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The surface of the temperate climates is larger than it would have been, had the globe of our earth or of the planets, been either spherical, or oblongly spheroidical. Cheyne. OBLO'NGNESS. n. s. [from oblong.] The state of being oblong. O'BLOQUY. n. s [obloquor, Latin.] 1. Censorious speech; blame; slander; reproach.

Reasonable moderation hath freed us from being deservedly subject unto that bitter kind of obloquy, whereby as the church of Rome doth, under the colour of love towards those things which be harmless, maintain extremely most hurtful corruptions; so we peradventure might be upbraided, that under colour of hatred towards those things that are corrupt, we are on the other side as extreme, even against most harmless or dinances. Hooker.

Here new aspersions, with new obloquies, Are laid on old deserts. Daniel's Civil War. Canst thou with impious ableguy condemn, The just decree of God, pronounc'd and sworn? Milton.

Shall names, that made your city the glory of the earth, be mentioned with obloquy and detraction? Addison.

Every age might perhaps produce one or two true geniusses, if they were not sunk under the censure and obloquy of plodding, servile, imitating pedants Swift. 2. Cause of reproach; disgrace. Not proper.

My chastity's the jewel of our house, Bequeathed down from many ancestors; Which were the greatest obloquy i' th' world In me to lose. Shakspeare.

OBMUTE SCENCE. n. s. [from obmutesco,
Lat.] Loss of speech.

A vehement fear often produceth obmutescence.

OBNOXIOUS. adj. [obnoxius, Latin.]
1. Subject.

I propound a character of justice in a middle form, between the speculative discourses of philosophers, and the writings of lawyers, which are tied and obnoxious to their part cular laws. Bacon. 2. Liable to punishment.

All are obnoxious, and this faulty land, Like fainting Hester, does before you stand, Watching your sceptre.


We know ourselves obnoxious to God's severe justice, and that he is a God of mercy and hateth sin; and that we might not have the least suspicion of his unwillingness to forgive, he hath sent his only begotten son into the world, by his dismal sufferings and cursed death, to expiate our offences.


Thy name, O Varus, if the kindred pow'rs 'Preserve our plains, and shield the Mantuan tow'rs,

Obnoxious by Cremona's neighb'ring crime, The wings of swans, and stronger pinion'd rhime Shall raise aloft. Dryden. 3. Reprehensible; not of sound reputa

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Descend to? who aspires, must down as low As high he spar'd; obnoxious first or last, To basest things.

Beasts lie down,


To dews obnoxious on the grassy floor. Dryden. They leave the government a trunk naked, defenceless, and obnoxious to every storm. Davenant.

OBNOXIOUSLY. adv. [from obnoxious.] In a state of subjection; in the state of one liable to punishment. OBNOXIOUSNESS. n. s. [from obnoxious.] Subjection; liableness to punishment. To OBNU BILATE. v. a. [obnubilo, Lat.] To cloud; to obscure.

O'BOLE. n. s. [obolus, Lat.] In pharmacy, twelve grains. Ainsworth. OBRE PTION. n. s. [obreptio. Lat.] The act of creeping in with secrecy or by surprise.

To OBRO'GATE. v. a. [obrego, Lat.] To proclaim a contrary law for the dissolution of the former.

Dict. OBSCENE. adj. [obscene, Fr. obscænus, Latin.]

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Immodest; not agreeable to chastity of mind; causing lewd ideas.

Chemos th' obscene dread of Moab's sons.

Milton. Words that were once chaste, by frequent use grow obscene and uncleanly. Watts,

2. Offensive; disgusting.

A girdle foul with grease binds his obscene at

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Of the relentless dame to death pursu'd, And of the sight obscene so lately view'd. Dry.J 3. Inauspicious; ill-omened.

Care shuns thy walks, as at the chearful light The groaning ghosts, and birds obscene take flight. Dryden.

