to notice the poor. A poor disinterestedness, moral heroism, relation must be ignored. All where is there a conscience that this is inhuman, and, therefore, bows not to these? Secondly: sinful. “He that despiseth his Retribution necessitates it. When neighbour, sinneth.” In such trials, and sufferings and dangers conduct there is sin (1) sin overtake the wicked, do they not against the best feelings of our

sin against the arcringe at their“ gate,

rangements they will fawn at their feet. "Give (3) sin against Heaven's meus of your oil, for our lamps are thod for developing benevolence gone out."

How did the 260 amongst men. Here issouls bow before Paul, the II. SERVILITY. « The rich hath prisoner, amidst the dangers of many friends." There is a keen the storm on the Adriatic Sea. satire in these words. There we He became the moral commander base-natured people in all society, as the perils thickened.

and their name is "legion," who court the rich. Even in the

religious world there are those who (No. CXXIII.)

will fawn on the man of purse,

and flatter him with adulations. A GROUP OF SOCIAL PRINCIPLES. “The poor is hated even of his own

Men, though swindlers in heart, neighbour : but the rich hath many

are made chairmen of their public friends. He that despiseth his neigh- meetings and presidents of their

always no

religious societies. It is humilia- “It is twice blessed," &c. They ting to see men calling themselves are happy. Secondly : In the comthe ministers of Christ, cringing mendation of their God. “Blessed before the chair of the wealthy, is he that considereth the poor; and cheering every utterance. the Lord will deliver him in time The sect churches teem with of trouble." (Psa. xli. 1.). "He parasites. A more miserable hath dispersed, he hath given to spirit than this know I not; the poor; his righteousness unchristiani, uomanly, most per- endareth for ever; his horn shall nicions. Never will Christianity be exalted with honour.” (Psa. be truly represented, until its

exii. 9.) disciples shall practically regard IV. RETRIBUTION. “Do they intellectual and moral worth not err that devise evil, but united, as the only title to honour merey and truth shall be to them and position. The rich hath that devise good." Yes, those many friends." Professed friends, that have devised evil against for if a man has not the morally the poor will find, sooner or excellent and lovable in him, later, that they have greatly whatever may be the amount of erred. They will find that the his wealth, the friends he gets measure that they meted unti will only be the false and the others is meted back to them. fawning

On the contrary, "mercy, and III. GENEROSITY. SHe that truth shall be to them that devise hath mercy upon the poor, happy good.” The liberal deviseth is he." There is mercy for the liberal things, and by liberai poor in society. It is seen in the things shall he stand. Read the numerous and varied benevolent fifteenth chapter of the Gospel of institutions that crowd Christen- St. Matthew in order to see the dom. Those who have this retribution that the unmerciful merey are happy. First: In the and the merciful will meet with approbation of their own consciences. at last. “ When the Son of man Mercy is an element of happiness. shall come in his glory," &c.

The Pulpit and its Handmaids.

PROVIDENCE-ITS MYSTERIES. The events of Providence appear to us very much like the letters thrown into a post-bag, and this parcel then sent forth on its destination. The person who carries

“Messenger of joy, Perhaps to thousands, and of grief to Tó him indifferent whether grief or joy." Onward he moves, quite unconcerned as to the nature of the

communication he bears, or the effects produced by them. And when we look into that repository, it may seem as if its contents were in inextricable confusion, and we wonder how the letters, parcels, money, periodicals, should eyer reach their individual desti. nations. But then every letter has its special address inscribed upon it, it has the name and resi. dence of the party, and so it shall ia due time fall into his hands,

somo:

and bring its proper intelligence. course of things, and which fall And what different purposes do out the same day, bring gladness these letters fulfil - what varied to one, and land another in emotions do they excite! This deepest distress. On the occur. declares that friends are in health rence of the same event, you and prospering; this other is the perceive one weeping and another bearer of news of wealth, or of rejoicing. Some of the dispensathe wealth itself; this third tells tions are observed to propagate of somecrushing disappointments, prosperity through a whole comand quenches long cherished munity. And these others, so hopes by the tidings of the utter black and dismal, and of which failure of deep-planned schemes ; 80 many arrive at the same time, while this fourth, with sable carry, as they are scattered, gloom symbols, announces to the wife into the abodes of thousands. that she is a widow, or to the But amid all this seeming conparent that he is childless, or to fusion, every separate event has the child, fondly cherished by the its separate destination. If pestimother, that he is an orphan. lence has only some one person

