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same person, in different circumstances, be perly confined to one or the other. Arbutb. TRICTION. n. J. [restriction, French.] onfinement; limitation.

This is to have the same restriction with all er recreations, that it be made a divertisent, not a trade. Govern. of the Tongue. on manufacture, of all others, ought the least be encouraged in Ireland; or, if it be, it reres the most restriction to certain places.

Temple. All duties are matter of conscience; with this riction, that a superior obligation suspends L'Estrange. force of an inferior.

ach other gift, which God on man bestows, proper bounds and due restriction knows; one fix'd purpose dedicates its power. Prior. Celsus's rule, with the proper restrictions, is d for people in health. Arbuthnot. TRICTIVE. adj. [from restrict.] xpressing limitation.

hey, who would make the restrictive particle ng to the latter clause, and not to the first, hot attend to the reason. Stilling feet. estrictif, Fr.] Styptick; astringent. applied a a plaister over it, made up with my mon restrictive powder. Wiseman. TRICTIVELY. adv, [from restrice.] With limitation.

All speech, tending to the glory of God, or good of man, is aright directed; which is not be understood so restrictively, if nothing divinity or necessary concerns of life, may fully be brought into discourse.

Government of the Tongue. ESTRINGE. V. a. [restringo, Latin.] confine; to contract; to astringe. TRINGENT. n. s. [restringens, Latin; tringent, French.] That which hath power of contracting; styptick. he two latter indicate phlebotomy for reion, restringents to stench, and incrassatives hicken the blood.

Harvey. TY. adj. [restif, French.] Obstinate standing still. See RESTIFF.

Come, our stomachs

make what's homely savoury, weariness snore upon the int, when resty sloth

Is the down pillow hard.


Jave not other hands been tried and found ? but we stick at nothing. Davenant. Ten of discretion, whom people in power with little ceremony load as heavy as they se, find them neither resty nor vicious. Swift. ESUBLIME. V. a. [re and sublime.]

sublime another time.

When mercury sublimate is resublimed with h mercury, it becomes mercurius dulcis, this a white tasteless earth scarce dissolvein water, and mercurius dulcis resublimed spirit of salt returns into mercury sublimate. Newton.

ESULT. v. n. [resulter, French; lto, Latin.] fly back.

ith many a weary step, and many a groan, the high hill he heaves a huge round stone; huge round stone, resulting with a bound, nders impetuous down, and smoaks along the ground. Pope. sulter, French.] To rise as a conseence; to be produced as the effect of ses jointly concurring.

e prospers much, if set by a fig-tree; which

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Pleasure and peace do naturally result from a Tillotson. holy and good life. The horror of an object may overbear the pleasure resulting from its greatness. Addison. Their effects are often very disproportionable to the principles and parts that result from the analysis. Baker. 3. To arise as a conclusion from premises. RESULT. n. s. [from the verb.]

1. Resilience; act of flying back.

Sound is produced between the string and the air, by the return of the result of the string, which was strained by the touch to his former place, 2. Consequence; effect produced by the concurrence of co-operating causes.


Did my judginent tell me, that the propositions sent to me were the results of the major part of their votes, I should then not suspect my own judgment for not speedily concurring with them. King Charles.

As in perfumes, compos'd with art and cost, 'Tis hard to say what scent is uppermost, Nor this part musk or civet can we call, Or amber, but a rich result of all: So she was all a sweet, whose ev'ry part, In due proportion mix'd, proclaim'd the maker's Dryden.


Buying of land is the result of a full and satiated gain: men in trade seldom lay out money upon land, till their profit has brought in more than trade can employ. Locke.

3, Inference from premises.


These things are a result or judgment upon fact. South. Resolve; decision. Improper. Rude, passionate, and mistaken results have, at certain times, fallen from great assemblies.

Swift. RESULTANCE. n. s. [resultance, Fr.] The act of resulting.

RESUMABLE. adj. [from resume.] What may be taken back.

This was but an indulgence, and therefore resumable by the victor, unless there intervened any capitulation to the contrary. Hale. To RESUME. v. a. [resumo, Latin.] • 1. To take back what has been given.

The sun, like this, from which our sight we

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He'll enter into glory, and resume his seat.


At this, with look serene, he rais'd his head, Reason resum'd her place and passion fled. Dryd. 4. Dryden uses it with again, but improperly, unless the resumption be repeated.

To him our common grandsire of the main Had giv'n to change his form, and chang'd, resume again. Dryden. 5. To begin again what was broken off: as, to resume a discourse. RESUMPTION. n s. [resomption, French; resumptus, Latin.] The act of resuming.

