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consistently can do to help it forward. If we are called in providence to go personally to the heathen; we must be willing to obey. Or if we are called in providence to contribute of our substance; we must cheerfully do it. Or if we are called in providence to contribute of our time, or labour, or any thing else ; we must not withhold. If we can do no more for the cause of Missions, we certainly can pray for it; and this is a duty which we all are under obligations to perform. Whatever we bestow, we must follow it with our prayers; and if our circumstances are such that we have nothing to bestow, we must follow with our prayers the endeavours of others.
The cause of our Redeemer at the present time demands that every christian should be at his post. Indeed I believe the period is near, when every true christian must be at his post. When the season had arrived for the primitive believers, who fondly lingered about Jerusalem, to be scattered abroad for the spread of the gospel; persecution was employed as the instrument of scattering them. And those Churches and believers now, who cannot be made sensible of their duty in any other way, must expect to be aroused to it by afflictions and stripes. O my brethren, let us save ourselves this painful necessity. Let us study to know, and be willing to do, whatever our dear Redeemer has required. Thus only can we expect his favor and blessing, in thislife, in death, and in heaven forever. Amen.
PAUL A MISSIONARY TO THE HEATHEN.
2 Corinthians, i. 1.
"Paul, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God."
THE literal, etymological meaning of the word Apostle is, one who is sent forth; and when used in a religious sense, as it is in the text, it signifies one who is sent forth to preach and propagate the religion of Christ. In precisely this sense, we find the term used by our Saviour and the Evangelists. Matthew, after mentioning the giving of this name to the twelve disciples, immediately adds, "These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel; and as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand."-Mark's account of the same or a similar transaction is as follows': "And Jes:'s called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth, by two and two, and gave them power over unclean spirits. And they went out and preached that men should repent. And the Apostles," those who had been sent forth to preach, when they returned, "gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught."-Luke also introduces and uses the word Apostle in the same sense. "And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples,
and of them he chose twelve whom he also named Apostles. And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God."-It is plain, therefore, that the word Apostle, in its literal and primary acceptation, signifies one who is sent forth to preach and propagate the religion of the Saviour.
But this is precisely the import of our word Missionary. This word, whether we regard its etymology, or its general use, signifies one who is sent forth from the Churches, to preach and propagate the religion of the Saviour.-These words therefore, the one of which has been received into our language from the Greek, and the other from the Latin, are of the same import; and were it not for a kind of sacredness which we justly attach to the primitive Apostolic character, they might without impropriety be used interchangeably the one for the other. The words of my text might be rendered with equal verbal accuracy, "Paul a Missionary of Jesus Christ by the will of God."
Several of the primitive disciples it seems were domestic Missionaries. Their labors were confined principally to Judea, their native country. But Paul was more properly a foreign Missionary. He is customarily spoken of as "the Apostle of the Gentiles." While others were sent to "the circumcision," he was instructed and destined to "go unto the heathen."
In order to remove, if possible, ever doubt as to the missionary character of the Apostle Paul, I shall proceed, in several particulars, to point out the analogy betwixt Paul the Missionary, and the Missionaries of our own times.
1. Missionaries at the present period usually receive ordination previous to their going forth to preach
They are sent out by the churches directly or indirectly, and go from regions where the truth is established, to others where it is comparatively or totally unknown.-And thus it was with Paul the Missionary. He was sent forth by the great church of Antioch, a city where the gospel had been for a considerable time established, and where "the disciples were first called Christians," to labor and suffer among the heathen; and previous to his departure, he, together with Barnabas, his fellow laborer received ordination from the hands of his brethren. Of these important transactions, we have an account in the following words: "Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers, as Barnabas, and Simeon, and Lucias, and Manaen, and Saul. And as they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them they sent them away."
2. Missionaries in this age, previous to their going forth to publish the Gospel, receive instructions from some authorized individual, or some public body. They are advised and directed relative to the course they are to pursue, and the duties they are expected to perform. Thus also it was in the days of the apostles. When our Saviour sent forth his first missionaries, he gave them their instructions. These instructions were afterwards published, and may be found at large in the tenth chapter of Matthew, the sixth of Mark, and the ninth of Luke. Afterwards when he sent forth the seventy, he gave them similar instructions, which were also published. (See Luke X. 1-16.) Instructions no doubt were given to Paul
the missionary, though we do not find them published in form. It is not likely the church of Antioch would ordain him with fasting and prayer, and send him forth among the heathen, and yet furnish him with no advice as to the course he should pursue.
3. Modern missionaries, in many instances, labor with their own hands for their support. This is particularly true of those who are stationed among the Indians of our own country. The lands they have cleared and cultivated, the buildings they have erected, and the large and numerous establishments they have formed, furnish evidence, that no men and women in America have probably been more diligent or persevering than they. And if other missionaries have not been equally laborious, it is not because they have been less devoted to their appropriate work; but because they have been placed in situations where less manual labor was required of them. It is related too of Paul the missionary, that he in several instances labored with his own hands for his support. Appealing to the elders of Ephesus relative to the manner in which he had been with them, he says, "Ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered to my necessities, and to them that were with me.". In like manner he addresses the Thessalonian converts; "Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labor and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you; not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an example to you to follow us."
4. Missionaries in these days are assisted by the churches. That which they are unable to procure for the support of themselves and their dependent families without improperly interfering with their great and appropriate work, is furnished for them