It is a kind of picture of the devoted to it in a city or commovements of Providence.

munity, that person it will assu. Whata crowd of events huddled redly find out, and execute the together, and apparently con- judgment of heaven upon him. fused, does it carry along with If there be a thousand persons it! Very diverse are the objects allotted to it in a district, it will bound up in that bundle, very not allow one of the thousand to varied are the emotions which

escape. If, among the numbers they are to excite when opened who are dying, there be one reup; yet how coolly and systema- garding whom it has no comtically does the vehicle proceed mission to seize upon him, that inon its way! Neither the joy nor dividual must remain untouched the sorrow which it produces causes “A thousand shall fall at thy it to linger an instant in its side, and ten thousand at thy

But, meanwhile, every right hand, but it shall not come occurrence, or bundle of occur- nigh thee." It has a commission, rences, is let out at its proper and will execute it; but then it place. Each has a name inscribed cannot go beyond its commission.

Each has a place to And in regard to every person to which it is addressed. Each, too, whom the event comes, it has & has a message to carry, and a special end to accomplish, and purpose to fulfil. Some inspire it bears a special message, if he hope or joy, others raise only will but read it and attend to it. fear and sorrow. The events

McCoss. which are unfolded by the same

course.

upon it.

GUILT OF MIND.

“The guilty mind Debases the great image that it wears, And levels us with brutes."

HOWARD.

Theological Notes and Queries.

OPEN COUNCIL. [The utmost frecdom of honest thought is permitted in this department. The reader must therefore use his own discriminating faculties, and the Editor must be allowed to claim freedom from responsibility.]

BAPTISM,

baptized ? And he ordered the Querist.-Apart from the cus- carriage to stop; and they both toms of all sects and the dogmas went down to the water, Philip of all theological schools, what is and the chamberlain, and he the Gospel idea of Baptism? baptized him.

IXQUIRER.

Tc Acts ix. 18. And rising up, Replicant.--In answer to “ In- he was baptized; and, taking food, quirer," we give the following his strength was restored. extract:

“Acts xxii. 16. Rise up, re“The passages in the New ceive baptism; and wash away Testament, which mention the thy sins, calling on his name. Christian rite of Baptism with * Acts x. 47. Can any withwater, are very few; and they hold water, that these should not show clearly that its nature and be baptized, who received the its use are similar to the natura Holy Spirit, even as we also ? and use of the Initiatory rites of “ Acts xvi. 15. When she was the Jewish system. This would baptized and her family, she enbe antecedently probable; and is treated us, saying. made certain by the entire absence

“Acts xvi. 33. And he was of the indications of difference, baptized himself, and all belonging which would be given if difference to him, immediately. really existed.

“Acts xviii, 8. And many of “ John iv, 1, The Pharisees the Corinthians hearing, believed heard that Jesus made and bap- and were baptized. tized more disciples than John: “ Acts xix. 5. On hearing this, though Jesus did not himself they were baptized for the name baptize, but his disciples.

of the Lord Jesus. And when * Acts ii. 38. Repent, and be Paul put his hands on them, the baptized each of you, in the name Holy Spirit came upon them, and of Jesus Christ, for the forgive- they spoke other languages, and ness of your sins; and you will re- prophesied. ceive the gift of the Holy Spirit. “1 Cor. i. 14. I thank God -41. Then they, accepting what that I baptized none of you, but was said by him, were baptized. Crispus and Gaius, that no one

“ Acts viii. 12. They were should say, that you were baptized baptized, both men and women. for my name.-17. For Christ -16. For not yet had it [the did not send me to baptize, but to Holy Spirit] descended upon any

preach the Gospel. one of them; but they had only “ Heb. vi. 1. Instructions on been baptized for the nanıe of the baptisms, and imposition of hands. Lord Jesus.

# These are the only passages “ Acts viii, 36. See, there is in which it appears from the water; what hinders my being connection that the baptism men

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