If there be any fault, it is the resumption or the dwelling too long upon his arguments. Denbam. The universal voice of the people seeming to call for some kind of resumption, the writer of these papers thought it might not be unseasonable to publish a discourse upon grants. Daven. RESUMPTIVE adj. [resumptus, Latin.] Taking back.

RESUPINATION. n. s. [resupino, Latin.]
The act of lying on the back.
To RESURVEY. v. a. [re and survey.]
To review; to survey again.

I have, with cursory eye, o'erglanc'd the ar-

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Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth, than certain times t' appear To his disciples. Milton. He triumphs in his agonies, whilst the soul springs forward to the great object which she has always had in view, and leaves the body with an expectation of being remitted to her in a glorious and joyful resurrection. Spectator.

Perhaps there was nothing ever done in all past ages, and which was not a publick fact, so well attested as the resurrection of Christ. Watts. To RESUSCITATE. v. a. [resuscito, Latin.] To stir up anew; to revive.


We have beasts and birds for dissections, though dises parts, which you account vital, be perished and taken forth, resuscitating of some that seem dead in appearance. RESUSCITATION. n.s. [from resuscitate.] The act of stirring up anew; the act of reviving, or state of being revived.

Your very obliging manner of enquiring after me, at your resuscitation, should have been sooner answered; I sincerely rejoice at your recovery. Pope. To RETAIL. v. a. [retailler, French.j T. To sell in small quantities, in consequence of seiling at second hand.

All encouragement should be given to artificers; and those, who make, should also vend and retail their commodities.

2. To sell at second hand.

The sage dame,


By names of toasts, retails each batter'd jade.

Pope 3. To tell in broken parts, or at second hand,

He is furnish'd with no certainties, More than he haply may retail from me. Sbaks. Bound with triumphant garlands will I come, And lead thy daughter to a conqueror's bed; To whom I will retail my conquest won, And she shall be sole victress, Cæsar's Cæsar. Shakspeare. RETAIL. n.. [from the verb.] Sale by small quantities, or at second hand.

The author, to prevent such a monopoly of sense, is resolved to deal in it himself by retail. Addison.

We force a wretched trade by beating down ⚫ the sale,

And selling basely by retail. Swift. RETAILER. n. s. [from retail.] One who sells by small quantities.

From these particulars we may guess at the rest, as retailers do of the whole piece, by taking a view of its ends. Hakewill. To RETAIN, v. a. [retineo, Lat. retiner, French.]

1. To keep; not to lose.

Where is the patience now,

That you so oft have boasted to retain? Shaksp.
Though th' offending part felt mortal pain,
Th' immortal part its knowledge did retain.

The vigour of this arm was never vain;
And that my wonted prowess I retain,
Witness these heaps of slaughter.


A tomand fum'ral honours I decreed The place your armour and your name retains.


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ETALIATE. v. a. [re and talio, in.] To return by giving like for ; to repay; to requite: it may be d of good or evil.

is very unlucky, to be obliged to retaliate the ies of authors, whose works are so soon foren, that we are in danger of appearing the aggressors. Swift. a first minister of state had used me as you done, retaliating would be thought a mark Swift. ALIATION. n. s. [from retaliate.] quital; return of like for like.


hey thought it no irreligion to prosecute the rest retaliation or revenge; so that at the time their outward man might be a saint, their inward man a devil. South.

od, graciously becoming our debtor, takes is done to others as done to himself, and romise obliges himself to full retaliation.

Calamy. ETARD. v. a. [retardo, Latin; reer, French.]

hinder; to obstruct in swiftness of

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from retard.] Hinderance; the act of delaying.

Out of this a man may devise the means of altering the colour of birds, and the retardation of hoary hairs. Bacon. RETARDER. n. s. [from retard.] Hinderer; obstructer.

This disputing way of enquiry is so far from advancing science, that it is no inconsiderable retarder. Glanville.

To RETCH. V. n. [hɲæcan, Saxon.] To force up something from, the stomach. It is commonly written reach. RETCHLESS. adj. [sometimes written wretchless, properly reckless. See RECKLESS.] Careless.

He struggles into breath, and cries for aid; Then helpless in his mother's lap is laid: He creeps, he walks, and issuing into man, Grudges their life from whence his own began; Retebless of laws, affects to rule alone. Dryden. RETECTION. n. s. [retectus, Latin.] The act of discovering to the view.

This is rather a restoration of a body to its own colour, or a retection of its native colour, than a change. Boyle. RETENTION, n. s. [retention, French; retentio, from retentus, Latin.] 1. The act of retaining; the power of retaining.

