« PreviousContinue »
And Mnestheus laid hard load upon his helm. The loadstone is a peculiar and rich ore of iron,
Dryden. found in large masses, of a deep iron grey where 4. Any thing that depresses.
fresh broken, and often tinged with a brownish How a man can have a quiet and chearful or reddish colour : it is very heavy, and consimind under a great burden and load of guilt, I
derably hard, and its great character is that of knos not, unless he be very ignorant. Ray.
affecting iron. This ore of iron is found in Engs. As much drink as one can bear.
land, and in most other places where there are mines of that metal.
Hill. There are those that can never sleep without
The use of the loadstone was kept as secret as their load, nor enjoy one easy thought, till they hare laid all their cares to rest with a bottle.
any of the other mysteries of the art. Swift. L'Estrange. LOAF. n. s. [from hlaf or laf, Sax.]
The thund'ring god, Ev'n he withdrew to rest, and had his load.
1. A mass of bread as it is formed by the Dryden.
baker: a loaf is thicker than a cake. TO LOAD. v. a. preterit loaded ; par. loaden
Easy it is or lader. (hladan, Sax.)
Of a cut loaf to steal a shive we know.
The bread corn in the town sufficed not for 1. To burden; to freight.
six days: hereupon the soldiers entered into At last, lader with honour's spoils,
proportion; and, to give example, the lord ClinReturns the good Andronicus to Rome.
ton limited himself to a losf a-day. Hayward.
Shakspeare. With equal force you may break a loaf of Your carriages were heavy loaden ; they are a bread into more and less parts than a lump of burden to the beast. Isaiab. lead of the same bigness.
Digby. 2. To encumber; to embarrass. He that makes no reflections on what he reads,
2. Any thick mass into which a body is only loads his mind with a rhapsody of tales, fit
wrought. in winter nights for the entertainment of others.
Your wine becomes so limpid, that you may Locke.
bottle it with a piece of loaf sugar in each bote
tle. 3. To charge a gun.
Mortimer. A mariner having discharged his gun, and LOAM. n. s. [liin, laam, Sax. limus, Lat. loeding it suddenly again, the powder took fire. from opon, a fen, Junius.] Fat, unctu.
ous, tenacious earth ; marl. 4. To make heavy by something append.
The purest treasure ed or annexed.
Is spotless reputation; that away, Thy dreadful vow, loaden with death, still Men are but gilded leam or painted clay, sounds
Sbakspeare. In my stunn'd ears.
Addison's Cato, Alexander returneth to dust: the dust is LOAD. 1. s. (more properly lode, as it was earth; of earth we make loam; and why of that
anciently written; from lædan, Sax. to loam might they not stop a beer barrel?' Sbaksp. lead.) The leading vein in a mine. To LOAM. v. a. (from the noun.] To The tin lay couched at first in certain strakes
smear with loam, marl, or clay ; to clay. amongst the rocks, like the veins in a man's body,
The joist ends and girders which be in the from the depth whereof the main load spreadeth walls, must be loamed all over, to preserve them out his branches, until they approach the open from the corroding of the mortar. Moxon. air.
Carew's Survey of Cornwall. Their manner of working in the lead mines,
Lo’Amy. adj. (from loam.] Marly. is to follow the lead as it lieth.
The mellow earth is the best, between the LO'ADER. B. s. [from load.] He who
two extremes of clay and sand, if it be not loamy loads.
Auricula seedlings best like a loamy sand, or LoʻADSMAN. 1. s. [load or lode and man.) light moist earth; yet rich and shaded. Evelyn.
He who leads the way ; a pilot. LoʻADSTAR. n. s. (inore properly as it is LOAN.n.s. (blæn, Sax.] Any thing lent; in Mandeville, lodestar, from lædan, to
any thing given to another, on condi.
tion of return or repayment. lead.] The polestar; the cynosure ; The better such ancient revenues shall be the leading or guiding star.
paid, the less need her majesty ask subsidies, fif. She was the loadstar of my life; she the bles
teens, and loans.
Bacon. sing of mine eyes; she the overthrow of my de
You're on the fret, sires, and yet the recompence of my overthrow, Because in so debauch'd and vile an age,
Thy friend and old acquaintance dares disown My Helice, the loadster of my life. Spenser. The gold you lent him, and forswear the loan. O happy fair!
