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And still, the darker grows the night,
Emits a brighter ray."

III. THAT THE TRIAL OF THE DELAY IS FULLY COMPENSATED IN ITS REALIZATION. " When the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.” The longerand more anxiously you wait and toil for a good, the higher the enjoyment when it is grasped. Hence the delight of Simeon, who waited for the consolation of Israel when he clasped the infant Jesus in his arms, and said, “Now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace.A realized divine hope is, indeed, “a tree of life," and especially so when realized in the pure heavens of God. Hope in fruition is the Eden of the soul.

“Oh! how blest To look from this dark prison to that

shrine, To in hale one breath of Paradise divine; And enter into that eternal rest Which waits the sons of God."

BOWRING.

(No. XCVIII.)

THE WORD. Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed : but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded."-Prov. xiii. 13. The world abounds with words. Every day the air is loaded with oral words; the libraries of the world are crowded with written ones. Some human words are unspeakably more valuable than others. The word that expresses the noblest heart, the strongest intellect, the loftiest genius, the highest intelligence, is the best human word on earth. A human word is at once the mind's mirror, and the mind's weapon. In it the soul of the speaker is seen, and by it the soul of the speaker wins its victories over others. But there is one word on earth incomparably and infinitely above all others. It is emaphatically the word-the word of God. The text teaches us two things concerning this word.

I. THIS WORD DESPISED RUIN. “Who despiseth the word shall be destroyed.” Who is the despiser of this word ? The scorner, the rejector, the unbelierer, the neglector, the trifler. Why is ruin involved in despising this word ? First: Because he who despises, rejects the only instrument of soul - salvation. The Gospel is the word of salvation. “Unto you is the word of the salvation sent.” The only word that can save. It is the only balm for the diseased soul. It is the only quickening power for the dead. Second : Because he who despises it brings on his nature the condemnation of Heaven. Most tremendous guilt is contracted in despising this word. “See that ye refuse not him that speaketh, for if they escaped not," &c. (Heb. xii. 25.)

II. THIS WORD REVERENCED IS BLESSEDNESS. “ He that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.” The word is a “commandment," it is an authoritative utterance, and to fear it, in & scriptural sense, is to have & proper practical regard for it. First: Such a man is rewarded in its blessed influencos upon his own soul. It enlightens, purifies, cheers, ennobles. Second : Such a man is rewarded with the approbation of Heaven. “ Unto that man will I look, who his of a broken heart, and contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.” What a wonderful thing is the word! Man's character and destiny are determined by his conduct toward it. How few treat this word as it ought to be treated in this age. In proportion to its aboundings, men seem to despise it. There was a time, in Edward the First's reign, when one volume cost £37, to gain which, a labouring man would have to work fifteen long years,

ARE RULED BY

(No. XCIX.)

"law of liberty," the “law of the

Spirit."
THE LAW OF THE GOOD.

II. THE LAW THAT RULES THE "The law of the wise is a fountain of

GOOD IS BENEFICENT. “The law life, to depart from the snares of death." -Prov. xiii. 14.

of the wise is a fountain of life to I. THE GOOD

depart from the snares of death." LAW. "The law of the wise."

First: This law delivers from death. What is law? There are many

The word death here must not definitions ; many most unphilo

be regarded as the separation of sophic, some most conflicting. body from soul, but as the separaThe clearest and most general

tion of the soul from God. This

is the awfullest death, and supreme idea I have of it is-rule of motion. In this sense all things are under

love to God is a guarantee against law, for all things are in motion.

this. Secondly: This law secures The material universe is in mo

an abundance of life. “The law tion, and there is the law that

of the wise is a fountain of life;"

a fountain gives the idea of actiregulates it. The spiritual universe is in motion, and law pre

vity, plenitude, perennialness. The sides over it. “Of law, says

law of the good is happiness. The Hooker, there can be no less

happiness of the true soul is acknowledged, than that her seat

not something, then and yonis the bosom of God, her voice

der, but it is something in

the law that controls him. the harmony of the world. All

In the midst of his privations things do her homage, the very least as feeling her care, and the

and dangers, John Howard, greatest as not exempted from her

England's illustrious philanthropower; both angels and men, and

pist, wrote from Riga these words, creatures of what condition soever,

" I hope I have sources of enjoythough each in different sort and

ment that depend not on the par

ticular spot I inhabit. A rightly manner, yet all with uniform

cultivated mind, under the power consent, admiring her as the mother of their peace and joy."