It is the sun's fate like your's, to be displeas ing to owls and obscene animals, who cannot bear his lustre. Pope's Letters. OBSCE NELY. adv. [from obscene.] In an impure and unchaste manner. OBSCE NENESS. Įn. s. [obscenité, French, OBSCENITY. from obscene.] Impu rity of thought or language; unchastity; lewdness.

Mr. Cowley asserts plainly, that obscenity has no place in wit. Dryden. Those fables were tempered with the Italian severity, and free from any note of infamy or obsceneness. Dryden.

Thou art wickedly devout, In Tiber ducking thrice by break of day, To wash th' obscenities of night away. Dryden. No pardon vile obscenity should find, Tho' wit and art conspire to move your mind. Pupt OBSCURATION. n. s. [obscuratio, Latin] 1. The act of darkening.

2. A state of being darkened.

As to the sun and moon, their obscuration or change of colour happens commonly before the eruption of a fiery mountain. Burnet.

OBSCURE. adj. [obscur, Fr. obscurus,


1. Dark; unenlightened; gloomy; hin dering sight.

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The obscure bird clamour'd the live-long night. Shakspeare. 3. Not easily intelligible; abstruse; difficult.

I explain some of the most obscure passages, and those which are most necessary to be understood, and this according to the manner wherein he used to express himself. 4. Not noted; not observable.




He says, that he is an ob.cure person; one, suppose, that is in the dark. To OBSCURE. v. a. [obscuro, Latin.] 1. To darken; to make dark.

They are all couched in a pit hard by Herne's oak, with obscured lights; which at the very instant of Falstaff's and our meeting, they will at once display to the night. Shakspeare.

Sudden the thunder blackens all the skies, And the winds whistle, and the surges roll Mountains on mountains, and obscure the pole.

2. To make less visible.


What must I hold a candle to my shames? They in themselves, good sooth, are too, too light.

Why, 'tis an office of discovery, love,
And I should be obscur'd.

Shakspeare Thinking by this retirement to obscure himself from God, he infringed the omnisciency and esBrown. sential ubiquity of his Maker. 3. To make less intelligible.

By private consent it hath been used in dangerous times to obscure writing, and make it hard to be read by others not acquainted with the inHolder. trigue.

There is scarce any duty which has been so obscured by the writings of learned men, as this.


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1. Darkness; want of light.

Lo! a day of darkness and obscurity, tribula Esther. tion and anguish upon the earth.

Should Cynthia' quit thee, Venus, and each


It would not form one thought dark as mine are:
I could lend them obscureness now, and say,
Out of myself there should be no more day.

2. Unnoticed state; privacy.

You are not for obscurity design'd, But, like the sun, must cheer all human kind. Dryden.

3. Darkness of meaning.

Not to mention that obscureness that attends prophetick raptures, there are divers things knowable by the bare light of nature, which yet are so uneasy to be satisfactorily understood by our imperfect intellects, that let them be delivered in the clearest expressions, the notions themselves will yet appear obscure. Boyle.

That this part of sacred scripture had difficulties in it: many causes of obscurity did readily Locke.

occur to me.

What lies beyond our positive idea towards infinity, lies in obscurity, and has the undeterminate confusion of a negative idea, wherein I know I do not comprehend all I would, it being too large for a finite capacity. Locke. OBSECRATION. n. s. [obsecratio, from obsecro, Lat.] Intreaty, supplication.

That these were comprehended under the sacra, is manifest from the old form of obsecration. Stilling fleet. OBSEQUIES. n. s. [obsequies, Fr. I know not whether this word be not anciently mistaken for excquies, exequiæ, Lat. this word, however, is apparently derived from obsequium.]

1. Funeral rites; funera! solemnities.

There was Dorilaus valiantly requiting his friends help, in a great battle deprived of life, his obsequies being not mere soleninized by the tears of his partakers, than the blood of his ene mies. Sidney.