Dryden. Your eyes are leadstars, and your tongue sweet air!
LOATH. adj. [lað, Sax.) Unwilling; disMore tuneable than lark to shepherd's ear liking ; not ready; not inclined. When wheat is green, when hawthorn buds ape These fresh and delightful brooks, how slowly pear.
Sbakspeare. they slide away, as lorb to leave the company of That clear majesty
so many things united in perfection! Sidney. Which standeth fix'd, yet spreads her heavenly With lofty eyes, hall lot to look so low, worth,
She thanked them in her disdainful wise, Lodestone to hearts, and lodestar to all eyes. Ne other grace vouchsafed them to show Davies. Of princess worthy:
Spenser. LO'ADSTONE. n. s. (properly lodestone or When he heard her answers lotb, he knew leading-stone. See LOADSTAR.] The
Some secret sorrow did her heart distrain. magnet; the stone on which the mari.
To speak so indirectly, I am loth ; ners compass needle is touched to give
I'd say the truth; but to accuse him so, it a direction north and south.
That is your part.
Long doth she stay, as both to leave the land, LO'ATHINGLY. adv. (from loath.] In z
She tastes all places, turns to ev'ry hand,
abhorred; exciting hatred.
An huge great dragon, horrible in sight,
Bred in the loaibly lakes of Tartary,
With murd'rous ravin.
Spenser You strike with one hand, but you heal with
The people fear me; for they do observe both;
Unfathered heirs, and loatbly births of nature. Lifting up all that prostrate lie, you grieve,
Sbakspeare. You cannot make the dead again to live. Waller.
Sour-ey'd disdain and discord shall bestów When Æneas is forced to kill Lausus, the poet
The union of your bed with weeds so loathly, shews him compassionate, and is loth to destroy
Sbakspeare. such a master-piece of nature. Dryden. Lo'-THLY. adv. (from loath.) Unwil
As some faint pilgrim standing on the shore,
lingly; without liking or inclination.
Thé And then his inn upon the farther ground,
upper streams make such haste to have Loth to wade througir, and lotber to go round:
their part of embracing, that the nether, though Then dipping in his staff doth trial make
lothly, must needs give place unto them. Sidney. How deep it is; and, sighing, pulls it back.
Loibly opposite I stood
This shews that you from nature loathủy stray, And still more loath to be oblig'd by me.
That suffer not an artificial day, Donne. Soutberne,
LoʻATHNESS. n. s. [trom loa:h.] UnwilTo LOATHE.V. a. (from loath.)
The fair soul herself 1. To hate ; to look on with abhorrence.
Weigh'd between lethness and obedience, Parthenia had learned both liking and mis- Which end the beam should bow. Sbakspeare. liking, loving and loathing;
Sidney. Should we be taking leave,
As long a term as yet we have to live,
The lobness to depart would grow. Sbakspeare. That their own mother loath'd their beastliness. After they had sat about the fire, there grew a
Spenser. general silence and lothness to speak amongst How am I caught with an unwary oath, them; and immediately one of the weakest fell Not to reveal the secret which I loath! Woller. down in a swoon.
Bacon. For thee the lion loaths the taste of blood, And roaring hunts his female through the wood.
LoʻATHSOME, adj. [from loath.]
Dryden. 1. Abhorred; detestable,
The fresh young fly
While they pervert pure nature's healthful Our appetite is extinguished with the satis
rules faction, and is succeeded by lvathing and satiety.
To loathsome sickness.
If we consider man in such a loathsome and 3. To see food with dislike,
provoking condition, was it not love enough that Loatbing is a symptom known to attend dis- he was permitted to enjoy a being ? South. orders of the stomach; the cure must have re- 2. Causing satiety or fastidiousness. gard to the cause.
The sweetest honey TO LOATHE. V. n.
Is loathsome in its own deliciousness,
And in the taste confounds the appetite. Shaks. 1. To create disgust; to cause abhor. Obsolete.
Lo’ATHSOMENESS. n. s. [from loathsome. ) Where I was wont to seek the honey bee,
Quality of raising hatred, disgust, or The grisly toadstool grown there might I see,
abhorrence. And Loathing paddocks lording on the same.
