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understand the meaning of the sacred writers; for we shall have only to consider, in each prophecy, what has not been fully accomplished by the events and consequences of the first advent. This, of course, we must note as belonging to the second. Por, being fully persuaded that the Scripture cannot be broken, but that “ every jot and every tittle” of God's revealed word will be fulfilled, we shall not seek to explain away as figures of rhetorie, or as beautiful fictions of Eastern poetry, what appears too great in the prediction to apply to the event that has been considered as its fulfilment; but shall assuredly gather, that the prediction properly belongs to something greater to come: and where the type, if such it be, has fallen short in judgment or in the gift of grace, that this defect the antitype will, to the full amount, supply

SECTION II.

The Prophecy of Enoch.

RESTORED to its chronological order, the prophecy of Enoch, the seventh from Adam, as preserved in the epistle of St. Jude, comes next to be considered :

“ Behold, the Lord cometh, with ten thousand of his saints," or “ with his holy myriads, to execute judgmerit upon all, and to convict all that are ungodly among men, of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed; and all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.”

This unquestionably has no relation to the first advent. That was an errand of mercy, and not of judgment. The preserver of the prophecy is our expounder, that the particular objects of this judgment are “ the mockers in the last time.” The reader is requested carefully to bear in mind the contents and circumstances of this very ancient prophecy, since we shall often have occasion, as we proceed, to refer to it. It clearly ascertains that, in the most ancient times, the church possessed a prediction that the Lord would come with his holy ones, to execute judgment upon an apostate race of men that should be on the earth in the last days. It is certain, from the same exposition, that the sending of the flood upon the world of the ungodly, in the days of Noah, fulfilled not this prediction. Taught by this, we should be very careful, in our consideration of subsequent Soriptures, how we apply to any remarkable visitation of Providence the awful and tremendous prognostication, “ The Lord cometh.” Not the destruction of a world, with whatever agencies of angelic powers effected, had fulfilled Enoch's prediction of the Lord's coming, with his holy myriads, to execute judgment !

SECTION III.

Job's Faith in the Redeemer.

CONSIDERING the high antiquity of the book of Job as established beyond all exception,* it is from the testimony of this patriarch we next gather the expectations of the first fathers of mankind respecting thę coming of their future Redeemer; and that coming, it will appear,

See Mr. Good and Dr. Magee. The date of Job's trial, according to Dr. Hales, is 2337 before Christ, and 184 before Abraham.

from the consequences: anticipated, must refer to the second advent.

The passage to which I allude is Job, xix. 23, &c. Some of my readers will not be aware of the difficulty in the translation of this passage; but hy those who are apprized of this circumstance, I shall be excused in the following attempt. The afflicted sufferer, driven almost to despair by the cruel insinuations and calumnies of his friends, as if elevating on a sudden his hopes, the hopes evidently of a dying man, exclaims :

0! that

my words were now written down !
0! that they were engraved on a tablet !
With a pen of iron on lead !
Were carved on a rock for ever!'

That I know my Redeemer liveth :?
That hereafter he shall stand upon the earth :*

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usual sense,

,שאל consider it a parallel term to

will admit of several קום על •

nay is put for “ the earth," on which the Redeemer stands up, or over which he will appear : or whether, taking by in its more

“ dust,” we should

a , denoting the state of the dead : the former in reference to the dissolved body, the latter in reference to the departed spirit. Compare Isa, xxvi, 19. Dan. xii. 2. Job, vii. 21. and also Hosea, xiii. 14. and Rev. XX. 14.

In this case should render, “ He shall arise against death."

renderings. Mr. Good says, “ will ascend his tribunal as a judge;" but more correctly, “ will stand up. as a Redeemer, a Deliverer, or Avenger, to redeein or rescue me from the hand of death, who is now seizing upon me." We fre

we

Schultens trauslates, “ Hanc meam carnem inde vindicaturus, carcere mortis spoliato.".

find of the rising or standing up adversary or avenger: as Amos, yii. 9. Isa. xxxi. 2.

