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3. A wandering beggar; a vagrant; a va. 3. Waggish ; wanton; slightly mischie. gabond.

For fear lest we, like roques, should be reputed, The most bewitching leer with her eyes, the And for car-narked beasts abroad be bruited. most roguisb cast; her cheeks are dimpled a oza

Spenser. she smiles, and her smiles would tempi ante The sheriff and the marshal may do the more mit. good, and more territy the idle ropise. Spenser.

I am pleased to see my tenants pass away! 'The scum of people and wicked condemned whole evening in playing their innocent tricks; men spoileth the plantation; for they will ever our friend Wimble is as merry as any of thea, live like rogues, and not fall to work, but be lazy and shews a thousand roguish tricks on seoand do mischief.

Bacon. The troops are all scattered, and the conman- Timothy used to be playing requisb trids; ders very poor rogues.

Sbakspeare. wlien his mistress's biek was turned, he word 2. A knave; a dishonest fellow; a villain; bill out his tongue.

arbeten. a thief.

Ro'cuishLY. adv. [from roguisb.] Like Thou kill'st me like a rogue and a villain. a rogue ; knavishly; wantónly.

Sbakspeare. RO'GUISHNESS. n. s. (from roguisb.] The A rogue upon the highway may have as strong qualities of a rogue. an arm, and take off a man's head as cleverly as the executioner; but then there is a vast dispao Ro'ovy. adj. (trom rogue.) Knavist;

wanton, A bad word. rity, when one action is murder and the other justice.


A shepherd's boy had gotten a regwy trick sf If he call rogue and rascal from the garret,

crying, A wolf, and fooling the couury wb He means you no more mischief than a parrot.

false alarms.

L'Estrast. Dryden, To Roist.

1v.n. (Of this word the The rogue and fool by fits is fair and wise, To Roi'sTER.S. most probable etymoloAnd ev'n the best, by fits, what they despise. gy is from rifler, Islandick, a violent

Pope. 3. A name of slight tenderness and en.

man.]. To behave turbulently; to act

at discretion; to be at free quarter; to dearment.

bluster. I never knew a woman love man so.

I have a reisting challenge sent amongst -Alas, poor rogue, I think indeed she loves.

The dull and factious nobles of the Grecks, Sbukspeare.

Will strike amazement to their drowsy sparit 4. A wag.

Statsar Oh, what a rogue and pleasant slave am 1!

Among a crew of roist'ring fellows,

He'd sit whole ev'nings at the alebouse. Su To ROGUE. V. n. [from the noun.] 1. To wander; to play the vagabond.

Roi'ster, or Roisterer. a. s. (from the If he be but once so 'taken idly reguing, he

verb.) A turbulent, brutal, lawless, may punish him with the stocks. Spenser.

blustering fellow. He rogued away at last, and was lost. Carew. To ROLL. v. a. [rouler, Fr, rollca, Dat.

from rotulo, of roto, Latin.] 2. To play knavish tricks. RoʻGUERY. 1. s. (from rogile. )

1. To move any thing by volutation, or 1. The lite of a vagabond.

successive application of the different To live in one land is captivity,

parts of the surface, to the ground. To run all countries a wild


Who shall rell us auay the stone iron the 2. Knavish tricks.

door of the sepulchre ? They will afterwards hardly be drawn to their

2. To move any thing round upon its axis. wonted levd life in thievery and roguery. Spenser. 3. To move in a circle.

here's lime in this sack tvo; there's To dress, and troll the tongue, and roll be nothing but roguery to be founu in villanous man.


Sbakspeare. 4. To produce a periodical resolution Like the devil did tempt and sway 'em

Heav'n shone and reli'alier motius. Miks To rogueries, and then betray 'em. Hudibras.

5. To wrap round upon itselt. The kid smelt out the ropuery. L'Estrange. ó. To enwrap; to involve in bandage.

'Tis no scandal grown, For debt and roguery to quit the town. Dryden.

