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usually made a distinct head in our monthly Catalogues, since the subject forced itself upon our attention ; in hopes that we might thus concentrate the knowledge which various minds distribute, for the use and benefit of the country. Of those various tracts, however, we shall at present notice only three, as more important than the rest. The first of these bears the name of Mr. Burke*, being originally drawn up by that great man, and presented to Mr. Pitt, on occasion of the pressure in 1795.-- Lord Sheffieldt is another able enquirer, whole diligent investigation has brought forward many useful facts, and suggestions of a valuable kind. Experimental tracts like this are more satisfactory than any others, and in such discussions the noble writer has few rivals.-A report of a tremendous experiment made in France, on the operation of a law of maximum, ri. gorously enforced, is given in another pamphleti, anonymous indeed, but known to proceed from a lady, who beheld and felt the consequences : the re. sult is, that she strenuously urges her countrymen to avoid a similar danger.

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We shall open this division with a name which we have often had occasion to mention with the highest commendation, and never more so than in the present instance. It is that of Mr. Bowles, who, in his Reflections on the Political and Moral State of Society, at the Close of the 18th Centurys, has brought to view a statement of facts, and a course of reasonings, momentous in the highest degree to this and every European nation, To with for its circulation is, in fact, to wish well to Great Britain, to virtue, ard to religion. The overtures of Bonaparte, on the subject

* No. I. p. 36. + No. III. f. 322. No. Il p. 144; III, p: 229.

No. II. p. 174. of peace, at the commencement of 1800, form a material part of the discussion in this tract; and they are made a distinct and separate subject of enquiry, by Mr. Brand, in a very able Letter*, addressed to an anonymous friend. Sir F. DIvernois, often employed with great acuteness on the subject of French finance, has attributed to their deficiency the rise of Bonapartet, and from the operation of the same caufe undertakes to calculate his fall. What is future partakes, of course, of the general nature of contingent events ; but those that actually have happened appear to have been noted, and recorded with peculiar exa&tness by this assiduous writer.

The history of the French Finances, since the RevoJution, is no where so completely given, from their own authorities and documents, as in the publications of Sir F D'Ivernois.

If we turn to matters more immediately domestic, we shall view with pleasure Sir Frederick Eden's tract upon Populationt. To contemplate our internal strength is then particularly satisfactory when external war compels us to exert it to the utmost: and the patriotic sentiments of this author make his calculations still more acceptable. More limited in their objects are the tract of Mr. Reeves, on the Goronation Oaths, and one that is anonymous, but attri. buted to Mr. Cumberland, on the late Change of Ministerst. Both these are connected with one topic, the trust and power desired by the Roman Catholics, under the utterly false title of emancipation : the anxiety on this point having, for the present, a little subsided, we shall not here add any new reflections on it. On the subject of the Union, now so happily effected, and consolidated by the experience of one meeting of Parliament, nothing remains at present to be noticed, but a discussion of Lord Sheffield, on

* No. III. p. 261. s No. III. p. 284.

No. IV. p. 350.
No. IV. p. 441.

No. II. p. 200. I No. V. p. 302.

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a commercial question rising out of it. The reflections of this well-informed nobleman tend to quiet all apprehensions respecting the export of British wool to Ireland ; and to show that circumstances.will by no means admit a rivalry in that branch of commerce, which could be formidable to the manufactures of Britain. Before we quit this head, we must not fail to mention an anonymous tract, entitled Political Essays on popular Subjects*. So much of useful and instructive matter, so much of original and sound speculation is contained in this pamphlet, that · we hope, ere long, to see it sanctioned by the author's name.


Though the dignity of History is thought to be enhanced by pomp and artifice of style, there is nothing that so wins the reader's heart as natural and honelt fimplicity; especially when the narrative proseeds from an eye-witness of the facts. Most singu. Jarly is this refleétion exemplified in the True Historyt of Bernal Diaz, which, with innumerable faults of style, according to the common rules of writing, charms like the verbal narrative of a sensible old Soldier over a winter's fire. The translator, Colonel Keating, has removed a few of its afperities, with so much judgment as to leave its natural character unimpaired. We therefore dwelt upon the work with more than usual attention, and here again recommend it. The work of Mr. Tooke, on the History of the Rufian Empiret, presents to the English reader what he could not otherwise obtain, but through the medium of several foreign works. On the subject of Russia, the advantage of much local knowledge, and long.continued enquiry, is conspicuous in whatever Mr. Tooke has published. The History of Mauritiuss,

* No. II. p. 160. No. V. p. 491.

+ No. 1. p. 27; II.p.151; II. f..252. No. V. p. 460.


though very limited in its object, and desultory in execution, may be to fome readers an object of curiolity. We have nothing further to detain us in the department of History.



in such ,


The close of the most splendid antiquarian work that England has produced, is announced in the first pages of our present volume. After this description, the name of Mr. Gorgh's Sepulchral Monuments* will recur to every reader versed in such pursuits : a work of careful and judicious research, and published with a splendour which zeal could not have given without the aid of opulence. The thirteenth volume of the Archæologiat, employed our diligent attention through various numbers of our work It is obvious that this care would not have been bestowed, if we had not thought the matter generally valuable or curious. We should be forry to think otherwise of a work originating from a body so respectable. Of the complere termination of Mr. Maurice's Indian Antiquitiesį, by the publication of a seventh volume, after many years labour, we gave our readers notice; and finished, on our part, an analysis of the work, pursued through many of our volumes. A different object now employs him, which we shall rejoice hereafter to examine, with much confidence of finding it of equal merit in its kind. This is, the History of Modern India ; in which, we understand, considerable progress is already made. Of the translation of Domesday, by Messrs, Henmall and Wilkinsons, which we wished to see continued, we have heard no progress mentioned. Without the patronage of the public such a work must languish ; but that this patronage can long be fought in vain, to a work espe

* No. I. p. 1. p. 110; III, p. 264.

+ No. I. p..61; IV. p. 383.

. No, V. p. 506

No. Il.

cially of national concern, we are not willing to suppose.


Of all parts of this kingdom, the immediate vicia nity of London might be expected to have claimed the earliest notice of topographers. It has however happened otherwise; and, at this late period, the ground was almost left untouched to Mr L1/0115. His Supplement, noticed in our present volune*, coinpletes the history of those bordering counties, which he had before described, but partially, and concludes a very pleasing work. To a very small part of the metropolis are confined the Picturesque Views of the late Mr. Irelandt, which represent the Inns of Court. The views are executed with fidelity and spirit, and the history annexed is adequate to its purpose. Much more copious and exact, however, is Mr. Housman's description of the remote Counties of Cumberland, Lancashire, Weltmorland, and part of Yorkíhiret. The quantity of matter there compressed, leaves little for the occasional enquirer to with ; and the traveller who shall visit the lakes with this companion, may return informed as well as gratified:

The researches of Profeflor White relate to a far more distant country, but one to which attention is attracted very strongly, by the course of public events. His Ægyptiacas tend to prove that we can beat the French in literary, as well as military discussion; and tend to clear up several points which their enquirers have less illustrated than perplexed. What they have lately done to investigate various facts, may be seen in their own Memoirs concerning Egyptil. The Savans annexed to the Egyptian army must have found themselves grievously misplaced ; but being there, they resolved to make some effort, and have done, though

"No. III. p. 246, $ No, VI. p. 566.".

+ No. VI. p. 668.

No, V, p. 475.

I No. VI. p. 578.


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