of religion, and the exercise of But what is the law of the good

beneficent dispositions, affords a that which rules them in all their

ground of satisfaction little afactivities? Supreme love to the

fected by heres and theres." supremely good. It is not a written

“If solid happiness we prize, commandment, but an all-per

Within our breast this jewel lies;

The world has nothing to bestow,vading, inspiring spirit, called in From our own selves our joy must flow." Scripture, “the royal law,” the

OPEN COUNCIL. [The utmost freedom of honest thought is permitted in this department. The reader must therefore use his own discriminating faculties, and the Editor must be allowed to claim freedom from responsibility.}

THE GREAT PROPITIATION. his place, and Christ enters the Replicant.-In answer to Querist place of danger, when in a No. 16, p. 352, Vol. XVII., and moment God strikes the victim, continued from p. 237, Vol. XX.

and the innocent suffers for

the guilty, or instead of the Let us now consider:

guilty: III. The atonement of Christ as As it would be wrong to punish erplained by the theory of substitu- the innocent, it is supposed that, tion.

by agreement, Christ is reckoned There is no explanation which guilty. This, of course, is not is more popular among what are true, as He is innocent, but called Evangelical Christians than is mentioned as a legal fiction. this; and, in fact, no explanation How that fiction may act upon is supposed to be satisfactory, God-how He can look at things unless it embraces the idea of sub- in any way except as they are, it stitution.

is difficult to explain, and these Let us suppose the existence of theorists seldom care about explaan imaginary ideal man, repre

nation. In ninety-nine pulsits senting the human race; a man out of every hundred, in the in whom every other man finds Church and among the leading himself fairly and fully mirrored. denominations of Dissenters, As some men are thieves, the throughout the British Isles, ideal man must be a thief; and this is represented as the Gospel. for a similar reason must he be I ard one of the most popular guilty of every crime and vile

preachers of the day put the deed and purpose of which any matter thus, in commenting on member of the human race is the words : “ He tasted death guilty.

for every man." He said, “ You God, as a just ruler of the and I were at the bar of universe, must punish every form justice, and Justice (i.e., God as of transgression, and, therefore, a just being) was there to enforce must the eternal wrath come his demands. There we stood down in showers upon the guilty with the cup of poison in our head of this ideal man. The hands. Justice (ie., God as & sword of justice is unsheathed, just being) insisted on our drink. and God, the righteous King of ing the last drop. But Jesus then all, is about to plange it in the appeared in the room, and He sinner's heart. But just at this said, 'may I drink it for them?' point, according to the theory of God consented, and the Saviour substitution, Jesus Christ comes took our cups of poison from our forward and offers to enter the sin. | bands, and, blessed be his name, ner's place. God is to regard Him He drained them all.” The as if He wore a sinner, though He sermon was on the crucifixion, is innocent, and to deal to Him and those scenes were painted up, the fatal stroke. The ideal, re- which made one feel as if he had presentative man, moves out of been to see a public execution at Newgate. The impression pro- his, entitled, “The Fatherhood of duced by the discourse, as a whole, God,”-in which the mostglorious was, that Jesus Christ was a most subject within the reach of a kind being, but as for God, He creature's thought is made the was just like the Jew in Shake- most meaningless fiction upon speare's “Merchant of Venice," which any bewildered imaginaheartless and exacting-would tion has

fallen — speaks of have his pound of flesh. Had the our Lord's work and character sermon been preached to men of thus:-"He becomes one of us, mind, or even savages who had one with us, as fallen creatures, not been intellectually blinded by guilty, corrupt, condemned." (P. their education, some would have 93.) “ The incarnation of the Son shouted the praise of Christ, and of God is his entering into our all would have disapproved of relation to God, as a relation inGod; but these Christians in volving guilt to be answered for, England seem, at the time, to and the wrath and curse of God to think of Christ's love alore, so be endured." (P. 95.) that the unmerciful nature of The theory of substitution inGod, as represented in the dis- volves the following particucourse, has not the same power lars:-1. That Christ offered to of destroying souls by leading God to suffer punishment equal to them to hato Him. Yet these that which man, as a sinner, or all notions, which make it impossible men, as sinners, deserved. 2. That to love God, because they deprive God accepted this offer, though He Him of every loveable quality, knew that the innocent, and not the are supposed to be the Gospel, guilty, would suffer; and, 3. That which, on the contrary, shows He inflicted on Christ a punishment God's love to man.