By this rolling, parts are kepe from junin ton

gether. The roquery of alchymy, And we the bubbled fools,

7. To form by rolling into round masses. Spend all our present stock in hopes of golden

Grind red-lead, or any other culour with stras rules.


wori, and so roll them up into long rols de

pencils. 3. Waggery; arch tricks. RO'GUESHIP. 1. s. (from rogue.) The

8. To pour in a stream or waves.

A small Euphrates through the piece is reli" qualities or personage of a rogue. And little eagles wave their wings in guld. Peter

Say, in what nasty cellar under ground, TO ROLL. V. n. Or what church porch, your rogueship may be found?


1. To be moved by the successive appli. ROʻGuish, adj. [from rogue.]

cation of all parts of the surface to a 1. Vagrant; vagabond.

plane : as a cylinder.

Fire must rend the sky, Though the persons, by whom it is used, be of And wheel on th' earth, devouring where it relia better note than the former reguish sort; yet the fault is no less worthy of a marshal.

Spenser. 2. Knavish; fraudulent.

Reports, like snow-balls, gather still the farther they roll.

Government of téc Tour He gets a thousand thumps and kicks, Yet cannot leave his reguish tricks

I'm pleas’d with my own work, Tore was Swift,

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With infant nature, when his spacious hand comes that soaks through, use a roll to break the Had rounded chis huge ball of earth and seas, clots.

Mortimer. To give it the first push, and see it rull 6. [rotulus, Lat.) Publick writing. Alung the vast abyss.


Cromwell is made master 2. To run on wheels.

O'th' rolls, and the king's secretary. Sbaksp He next essays to v alk, but downward press'd, Darius made a decree, and search was made in On four feet imitates his brother beast;

the house of the rolls, where the treasures were By slow degrees he gathers arom the ground

Ezra. His legs, and to the rolling chair is bound.

The rolls of parliament, the entry of the peo Dryden. titions, answers, and transactions in parliament

Hale. 3. To perform a periodical revolution.

Thus the year rolls wit in itself again. Dryden 7. A register; a catalogue.
When thi ty rolling years have run their race. Beasts only cannot discern beauty; and let

Dryden, them be in the roll of beasts that do not honour 4. To move with the surface variously


Sidney. directed.

These signs have mark'd me extraordinary,
Thou, light,

And all the courses of my life do shew,
I am not in the roll of common men.

Sbaksp. Revisit'st not these eyes, which roll in vain,

The roll and list of that army doth remain. To find the piercing ray, and find no dawn. Milton,

Davies. A boar is chat'd, his nostrils flames expire,

Of that short roll of friends writ in my heart,

There's none, that sometimes greét us not. Anu reigye-balls roll with living tire. Dryd.

Donne. 5. Imouli" rough water

"T'is a mathematical demonstration, that these Teton tempestuous nights I rolld, resign'd

twenty-four letters admit of so many changes in Tcrrizin billows and the warring wind. Pope.

their order, and make such a long roll of is waves or voiumes of water.

rently ranged alphabets, not two of which are 11a.e rolling atter wave in torrent rapture. alike; that they could not all be exhausted,


though a million millions of writers should each o'rnion is too great to be ruined by any but write about a thousand alphabets a-day, for the itel, a'u if the juinber and weight of it roll space of a million millions of years. Bentley one y up on the gre iest changes that can hap- 8. Chronicle. pon, yet F..glarni will be satc.


Please thy pride, and search the herald's roll, Tulike bug.surge rolld off, then backward

Where thou shalt tind thy famous pedigree. Sweep

Dryden. The reflueut tides, and plunge into the deep.

His chamber all was hanged about with rolls

Pope And old records, from ancient times deriv'd. Storms beat, and rolls the main;

Spenser. On beat those storms, and roll the seas in vain!

The eye of time beholds 10 name

Fore. So blest as thine, in all the rolls of fame. Pope. 9. To fluctuate ; to move tumultuously, Here tell me, if thou dar’st, my conscious sowi, 9. [role

, French.] Part; office. Not in What diff'rent sorrows did within thee roll.


In human society every man has his roll and station assigned him.

L'Estrange. The thoughts, which roll within my ravish'd breast,

RoʻLLER. 1. s. (rouleau, Fr. from roll.] To me, no seer, th' inspiring gods suggest. Pope. 1. Any thing turning on its own axis, as

In her sad breast the prince's fortunes roll, a heavy stone to level walks. And hope and doubt alternate seize her soul. When a man tumbles a roller down a hill, the

Pope. man is the violent enforcer of the first motion; 8. To revolve on an axis.

but when it is once tumbling, the property of He fashion'd those harmonious orbs, that roll the thing itself continues it.