No woman's heart

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The backward learner makes amends another way, expiating his want of docility with a deeper and a more rooted retention. South.

Retention is the keeping of those simple ideas, which from sensation or reflection the mind hath received.

The act of withholding any thing.
His life I gave him, and did thereto add
My love without retention or restraint;
All his.



5. Custody; confinement; restraint.
I sent the old and miserable king,
To some retention and appointed guard. Shaksp
RETENTIVE. adj. [retentus, Lat. retentif,

1. Having the power of retention.

It keepeth sermons in memory, and doth in that respect, although not feed the soul of man, yet help the retentive force of that stomach of the mind. Hooker.

Have I been ever free, and must my house Be my retentive enemy, my gaol? Shakspeare. From retentive cage

When sullen Philomel escapes, her notes
She varies, and of past imprisonment
Sweetly complains.


In Tot'nam fields the brethren with amaze Prick all their ears up, and forget to graze; Long Chancery-lane retentive rolls the sound, And courts to courts return it round and round. Pope.

2. Having memory.

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RETICULAR. adj. [from reticulum, Lat.] Having the form of a small net. RETICULATED. adj. [reticulatus, Lat.] Made of network; formed with interstitial vacuities.

The intervals of the cavities, rising a little, make a pretty kind of reticulated work. Woodw RETIFORM. adj. [retiformis, Latin.] Having the form of a net.

The uveous coat and inside of the choroides are blackened, that the rays may not be reflected backwards to confound the sight; and if any be by the retiform coat reflected, they are soon choaked in the black inside of the uvea. Ray. RETINUE. n. s. [retenue, French.] A number attending upon a principal person; a train; a meiny.

Not only this your all-licens'd fool, But other of your insolent retinue, Do hourly carp and quarrel.


What followers, what retinue can'st thou gain, Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, Longer than thou can'st feed them on thy cost?

There appears



The long retinue of a prosperous reign,
A series of successful years.
Neither pomp nor retinue shall be able to di-
vert the great, nor shall the rich be relieved by

the multitude of his treasures. To RETIRE. v. n. [retirer, Fr.] 1. To retreat; to withdraw; to go to a place of privacy.

The mind contracts herself, and shrinketh in, And to herself she gladly doth retire. Davies. The less I may be blest with her company, the more I will retire to God and my own heart. King Charles.

Thou open'st wisdom's way,
And giv'st access, though secret she retire.


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These actions in her closet, all alone, Retir'd within herself, she doth futil. Davies. After some slight skirmishes, he retired himself into the castle of Farnham. Clarendon,

Hydra-like, the fire Lifts up his hundred heads to aim his way; And scarce the wealthy can one half retire, Before he rushes in to share the prey. Dryden, RETIRE. n. s. [from the verb.]

1. Retreat; recession. Not in use. I heard his praises in pursuit,

But ne'er, till now, his scandal of retire. Shaksp. Thou hast talk'd

Of sallies and retires, of trenches, tents. Shalip. The battle and the ritire of the English succours were the causes of the loss of that dutchy. bat p.

2. Retirement; place of privacy. Not in


Eve, who unseen

Yet all had heard, with audible lament Discovered soon the place of her retire. Miten, RETIRED. part. adj. [from retire.] Secret; private.

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Language most shews a man; speak that I may see thee: it springs out of the most retired and innost parts of us. Ben Jonson. Some, accustomed to retired speculations, run natural philosophy into metaphysical notions and the abstract generalities of logick. Locke.

He was admitted into the most secret and retired thoughts and counsels of his royal master king William. Addison. 2. Withdrawn.

You find the mind in sleep retired from the senses, and out of these motions made on the organs of sense. Locke, RETIREDNESS. n. s. [from retired.] SQlitude; privacy; secrecy.

Like one, who in her third widowhood doth profess

Herself a nun, ty'd to retiredness,

So affects my muse now a chaste fallowness.


How could he have the leisure and retiredness of the cloister, to perform all those acts of devotion in, when the burthen of the reformation lay upon his shoulders? Atterbury. RETIREMENT. . s. [from retire.] 1. Private abode; secret habitation.

Caprea had been the retirement of Augustus for some time, and the residence of Tiberius for many years. Addison.

He has sold a small estate that he had, and has erected a charitable retirement, for ancient poor people to live in prayer and piety. Law. 2. Private way of life.

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hort retirement urges sweet return, Milton. ate of being withdrawn.

this retirement of the mind from the senses, etains a yet more incoherent manner of king, which we call dreaming, Locke. 'LD. part. pass. of retell. Related or again.

