Broken People: Caste Violence Against India's "untouchables".
Human Rights Watch, 1999 - Caste - 291 pages
This report is about caste, but it is also about class, gender, poverty, labor, and land. For those at the bottom of its hierarchy, caste is a determinative factor for the attainment of social, political, civil, and economic rights. Most of the conflicts documented in this report take place within very narrow segments of the caste hierarchy, between the poor and the not-so-poor, the landless laborer and the small landowner. The differences lie in the considerable amount of leverage that the higher-caste Hindus or non-Dalits are able to wield over local police, district administrations, and even the state government.
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abuse accused activists Andhra Pradesh arrested Article Atrocities Act attack Bhojpur district Bhumihars Bihar Bombay bonded laborers caste clashes caste Hindus Castes and Scheduled Central Government Commission for Scheduled Committee constitution Convention Covenant CPI(M-L Dalit community Dalit villages Dalit women Delhi detention economic elections ensure February 15 fire force Government of India groups Gujarat houses Human Rights Commission Human Rights Watch implementation Indian Express Indian Penal Code investigations jail Jehanabad district July killed land landlords legislation Madras Madurai district Maharashtra manual scavengers massacre Melavalavu murder National Commission Naxalites number of seats offence organizations Pallars panchayat party person police officer police station political Prevention of Atrocities prosecution protection provisions punishable Racial Discrimination Ranvir Sena rape recommends Rights Watch interview Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes Scheduled Tribes Prevention Section sena members social Special Court Superintendent of Police Tamil Nadu Thevars untouchability upper-caste victims violations violence Virudhunagar district
Page 208 - No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them...
Page 211 - ... that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good; c. that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment; d.
Page 180 - The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
Page 218 - Act, 1961. (2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act.
Page 208 - The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
Page 261 - Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or...
Page 203 - Declaration, torture means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted...
Page 209 - India; (f) to acquire, hold and dispose of property; and (g) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
Page 261 - ... is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly. Explanation. — For the purposes of this section, — (a) "company...