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Three thousand ducats! 'tis a good rourd sum. Many are kicked down ere they have clebel

Shakspeare. the two or three first rounds of the ladder. They set a round price upon your head.

Government of the Tsaga.

Addison, All the rounds like Jacob's Ladder rise; It is not easy to foresee what a round sum of The lowest hid in earch, the topmost in the money may do among a reople, who have lame


Dogdu. ly suffered the Franche Compté to be seized on. This is the last stage of human perfection, the

Addison. utmost round of the ladder whereby we asend She called for a round sum out of the privy to heaven.

Norra. purse.



The time in which any thing has passed 7. Plain ; clear ; fair; candid; open. through all hands, and comes back to

Round dealing is the honour of man's nature; the first : hence applied to a carousal. and a mixture of falsehood is like allay in gold

A gentle round fllid to the brink, and silver, which may make the metal work the

To this and t'other friend I drink. Sucking better, but it embaseth it.


Women to cards may be compar'd; we play 8. Quick; brisk.

A rourd or two; when us'd, we throw away. Painting is a long pilgrimage; if we do not

Grastilh. actually begin the journey, and travel at a round

The feast was serv'd; the bowl was crosu'd; rate, we shall never arrive at the end of it. To the king's pleasure went the wirthíuirunt. Dryden.

Pria. Sir Roger heard them upon a round trot; and 4. A revolution ; a course ending at the after pausing, told them, that much might be point where it began. said on both sides.


We, that are of purer fre, 9. Plain; free without delicacy or re

Iinitate the starry quire, serve; almost rongh.

Who, in their nightly watchful spheres,

Lead in switt rounds the months and years. Let his queen mother all alone intreat him, To shew his griefs; let her be round with him.

No end can to this be found,

Shakspeare. The kings interposed in a round and princely

"T'is nought but a perpetual fruitless reunde manner ; not only by way of request and per

Cri suasion, but also by way of protestation and me

If nothing will please people, unless they be Bacon.

greater than nature intended, what can they

expect, but the ass's round of vexatious changes? ROUND. n. s.

L'Estras. 1. A circle; a sphere ; an orb.

How then do drag a wretched life beneath Hie thee hither,

An endless round of still returning woes, That I may pour my spirits in thine ear,

And all the gnawing rangs of vain remorse? And chastise with the valour of my tongue

What torinent's this?

Seh. All that impedes thee from the golden round,

Some preachers, prepared only upon tror Which fare and metaphysick aid doth seem

three points, run the same reund irom one end of To have crown'd thee withal. Sbalsfeere.

the year to another. l'll charm the air to give a sound,

Till by one countless sum of woes oppress, While you perform your antick round. Sbaksp.

Hoary with cares, and ignorant of rest, Three or four we'll dress like urchins,

We tind the vicai springs relax'd and worn;' With rounds of waxen tapers on their heads,

Compe!l'd our common impotence to mourn, And rattles in their hands.


Thus through the round of age, to childhond Hirsute roots are a middle sort, between the bulbous and abrous; that, besides the putting s. Rotation ; succession in vicissiturie. forth sap upwards and downwards, putieth forth

Sich new Utopians would have a round of in round,

What if the sun

vernment, as some the like in the church, ia

which every spoak becomes uppermost in his Be centre to the world; and other stars

Halss. By his attractive virtue and their own Incited, dance about him various rounds. Milt. 6. (rondie, Fr.) A walk performed by a Knit your hands, and beat the ground

guar: or officer, to survey a certain In a light fantastick round.

Milton. district, He did foretcl and prophesy of him,

ROUND. adv. Who to his realms that azure round hath join'd.


1. Every way; on all sides. They meet, they wheel, they throw their

The terror of God was upon the cities rasse about.

Genesis. darts afar; Then in a round the mingled bodies run;

All sounds whatsoever more round; that is, Flying they follow, and pursuing stun. Dryden.

on all sides, upwards, downwards, forwards, and How shall I then begin, or where conclude,

backwards. To draw a fame so truly circular?

In darkness and with dangers compass'd reaed For, in a round, what order can be show'd, Where all the parts so equal perfect are! Dryd.