Hummond. In restless gyrcs about the Arctick pole. Sandys. The long slender worms, that breed between

the skin and flesh in the isle of Ormuz and in 9. To be moved with violence. Down they fell

India, are generally twisted out upon sticks or

rollers. By thousands, angel on archangel rolld. Milton.


They make the string of the pole horizontal ROLL. 11.5. (from the verb.]

towards the lathe, conveying and guiding the 1. The act of rolling; the state of being string from the pole to the work, by throwing it rolled.

over a roller.

Moxon. 2. The thing rolling.

Lady Charlotte, like a stroller,
Listening senates bang upon thy tongue,

Sits mounted on the garden roller. Sreift, Devolving through the maze of eloquence

2. Bandage ; fillet. A roll of periods sweeter than her song. Tlomson,

Fasten not your roller by tying a knot, lest you 3. [rouleau, Fr.] Mass made round.

hurt your patient.

Wiseman Large rolls of fat about his shoulders clung,

Bandage being chiefly to maintain the due siAnd from his neck the double dewlap hung.

tuation of a dressing, surgeons always turn a Addison. roller with that view.

Sharp To keep ants from trees, encompass the stem

RoʻLLING-PIN. n. s. [rolling and pin.] four fingers brcadth with a circle or roll of wool A round piece of wood tapering at each newly plucked.

Mortimer. end, with which paste is moulded. 4. Writing rolled upon itself; a volume. The pin should be as thick as a rollingpin. Busy angels spread

Wisemar. The lasting roll, recording what we said. Prior. ROʻLLING-PRESS. n. s. A cylinder roll

A round body rolled along; a cylin- ing upon another cylinder, by which der.

engravers print their plates upon paper. Where land is clotty, and a shower of rain Ro'LLYPOULV. 4. 5. A sort of game, in





which, when a ball rolls into a certain To ROMP. V. n. To play rudely, noisily, place, it wins. A corruption of roll and boisterously. ball into the pool.

In the kitchen, as in your proper element, Let us begin some diversion; what d'ye think you can laugh, squall, and romp in full security. of roulypouly or a country dance ! Arbuthnot.

Sarift. Roʻmage. n. s. [ramage, Fr.) A tumult;

Men presume on the liberties taken in re a bustle; an active and tumultuous RONDEAU. n. s. A kind of ancient

Clarissa search for any thing. It is cominonly written RUMMAGE, which see.

poetry commonly consisting of thirteen This is the main motive

verses; of which eight have one shyme Of this posthaste, and romage in the land.

and five another : it is divided into three Sbakspeare.

couplets, and at the end of the second ROMANCE. n. s. (roman, Fr. romanza, and third, the beginning of the rordeex Italian.)

is repeated in an equivocal sense, if pos1. A military fable of the middle ages ; sible.

Trevoux. a tale of wild adventures in war and Ro‘NDLE. n. s. (from round.] A round love. What resounds

Certain rondles given in arms, have their names In fable or romance of Uther's son. Millon. according to their several colours Practez.

A brave romance who would exactly frame, RO'NION. n. s. [regnan, Fr, the loins. I First brings his knight from some immortal dame.' know not certainly the meaning of this


word.] A fat bulky womnan. Some romances enterrain the genius; and

Give me, quoth !: strengthen it by the noble ideas which they give

Aroint the witch, the rump fed ranger cries. of things; but they corrupt the truth of history.

Sb.absfoort Dryden. Ront. n. s. An animal stinted in the 2. A lie; a fiction. In common speech.

growth : commonly pronounced rad. A staple of romance and lies, False tears and real perjuries,

My ragged ronis all shiver and shake, Where sighs and looks are bought and sold,

As done high towers in an earthquake; And love is made but to be told.


They wont in the wind, wag their wriggle tails, To Roma'nce. v. n. (from the noun.]

Peark as a peacock, but nought it avails. Spas.. To lie ; to forge.

Rood. n. s. (from rod.) This is strange romancing.


