« PreviousContinue »
Alum stipticks, with contracting pow'r,
Thus hath God not only rivetted the notion of Shrink his thin essence like a rivel'd dow'r. himself into our natures, but likewise made the
Pope. belief of his being, necessary to the peace of our Ri'ven. The part. of rive.
minds and happiness of society, Tillotson. Ri'ver. n. s. (riviere, Fr. rivus, Lat.)
If the eye sees those things rivetted which are A land current of water bigger than a
loose, where will you begin to rectify the mis. take?
Where we use words of a loose and wanderIt is a most beautiful country, being stored ing signification, hence follows mistake and erthroughout with many goodly rivers, keplenished ror, which those maximns, brought as proofs to with all sorts of fish.
Spenstr. establish propositions, wherein the terins stand The first of these rivers has been celebrated
for undetermined ideas, do by their authority by the Latin poets for the gentleness of its confirm and rivet.
Locke. course, as the other for its rapidity. Addison.
Rivet and nail me where I stand, ye pow'rs! River-DRAGON, n. s. A crocodile. A
Congreve. name given by Milton to the king of They provoke him to the rage Egypt.
Of fangs and claws, and, stooping from your Thus with ten wounds
horse, The river-dragon tam'd at length, submits Rivet the panting savage to the ground. Addison. To let his sojourners depart.. Paradise Lost.
A similitude of nature and manners, in such Riveret. n. s. (diminutive of river.] A
a degree as we are capable of, must tie the holy small stream; a rill.
knot, and rivet the friendship between us.
Atterbury. Bringing all their riverets in, There ends; a new song to begin.
3. To drive or clench a rivet.
Drayton. Calls down riveret from her spring,
In rivetting, the pin you rivet in should stand Their queen upon her way to bring. Drayton.
upright to the place you rivet it upon; for if it
do not stand upright, you will be forced to set it RIVER-God. n. s. Tutelary deity of a
upright, after it is rivetted
Мохап, river. His wig hung as strait as the hair of a river.
RI'VULET. n. s. (rivulus, Lat.) A small god rising from the water.
river; a brook; a streamlet. RIVER-HORSE. n. s. Hippopotamus.
By fountain or by shady rivulet,
Milton. As plants ambiguous between sea and land,
The veins, where innumerable little rivulets The river-borse and scaly crocodile. Milton.
have their confluence into the common channel
of the blood. Rivet. n.s. (river, Fr. to break the point
I saw the rivulet of Salforata, formerly called of a thing; to drive.) A fastening pin
Albula, and smelt the stench that arises from its clenched at both ends.
water, which Martial mencions. Addison. The armourers accomplishing the knights, With busy hammers closing rivets up,
RixdoʻLLAR. N.s. A German coin, worth Give dreadful note of preparation. Sbaksp.
about four shillings and sixpence Thy armour sterling.
Dict. I'll frush, and unlock the rivets all,
ROACH. n. s. [from rutilus, Lat. red. But I'll be master of it.
Sbakspeare. huired.] Though Valeria's fair, and though she loves
A roach is a fish of no great reputation for his me too, 'Gainst her my soul is arm'd on every part;
dainty taste: his spawn is accounted much beto
ter than any other part of him: he is accounted Yet there are secret rivits to my heart, Where Berenice's charms have found the way,
the water sheep, for his simplicity and foolish
ness; and it is noted, that roaches recover Subale as lightnings.
strength, and grow in a fortught after spawning. The verse in fashion is, when numbers How
Waltoria So sm soch and equal, that no signe can find
If a gudgeon meet a roach,
Dryden. ROAD. 1. s. [rade, Fr. route, Fr, route is This instrument should move easy upon the via trita.) rivet.
1. Large way; path. To Ri'vet. v. a. [from the noun.]
Would you not think him a madman, who, 1. To fasten with rivets.
whilst he might casily ride on the beaten road
way, should trouble hiinseif with breaking up of If all our fire were out, would ferch down new
Suckling. Out of the hand of Jove; and rivet him
To God's eternal house direct the way, To Caucasus, should he but frown. Ben Jonson. A broad and ample road.
Milton. 2. To tasten strongly; to make iminove- The liberal man dwells always in the road. able.
Fell, You were to blame to part with
To be indifferent whether we embrace false. A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger,
hood or truth is the great road to error. Locke, And rivetted with faith unto your fiesh. Sbaksp.
Could stupid atoms, with impetuous speed, Why should I write this down, that's rivettéd,
By diff'rent roads and adverse ways proceed, Screw'd to my mem'ry? Sbakspeare.
That here they might encounter, here unite.
Blackmore. What one party thought to rivet to a settledness by the influence of the Scots, that the other
There is but one road by which to climb up.
King Cbarles. Till fortune's fruitless spite had made it 3. [rade. Fr.] Ground where ships may known,
anchor. Her blows not shook but rivetted his throne.
I should be still
And every object that might make me fear
At his nurse's tears Misfortune to my ventures.
He whin'd and rear'd away your victory, About the island are many roads, but only That pages blush'd at him. Sbakspeare, one barbour.