2. [En rond, à la ronde, Fr.] In a revoluThe mouth of Vesuvio has tour hundred yards tion.] in diameter; for it seems a perfect round. A'dis. At the best 'tis but cunning; and if he can in This image on the medal plac'd,

his own fancy raise that to the opinion of true With its bright round of ricles grac'd,

wisdom, he comes round to practise his decerts. And stampe on British coin shall live. Addison,

upon himself.

Government of th: Tessuto .. Rundle; step of a ladder.

3. Circularly. When he once attains the upmost round,

One foot he center'd, and the other tura'd He then unto the ladder turns his back,

Rourd through the vast profundity obscure. Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degrees By which he did ascend.

Shekspo 4. Not in a direct line.



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n. s.

If merely to come in, sir, they go out;

Cicero was at dinner, where an ancient lady The way they take is strangely round about. said she was but forty: one that sat by rounded

Pope. him in the car, she is far more out of ques. ROUID. prep:

tion: Cicero answered, I must believe her, for I 1, On every side of.

heard her say so any time these ten years. Bacon. To officiate light round this opacous earth.

The fox rounds the ne!v elect in the ear, with Milton. a piece of secret service that he could do him.

L'Estrange. 2. About; circularly about. He led the hero round

3. To go rounds, as a guard. The confines of the blest Elysian ground. Dryd.

They keep watch, or nightly rounding walk.

Milton. 3. All over ; here and there in. Round the world we roam,

ROU'NDABOUT. adj. [This word is used Forc'd from our pleasing fields, and native home.

an an adjective, though it is only an Dryden.

adverb united to a substantive by a T. ROUND. V. a. [rotundo, Lat. from the colloquial licence of language, which noun.]

ought not to have been admitted into 1. To surround; to encircle.

books.) Would that th' inclusive verge

1. Ampie ; extensive. Of golden metal, that must round my brow,

Those sincerely follow reason, but for want of Were redhot steel to sear me tu the brain. having large sound, roundabout sense, have not a

Sbukspeare. full view of all that relates to the question. Locks. We are such stuff

2. Indirect ; loose. As dreams are made on, and our little life

Paraphrase is a roundabout way of translating, Is rounded with a sleep.

Sbukspeare. invented to help the barrenness, which translaThis distemper'd messenger of wet,

tors, overlooking in themselves, have appreT'he many-coloured Iris, rounds thine eyes. hended in our tongue.

Felton. Shakspeare. Rou'NDEL. The vilest cockle gaping on the coast, That rounds the ample sea.

Prior. 2. To make spherical, circular, or cylin.

1. (rondelet, Fr.) A kind of ancient poe. drical.

try, which commonly consists of thira Worms with many feet, which round them- teen verses, of which eight are of one selves into balls, are bred chietly under logs of kind of rhyme and five of another : it is timber,

Bacon. divided into three couplets; and at the When silver has been lessened in any piece end of the second and third, the begincarrying the publick stamp, by clipping, washing, or rounding, the laws have declared it not to

ning of the roundel is repeated in an be lawful money.

Locke. equivocal sense, if possible. Trevouxa With the cleaving-knife and mawl split the

Siker, sike a roundle never heard I none, stuff into a square piece near the size, and with Little lacketh Perigot of the best, the draw-knite round off the edges to make it fit

And Willie is no greatiy over-gone, for the lathe.

Moxon, So weren his under-songs well addrest. Spenser. Can any one tell, how the sun, planets, and

To hear thy rimes and roundelays, satellites were rounded into their particular sphe

Which thou wert wont in wastful hills to sing, roidical orbs ?


I more deligbt than lark in summer days, 3. To raise to a relief.

Whose echo made the neighb'ring groves to

Spenser. The figures on our modern medals are raised and rounded to a very gre..t perfection. Addisux.

Come now, a roundel and a fairy song. Sbaksp. 4. To move about anything,

The muses and graces mrade festivals; the To those beyond the polar circle, day

fawns, satyrs, and nymphs did dance their roun delays.

Howel. Had unbenighted shone, while the low sun,

They list'ning heard hiin, while he search'd To recompense his distance, in your sight Had rounded still th' horizon, and not known Or east or west.


And loudly sung his roundelay of love,
But on the sudden stop'd.

Dryder. S. To mould into smoothness.