equal to that which all guilty men Many suppose the substitution deserved. These particulars enter of Christ to have a reference to the into every conception of the theory punishment of sin, and yet it is of substitution, but in some this not supposed that the punishment also is involved-4. That Christ which He endured was the same as became a sinner-that by subthat which should have fallen mitting to be treated as a murupon the sinner. This is mani- derer, He became guilty of murder. festly a fault in the theory. If this had been possible, then the

Some of these theorists are of punishment He endured would be opinion that onr Lord not only only what He descrved on his own was treated as a sinner, but actu. account. ally that He became a sinner. Let us now examine the ground expresses

himself thus : of this theory. Is there any foun"And this, no doubt, all the dation for this idea in either Scripprophets did foresee in spirit, that ture or reason? The whole ScripChrist should become the greatest tural argument turns upon the transgressor, murderer, adulterer, meaning of the word, "for,” in thief, rebul,' and blasphemer, that such expressions as these, “Christ ever was or could be in the world. died for us,”'_ “died for the unIf it be not absurd to confess godly,” &c. These expressions, it and believe that Christ was cruci- is said, denote that Christ died in fied between two thieves, then it is our place--died in the place of the not absurd to say that He was ungodly. And yet there is conaccursed, and of all sinners the fessedly no foundation for this, but greatest." --Luther on Gal. ii. 13. the ambiguous meaning of the

Dr. Candlish, in that book of word for-Útep. I have fully dis

Luther

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cussed the meanings of this word My friend may become & debtor before. (See HOMILIST.) Even through his own folly, and I if it be granted that inep (for), may deprive myself of comforts to means, in some cases, " in the place pay it for him. But this case is of,” it must be confessed that in no parallel to the work of Christ, many cases it means on account for the latter is an arrangement of," and "for the good of," &c. accepted by a government, the Hence, it is manifest that no stress former is the isolated act of an can be put on the meaning of individual. If I asked Justice ÚTep, for. Thus, the Scriptural if I might pay the debt, Justice argument for the idea of substitu- would reply, No. In my act I tion vanishes into thin air.

go beyond justice; but Christ It fares no better in the pro- is represented by the theory of vince of reason, for then, God substitution, as agreeing with Jusand Christ must be different tice to die instead of man. I parties, one punishing, and one might prevent a man from going being punished; and if each be to prison by paying the fine God, you have two Gods, one in- imposed upon him by the magis. flicting pain upon the other. This trates, but if he be sentenced to is the old Pagan Mythology go to prison, at the assize, no revived.

substitution I can offer will be The Scriptures speak much of accepted. the forgiveness of sin. No one Now, if Justice demands the can read the words of either punishment of sin, does it not prophets or apostles, without equally demand its punishment in being struck with the importance the transgressor ? Nay, it seems attached by them to this glorious to me that Justice seeks the sindoctrine ; but if sin has been ner rather than the sin ; the sin punished, no matter how, or when, is sought only to regulate the or where, if sia has been punished measure of the punishment. It according to law, whether in the must be carefully remembered in sinner or in the substitute, it mat- all these considerations that there ters not, then it cannot be forgiven. is an essential difference, too, The forgiveness of sin is a mer between being punished for crime, fiction, and if these theorists are and being the victim of missorright, the sacred writers must have tune. been lost in hopeless error. For Let me take a case--a case es. one, I would rather accept the actly in point-which will show errors of inspired men than the the absurdity of the theory of subtheories of substitutionists.

stitution. Dr. Pritchard poisoned There is yet another difficulty his wife and her mother in the in relation to this theory, which most brutal and unmanly way, and seems to many thoughtful minds

for the vilest purpose.

He de insurmountable—a difficulty in- served no pity. He had a daughter volved in this question : Is it -his eldest child-who clung to right-as a matter of mere jus- | him to the last. Neither his crime, tice—is it right, on any condition, nor his cruelty, nor his degradaor under any circumstances what- tion, could either break or slacken ever, to punish the innocent for the cords of affection which bound the guilty ? “Oh!" says Bishop her heart to his. Now, supposing Trench, and others, “this world that previous to his execution, this is full of vicarious sufferings." kind daughter had offered to be That may be, but the examples executed in his stead, would it given are nothing to the point. have been right on the part of

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