1. The fourth part of an acre in square ROMA'NCER. n. s. (troin romance.] A

measure, or one thousand two hundred lier ; a forger of tales.

and ten square yards. The allusion of the daw extends to all impos

I've often wish'd that I had clear,

For life, six hundred pounds a year, tors, vain pretenders, and romancers. L'Estrange. Shall we, cries one, permit

A terras-walk, and half a rood This lewd romancer, and his bantering wit?

Of land, set out to plant a wood. Saift. Tate.

No stately larch-tree there expands a shade To Ro’MANIZE. v.a. [from roman, Fr.)

O'er half a roud of Larisséan glade. Herts. To latinize; to fill with modes of the

2. A pole; a measure of sixteen feet and

a half in long measure. Roman speech.

Satan, He did too much romanize our tongue, leaving

With head uplift 'bove the wave, his other parts the words, he translated, almost as much Latin as

Prone on the food, extended long and large, he found them.


Lay floating many a rood. ROMA'NTICK. adj. [from romance.]

For stone fences in the north, they dig the 1. Resembling the tales of romances ; stones for eighteen-pence a rees, and make te wild.

walls for the same price, reckoning twediyabe foot to the rood or pole.

Mertisch Philosophers have maintained opinions, more absurd than any of the most fabulous poets or

3. [rode, Sax.] The cross; sometimes romantick writers.

Keil. an image of a saint. Zeal for the good of one's country a party of

By the holy rood, men have represented as chimerical and roman- I do not like these several councils. Sbakspeare. tick.

Addison. Roo'di.OFT. n. s. (rood and loji.j A 2. Improbable ; false.

gallery in the church on which reliques 3. Fanciful; full of wild scenery.

or images were set to view, The dun umbrage, o'er the falling stream, ROOF. n. s. [hrof, Saxon. In the plural Romantick hangs.


Sidney has rooves: now obsolete. ) Ro'mish. adj. [from Rome.) Popish. 1. The cover of a house,

Bulls or letters of election only serve in the Her shoulders be like two white doves, Romisb countries.

Ayliffe. Perching within square royal reoves. Sidery ROMP. n. S.

Return to her, and fifty men dismiss d? 2. A rude, awkward, boisterous, untaught No, rather I abjure all roofs, and couse girl.

To wage against the enmity o'th' air. Stars She was in the due mean between one of your

2. The house in general. affected courtesying pieces of formality, and your

I'll tell all strictly true, romps that have no regard to the common rules

If time, and foode, and wine enough accrue of civility.

Arbuthnot. Within your roofe to us; that freely we 2. Rough rude play.

May sit and banquet.

Clatnak, Romp loving miss

3. The vault; the inside of the arca that Is haui'd about in gallantry robusi. Tberasos, covers a building


From the magnanimity of the Jews, in causes Light thickens, and the crow of most extreme hazard, those strange and un- Makes wing to th' rooky wood. Sbakspeare. wonted resolutions have grown, which, for all ROOM. n. s. (num, Sax. rums, Gothick.} circumstances, no people under the roof of heaven did ever match.


1. Space ; extent of place great or small. The dust

With new wonder, now he views, Should have ascended to the roof of heav'n,

To all delight of human sense expos'd Rais'd by your populous troops. Sbakspeare.

In narrow room, nature's whole wealth. Milton. In thy fane, the dusty spoils among,

If you will have a young man to put his travels High on the burnish'd roof, my banner shall be

into a little room, and in short time gather much, hung.

this he must do.

Bacox. 4. The palate; the upper part of the 2. Space or place unoccupied. mouth.

The dry land is much too big for its inhabi. Swearing till my very roof was dry

tants; and that before they shall want room by With oaths of love.


encreasing and multiplying, there may be new My very lips might freeze to my teeth, my

heavens and a new earth.

Bartleg. tongue to the roof of my inouth, ere I should 3. Way unobstructed. come by a fire to thaw me. Slakspeare. Make


and let him stand before our face. Some fishes have rows of teeth in the roofs of

Shakspeare. their mouths; as pikes, salmons, and trouts. Bas. What train of servants, what extent of field, To Roof. v. a. (from the noun.]

Shall aid the birth, or give him room to build? 1. To cover with a roof.