The catacombs must have been full of stench
Spenser. and loathsomeness, if the dead bodies that lay in 2. To feel abhorrence or disgust.
them were leit to rot in open nitches. Addison. The fish in the river shall die, and the river Loaves, plural of loaf. stink; and the Egyprians shall loath to drink of Democritus, when he lay a dying, caused loaves the water.
Exodus. of new bread to be opened, poured a little wine Why do I stay within this hated place,
into them; and so kept himself alive with the Where every object shocks my loathing eyes?
odour till a feast was past.
Bacon. 'Rowe. Lob. n. s. Lo’ATIER. 1. s. (from loath.] One that 1. Any one heavy, clumsy, or sluggish. loathes.
Farewell, thou lot of spirits, I'll begone,
Our queen and all her elves come here anon. LoʻatHFUL. adj. [loath and full.]
Shakspeare. 1. Abhorring; hating,
2. Lob's pound; a prison. Probably a Which he did with lathful eyes behold, prison for idlers, or sturdy beggars. He would no more endure.
Crowdero, whom in irons bound, 2. Abhorred; hated.
Thou basely threw'st into lob's pound. Hadibras. Above the reach of loat?ful sinful lust, 3. A big worm. Whose base effect, through cowardly distrust For the trout the dew worm, which some also Ci his weak wings, dare not to heaven flie. call the lob worm, and the brandling, are the chief, Spenser.
TO LOB. v. a. To let fall' in a slovenly To say that the world is somewhere, means no or lazy manner.
more than that it does exist; this though a The horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks,
phrase borrowed from place, signifying only its And their poor jades
existence, not location.
Locke. Le down their heads, dropping the hide and hips. Loch. n.s. A lake. Scottish.
Shakspeare. A lake or lecb, that has no fresh water running LO'BBY. A. s. (laube, German.) An open- into it, will turn into a stinking puddle. Cbeyne. ing before a room.
LOCK. n. s. (loc, Sax. in both senses.] His lobbies fill with 'cendance, Rain sacrificial #hisp'rings in his ear,
1. An instrument composed of springs Make sacred even his stirrup: Shakspeare.
and bolts, used to fasten doors or chests. Before the duke's rising from the table, he No gate so strong, no lock so firm and fast, stood expecting till he should pass through a kind
But with that piercing noise flew open quit or of baby between that room and the next, where
Spenser. were divers artending him.
We have locks, to safeguard necessaries, Try your backstairs, and let the lobby wait,
And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves. A stratagern in war is no deceit. King.
As there are locks for several purposes, so LOBE. ¥. 5. (lobe, Fr. adeoç.] A division;
are there several inventions in locks, in contriva a distinct part: used commonly for a
ing their wards or guards.
Moxon. part of the lungs.
Nor could the lebes of his rank liver swell 2. The part of the gun by which fire is To that prodigious mass, for their eternal meal. struck.
Dryden. A gun carries powder and bullets for seven Air bladders form lobuli, which hang upon charges and discharges: under the breech of the the bronchia bike bunches of grapes; these lobuli barrel is one box tor the powder; a little before constitute the lobes, and the lobes the lungs. the lik, another for the bullets; behind the cock
Arbuthnot. a charger, which carries the powder to the fur. From whence the quick reciprocating breath, ther end of the lock.
Grew, The lace adhesive, and the sweat of death. Sewel. LO'BSTER. 2. (lobster, Sax.] A crus
3. A bug; a grapple.
They must be practised in all the locks and taceous is b.
gripes of wrestling, as need may often be in fight Those that cast their shell, are the lobster, the
Milton. crab, and cras fish.
to tugg or grapple, and to close.
Bacon. It happeneth often that a lobster hath the great 4. Any enclosure. claw of one side longer than the other. Brown, Sergesthus, cager with his beak to press LOCAL. adj. [local, Fr. locus, Lat.) Betwixt the rival galley and the rock, 1. Having the properties of place.