Fair Juliet, that with angels dost remain,
Accept this latest favour at my hand;
That living honour'd thee, and being dead,
With fun'ral obsequies adorn thy tomb. Shaksp.
I spare the widows tears, their woeful cries,
And howling at their husbands obsequies;

How Theseus at these fun'rals did assist,
And with what gifts the mourning dames dismist.

His body shall be royally interr'd,

I will, myself,




Be the chief mourner at his obsequies. Alas! poor Poll, my Indian talker dies, Go birds and celebrate his obsequies. 2. It is found in the singular, perhaps more properly.

Or tune a song of victory to me,

Or to thyself, sing thine own obsequs. Crashaw. Him I'll solemnly attend,


With silent obsequy and funeral train, Home to his father's house. OBSE QUIOUS. adj. [from obsequium, Latin]

1. Obedient; compliant; not resisting.

Adore not so the rising son, that you forget the father, who raised you to this height; nor be you so obsequious to the father, that you give just cause to the son to suspect that you neglect him. Bacon.

At his command th' up-rooted hills retir'd Each to his place; they heard his voice, and went Obsequiaus. Milton's Paradise Lost..

I follow'd her; she what was honour knew, And, with obsequious majesty, approv'd My pleaded reason. Milton's Paradise Lost. See how th' cbsequious wind and liquid air The Theban swan does upward bear. Cowley. A genial cherishing heat acts so upon the fit and obsequious matter, as to organize and fashion it according to the exigencies of its own nature. Boyle. His servants weeping, Obsequious to his orders, bear him hither. Addis. The vote of an assembly, which we cannot reconcile to public good, has been conceived in a private brain, afterwards supported by an obsequious party. Swift. 2. In Shakspeare, it seems to signify funeral; such as the rites of funerals require. Your father lost a father;

That father his; and the survivor bound
In filial obligation for some term,
To do obsequious sorrow.


OBSE QUIOUSLY. adv. [from obsequious.] 1. Obediently; with compliance.

They rise, and with respectful awe,

At the word giv'n, obsequiously withdraw. Dryd. We cannot reasonably expect that any one should readily and obsequiously quit his own opinion, and embrace ours with a blind resignation.


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These proprieties. ffixed unto bodies from considerations deduced from east, west, or those observable points of the sphere, will not be justifed from such foundations. Brown.

I took a just account of every observable circumstance of the earth, stone, metal, or other matter, from the surface quite down to the bottom of the pit, and entered it carefully into a journal. Woodward.

The great and more observable occasions of exercising our courage, occur but seldom, Rogers. OBSERVABLY. adv. [from observable.] In a manner worthy of note.

It is prodigious to have thunder in a clear sky, as is observably recorded in some histories.


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We must attend our Creator in all those ordinances which he has prescribed to the observ ance of his church. Regers.

6. Observation; attention.

'There can be no observation or experience of greater certainty, as to the increase of mankind, than the strict and vigilant observance of the calculations and registers of the bills of births and deaths. Hale's Origin of Mankind. 7. Obedient regard, reverential attention.

Having had such experience of his fidelity and observance abroad, he found himself engaged in honour to support him. Wotton. OBSERVANT. adj. [observans, Lat.] Attentive; diligent; watchful.


These writers, which gave themselves to fol low and imitate others, were observant specta tors of those masters they admired. Raleigh. Wand'ring from clime to clime observant stray'd,

Their manners noted, and their states survey'd Pope.

2. Obedient; respectful: with of


We are told how observant Alexander was of his master Aristotle. 3. Respectfully attentive: with of.

She now observant of the parting ray, Eyes the calm sun-set of thy various day. Pope. 4. Meanly dutiful; submissive.

How could the most base men attain to honour but by such an observant slavish course. Raleigh, OBSERVANT. n. s. [This word has the accent on the first syllable in Shaks peare.] A slavish attendant. Not in


These kind of knaves in this plainness, Harbour more craft, and more corrupter ends, Than twenty silky ducking observants That stretch their duties nicely. Shakspeare OBSERVATION. n. s. [observatio, from observo, Lat. observation, Fr.]