Greecb. He enter'd soon the shade

This paternal regal power, being by divine High rooft, and walks beneath, and alleys brown. right, leaves no room for human prudence to place

it any where.

Large foundations may be safely laid; 4. Place of another; stead.
Or houses roof d, if friendly planets aid. Creech. In evile, that cannot be removed without the

I have not seen the remains of any Roman manifest danger of greater to succeed in their buildings, that have not been roofed with vaults rooms, wisdom of necessity must give place to or arches. Addison. necessity.

Hooker. 2. To enclose in a house.

For hetter ends our kind Redeemer dy'd, Here had we now our country's honour roof'd,

Or the fallen angels rooms will be but ill supply'd. Were the grac'd person of our Banquo present.

Roscomenon. Sbukspeare.

By contributing to the concentment of other Roo'fy. adj. (from roof. ] Having roofs.

men, and rendering them as happy as lies in our Snakes,

power, we do God's work, are in his place and Whether to roofy houses they repair,

alamy. Or sun themselves abroad in open air,

5. Unobstructed opportunity. In all abodes of pestilential kind

When this princess was in her father's court, To sheep.


she was so celebrated, that there was no prince ROOK. n. s. (hnoc, Sax.)

in the empire, who had room for such an alliance,

that was not ambitious of gaining her into his 1. A bird resembling a crow : it feeds not


Addison, on carrion, but grain.

It puts us upon so eager a pursuit of the adAugurs, that understood relations, have, vantages of life, as leaves no room to reflect on By magpies, and by choughs, and rocks, brought the great author of them.

Atterbury. forth The secret'st man of blood. Shakspeare.

6. Possible admission; possible mode. Huge Aocks of rising rooks forsake their food,

Will you not look with pity on me? And crying seek the shelter of the wood. Dryd. Is there no hope? is there no room for pardon?

The jay, the rock, the daw Aid the full concert.

Thomson. 7. An apartment in a house ; so much of a 2. [rocco, Ital.] A common man at chess. house as is enclosed within partitions. So have I seen a king on chess,

I found the prince in the next room, His rooks and knights withdrawn,

Washing with kindly tears his gentle cheeks. His queen and bishops in distress,

Sbaksprang Shifting about grow less and less,

If when she appears in th' room, With here and there a pawn. Dryden. Thou dost not quake, and art struck dumb; 3. A cheat; a trickish rapacious fellow.

Know this,
I am, like an old rook, who is ruined by gam-

Thou lov'st amiss; ing, forced to live on the good fortune of the

And to love true, pushing young men.


Thou must begin again, and love anew. Suckling. To Rook, v. n. (from the noun.] To

In a prince's court, the only question a man is

to ask is, whether it be the custom of the court, rob; to cheat.

or will of the prince, to be uncovered in some Thcy rook'd upon us with design,

Stilling fleche

rooms and not in others! To out-reform and undermine. Hudibras.

It will afford me a few pleasant rooms, for such How any one's being put into a mixed herd

a friend as yourself. of unruly boys, and there learning to rook at span.- RooʻMAGE. n. s. [from room.] Space ;

Pope. farthing, fits him for conversation, I do not see.

Locke. place. RooʻKERY. n. s. [from rook.) A nursery Man, of all sensible creatures, has the fullest of rooks.

brain to his proportion, for the lodging of the inNo lone house in Wales, with a mountain

tellective faculties: it must be a sileni character and a rookery, is more contemplative than this

of hope, when there is good score of roomage and Pope.

receipt, where those powers are stowed. Wotton. Roo'ky. adj. [from rook.] Inhabited by RooʻMINESS. n. s. [from roomy.) Space ; rooks.

quantity of excent.

"A. Pbilips.




Roo'MY. Odj. [from room.] Spacious; That love took deepest rost, which erst ta wide; large.


Dryce With roomy, decks, her guns of mighty strength, To Root. v. n. [from the noun.] Deep in her draught, and warlike in her lengthi


1. To fix the root; to strike far into the This sort of sumber is morerromy; the thought

earth. can turn itself with greater ease in a larger com

Her fallow leas pass.


The darnel, hemlock, and rank fumitory Roost. 1.5. (hrore, Sax.)

Doch root upon.


Underneath the grove of scalno, 1. That on which a bird sits to sleep.