Shuts up the unwieldy centaur in the lock. By ascending, after that the sharpness of death
Dryden. was overcome, he took the very local possession 5. A quantity of hair or wool hanging toof giory, and that to the use of all that are his,
gether. even as himselt before had witnessed, I go to
Well might he 'perceive the hanging of her prepare a place for you.
hair in locks, some curled, and some forgotten. A higher thight the vent'rous goddess tries,
Sidny: Leaving material world and local skies. Prior.
A goodly cypress, who bowing her fair head 1. Relating to place.
over the water, it seemeth she looked into it, The circumstance of local nearness in them and dressed her green locks by that running river. into us, might haply enforce in us a duty of
Sidney. greater reparation from them than from those
His grizly locks, long growen and unbound, other.
Disordered'hung about his shoulders round. Where there is only a bea! circumstance of
Spenser. worship, the same thing would be worshipped, The bottom was set against a lack of wool, supposing that circumstance changed.
and the sound was quite deaded. Bacon. Stilling
fleet. They nourish only a lock of hair on the crown 3. Being in a particular place.
of their heads.
Sandys. Dream not of their fight,
A lock of hair will draw more than a canle As of a duel, or of the local wounds
Grew. Of head, or heel.
Milton. Behold the locks that are grown white How is the change of being sometimes here, Beneath a helmet in your father's battles. Addis. sometimes there, made by local motion in va
Two locks that graceful hung behind cuum, without a change in the body moved? In equal curls, and well-conspir'd, to deck
Digby. With shining ringlets her smooth iv'ry neck. LOCA’LITY. 8. s. (from local.] Existence
Pope. in place; relation of place, or distance. 6. A tuft.
That the soul and angels are devoid of quan- I suppose this letter will find thee picking of tity and dimension, and that they have nothing daisies, or smelling to a lack of hay. Addison. to do with grosser locality, is generally opinioned. To LOCK. v. a. (from the noun.]
Glanville. LO'CALLY. adv. (from local.] With re
1. To shut or fasten with locks.
The garden, seated on the level floor, spect to place.
She left behind, and locking ev'ry door, Whether things, in their natures so divers as
Thought all secure. body and spirit, which almost in nothing com
2. To shut up or confine, as with locks. municate, are not essentially divided, though not
I am lockt in one of them; locally distant, I leave to the readers. Glanville.
If you do love me, you will find me out. Shaksp. Location. n. s. [locatio, Lat.] Situation
We do lock with respect to place; act of placing ; Our former sample in our strong-barr'd gåte. state of being placed,
Then seek to know those things which make that sometimes they fall like a cloud upon the us blest,
country, and eat up every thing they meet with. And having found them, lock them in thy breast. Moses describes four sorts of locusts. Since
Danbam. there was a prohibition against using locusts, it is The frighted dame
not to be questioned but that these creatures The log in secret lock’d.
Drgden's Ovid. were commonly eaten in Palestine, and the If the door to a council be kept by armed men, neighbouring countries.
Calmet. and all such whose opinions are not liked kept To-morrow will I bring the locusts into thy out, the freedom of those within is infringed,
Exodus. and all their acts are as void as if they were locked Air replete with the steams of animals rotin.
Dryden. ting, has produced pestilential fevers ; such have One conduces to the poet's completing of his likewise been raised by great quantities of dead work; the other slackens his pace, and locks him locusts.
Arbutbrot. up like a knight-errant in an enchanted castle. LOCUST-TREE, 1. S.
Dryden. The locuskotree hath a papilionaceous flower, The father of the gods
from whose calyx arises the pointal, which afterConfind their fury to those dark abodes,
wards becomes an unicapsular hard pod, includAnd lock'd'em safe within, oppress’d with moun- ing roundish hard seeds, which are surrounded tain loads.
with a fungous stringy substance. Miller. If one third of the money in trade were locked LoʻDESTAR. See LOADSTAR. ur, must not the landholders receive one third Lo'destone. See LOADSTONE. Jess?
To LODGE. v. a. [logian, Sax. loger, Fr.] keep your china plates, for fear the mice may 1. To place in a temporary habitation. steal in and break them.
When he was come to the court of France, Your wine lock'd up,
the king stiled him by the name of the duke of Plain milk will do the feat.
Pope. York; lodged him, and accommodated him, in 3. To close fast.
Bacon. Deach blasts his bloom, and locks his frozen 2. To afford a temporary dwelling ; to eyes.
