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Is it allowed you to scourge a man [avo pwmov), a Roman and unjudged ? 26. And the centurion having heard, coming near announced to the præfect, saying, What art thou about to do? for this man is a Roman. 27. Then the profect coming near said to him, Tell me, art thou (emphatic] a Roman? He said, Yea. 28. And the præfect answered, I (emphatic] for a great sum got this citizenship. And Paul said, But I (emphatic) am cven [free] born. 29. Straightway then stood away from him they that were going to rack him. And the præfect feared having come to know that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him. 30. And on the morrow, purpoeing to know the certainty about rchat he was accused by the Jews, he loosed him, and commanded the chief priests and all the council to come together : and bringing Paul down, set him among them.

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VICARIOUSNESS OF GOSPEL

school, including Dean AlPHILANTHROPY.

ford, Dr. Wordsworth, and

Mr. Jowett, are agreed, says “For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my

Professor Plumptre, “that brethren, my kinsmen according the words can mean nothing to the flesh.”-Rom. ix. 3.

else than this : That for his That the feeling expressed brethren's sake, his kinsmen in this remarkable passage according to the flesh, St. was either felt prior to the Paul was willing to accept apostle's conversion, or was a all that is involved in the momentary ebullition after thought of everlasting conwards, is a view of the pas- demnation, eternal separa sage which critics of a colder from his Lord ; yea, craved nature have endeavoured to with a passionate earnestness maintain. But in doing this that it might be so." We they have had to do much | take the words as expressing violence to the laws of lan- in the strongest way the guage.

Critics of every vicariousness of Gospel phi

1

lanthropy, and they suggest | eloquent author already three ideas concerning it quoted, “would have been

I. Its STRONG SUBSTITU- that word Anathema, "acTIONARY CRAVING, Paul cursed from Christ,' if it had wishes here to suffer for the brought with it only the sake of his brethren. All thoughts which a Jewish love is in a sense substitu- reader would have associated tionary. It suffers for others. with it. To come under all It puts the soul of its posses- the curses, dark and dread, sor in the place of the loved which were written in the sufferer, and makes it a con- Book of the Law; to be scious participator in the cursed in waking and sleepagony. The more love a ing, going out and coming in, being has in a world of suffer- in buying and selling, in the ing, the more vicarious agony city and in the field ; to be he must endure. Love loads shunned, hated as a Samarius with the infirmities and tan was hated, shut out from sorrows of all around. All fellowship with all human loving and sympathetic na- society that had been most tures are bearing about with prized ; from all kindly greetthem the griefs and sorrows ing of friends and neighbours. of others; they weep with This was what he would have those that weep. Christ came connected with the words as here with an infinite love for their least and lowest meanthe whole world ; and by an ing. The Christian reader, eternal law of sympathy He possibly the Jewish also, suffered for the world. But would have gone yet further. there is, moreover, a craving The apostle's own words would in love to suffer instead of its have taught him to see object. Does not the mother more. To be delivered unto desire to suffer instead of the Satan for the destruction of babe that lies on the bed of the flesh;' to come under anguish ? Substitution of this sharp pain of body, superkind is the law of love. naturally inflicted, and to II. ITS SELP - SACRIFICING

feel that that excruciating POWER. The Apostle not agony or loathsome plague, only desired to suffer instead was the deserved chastiseof his brethren, but to suffer ment of a sin against truth the greatest evil, to sacrifice and light, and to be shut out his all for them. He desired from all visible fellowship to be Anathema from Christ. with the body of Christ, aud What does this involve ? | therefore from all commu“Terrible enough,” says the nion with Christ himself; to

suns

be as in the outer darkness, save their souls. It counts while the guests were feast- no perils too great, no suffering in the illumined chamber, ings too distressing, no sacrihere too to be shunned fices too exacting, in order to by those who had been redeem immortal spirits from friends and brothers. This ignorance, selfishness, world. would have been the Chris- liness, guilt, misery, hell. tian's thoughts as to excommunication in the apostolic age. But beyond all this, the THE PLACE WHERE GOD is Apostle found a deeper gulf

XOT. and a more terrible sentence. “God is not in all his thoughts." To be anathema from Christ,

-Psa. X. 4. cut off for ever from that God is everywhere. Heaven eternal life which he had and earth are full of his known as the truest and high-presence. (Psa. cxxxix.) His est blessedness, sentenced for

presence

immensity. ever to that outer darkness, And yet the text tells us the wailing and gnashing of where He is not, and that is teeth this was what he in the thoughts of wicked prayed for, if it might have men,

“God is not in all for its result the salvation of their thoughts.” (1.) This his brethren."

is
a patent fact.