2. (rondelle, Fr.) A round form or ngure. These accomplishments, applied in the pulpit,

The Spaniards, casting themselves into youn. appear by a quaint, terse, Horid stile, rounded into periods and cadences, without propriety or

dels, and their strongest ships walling in the rest, made a flying march to Calais.

Bacon, meaning.

Swift. To ROUND. V. n.

ROU'NDER. n. s. [from round.) Circum3. To grow round in form.

ference ; enclosure. The queen, your mother, rounds apace; we

If you fondly pass our proffer'd offer, shall

'Tis not the rounder of your old fac'd walls Present our services to a fine new prince. Shaks.

Can hide you from our messengers of war.

Sbakspeare. 2. (runen, German whence Chaucer writes it better roun) To whisper.

ROU'NDHEAD. n. s. (round and bead.] A Being come to the supping place, one of Ka

puritan, so named from the practice lender's servants rounded in his ear; at which he once prevalent among them of cropping retired.


their hair round. France,

Your petitioner always kept hospitality, and Whom zeal and charity brought to the field drank confusion to the roundheads. Spectator. As God's own soldier, rounded in the ear, ROU'NDHOUSE, n. s. (round and bousa ] With that same purpose changes. Sbaksp. They're here with me already; whispering,

The constable's prison, in which disor rounding

derly persons, found in the street, ara Sicilia is a so fortb; 'tis far


Sbaksp. confined.

the grove,



They march’d to some fam'd roundbouse. I'll thunder in their ears their country's care,

Pepe. ROU'NDISH. adj. [from round.) Some

And try to reuse up all that's Roman in ther. wbat round; approaching to roundness.

The heat, with which Luther treated his ad It is not every small crack that can make such

versaries, though strained too far, was eitremea receiver, as is of a roundist figure, useless to

ly well fitted by the providence of God to roase our experiment.


up a people, the most phlegmatick of acy in ROU'NDLY. adv. (from round. ]


Atterbury 1. Io a round form; in a round manner, 3. To put into action.

As an eagle, seeing prey appear, 2, Openly; plainly; without reserve.

His airy plumes doth rouse full rudely toht; Injoin gainsayers, giving them roundly to un- So shaked he, that horror was to hear. Fair Q. derstand, that where our duty is submission, Blust'ring winds had rous': the sea. weak oppositions bet ken pride. Hooler.


To drive a beast from his laire, You'll prove a jolly surly groom,

The blood more stirs, That take it on you at the first so roundly. Sbaks.

To rouze a lion, than to start a hare.

S1 Mortier roundly said, that to cut off al contentions of words, he would propose two

He stooped down, he couched as a lion, asdis

Gadi. an old ion; who shall rouse hin up?

Haytard. means for peace. From a world of phænomena, there is a prin

Th'unexpected sound

Of dogs and med tis wakeful ear does wound; ciple that acts out of wisdom and counsel, as was

Reus', with the noise, he scarce belie es his ea, abundantly evinced, and as roundly acknowledged.

Willing to think th'illusions of his fear
Had ziv’n this false alarm

Derlos. He affirms every thing roundly, without any

Now Cancer glows with Phobus' fiery car, art, rhetorick, or circumlocution. Addison.

The youth rush eager to the sylvan war: 3. Briskly ; with speed.

Swarm o'er the lawns, the forest walks surround, When the mind has brought itself to attention,

Rouse the fleet hart, and cheer the op'ning bound it will be able to cope with difficulties, and maszer

*** them, and then it may go on roundly. Locke. To ROUSE. V. 1: 4. Completely ; to the purpose ; vigor.

1. To awake from slumber. ously; in earnest.

Men, sieeping found by whom :Ser dread, I was called any thing, and I would have done

Rouse and bestir themseli es ere öveli azzke. any thing, indeed too, and roundly too. Sbatsp. This lord justice caused the earl of Kildare to

Richard, who now was half astees, be arrested, and cancelled such charters as were

Rous'd; nor would longer silence keep. Prie. lately resumed, and proceeded every way so Melancholy lifts her head; rouidly and severely, as the nobility did much

Morpheus rouses from his beda

Pepe. distaste him.

Davies. ROU'NDNESS. 16. 5. (from round.)

2. To be excited to thought or action.

Good things of day begin to droop and croate, 3. Circularity; sphericity; cylindrical While night's black agents to their prey do form.