Gay. supply with harbour for a night. To Lock. V. n.
Ev'ry house was proud to lodge a knight. Dryda 1. To become fast by a lock.
3. To place; to plant. For not of wood, nor of enduring brass,
When on the brink the foaming boar I met, Doubly disparted it did lock and close,
And in his side thought to have lodg'd my spear, That when it locked, none might through it pass. The desp'rate savage rush'd within my force,
Spenser. And bore me headlong with him down the rock. 2. To unite by mutual insertion.
Otway. Either they lock into each other, or slip one
He lody'd an arrow in a tender breast, upon another's surface; as much of their sur
That had so often to his own been prest. Addis. faces touches as make them cohere. Boyle.
In viewing again the ideas that are lodged in
the LO'CKER. n. s. (trom lock.] Any tliing
memory, thie mind is more than passive.
Lecke. that is closed with a lock; a drawer. I made lockers or drawers at the end of thie boat. 4. To fix; to settle.
By whose fell working I was first advanc'd,
And by whose pow'r I well might lodge a fear Lo'cket. n. s. [loquet, Fr.] A small
To be again displac'd.
Sbakspears. lock; any catch or spring to fasten a
I can give no reason, necklace, or other ornament.
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing Where knights are kept in narrow lists,
I bear Antonio.
Sbakspeare. With wooden lockets 'bout their wrists. Hudib. 5. To place in the memory: LO'CKRAM. n. 5. A sort of coarse linn. This cunning the king would not understand,
Hanmer. though he lodged it, and noted it, in some partiThe kitchin malkin pins culars.
Baceri, Her richest lockram about her reeky neck,
6. To harbour or cover. Ciamb’ring the walls to eye him. Sbaksp. The deer is lodg'd, I've track'd her to her LO'CKRON. n. S. A kind of ranunculus.
Rush in at once. LocomoʻTION. n. s. [locus and motus,
Addisor. Latin.) Power of changing place.
7. To afford place to. All progression, or animal locomotion,
The memory can lodge a greater store of
performed by drawing on, or impelling forward,
images, than all the senses can present at one
time. some part which was before at quiet. Brorun. LocomoʻTIVE, adj. [locus and moveo,
8. To lay flat.
Though bladed corn be lodg’d, and trees blown Latin.) Changing place; having the
down, power of removing or changing place. Though castles topple on their warders heads. I shail consider the motion, or locomotive fa
Sbakspeare. culty of animals.
Derbam. We'll make foul weather with despised tears ; In the night too oft he kicks,
Our sighs, and they shall lodge the suininer corn, Or shows his locomotive tricks.
Prior. And make a dearth in this revolting land. An animal cannot well be defined from any
"Sbukspeers. particular, organical part, nor from its locomotive To LODGE, V. n.
faculty, for some adhere to rocks. Arbuthnot. LO'CUST. 1. s. [locusta, Lat.) A devour.
1. To reside ; to keep residence.
Care keeps his watch in every old man's eye, ing insect.
And where care lodgeth, sleep will never lie. The Hebrews had several sorts of lecusts, which
Sbakspeare are not known among us: the old historians and Something holy lodges in that breast, modern travellers remark, that locusts are very And with these raptures moves the vocal air numcrous in Africk, and many places of Asia; To testify his hidden residence.
Miltan, And dwells such rage in softest bosomis then? most story, he paid for the rest twenty-four And lodge such daring souls in little men? Pope. pounds four shillings and fourpence halipenny. 2. To take a temporary habitation.
Arbuthnot. Why commands the king,
2. One that resides in any place. That his chief followers ledge in towns about Look in that breast, most dirty dear; him,
Say, can you find but one such lodger there? While he himself keepeth in the cold field?
Pope. Sbakspeare. LO'DGING. n. s. (from lodge.] I know not where he lodges ; and for me to 1. Temporary habitation ; rooms hired devise a lodging, and say, he lies here or he lies
in the house of another. there, were to lie in mine own throat. Sbaksp. Thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge
I will in Cassio's lodging lose this napkin, with the people.
And let him tind it. Shakspeare's Othello.
Let him change his lodging from one end of 3. To take up residence at night.
the town to another, which is a great adamant My lords of acquaintance.