1. The act of observing; noting, or remarking.

These cannot be infused by observation, because they are the rules by which men take their first apprehensions and observations of things; as the being of the rule must be before its applica tion to the thing directed by it.



The rules of our practice are taken from the conduct of such persons as fall within our obser Regers. 2. Notion gained by observing; note; remark, animadversion.

In matters of human prudence, we shall find the greatest advantage by making wise observa tions on our conduct, and of the events attendWatti. ing it.

3. Obedience; ritual practice.

He freed and delivered the christian church from the external observation and obedience of all such legal precepts, as were not simply and formally moral. White.

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Good observator, not so fast away. Dryden. OBSERVATORY. n. s. [observatoire, Fr.] A place built for astronomical observations.

Another was found near the observatory in Greenwich Park. Woodward on Fossils.

To OBSERVE. v. a. [observer, Fr. observo, Latin.]

1. To watch; to regard attentively.

Remember, that as thine eye observes others, so art thou observed by angels and by men. Taylor.

2. To find by attention; to note.

It is observed, that many men who have seemed to repent when they have thought death approaching, have yet, after it hath pleased God to restore them to health, been as wicked, perhaps worse, as ever they were. Duty of Man. If our idea of infinity be got from the power we observe in ourselves, of repeating without end our own ideas, it may be demanded why we do not attribute infinity to other ideas, as well as these of space and duration. Locke. One may observe them discourse and reason pretty well of several other things, before they can tell twenty. Locka

3. To regard or keep religiously.

A night to be much observed unto the Lord, for bringing them out of Egypt.

4. To practice ritually.


In the days of Enoch, people observed not circumcision, or the sabbatli.

5. To obey; to follow,
To OBSERVE. v. n.
1. To be attentive.


Observing men may form many judgments by the rules of similitude and proportion, where causes and effects are not entirely the same.

Watts. I observe, that when we have an action against any man, we must for all that look upon him our neighbour, and love him as ourselves, paying him all that justice, peace and charity, which are due to all persons.

1. To make a remark.



Wherever I have found her notes to be wholly another's, which is the case of some hundreds, I have barely quoted the true proprietor, without observing upon it. Pope's Letters. OBSERVER. N. 5. [from observe.]

1. One who looks vigilantly on persons and things; close remarker.

He reads much;

He is a great observer; and he looks

Quite through the deeds of men.



There is a kind of character in thy life, That to th' observer doth thy history

Fully unfold.


Careful observers may foretel the hour, By sure prognostics when to dread a show'r.


2. One who looks on; the beholder.
If a slow pac'd star had stol'n away,
From the observer's marking, he might stay
Three hundred years to see't again. Donne.
Company, he thinks, lessens the shame of

vice, by sharing it; and therefore, if he cannot wholly avoid the eye of the observer, he hopes to distract it at least by a multiplicity of objects.


Sometimes purulent matter may be discharged. from the glands in the upper part of the windpipe, while the lungs are sound and uninfected, which now and then has imposed on undistinguishing observers. Blackmore

3. One who keeps any law, or custom, or practice.

Many nations are superstitious, and diligent observers of old customs, which they receive by tradition from their parents, by recording of their bards and chronicles. Spenser

The king after the victory, as one that had been bred under a devout mother, and was in his nature a great observer of religious forms, caused Te Deum to be solemnly sung in the presence of the whole army upon the place.

Bacon. He was so strict an observer of his word, that no consideration whatever could make him break it. Prior.

Himself often read useful discourses to his servants on the Lord's day, of which he was always a very strict and solemn observer. Atterb OBSERVINGLY. adv. [from observing.] Attentively; carefully.

