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If "Science" do not "shrink” from such wretched twaddle, we do, and turn with grateful hearts to the Mosaic record of Creation; thank God that He has not left us to the bewilderment of worthless traditions !


Biblical Criticism.


ACTS OF THB APOSTLES. -EMENDATIVE RENDERINGS. Chap. xxi. (continued).—26. Then Paul taking to him the men [av&pas], the next day having purified himself with them, went into the temple (to lepor], announcing the fulfilment of the days of purification, until there was offered for each one of them the offering. 27. But when the seven days were about ending, the Jews of Asia, having seen him in the temple [iepõ], disturbed all the crowd, and laid hands on him, 28. Crying, Men (avèpes] of Israel, help. This is the man [av pwnos] that teaches all everywhere against the people, and the law, and this place : and besides brought Hellenes into the temple [iepor), and has made common this holy place. 29. For they had seen before Trophimus the Ephesian in the city with him, whom they thought that Paul brought into the temple [iepov]. 30. And the whole city was moved, and there arose a running together of the people; and seizing Paul they dragged him without the temple (iepov] ; and straightway the doors were shut. 31. And while they were seeking to kill him, tidings went up to the præfect [lit. chief of a thousand) of the cohort, that the whole of Jerusalem was disturbed. 32. Who at once, taking soldiers and centurions, ran down upon them: but they, seeing the præfect and the soldiers, ceased beating Paul. 33. Then the præfect approaching seized him, and commanded to be bound with two chains; and demanded who he might be and what he had done. 34. And some shouted this, others that against [him (that is, Paul)] in the

crowd; he, not able to know the surety for the uproar, com. manded him to be brought into the fort. 35. And when he came upon the steps, it came to pass, that he was borne by the soldiers by reason of the force of the crowd. 36. For the multitude of the people followed, crying, Away with him. 37. And about to be brought into the fort, Paul says to the præfect, Is it permitted me to say something to thee? And he said, Dost thou understand Hellenic ? 38. Art thou not then the Egyptian who before these days made a commotion, and led out into the wilderness four thousand men [avdpas] of assassins ? 39. But Paul said, I (emphatic] indeed am a Jewish man [av@putros) of Tarsus, of Cilicia, of a not insignificant city a citizen : And I beseech thee, allow me to speak to the people. 40. And he having allowed him, Paul standing on the steps, beckoned with the hand to the people. And great silence coming, he spake to them) in the Hebrew language, saying:

Chap. xxii. l.-Men (avdpes], brethren, and fathers, hear my answer now to you. 2. And hearing that he was speaking to them in the Hebrew language, they the more kept quietness. And he says, 3. I indeed am a man, a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but nourished up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, trained according to the exactness of the fatherly law, being (étapxwv] a zealot of God, as all ye are to-day ; 4. Who persecuted this way unto death, binding and giving into prisons both men [avdpas] and women, 5., As also the High Priest witnesses to me, and all the company of elders : from whom also having received letters to the brethren, I was going to Damascus to bring them that were there, bound to Jerusalem, that they might be punished. 6. But it came to pass to me, going and nearing Damascus, about mid-day, of a sudilen there lightened from heaven a great light around me.. 7. And I fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me ? 8. But I (emphatic] answered, Who art thou, Lord ? And he said to me, I (emphatic) am Jesus the Nazarene whom thou persecutest.


9. And they that were with me the light indeed beheld and were put in fear, but the voice heard not of him speaking to

10. And I said, What shall I do, Lord ? And the Lord said to me, Arise, go into Damascus, and there shall be spoken to thee concerning all [things] which are ordered thee to do. 11. And when I did not see for the brightness of that light, led by the hand by my companions, I came into Damascus. 12. But a certain Ananias, a man [avnp] devout according to the law, well witnessed by all the Jews settled [there], 13. Coming to me and standing by, said to me, Brother Saul, look up. And I (emphatic] the same hour looked up upon him. 14. And he said, the God of our fathers made thee ready to know his will, and to see the Just, and hear the voice of his mouth. 15. For thou shalt be witness to Him to all men [avOpwarovs], of what thou hast seen and heard. 16. And now what art thou about ? Arise to be baptized and wash away thy sins, calling upon his name. 17. And it came to pass when I had returned to Jerusalem, and as I was praying in the temple [iepõ] I became in a trance; 18. And saw Him saying to me, Hasten and go quickly out of Jerusalem; because they will not receive thy witness concerning me. 19. And I (emphatic] said, Lord, they (emphatic] understand that I (emphatic] was imprisoning and scourging throughout the synagogues them that believe on thee; 20. And when was shed forth the blood of Stephen thy witness, I was even standing by and consenting, and keeping the garments of them that were slaying him. 21. And He said to me, Go, for I (emphatic] will send thee out to the Gentiles afar. 22. And they heard him as far as this word, and lifted up their voice, saying, Away from the earth with such a man, for it is not right for him to live. 23. And as they were clamouring and casting (up] their garments, and throwing dust into the air, 24. The præfect commanded him to be brought into the fort, saying that he should be racked with scourges, that he might come to know for what reason they thus cried upon him. 25. And when they had stretched him out with thongs, Paul said to the centurion standing by,