Sbalspesta. The same reason is of the roundness of the bubble; for the air within avoideth discontinue Rouse. n. s. (rusch, German, half drunk.] ance, and therefore casteth itself into a round A dose of liquor rather too large. Not figure.


in use. Bracelets of pearl gave roundness to her arm, They have given me a reuse already. And ev'ry gem augmented ev'ry charm. Prior.

-No: past a pint, as I am a soldier. Stekst Roundness is the primary essential mode or No jocund health chat Denmark drinks to difference of a bowl.


day, 2. Smoothness.

But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell; The whole seriod and compass of this speech And the king's rouse shall bruit it back again, was delight some for the roundness, and grave for Respeaking earthly thunder. Sbaksjese. the strangeness.

Spenser. Rou'sER. n. s. [from rouse.) One who 3. Honesty; openness; vigorous mea

Rout. n. s. [rot, Dutcb.) TO ROUSE. v. a. [Of the same class of

1. A clamorous multitude; a rabble; à words with raise and rise.]

tumultuous crowd. i. To wake from rest.

Besides the endless routs of wretched thralls, At once the crowd arose, confus'd and high; Which thicher were assembled day by day For Mars was early up, and rous'd the skv. From all the world.

Speiser. Dry.len. A rout of people there assembled were, Rev'rent I touch thee! but with honest real, Ofevery sort and nation under sky. Sper. To rouse the watchman of the publick iveal;

If that rebellion To virtue's work provoke the tardy hall,

Came like itself in base and abiect rerts, And goad the prelate slumb’ring in his stall. Led on by bloody youth, goaded with rage,

Pope. And countenanc'd by boys and beggary, 2. To excite to thought or action.

You, reverend father, then tad not been there. Then rouse that heart of thine,

Shaispeare. And whatsoever heretofore thou hast assum'd • Farmers were to forfeit their holds in case of to be,

unlawful retainer, or partaking in routs and unThis day be greater.

lawful assemblies.

Becs. The Dane and Swede, rouz'd up by fierce Such a cacit league is against such reuts and alarms,

showls, as have utterly degenerated from the Bless the wise conduct of her pious armis;

laws of nature.

Bacon. Scon as her fleets appear their terrors cease,

Nor do I name of men the common rest, And all the northern world Les hush'd in peace. That wand'ring loose about,

Addison, Grow up and perish, as the summer fly. Mit

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Fancy, wild dame, with much lascivious pride, To Row. v.a. To drive or help forward By twin chameleons drawn, does gaily ride,

by oars. Her coach there follows, and throngs roundabout,

The swan rows her state with oary feet. Milt. Of shapes and airy forms an endles rout. Cozuley.

Ro'wel. 1. s. [rouelle, French.]
The mad ungovernable rout,
Full of confusion and the fumes of wine,

1. The points of a spur turning on an Lov'd such variety and anuick tricks. Roscom.

axis. Harley spies

He gave his able horse the head, The doctor fasten'd by the eyes

And, bending forward, struck his agile heels Ai Charing-cross among the rout,

Against the pantinig sides of his poor jade Where painted monsters are hung out. Srvift. Up to the rowel head.

Sbakspeare. 2. [route, French.] Confusion of an army A rider like myself, who ne'er wore ruwel defeated or dispersed.

Nor iron on his heel.


A mullet is the rowel of a spur, and hath ne'Thy army, Asif thev could not stand when thou wer't doun,

ver but five points; a star hath six. Peacbum. Dis 'ers'd in rout, becook them all to fly. Daniel.

He spuri'd his fiery steed Their mightiest quell'd, the battle swery'd,

With goring rowels, to provoke his speed. Dryd. With many an inroad gor'd; deformed rout 2. A seton; a roll of hair or silk put into Ener'd, and foul disorder.

Milton. a wound to hinder it from healing, and To Rout. v.a. To dissipate and put into

provoke a discharge. confusion by defeat.

To RO'WEL. v.a. To pierce through the The next way to end the wars with him, aird

skin, and keep the wound open by a to row him quite, should be to keep him from

rowel. invading of those countries adjoining. Spenser.

Rowel the horse in the chest. Mortimer. That party of the king's horse that charged RO'WIN. 1. s. the Scots, só totally routed and defeated thicir

Rorven is a field kept up till after Michaelmas, whole army, that they fled.