I feel an uncertainty whether

used קום על quently ind the terms

of an

And after I awake' shall this also be brought to pass,
That I shall see Eloah, of my flesh. “
Inasmuch as I shall behold him mine,

1

a

2

I take ny as the infinitive, with in regard of his essential deity, its suffix to excitari meum : which is properly expressed by the construction very frequent in the term 77, Jehovah ; but to denote Hebrew language.

him as the object of worship Dividing the letters thus - and religious fear, “ xyl abr, nan 7p. If, however, we con- numen cultu religioso prosequen. sider 15p) as used impersonally, dum, quia syllo iba colitur.nearly the same meaning may be -GJAUHARIUS and SCHULTENS' adduced from the usual division of Sim. Ler. Heb. the words. “ When I arise from mbx is therefore a relative term, the sleep of death, shall this great having relation to a worshipping event be brought to pass ;” or religious people, who do really “ shall come,” or

be brought make him their fear and their round.” Thus spot is applied, dread, and the object of their faith cap. i. 5. We also find noipn used and trust. Hence God is Jehovah for a revolution of time; as Exod. in respect of all his creatures. The xxxiv. 22. 1 Sam. i. 20. The Sy- rebellious must be brought to know riac 201 mp3 often marks the “ that he is Jehovah ;” but he is commencing and proceeding of an Elohim only to his people. Heb. xi. action.

16, &c.-Compare Bishop Horsley Parkhurst renders the line,

. "And hereafter my skin shall en- - Biblical Criticism, vol. i. compass this body." The Vulgate,

, ex carne mea," of * And I shall be encompassed with “my flesh : " i. e. of my nature and my skin.” Mr. Good has a new kindred. See Gen. ii. 23. “Flesh and very ingenious conjecture: of my flesh ["wan) is this." “ Most versions regard op as an

be rendered since, Arabic term.” — nxn is an Arabic when, because ; but I question term, too, signifying disease. “And whether the construction will adafter the disease has destroyed my mit of whom, as the connecting skin.”

.אלהיס on the derivation of the word

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,מבשרי

5

clause, 43 957, wants the con3 795x, Eloah, the singular of junction. Dobx, Elohim. The word is used 6.5, "mihi,” as my own:“Quem both in the singular and plural of ego videbo meum." - SCHULTENS. the supreme Being. Not, indeed, ody often signifies possession; and it

may אשר

And mine eyes shall see him, and not as'a stranger,'
The desires of my heart 3 are fulfilled.

From these expressions of the apparently dying patriarch, we may, I think, safely deduce, that Job expected an incarnation of the object of his worship and religious trust, who was to appear in the character of his ReDEEMER. A Redeemer, we must recollect, is properly the protecting or representative kinsman; one who prosecuted in behalf of his injured relative, in right of blood.* 'Job had lamented above the failure of all his brethren and kinsfolk; yet be knows he has a Redeemer, one who, though not then visible, was in existence; and would, at some future period, appear as his avenger- his avenger from the power of the grave. He could, therefore, be no mortal kinsman; yet a kinsman he was to be. Job would arise to “ see God of his flesh" - his God become his kinsman and his brother. And He, of whom these things are spoken, is called, in other Scriptures, “ the first-born among many brethren.”

It is said of him, “ He that sanctifieth, and they that are sanctified,

2

is used, Gen. xlviii. 5. in the par- mba, literally the reins; but ticular sense required in this inter- figuratively, the secret and fervent pretation, for the possession in the desires of the mind.-- See PARKrelation of kindred.

HURST

17 is properly a foreigner, * Oripna may be translated, stranger, or visitor ; as is illus- at my appointed time in the trated by the Arab. Joj, 71, to

decree concerning me”—“ My visit: the word is frequently used desires, in the time appointed me, of a stranger in regard of blood, shall be fulfilled." as Deut. xxv. 5.

See Essay on the term Redeemer, published at the end of the Canticles, by the author of the present Work.

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