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lay down his life, and take THE LORD'S SUPPER. it up again.
“For I have received of the Secondly: His resurrection Lord that which also I delivered demonstrates the supernatural unto you, That the Lord Jesus, character of his death. Only betrayed, took bread : and, when
the same night in which he was a few of the millions that have
he had given thanks, he brake it, died, have ever been raised to and said, Take, eat; this is my life; only one ever rose by body, which is broken for you:
this do in remembrance of me. his own power, and that was
After the same manner also he Christ. The supernatural re
took the cup, when he had surrection shows the super
supped, saying, This cup is the natural death. It is the re- new testament in my blood: this surrection, therefore, that
do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in
remembrance of me. For as often gives a meaning to Christ's
as ye eat this bread, and drink death.
this cup, ye do shew the Lord's Thirdly : His resurrection
death till he come."-1 Cor. xi. secures the moral purpose of
23–26. his death. The great end of
THESE verses give an his death was to give spiritual count of what is called the life to humanity, and this
“Lord's Supper." This supper his resurrection ensures. He was instituted by Christ Himis alive, to carry on by his self the night in which He Gospel and his Spirit the was betrayed while He was great work of man's spiritual observing the Passover with restoration.
his disciples. On that night Brothers, let think He virtually directs the rather of the risen than of the
men from all dead Christ. A dead Church Jewish ritualism, and centres worships a dead Christ-bows them on Himself. “Do this before His effigy on the canvas
in remembrance of ME." -kisses his feet on the cruci- True religion now has to do fix. But a living Church
with a person, and that person keeps her eye ever on a living is Christ. In reading the Christ. Alas, the modern words of the apostle before Church generally lives rather us, there are four things on the gloomy Saturday, when
which strike us with amazeChrist is in His grave, than
ment. on the bright Sunday when I. THAT
SHOULD He appeared to His disciples; DOUBT THE GENUINENESS OF -the blessed Easter of the CHRISTIANITY. Here is an world.
institution that was started the night previous to our Saviour's crucifixion, which
was attended to by the First: The gustatory. The Church at Jerusalem after Corinthians, to whom the the day of Pentecost, cele- apostle now writes, thus used brated by various other it. They introduced a loveapostolic churches, as feast to immediately precede corded in the Acts of the it, probably because a Jewish Apostles, and which St. feast preceded its first celebraPaul here states he “re- tion. This led to gluttony and ceived from the Lord,” and other evils. Hence, in the predelivers now to the Corin- ceding verses he says, “When thian Church. From the ye come together, therefore, apostolic age down to this into one place, this is not to eat hour, through eighteen long the Lord's supper. For in eatcenturies it has been attended ing, every one taketh before to by all the branches of the other his own supper; and true church. Since its origin one is hungry, and another thousands of generations have is drunken. What ? Have passed away, many systems ye not houses to eat and have risen and disappeared, to drink in? or despise ye nations have been organized, the Church of God, and flourished, and broken up, but shame them that have not ? this ordinance continues : What shall I say to you? and continues, what for ? Shall I praise you in this ? To commemorate the great | I praise you not.” The memcentral fact of the Gospel — bers of the Corinthian namely, that Christ died. Is
Is Church were converts from there any other fact in his- | heathenism, and they had tory sustained by evidence been accustomed, in their half so powerful as this ? heathen festivals, to give
These words suggestanother way to gluttony and intemthing which strikes us with perance. Many of them, amazement.
from the force of old habits, II. THAT
SHOULD were tempted to use the MISINTERPRET
ORDI- Lord's supper in this way, NAXCE, Here we are dis
hence they were guilty of the tinctly told that it is to " body and blood of the “ show forth the Lord's Lord," that is, guilty of prodeath." No language can faning the institution demore clearly show that it is signed to commemorate His purely commemorative. There death. Thus, they ate and are three abuses of this insti- drank “unworthily," and by tution, which imply the so doing, ate and drank congrossest misinterpretation. demnation to themselves.
Another use which implies | Not just yet. The human the grossest misinterpretation, world seems to be only in its is
infancy, and Christianity only Secondly: The superstitious. just beginning its work. The There are some who believe billows of a thousand ages that after the words of con. may break on our shore besecration pronounced by the
fore He comes. priest over these elements, On to that distant point the the elements become literally obligation is binding. There the "body and blood of the some professing Chris. Lord.” This is transubstan- tians who think themselves tiation. Others, who would too spiritual to observe such not go thus far, still super- an ordinance.