Clarendon. that the corn lelt on the ground may sprout into To Rour. V. n. To assemble in clamorous grecr..

Notes on Tusser, and tumuituous crowds.

Then spare it for rozuen, till Michel be past,

Tolengthen thy dairic, no better thou hast. Tussa The meaner sort routed together, and suddenly

Turn your cow's, that give milk, into your assailing the earl in his house, slow him. D'acon.

till snow comes.

ROUTE. n. s. (route, Fr.) Road; way. Ro'WER. 1. s. (from row.] One that ma-
Wide through the furzy field their route they nages an oar.

Four gallies first, which equal rowers bear, Their bleeding bosoms force the thorny brake. Advancing in the watry lists, appear. Dryden.

Gay. The bishop of Salisbury ran down with the Row. n. s. (reih, German.] A rank or stream thirty miles in an hour, by the help of file; a number of things ranged in a

but une rower.

Addison. line.

ROʻYAL. adj. [roial, French.) Lips never part, but that they show

1. Kingly; belonging to a king; becomOf precious pearl the double row.


ing a king; regal. After them all dancing on a row,

The royal stock of David.

Miltona The comely virgins came with garlands dight,

The riyal bow'rs As fresh as flowres.

Spenser. Of great Seleucia buik by Grecian kings. Milt, Where any row

Thrice happy they, who thus in woods and O fruit-trees, overwoody, reach'd too far

groves, Their paniper'd boughs, and needed hands to From courts retird, possess their peaceful loves : check

Of royal maids how wretched is the fate!
Fruitless embraces,

Granville, A triple mounted row of pillars, laid

2. Noble ; illustrions. On wheels.


What news from Venice? Where the hright seraphim in burning ruw,

How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio? Their loud uplitted angchirumpets blow. Mfili.

A nex born wood of various lines there grows, Ro'YALIST, 11. s. [from royal.] Adherent And all the flourishing letters stand in rous.


to a king. The victor honour'd with a nobler vest,

Where Candish fought, the royalists prevail’d, Where gold and purple strive in equal roti's.

Neither his courage nor his judgment iail'd.

Waller. Dryden. Why round our coaches crowd the white

The old church of England royalists, another glou'd beaux,

name for a man who prefers his conscience beWhy bows the side box from its inmost rows?

fore his interests, are the most meritorious subPope.

jects in the world, as having passed all those terTO ROW. V. n. (popan, Saxon.) To

rible tests, which domineering malice could put impel a vessel in the water by oars.

them to, and carried their credit and their conscience clear.

Soutb. He saw them toiling in rowing, for the wind was contrary.

Mark. To RO'YALIZE. v. a. [from royal.) To Some of these troughs or canoes were so great,

make royal. that above twenty men have been found roteing Ere you were queen, ay, or your husband king,

Abbot. To royalize his blood, I spilt mine on. Sbaksp. The bold Bricons then securely row'd, Charles and his virtue was their sacred load.

ROʻYALLY. adv. [from royal.) In a

Waller. kingly manner ; regally ; ás becomes a The watermen turned their barge, and rozved king. softly, that they might take the cool of the even

It shall be my care, ing.

Dryden. To have you royally appointed. Sbakst.


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His body shall be royally interr'd,

A forcible object will rab out the frestes cro And the last funeral pomps adorn his hearse. lours at a stroke, and paint others. Cair.

Dryden. If their minds are well principled with inward RO'YALTY. n. s. (roialté, French.) civility, a great part of the roughness, ubich 1. Kingship; character or office of a king. sticks to the outside for want of better teach 12,

Draw, you rascal; you come with letters time and observation will rub ott; but if ill, að against the king, and take vanity the puppet's

the rules in the world will not polish thien part against the royalty of her father. "Sbaksp.

Lacko He will lose his head, ere give consent,

7. To touch hard. His master's son, as worshipfully he terms it, He, who before he was espied, was afraid, af. Shall lose the royalty of England's throne. Shak. ter being perceived, was ashamed, now being

Royalty by birth was the sweetest way of ma- hardly rubbed upon, left both fear and shame, jesty: a king and a father compounded into one, and was moved to anger. being of a temper like unto God, justice and 8. To RUB down. To clean or curry a mercy:

Holydag. horse. If ihey had held their royalties by this title, When his fellow beasts are weary groun, either there must have been but one sovereign, or else every father of a family had as good a

He'l play the groom, give oats, and rub 'em dren.