Васол. And soldiers, stay and lodge with me this night.
At night he came
Sbakspeare. Oh, that I bad in the wilderness a lodging place
To his known lodgings, and his country dame.
Dryden. of wayfaring men, that I might leave my people! He desired his sister to bring her away to the
Jeremiah. Here thou art but a stranger travelling to thy
lodgings of his friend. Addison's Guardian.
Wits take lodgings in the sound of Bow. Pope. country; it is therefore a huge folly to be afflict.
2. Place of residence. ed, because thou hast a less convenient inn to ledge in by the way.
Fair bosom fraught with virtue's richest trea
sure, 4. To lie flat.
The nest of love, the lodging of delight, Long cone wheat they reckon in Oxfordshire The bower
of bliss, the paradise of pleasure, best for rank clays; and its straw makes it not
The sacred harbour of that heavenly spright. subject to lodge, or to be mildewed. Mortimer.
Spenser. LODGE, 7. s. [logis, French.]
3. Harbour ; covert. 3. A small house in a park or forest.
The hounds were uncoupled; and the stag He brake up his court, and retired himself, his thought it better to trust to the nimbleness of wife and children, into a certain forest thereby, his feet, than to the slender fortification of his which he calleth his desart, wherein he hath
Sidney. built two fine lodges.
Sidney. 4. Convenience to sleep on. I found him as melancholy as a lodge in a
Their feathers serve to stuff our beds and pile warten.
lows, yielding us soft and warm lodging. Ray. He and his lady both are at the lodge, Upon the north side of this pleasant chase.
Loft. n. s. [lloft, Welsh ; or from lift.] Sbakspeare.
1. A floor. Thus at their shady lodge arriv'd, both stood, Eutychus fell down from the third loft. Acts. Both turn'd, and under open sky ador'd
There is a traverse placed in a loft above. The God that made both sky, air, earth. Milt.
Bacon. Whenever I am turned out, my lodge descends 2. The highest floor. upon a low-spirited family.
To lull him in his slumber soft, .. Any small house appendant to a great- Atrickling stream from high rock tumbling down, er; as, the porter's lodge.
And ever drizzling rain upon the loft, Lo’DGEMENT. n. s. [from lodge; loge- 3. kooms on high.
Mixt with a murmuring wind. Spenser. ment, French.)
Passing through the spheres of watchful fire, 3. Disposition or collocation in a certain
And hills of snow, and lofts of piled thunder. place.
Milton, The curious ledgement and inosculation of the A weasel once made shift to slink auditory nerves
Darbam. In at a corn loft, through a chink. .. Accumulation; collection.
Lo'ftily, adv. (trom lofty.) An oppressed diaphragm from a mere lodgment 1. On high ; in an elevated place. of extravasated matter. Sbarp's Surgery. 2. Proudly; haughtily. 3. Possession of the enemy's work.
They speak wickedly concerning oppression : The military pedant is making lodgments, and they speak loftily.
Psalms, fighting battles, from one end of the year to 3. With elevation of language or senti. the other.
Addison. LO'DGER. n. s. (from lodge.]
My lowly verse may loftily arise, 1. One who lives in rooins hired in the And lift itself unto the highest skies. Spenser, house of another.
Lo FTINEss. 3. 3. [from lofty.] Base tyke, call'st thou me host ? now, I scorn
1. Height; local elevation. the term; nor shall my Nell keep lodgers.
2. Sublimity ; elevation of sentiment. There were in a family, the man and his wife,
Three poets in three distant ages born; three children, and three servants or lodgers.
The first in loftiness of thought surpass'd,
The next in majesty; in both the last. Dryder. Those houses are soonest infected that are
3. Pride ; haughtiness. crowded with multiplicity of lodgers, and nasty
Augustus and Tiberius had loftiness enough in families.
their temper, and affected to make a sovereign The gentlewoman begged me to stop; for that
Colier, a ledger she had taken in was run mad.' Tatler. Lo'rty. adj. [from loft, or lift.]
Sylla was reproached by his fellow lodger that 1. High; hovering ; elevated in place. utilst the fellow ledger paid eight pounds one Cities of men with lofty gates and tow'rs. shiling and fivepence halfpenny for the upper