That westward rooteb, did I see your son. Sied. Sooner than the mattin hell was rung,

The multiplying broud of the ungodly sa He clap'd his wings upon his roost, and sung.


not take deep rooting from bastard slps, 1o lar any fast foundation."

Hu 2. The act of sleeping.

After a year's rooting, then shaking dota te A fox spied out a cock at roost upon a tree. tree good, by loosening of the earth.

L'Estrange. The coulter must be proportioned to thes, Large and strong muscles move the wings, and

because, in deep grounds, the weeds rette support the body at roost.


deeper. To Roost. v. n. (roesten, Dutch ; of the same etymology with rest.]

2. To turn up earth: as, the hog 762

the garden. 3. To sleep as a bird. The cock roosted at night upon the boughs. 3. To sink deep.

L'Estrange. If any irregularity chanced to intervene, and 2. To lodge. In burlesque.

cause misapprehensions, he gave them but lease ROOT. n. s. (rót, Swedish ; roed, Dan.)

to root and iasten by concealment. 1. That part of the plant which rests in

To Root. v. a. the ground, and supplies the stems 1. To fix deep in the earth. with nourishment.

When ocean, air, and earth at once engass, The layers will in a month strike root, being

And rooted forests fly before their rage, planted in a light loamy earth. Evelyn.

Al once the clashing clouds to battle more. Droid When you would have many new roots of

Where th' impetuous torrent rusaing da, fruit trees, take a low trce, and bow it, and lay

Huge craggy stones, and routed trees had throen, all his branches afiat upon the ground, and cast

They left their coursers.

Drzaza earth upon them, and every twig will take root. 2. To impress deeply.

Bacon. The great importani end that God designs it A flow'r in meadow ground, amellus callid; for, the government of mankind, suffe: And from one root the rising stem bestows shews the necessity of its being rested deeply ia A wood of leaves.

Dryden. the heart, and put beyond the danger of being In October, the hops will settle and strike

torn up by any ordinary violence. root against spring.


They have so rosted themselves in the orme 2. Tbe bottom; the lower part.

of their party, that they cannot hear an ohuins Deep to the roots of hell the gather'd breach

with patience. They fasten'd.

These subterraneous vaults would be found 3. To turn up out of the ground; to era-

dicate; to extirpate : with a particle; especially about the roots of the mountains.

as out or up.

He's a rank weed, 3. A plant, of which the root is esculent.

And we must root him out.

Slutsperrt. 'Those plants, whose roots are caten, are car

Soon shall we drive back Alcibiades,

rots, turnips, and radishes.
Nor were the cole-worts wanting, nor the root,

Who, like a boar too savage, doth resta

His country's peace.
Which after-ages call Hybernian fruit,


The Egyptians think it sin to roet ap or to be 4. The original; the first cause.

Their leeks or onions, which they serve uth The love of money is the root of all evil, is a

hoiy rite. Temple.

Relate truth universally agreed in.

Root up wild olives from thy labour'd lands s. The first ancestor.

Dryer It was said,

The royal husbandmau appear'a, That myself should be the root, and father

And plough'd, and sow'd, and tillid; Of many kings,


The thorns he rooted out, the rubbish clear'd, Why did my parents send me to the schools,

And blest th' obedient field. That I with knowledge might enrich my mind?

Since the desire to know first made men fools, 4. To destroy; to banish : with particles. And did corrupt the root of all mankind. Davies. Not to destroy, but roof them eut of hezi'n.

But from the author of all ill, could spring

In vain we plant, we build, our stores increase, So deep a malice, to confound che race

If conscience roots up all our inward peace. Of mankind in one root. Milton.

Graxoilie They were the roots, out of which sprang two Rooʻred. adj. [from root.] Fixed; deep; distinct people, under two distinct governments. radical.


Pluck from the memory a rosted sorrow, 6. Fixed residence.

Raze out the written troubles of the brain. Skal 7. Impression; durable effect.

The danger is great to them, who, on a reader Having this way eased the church, as they foundation, do get stand tirmly rested, and groundthought, of superfluitv, they went on till they ed in the love of Christ. had plucked up even those things also, which had You always joined a violent desire of perpen Luken a great deal stronger and deeper root. tually changing places with a rooici laziness.


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