Drydes claim to royaliy as these.

Lucke. 2. State of a king.

9. To RUB up. To excite; to awaken. I will, alas! be wretched to be great,

You will find me not to have rubber's the And sigh in royalty, and grieve in state.

memory of what some heretofore in the city dade

Štb. 3. Emblems of royalty. Wherefore do I assume

Jo. To Rub up. To polish; to refresh.

TO RUB. V. n.
These royalties, and not refuse to reign? Milt.
To Roynt. v. a. [rogner, French.) To

1. To fret; to make a friction.

This last allusion gaul'd the panther more, gnaw; to bite.

Spenser. Because indeed it rubb'd upon the sore; RO'YNISH. adj. (rogneux, French, mangy, Yet seem'd she not to winch, cho' shrewdly paltry.] Paltry ; sorry; mean; rude.


Dryde. The roynish clown, at whom so oft

2. To get through difficulties. Your grace was wont to laugh, is also missing. No hunters, that the tops of mountaines scale,

Sbakspeare. And rub through woods with teile sceke them all. ROʻYTELET. n. s. (French.) A little or

Clafest. petty king.

Many lawyers, when once hampered, rue of Causing the American roytelets to turn all ho- as well as they can.

L'Estrega magers to that king and the crown of England. "Tis as much as one can do, to rub through the

Heylin. world, though perpetually a doing. L'Estrza. TO RUB. v. a. [rbubio, Welsh; reiben, Rub. n. s. (from the verb ] German, to wipe. )

3. Frication ; act of rubbing. s. To clean or smooth any thing by pas- 2. Inequality of ground, that hinders the sing something over it; to scour ; to

motion of a boni. wipe ; to perfricate.

We'll play at bowls, 2. To touch so as to leave something of

- 'Twill make me think the world is full of rat, that which touches behind.

And that my fortune runs against the bias Skat. Their straw-built citadel new rubb’d with balm.

3. Collision; hinderance ; obstruction. Milton.

The breath of what I mean to speak In narrow clefis, in the monument that stands

Shall blow each dust, each straw, each little rub over him, catholicks rub their beads, and smell Out of the path, which shall directly lead his bones, which they say have in them a natu

Thy foot to England's throne. Sbakst. ral perfume, though very like apoplectick bal

Now every rub is smoothed in our way. Sozis. sam; and what would make one suspect that

Those you make friends, they rub the marble with it, it is observed, that

And give your hearts to, when they once pero the scent is stronger in the morning than at

ceive night.


The least rub in your fortunes, fall away. Sbaks. 3. To move one body upon another.

Upon this rub, the English embassadors thougbt Look, how she rubs her hands.

fit to demur, and sent to receive directions. -It is an accustomed action with her, to seem

Hazaard. thus washing her hands.


He expounds the giddy wonder The government at that time was by kings,

Of my weary steps, and under before whom the people in the most formal ex

Spreads a path clear as the day,

Where no churlish rub says nay. Crosberg pressions of duty and reverence used to rub their noses, or stroke their foreheads. Heylin.

He that once sins, like him that slides on ice, The bare rubbing of two bodies violently pro

Goes swiftly down the slippery ways of vice; duces heat, and often fire.


Though conscience checks hini, yet those rubs Two bones, rubbed hard against one another,

gone o'er, proluce a ferid smell.


He slides on smoothly, and looks back no more. 4. To obstruct by collision.

All sort of rubs will be laid in the way. Decr. 'Tis the duke's pleasure, Whose dispo.ition all the world well know

An hereditary right is to be preferred before Will not be rubb'd nor stop'd..

election; because the government is so dispose Sbaksp.

ed, that it almost executes itself: and upon the 5. To po.ish; to retouch.

death of a prince, the administration goes on with The whole business of our redemption is, to

out any rub or interruption.

Swift. rub over the defaced copy of the creation, to reprint God's image upon the soul.

4. Difficulty ; cause of uneasiness.

South. 6. To remove by friction : with off or out.

To sleep; perchance to dream; ay, there's the


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