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The connexion also of what follows corroborates this interpretation :

7. Before she shall be in travail, she shall bring forth;

Before her pangs come, she shall be delivered of a man child. 8. Who hath heard the like to this?

Who hath seen such things ?
Shall a country be brought forth in one day?
Shall a nation be born in an instant?
That Zion should at once conceive and bring forth her

9. Shall I bring to the birth, and not make to come forth?

Hath Jehovah said:
Shall I make to come forth, and restrain the birth?

Elohim said.

Immediately connected with that work of vengeance, which overwhelms the enemy of Jerusalem at the second advent, we have ever seen, in the prophetic vision, the sudden and wonderful manifestation of the sons of God, the children of Zion. The symbol here used of a woman being delivered of a child, without the usual process of nature in the pains of labour; and the reference of this to the birth of a whole people in a day, in an instant, with what is said in the last verse quoted above, that every step of this birth is a supernatural operation of God, leads us to assign this passage as a parallel to chapter the fiftyfourth, verse the first.

Rejoice, thou barren that didst not bear, &c.

Which Scripture an inspired apostle has taught us to apply, not to the earthly society of Jerusalem that then was; and which we know is to be restored, and her dis

persed children gathered from all the nations where they are scattered; but to “ the Jerusalem that is above, the mother of all” true believers. We are guided, therefore, to interpret this symbol, not of the sudden gathering of the Israelites from all lands—which does, however, take place about the same time--but of the sudden appearance of the Lord and his holy myriads, as it was represented in the sixty-eighth psalm :

God rideth on amid myriads, thousands of thousands;
The Lord is with them, as in' Sinai, in the sanctuary.

The friends of Jerusalem are called upon to rejoice with her, for her final establishment under this glorious dispensation will be the cause of the universal restitution of all the surviving nations of the earth, which have not perished in the terrible conflict of the “ battle of the great day of Almighty God.”

10. Rejoice for Jerusalem,

And exult with her, all ye that love her.
Be exceeding glad for her,

that mourn over her.
11. That ye may suck, and be satisfied,

From the breasts of her consolation.
That ye may draw near, and delight yourselves,
In the effulgence of her glory.

This is evidently parallel to chapter the sixtieth, and
is addressed to the survivors of mankind, to whom Jeru-
salem is to become the source of endless peace and
12. For thus hath Jehovah said:

I will extend peace to her like a river,
And the glory of the nations like a flowing torrent:

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And ye shall be suckled, in the arms shall ye be carried,
And on the knees shall

ye be fostered. 13. As one whom his mother comforteth,

So will I comfort you:

In Jerusalem shall ye be comforted : 14. And ye shall see, and your heart shall rejoice, And your

bones shall flourish as an herb.

Thus is Jerusalem established to be the joy of the whole earth, and caused to stand in the relation of a nursing mother to all the nations of the earth. Then, we may observe again, will be realized the prediction to Abraham ;“ In thee, and in thy seed, shall all the families of the earth be blessed.”

But we are reminded, as usual, that the work of vengeance precedes the extension of mercy :

And the hand of Jehovah shall be manifested on his servants,

And his indignation upon his enemies. 15. For behold, Jehovah will come in fire,

And his chariots as a whirlwind !
To recompense in the heat of his anger,
And in his rebuke with flames of fire.

16. For by fire shall Jehovah execute judgment,

And by his sword upon all flesh;
And the slain of Jehovah shall be many.

The close of Moses' song of remembrance, and the parallel passages in the oracles already consulted, clearly ascertain the objects and the time of this judgment.

To what persons the next verse particularly alludes, is not, perhaps, easy to determine : from the figurative language used, we may conjecture, to the faithless and profane in Israel, to those “ who say they are Jews, and are not, but are of the synagogue of Satan :" or the following lines are a description of the apostate and idolatrous enemies of the last days in general, spoken of as usual in allusion to the abominable practices which marked the corruption of true religion in the days of the prophets. 1

17. They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves,

In the gardens, after one in the midst.”
Eating the flesh of swine,
The abomination, and the field-mouse.

They shall be consumed together, Jehovah hath said. 18. For I know their works and devices.

quanquam ita ,אאחר כאחר ,esset

"-"Interpretes Judæos, licet

The Vulgate: falsa hypothesi nixos, in peccatori- “Who are sanctified, and count bus hic descriptis videre Muham- themselves pure in the gardens bemedanos et, pontificos. Roman- hind the door on the outside, who enses."-VITRINGA.

eat swine's flesh, and the abomina? Of this difficult and uncertain tion, and the mouse," &c. passage, the fourth meaning ad- Vitringa's observations are very duced by Simon, is : “ Alii ad unum pertinent to the occasion : “Phaomnes semodebo (quasi scriptum risæi, summam religionis suæ con,

stituentes in purificationibus et lusscribi necesse non erat) non male : trationibus externis; et hoc nomine

, sectam facientes; intus pleni raBishop Lowth has, “ After the pina, intemperantiâ et omni imrites of Achad. The Assyrians munditie ; iidemque repulså justitiâ worshipped a god called Adad.” Dei evangelio oblatâ, spem funBut against this interpretation see dantes in justitiâ operum erant Simon. The Septuagint translates Bdeauyrua coram Deo; corumque this seventeenth verse as follows: hæc superstitio, eodem loco apud

“ They wbo are sanctified, and Deum habebatur, quo Syro-Macecleansed for the gardens, and in donum et Phænicum, qui lustrathe porches eat flesh, swine's tionibus et februis in lucis, Helio

Alesh,' and abominable things, politano aut Antiocheno vocaand the mouse," &c.

bant," &c.

.יחדו יספו ,parallelismo certe favente

• The time' is coming to gather together all nations and all

languages,' And they shall come and shall see my glory. 19. And I will appoint to them a sign, And I will send of them, those that have escaped, unto the


I should venture to suppose, from the parallel passages, that the assembled nations are those that are gathered to the day of vengeance on the mountains of Israel; but that a remnant, spared and rescued from this destruction, are sent to tell to the remaining nations the glory they have witnessed.

• Unto' Tarshish, Pul, and Lud,
• Unto' Moschi, Tubal, and Javan ;?
• Unto' the far distant coasts,
Who had not heard the report of me,
And who had not seen my glory.

The nations here mentioned it is not difficult to point out generally. Tarshish, and the ships of Tarshish, are frequently mentioned in Scripture: there seems little doubt that some region or nation to the west of Europe is intended; the great maritime nation, probably, before not obscurely alluded to in former prophecies, but certainly not that part of Europe designated by the term of

Chittim,” and symbolized by “ Edom” and “ Bosra.” Pul and Lud are supposed, by Bochart, to be nations of

1 BP. Stock.

Euxine and the Caspian seas, and ? Lowth suspects that the properly joined with San, the words nup sun are a corruption of Tabereni, &c. the word qvo, Moschi; the name See first part of Wells' Geoof a nation situated between the graphy,

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