There is some soul of goodness in things evil, Would men observingly distil it out. Shaksp OBSESSION. n. s. [obsessio, Latin.] 1. The act of besieging.

a. The first attack of Satan, antecedent to possession. OBSIDIONAL. adj. [obsidionalis, Latin.] Belonging to a siege. O'BSOLETE. adj. [obsoletus, Lat.] Worn out of use; disused; unfashionable.

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Some conjectures about the origin of mountains and islands I am obliged to look into, that they may not remain as obstacles to the less skil.... ful. Woodzuard's Nat. Hist. What more natural and usual obstacle to those who take voyages, than winds and storms. Pope OBSTETRICATION. n. s. [from obstetri cor, Lat.] The office of a midwife. OBSTETRICK. adj. [from obstetrix, Lat.]' Midwifish; befitting a midwife; doing the midwife's' office.

There all the learn'd shall at the labour stand, And Douglas lend his soft obstetrick hand. Popes

OBSTINACY. n. s. [obstination, Fr. obstinatio, Lat. from obstinate.] Stubbornness; contumacy; pertinacy; persist


Chusing rather to use extremities, which might drive men to desperate obstinacy, than apply moderate remedies." King Charles.

Most writers use their words loosely and uncertainly, and do not make plain and clear dedactions of words one from another, which were not difficult to do, did they not find it convenient to shelter their ignorance, or obstinacy, under the obscurity of their terms. Locke.

What crops of wit and honesty appear, From spleen, from obstinacy, hate or fear. Pope. OBSTINATE. adj. [obstinatus, Latin.] Stubborn; contumacious; fixed in resolution. Absolutely used, it has an ill sense; but relatively, it is neutral. The queen is obstinate,

Stubborn to justice, apt t' accuse it, and
Disdainful to be try'd by't.



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OBSTIPATION. n. s. [from obstipo, Lat.]

The act of stopping up any passage. OBSTRE PEROUS. adj. [obstreperus, Lat.] Loud; clamorous; noisy; turbulent; vociferous.

These obstreperous scepticks are the bane of divinity, who are so full of the spirit of contradiction, that they raise daily new disputes. Howel.

These obstreperous villains shout, and know not for what they make a noise. Dryden. The players do not only connive at his obstre perous approbation, but repair at their own cost whatever damages he makes. Addison.

OBSTRE PEROUSLY. adv. [from obstreperous.] Loudly; clamorously; noisily. OBSTRE FEROUSNESS. n. s. [from obstreperous.] Loudness; clamour; noise; turbulence.

OBSTRICTION. n. s. [from obstrictus, Lat.] Obligation; bond.

He hath full right t'exempt! Whom so it pleases him by choice, From national obstriction.


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No cloud interpos'd,


Or star to obstruct his sight. OBSTRUCTER. n. s. [from obstruct.] One that hinders or opposes. OBSTRUCTION. n. s. [obstructio, Lat. obstruction, Fr. from obstruct.] 1. Hinderance; difficulty.

Sure God by these discoveries did design, That his clear light through all the world should shine;

But the obstruction from that discord springs, The prince of darkness makes 'twixt christian kings. Dennis.

2. Obstacle; impediment; that which hinders.

All obstructions in parliament, that is, all freedom in differing in votes, and debating matters with reason and candour, must be taken away. King Charles

In his winter quarters the king expected to meet with all the obstructions and difficulties his enraged enemies could lay in his way. Clarend

Whenever a popular assembly free from 6structions, and already possessed of more power than an equal balance will allow, shall continue to think that they have not enough, I cannot see how the same causes can produce different effects among us, from what they did in Greece and Rome. Swift.

3. In physick.

The blocking up of any canal in the human body, so as to prevent the flowing of any fluid through it, on account of the increased bulk of that fluid, in proportion to the diameter of the vessel.


4. In Shakspeare it once signifies something heaped together.

Aye, but to die, and go we know not where; To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot, This sensible warm motion to become A kneaded clod.

Measure for Measure. OBSTRUCTIVE. adj. [obstructif, Fr. from obstruct.] Hindering; causing impedi


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