Consciousness: From Perception to Reflection in the History of Philosophy

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Sara Heinämaa, Vili Lähteenmäki, Pauliina Remes
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 16, 2007 - Philosophy - 366 pages
SARA HEINÄMAA,VILI LÄHTEENMÄKI AND PAULIINA REMES This book is about consciousness. It illuminates the concept in its complexity and richness, capturing its theoretical and philosophical significance as well as its problematic aspects. By taking a new look into the history of concepts, the collection questions several deep-seated assumptions about consciousness – assumptions both thematic and methodological. It argues that, even though our predecessors did not formulate their philosophical queries in terms of consciousness, they have much to offer to our current disputes concerning its central features, such as reflexivity, subjectivity and aboutness, as well as related themes, from selfhood to attention and embodiment. At the same time, the collection demonstrates that consciousness is not just an issue in the p- losophy of mind, but is bound to ontology, epistemology and moral theory. We can find premodern and early modern concepts and arguments that are interesting and even crucial to our own philosophical concerns, but we should not assume that these belong or contribute to any theory of mind isolated from metaphysical and ethical discussions: an argument that for us provides insightful descriptions of perception or self-awareness might to its writer have meant not just a theoretization of the soul or the mind, but also, and perhaps more importantly, a contribution to ethics or ontology.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
CONSCIOUSNESS
6
INTENTIONALITY
10
SUBJECTIVITY
14
REFLEXIVITY AND REFLECTION
20
NATURALIZING CONSCIOUSNESS
23
ANCIENT AND ARABIC PHILOSOPHY
27
ON PLATOS LACK OF CONSCIOUSNESS
28
ORDERS OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND FORMS OF REFLEXIVITY IN DESCARTES
176
82 CONSCIOUSNESS AS THINKING OF THINKING
183
83 RUDIMENTARY AND REFLEXIVE CONSCIOUSNESS
186
84 THE THREE TYPES OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND INFINITE REGRESS
194
85 REFLEXIVITY AS INTENTIONAL STRUCTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND AS PHENOMENAL GIVENNESS
197
86 RELATION OF REFLEXIVE CONSCIOUSNESS TO ATTENTIVE REFLECTION
199
THE STATUS OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN SPINOZAS CONCEPT OF MIND
203
91 CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
204

12 WHY WHATITSLIKE DOESNT MATTER
33
13 OUR KIND OF SOUL
38
14 THE CONSEQUENCES OF MIND PHILEBUS
41
15 CONCLUSION
47
THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN ARISTOTLES PSYCHOLOGY
49
21 PERCEPTUAL CONSCIOUSNESS
51
22 EMOTIONS AND THINKING
57
23 SELFCONSCIOUSNESS AND ITS LIMITS
62
OWNNESS OF CONSCIOUS EXPERIENCE IN ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY
67
31 SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE?
69
32 BRANCHES OF OWNNESS
78
33 CONCLUSION
93
SENSEPERCEPTION AND SELFAWARENESS BEFORE AND AFTER AVICENNA
95
41 THE GREEK COMMENTATORS ON REFLECTION AND PERCEPTUAL AWARENESS
97
42 AVICENNA ON THE INTERNAL SENSES AND ANIMAL SELFAWARENESS
101
SELFEVIDENCE AND SELFINSPECTION
112
MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY AND EARLY MODERN THOUGHT
120
INTENTION AND PRESENCE THE NOTION OF PRESENTIALITAS IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY
123
51 FROM DUNS SCOTUS TO PETER AUREOLI
127
52 FROM AUREOLI TO PETER OF AILLY
136
THE STRUCTURE OF SELFCONSCIOUSNESS A FOURTEENTHCENTURY DEBATE
141
61 THE ACT OF AWARENESS
143
62 WILLIAM OCKHAMS THEORY
144
63 WALTER CHATTONS CRITIQUE
147
64 FURTHER PROBLEMS
149
65 ADAM WODEHAMS POSTSCRIPT
150
AUGUSTINE AND DESCARTES ON THE FUNCTION OF ATTENTION IN PERCEPTUAL AWARENESS
153
71 MODERN PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
155
72 AUGUSTINE
158
73 DESCARTES
168
74 CONCLUSION
174
92 THE PROBLEM
211
93 TWO SOLUTIONS
212
94 PHILOSOPHY OF MIND SANS CONSCIOUSNESS
219
FROM KANT TO CONTEMPORARY DISCUSSIONS
221
HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS AND ITS TRANSCENDENTAL CONDITIONS KANTS ANTICARTESIAN REVOLT
222
102 THE MODERN NEW WAY OF IDEAS
225
103 KANTS TRANSCENDENTAL GROUNDS FOR REJECTING CARTESIANISM
229
104 CONCLUSION
243
THE LIVING CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE GERMAN IDEALISTS
245
111 FICHTE
248
112 SCHELLING
253
113 HEGEL
259
114 CONCLUSION
264
THE HEIDELBERG SCHOOL AND THE LIMITS OF REFLECTION
266
122 THE HEIDELBERG SCHOOL
269
123 TUGENDHATS CRITICISM
279
124 CONCLUSION
281
CONTEMPORARY NATURALISM AND THE CONCEPT OF CONSCIOUSNESS
287
131 EPISTEMIC CONSCIOUSNESS
288
132 SUBJECTIVE QUALITATIVE CONSCIOUSNESS
291
133 NATURALISM
292
134 CONTEMPORARY NATURALISM AND THE CONCEPT OF CONSCIOUSNESS
297
135 CONCLUSION
307
SELFHOOD CONSCIOUSNESS AND EMBODIMENT A HUSSERLIAN APPROACH
310
ACTPOLE PERSON AND MONAD
313
142 PERSONHOOD AND EMBODIMENT
321
BIBLIOGRAPHY
329
NAME INDEX
355
SUBJECT INDEX
359
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