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« cient, and apparently* fulfilled, must induce « us to think the Hebrew narrative more than “ human in its origin, and confequently true " in every substantial

part of it, though possibly expressed in figurative language, as many “ learned and pious men have believed, and

as the most pious may believe without in“jury, and perhaps with advantage to the “ cause of Revealed Religion.”

The third volume of the Asiatic Researches, published in 1792, contains a very learned and elaborate treatise of Lieutenant Wilford, on Egypt and the Nile, from the ancient books of the Hindus. It refers to a passage in a Sánscrit book, so clearly descriptive of Noah, under the name of Satyvrata, or Satyavarman, that it is impossible to doubt their identity. . Of the

* I could wish that Sir William Jones had retained the expression, which he before used, when discussing the same topic, as the word apparently may seem to imply a less degree of conviction than he actually possessed, as the tenor, and terms of the passages which I have quoted indisputably prove. The sense in which it is to be understood, is that of manifestly; his reasoning plainly requires it.

paffage thus referred to, Sir William Jones, in a note annexed to the differtation, has given a translation “ minutely exact.”

minutely exact.”. Neither the passage, nor the note, has appeared in the works of Sir William Jones; and as the former is curious, and as the note has an immediate connection with the subject under consideration, I insert both:

Translation from the PUDMA PURAN. 1. To Satyavarman, the sovereign of the whole

earth, were born three sons; the eldest Sherma, then Charma, and thirdly, Jyapeti by

name. 2. They were all men of good morals, excel

lent in virtue and virtuous deeds, skilled in the use of weapons to strike with or to be thrown, brave men, eager for victory in

battle. 3.

But Satyavarman, being continually delighted with devout meditation, and seeing his sons fit for dominion, laid upon

them the burden of government. 4.

Whilst he remained honouring and fatisfying the gods, and priests, and kine, one day,

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by the act of destiny, the king having drunk

mead, 5. Became senseless, and lay asleep naked: then

was he seen by Charma, and by him were

his two brothers called. 6. To whom he said, What now has befallen?

In what state is this our fire? By these two was he hidden with clothes, and called

to his fenses again and again. 7. Having recovered his intellect, and perfectly

knowing what had passed, he cursed Charma, saying, Thou shalt be the servant of

servants. 8. And since thou wast a laughter in their prefence, from laughter shalt thou acquire a

Then he gave to Sherma the wide domain on the south of the snowy moun

tain. 9. And to Jyapeti he gave all on the north of the snowy mountain; but he by the

power of religious contemplation, attained fupreme bliss. 6 Now

you will probably think (Sir William Jones says, addressinghimself to the


so fociety) that even the conciseness and simpli

city of this narrativeare excelled by the Mosaic $ relation of the same adventure; but whatever

may be our opinion of the old Indian style, * this extract most clearly proves, that the Satyso avrata or Satyavarman of the Purans was the " same personage, (as it has been asserted in a “ former publication) with the Noah of scrip“ture; and we consequently fix the utmost “ limit of Hindu chronology; nor can it be “ with reason inferred from the identity of the 6 stories that the divine legislator borrowed

any part of his work from the Egyptians; - he was deeply versed, no doubt, in all their “ learning, such as it was; but he wrote what he knew to be truth itself, independently of “ their tales, in which truth was blended with os fable, and their age was not so remote from “ the days of the patriarch, but that every oc“ currence in his life might naturally have to been preserved by tradition from father to « fon.

In his tenth discourse, in 1793, he mentions, with a satisfaction which

fatisfaction which every pious


mind must enjoy, the result of the enquiries of the society over which he presided.

“ In the first place, we cannot surely deem s it an inconsiderable advantage, that all our “ hiftorical researches have confirmed the “ Mosaic accounts of the primitive world, and

our testimony on that subject ought to have " the greater weight, because, if the result of our observations had been totally different,

should nevertheless have published them, s not indeed with equal pleasure, but with

equal confidence; for truth is mighty, and “ whatever be its consequences, must always

' prevail: but independently, of our interest in “ corroborating the multiplied evidences of “ Revealed Religion, we could scarcely gratify « our minds with a more useful and rational “ entertainment, than the contemplation of «s those wonderful revolutions, in kingdoms « and states, which have happened within lit" tle more than four thousand years; revolu“ tions almost as fully demonstrative of an all

ruling Providence, as the structure of the 5 universe, and the final causes, which

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