The Gospel love involves self- millions live from day to abnegation. Self sinks day, and year to year, and love rises. Christ is the high- scarcely think of God. (2.) est example. He loved us, and This is an astounding fact. It Hegave Himself for us. Here is unnatural, impious, and is the cause and the effect. calamitous. Let us inquire for Love is the high priest of the a moment into the reason. soul ; it offers the whole self. Why is God not in the

III. Its SOUL-SAVING AIM. thoughts of men ? Why did Paul wish to sacri- I. NEGATIVELY. (1.) It is fice himself? What was the not because there can be any grand object he had in doubt in the human mind as view? The spiritual salva- to the importance of thinking tion of his countrymen. The about the Creator. All men vicarious love of the Gospel must feel that the greatest endures and craves suffer- Being ought to be thought ings, not merely or mainly upon most. There is no subto serve men materially and ject of thought so quickening, temporarily, but chiefly spis spiritualising, ennobling, and ritually and eternally ; to beatifying as God. (2.) It is

as

not because there is any want | ledge.The cause is in the of the means of reminding heart. There are two things men of God. All life is full of in the heart that exclude mementoes. All that is seen, thoughts of Him. (1.) Fear. or heard, or felt, is full of The guilty conscience assures Him. (3.) It is not because the transgressor that he has of the unbroken regularity offended his Maker, and that of the material world. It is he justly deserves his evertrue that Nature proceeds lasting displeasure. Thought on her march without any recoils from the terrible. Fear deviation from her wonted repels thought. (2.) Dislike. path. "All things continue as If we fear a being we are sure they were from the begin- to dislike him. Our imaning,” &c. But this cannot ginations invest him with be pleaded as a sufficient unloveable and hideous attricause. Nature in heaven has butes. Those whom we disan unbroken uniformity. Yet like we exclude as much as all minds there are full of possible from our thoughts. God. Nature to the Jews in The subject teaches usthe desert, under Noses, and First: The appalling wickto the Jews in Palestine, edness of men.

What can under Christ, had striking give us a more astonishing miraculous interpositions, and view of man's depravity than yet the millions there did not the fact that he excludes from think of God. (4.) Not his thoughts his Creator, Prebecause man has no conscious- server, and Redeemer, the ness of restraint in action. greatest, best, and the most Man has the power of self- loving of beings? The only motion. He moves when place from which man can soever and whithersoever he exclude his Maker is his pleases, without any feeling of thought; and he avails himpressure from God.

He does self of this terrible power. not feel the Divine finger If he could banish the Eternal checking or propelling him. from his universe he would. But this is no just cause, for Learnall holy souls are equally free Secondly: The necessity of from any consciousness of Christianity. What system Divine pressure.

can bring God into the world's II. POSITIVELY. Why, then, thoughts? No system that do men exclude God from does not remove from the their thoughts? Here is the human breast all dread and answer. They do “not like dislike of the Eternal. Christo retain God in their know- | tianity is the only system on

are

earth that can do this. It | not come unto the mount has done so in millions of in- that might be touched." stances, is doing so now, and Sinai, a rugged, palpable will continue to do so until mountain, was the emblem it has filled all human souls of that religion to which the with God as the one domi. Jew was brought. Judaism nant subject of thought, and was a religion as palpable by the one grand object of affec- its many ceremonies as was tion.

Sinai. But that to which we

come in Christianity,

is something that “cannot be MAN'S PLACE IN CHRISTIANITY.

touched”. the impalpable, “For ye are not come unto the

the spiritual, the eternal. mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire," &c. &c.

“ Ye are come unto Mount But ye are come to Mount Sion,” Sion, and unto the city of the &c. &c.--Heb. xii. 18-24.

living God, the heavenly Of all the facts in the history Jerusalem.” Christian men of man, none so important as have to do with things that which concerns his spiri- unseen, not with things that tual locus standi. His phy- are seen, &c. sical standing-his relation II. That man'S PLACE IN to the material world-is im- CHRISTIANITY IS RELATED TO portant. His social standing THE ATTRACTIVE RATHER THAN -his relation to his fellow THE TERRIBLE. men-is more so. His intel- Mount Sinai is here delectual standing-his relation scribed as a terrible thing. It to the great world of truth burned with fire; there was is perhaps more so. But his blackness, and darkness, and spiritual standing-his rela

tempest ; there were trumpets tion to God and the spiritual and voices that echoed wrath. universe-is infinitely more No beast could touch it withimportant than all. If his out instant death, and so terstanding place is wrong here, rible was the sight that Moses he is wrong everywhere. If said, “I exceedingly fear and a planet is right in relation quake.” The religion of the to the sun, it will be right in Jews was a terrible religion; relation to the whole system, it was full of maledictions and the reverse. We infer

We infer and judgments-not so the from this passagem

Christian religion.

Mount I. THAT MAN'S PLACE Sion and the city of the living CHRISTIANITY

God are free from clouds and MORE

THE SPIRITUAL thunders. They are invested THAN MATERIAL,

“ Ye are in charms, and inspire hope,

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IS

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