Whatever Harry Percy then had said uch a time, with all the rest retold, reasonably die.


pon his dead corpse there was such misuse hose Welchwomen done, as may not be hout much shame retold or spoken of. Shaks. ETORT. v. a. [retortus, Lat.] throw back; to rebound.

is virtues, shining upon others,

t them, and they retort that heat again the first giver.

Shakspeare. return any argument, censure, or ivility.

is proof will easily be retorted, and the conproved, by interrogating; shall the adulinherit the kingdom of God? if he shall, need I, that am now exhorted to reform my reform it? if he shall not, then certainly I, am such, am none of the elect; for all, that lect, shall certainly inherit the kingdom of Hammond.

e pass'd through hostile scorn;
with retorted scorn his back he turn'd.

Milton. e respondent may shew, how the opponent's ment may be retorted against himself.

curve back.


would be tried how the voice will be carin an horn, which is a line arched; or in a pet, which is a line retorted; or in some that were sinuous. Bacon.

RT. n. s. [retorte, Fr. retortum, in.]

censure or incivility returned.

aid his beard was not cut well, he was in the it was; this is called the retort courteous. Shakspeare. chymical glass vessel with a bent to which the receiver is fitted. a laboratory, where the quick-silver is seed by fire, I saw an heap of sixteen thou retorts of iron, every one of which costs a n at the best hand from the iron furnaces orinthia. Brown. cent urine distilled yields a limpid water; hat remains at the bottom of the retort, is Arbuthnot. cid nor alkaline.

RTER. n. s. [from retort.] One that


RTION. n. s. [from retort.] The of retorting.

ro'ss. v. a. [re and toss.] To toss

st and retost the ball incessant flies. Pope. TOUCH. v. a. [retoucher, Fr.] To rove by new touches.

furnished me with all the passages in Ariand Horace, used to explain the art of by painting; which, if ever I retouch this shall be inserted. Dryden.

Lintot, dull rogue! will think your price too



"Not, sir, if you revise it and retouch." To RETRACE. v. a. [retracer, Fr.] To trace back; to trace again.

Then if the line of Turnus you retrace, He springs from Inachus of Argive race. Dryd, To RETRACT. v, a, [retractus, Latin; retracter, French.]

1. To recall; to recant.

Were I alone to pass the difficulties, Paris should ne'er retract what he hath done, Nor faint in the pursuit. Shakspeare.

If his subtilities could have satisfied me, I would as freely have retracted this charge of idolatry, as I ever made it. Stilling fleet.

2. To take back; to resume.

A great part of that time, which the inhabi tants of the former earth had to spare, and whereof they made so ill use, was employed in making provisions for bread; and the excess of fertility, which contributed so much to their miscarriages, was retracted and cut off. Woodw TO KETRA Cт, v. n. To unsay; to withdraw concession.

She will, and she will not, she grants, denies, Consents, retracts, advances, and then flies. Cranville.

RETRACTA'TION. n. s. [retractation, Fr. retractatio, Lat.] Recantation; change of opinion declared:

These words are David's retractation, or laying down of a bloody and revengeful resolution."


RETRACTION. n. s. [from retract.] 1. Act of withdrawing something advanced, or changing something done.

They make bold with the deity, when they make him do and undo, go forward and backwards by such countermarches and retractions, as we do not repute to the Almighty. Woodward. 2. Recantation; declaration of change of opinion.

There came into her head certain verses, which if she had had present commodity, she would have adjoined as a retraction to the other. Sidney.

3. Act of withdrawing a claim,

Other men's'insatiable desire of revenge hath wholly beguiled both church and state, of the benent of all my either retractions or concessions, King Charles. RETRAICT. 2.s. [retraitte, Fr.] Retreat. Obsolete.

The earl of Lincoln, deceived of the country's concourse unto him, and seeing the business past retraict, resolved to make on where the Bacon. king was, and give him battle.

RETRAIT. n. s. [retrait, Fr. ritratto, Italian.] A cast of the countenance. Obsolete.

Upon her eyelids many graces sat, Under the shadow of her even brows, Working bellgards and amorous retraite, And every one her with a grace endows.

RETREAT. n. s. [retraitte, Fr.] 1. Act of retiring.


But beauty's triumph is well-tim'd retreat, As hard a science to the fair as great.


2. State of privacy; retirement.



Here in the calm still mirror of retreat, studied Shrewsbury the wise and great. Pope. Place of privacy; retirement.

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