These very stitiously regard the ordinance spiritualones, to be consistent, as a mystic medium, through should avoid all scientific stuwhich grace is poured into dies, for science has to do the soul of the recipients. with material forms; its prinFearful abuse this.
ciples are all embodied, are Another use which implies made palpable to the eye and the grossest misinterpreta- ear. They should also avoid tion, is
all biblical studies, for biblical Thirdly: The formalistic. truths are, for the most part, There are those who partake embodied in material facts. of the bread and wine merely Christ himself was flesh and
blood. mony. It is regarded as the These words suggest anproper thing to be done, and other thing which strikes us is done mechanically. We with amazement. evangelical Christians are not IV. THAT ANY ACQUAINTED guilty of the first nor the WITH
BIOGRAPHY second, but we may be of the CARIST SHOULD NEGLECT IT. third. Let us " examine our- Consider-First: That it selves ;" so let us eat, &c. is to commemorate the world's
These words suggest an- greatest Benefactor. It is to other thing which strikes us keep Christ in the memory with amazement.
of man. Here is a Benefactor III. THAT ANY SHOULD SAY (1) that has served the world THE INSTITUTION IS NOT PER- in the highest way, effected MANENT IN ITS OBLIGATION. its deliverance from sin and The Apostle tells us dis- hell. (2.) Served it by the tinctly that it was to show most unparalleled sacrificeforth the Lord's death till he He sacrificed his life to When will that be? the work.
(3.) Served it
with the most disinterested saved without it." We ask, love.
who told you so ?
What is Consider-Secondly : It is damnation? What but diso
enjoined by the world's great- bedience to Christ? and he est Benefactor. He Himself who neglects this institution has enjoined it; “Do this in disobeys Him. Another man remembrance of me,"and this will say, “I am unfit for it.” command He gave under the We say, if you are unfit for most touching circumstances. this you are unfit for any How amazing it is that men other religious observance; should neglect it!
unfit to read the Bible, sing, The excuses that men make or pray, nor can you ever befor neglecting this are singu- come fit by neglecting your larly absurd. A man will duty. sometimes say, “I can be
Scripture and Science.
(No. II.) SUBJECT: Dew and Hoar Frost. 4.- The facts of Science bearing on these subjects. Material objects are composed of a number of atoms in a state of combination, as water, which is composed of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen (4,0); or common salt, which is formed of one atom of sodium and one of chlorine (NaCl). These atoms have, themselves, not the properties of the compound, but when they combine as atoms, the resulting compound must be very small. The quantity of water denoted by the symbol H,0 is probably not the millionth part of a drop; still it has all the properties of water. This minutest part of water is called a molecule. These molecules are of farious shapes, and adhere to each other with various degrees of tenacity, as seen in solids, liquids, and gases. In no case are they in actual contact, nor are they ever found having, for a long time together, the same relative position. Like water in the sea, they are always in a state of motion. These motions are of various kinds, but I wish to speak of one, the motion which gives to the touch the sen. sation of heat. Really, the molecules are simply moving among themselves, and becoming more distant from each other. This motion expands the body whose constituent parts these molecules are, and renders it less in specific gravity. These molecules, though too small to be seen by the strongest microscopic power, move, not in straight lines, but in spirals, as if along the threads of a screw; that of water being thirty times as fine as that of lead or mercury. When the molecules of water have reached the distance from each other at which they always stand when the thermometer stands at 212 deg. Fahr., the substance assumes the form of steam or vapour, and, being of less specific gravity than the atmosphere near the surface of the earth, it rises until a stratum is reached whose specific gravity is equal to its own.
The evaporation of water is thus seen to be caused by the separation of its molecules by a force which we name heat. The heat of the sun expands the superficial layer of the sea and lakes, and causes the water to rise and float in the air in the form of vapour. When the temperature is sufficiently high the vapour becomes transparent and invisible. This is explained by supposing its molecules, which are seen only when many are together, to become isolated. A diminution of temperature, by the setting of the sun, lessens their centrifugal tendency, and brings them sufficiently near together to be seen again in the form of vapour. These minute globules of vapour fall upon the grass of the field and the trees of the forest, and, uniting with each other, under the influence of gravitation, they form drops of clear and pure water, and hang like tears upon the closing eyelids of the flower. These drops are known as dew, and appear because the heat of the sun evaporates the water, and the cold of the night lessens the expansive force which separates the aqueous molecules, and thus condenses the vapour, unites the molecules into groups, which are sufficiently large to affect our organs of vision.
In the case of sea, and any other water which holds mineral substances in solution, the molecules of the mineral are held between those of the fluid element, but in the process of evaporation the molecules of water are separated from each other, and thus the mineral particles are set at liberty, and being themselves of greater specific gravity than the air, they are left behind, and the ciear water, free from all mineral impurities, alone, rises to the clouds, and then condenses into rain, or rises into imperceptible vapour, and then condenses into dew.
The existence of invisible vapour of water in the atmosphere, and the lowering of the temperature to the condensing point, are the two only conditions of dewfall. The former condition is daily fulfilled by the heat of the sun, and especially in the summer or in tropical regions; the latter by the radiation of heat by objects on the surface of the earth.
Equilibrium of forces is the only condition of stability. A body in motion will ever move, unless its moving force be counterbalanced by another equal and opposite. In nature there is a constant effort to attain a state of repose or equilibrium, but that state is approached by