Is it allowed you to scourge a man [av@pwrov), a Roman and unjudged ? 26. And the centurion having heard, coming near announced to the profect, saying, What urt thou about to do? for this man is a Roman. 27. Then the proefect coming near said to him, Tell me, art thou (emphatic & Roman? He said, Yea. 28. And the præfect answered, I (emphatic] for a great sum got this citizenship. And Paul said, But I (emphatic) am even [free] born. 29. Straightway then stood away from him they that were going to rack him. And the præfect feared having come to know that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him. 30. And on the morrow, purposing to know the certainty about what he was accused by the Jews, he loosed him, and commanded the chief priests and all the council to come together : and bringing Paul down, set him among them.

The Preacher's finger-Post



ford, Dr. Wordsworth, and

Mr. Jowett, are agreed, says “For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my

Professor Plumptre, “that brethren, my kinsmen according the words can mean nothing to the flesh.”—Rom. ix. 3.

else than this: That for his That the feeling expressed brethren's sake, his kinsmen in this remarkable passage according to the flesh, St. was either felt prior to the Paul was willing to accept apostle's conversion, or was a all that is involved in the momentary ebullition after- thought of everlasting conwards, is a view of the pas demination, eternal separation sage which critics of a coīder from his Lord; yea, craved nature have endeavoured to with a passionate earnestness maintain. But in doing this that it might be so.”. We they have had to do much take the words as expressing violence to the laws of lan in the strongest way the guage. Critics of


vicariousness of Gospel phi

lanthropy, and they suggest | eloquent author already three ideas concerning it quoted, 6 would have been I. ITS STRONG

SUBSTITU that word Anathema, 'acTIONARY CRAVING. Paul cursed from Christ,' if it had wishes here to suffer for the brought with it only the sake of his brethren. thoughts which a Jewish love is in a sense substitu- reader would have associated tionary. It suffers for others. with it. To come under all It puts the soul of its posses the curses, dark and dread, sor in the place of the loved which were written in the sufferer, and makes it a con Book of the Law; to be scious participator in the cursed in waking and sleepagony. The more love a ing, going out and coming in, being has in a world of suffer in buying and selling, in the ing, the more vicarious agony city and in the field; to be he must endure. Love loads shunned, hated as a Samarius with the infirmities and tan was hated, shut out from sorrows of all around. All fellowship with all human. loving and sympathetic na society that had been most tures are bearing about with prized ; from all kindly greetthem the griefs and sorrows ing of friends and neighbours. of others; they weep with This was what he would have those that weep. Christ came connected with the words as here with an infinite love for their least and lowest meanthe whole world ; and by an ing. The Christian reader, eternal law of sympathy He possibly the Jewish also, suffered for the world. But would have gone yet further. there is, moreover, a craving The apostle's own words would in love to suffer instead of its have taught bim to object. Does not the mother more. To be delivered unto desire to suffer instead of the Satan for the destruction of

babe that lies on the bed of the flesh;' to come under anguish ! Substitution of this sharp pain of body, superkind is the law of love. naturally inflicted, and to }. II. ITS SELF SACRIFICING

feel that that excruciating POWER. The Apostle not agony or loathsome plague, only desired to suffer instead was the deserved chastiseof his brethren, but to suffer ment of a sin against truth the greatest evil, to sacrifice and light, and to be shut out his all for them. He desired from all visible fellowship to be Anathema from Christ. with the body of Christ, and What does this involve ? therefore from all commu“ Terrible enough,” says the nion with Christ himself; to


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