Sandys. Sole on the barren lands the sufforing chief 3. Inroad ; incursian.
Roar'd out for anguish, and indulg'd his grief. The Volscians stand
Dryden. Ready, when time shall prompt them, to make 3. To sound as the wind or sea. road
South, east, and west, with nix'd confusion Upon's again.
Shakspeare. Cason was desirous of the spoil, for he was, by And rowl the foaming billows to the shore. Dred. the former road into that country, famous and Loud as the wolves on Orca's stormy stees, rich,
Knollos. Howl to the rouring of the northern deep. Pepco The king of Scotland, seeing nove came in to 4. To make a loud noise. Perhin, turned his enterprize into a road, and The brazen throat of war bad ceas'd to rest, wasted Northumberland with fire and sword.
Consider what fatigues I've known, 4. Journey. The word seems, in this How ott I cross'd where carts and coaches toor'd. sense at least, to be derived from rode,
Gas the preterit of ride: as we say, a short ROAR. 11, s. [from the verb.) ride ; an easy ride.
1. The cry of the lion or other beast. With easy roads he came to Leicester,
The wanted roar is up,
Milion. 2. An outcry of distress. 5. The act, or state of travelling.
3. A clamour of merriment. Some taken from their shops and farms, others Where be your gibes nok ? your gambels? from their sports and pleasures, these at suits of your songs: your hashies of merriment, that law, those at gaming tables, some on the road, were wont to set the table in a roar?? Stiline others at their own fire-sides.
Law. 4. The sound of the wind or sea.
The rour TO ROAM. v. n. [romigari, Italian. See
Of loud Euroclydon.
Pbilips. Room.] To wander without any cer
5. Any loud noise. tain purpose ; to ramble; to rove ; to
Deep throated engines belch'd, whose red play the vagrant. It is imagined to
Imboweld with outrageous noise the air. Mill come from the pretences of vagrants, Oft on a plat of rising ground, who always said they were going to
I hear the far-off curfew sound,
Over some wide-water'd shoar,
Swinging slow with sullen roar.
When cannons did diffuse, Roaming clean through the bounds of Asia.
Preventing posts, the terror, and the news;
The waters, list’ning to the trumpet's rear,
Obey the summons, and forsake the shore. On secret rapine bent, and midnight fraud. Prior.
Droder What were unenlighten'd man,
Roaʼrer. 11. s. [from roar.] A noisy A savage roaming through the woods and wilds brutal man. In quest of prey.
Thomson, The English roarers put down all. TO ROAM. v. ai To range ; to wander Roa'r Y. adj. [better rory; rores, Latin.)
Dewy. over. Now fowls in their clav nests were couch'd,
On Lebanon his foot he set, And now wild beasts came forth the woods to
And shook his wings with roary May devrs wet. Milton.
Fairfax, ROAʼmer. n. s. (from roam.] A rover;
To Roast. v.a. [rostir, rotii, Fr. roster, a rambler ; a wanderer ; a vagrant.
Germ. geportoð, Sax. roasted; froni Roan. adj. [rouen, Fr.]
rastrum, Lat. a grate; to roast, being, Roan horse is a horse of a bay, sorrel, or black
in its original sense, to broil on a gridcolour, with grey or white spots interspersed very
3. To dress meat, by turning it round
before the fire. TO ROAR. V.n. (napan, Sax.)
He roastetb not that which he took in hunting 1. To cry as a lion or other wild beast.
Deay of Picty. Roaring bulls he would him make to tame.
Roasting and boiling are below the dignity of
2. To impart dry heat to flesh.
Here elements have lost their uses,
Air ripens not, nor earth produces;
Fire will not roasi, nor water boil. Sari The young lions roared upon him, and yelled,
Jeremiab. 3: To dress at the fire without water, The death of Daphnis woods and hills de- In eggs boiled and roasted, there is scarce dife plore,
ference to be discerned.
Roasted in wrath and fire,
Dryden. He thus o'ersized with coagulate gore, *. To cry in distress.
Old Priam seeks,
ROAST, for roasted.
perate ways of escape; and probably, after all, He lost his roast beef stomach, not being able his sin betrays him to the gaol, and trom thence to touch a sirloin.
advances him to the gibbet. And if Dan Congreve judges righe,
Bola Prometheus did aspire, Roast beet and ale make Britons tighi. Prior.
And stole from heav'n the seeds of tire; It warns the cook-inaid not to burn
A train of ills, a ghastly crew, The roast meat, which it cannot turn. Swift.
The robber's blazing track pursue.
Dryden. To rule the Roast.
Publick rubbers are more criminal than petty To govern ; to maand common thieves.
Davenant. nage ; to preside. It was perhaps ori
ROBBERY: n. s. (roberie, old Fr. from ginally roist, which signified a tumult, to direct the populace.
rob.] Theft perpetrated by force or
with privacy. Where champions ruleth the rost,
Thieves for their robbery have authority, Their dailie disorder is most.
Tusser. The new made duke, that rules tbe roast.
When juuges steal themselves. Sbakspeare. Shakspeare.
A storm or robbery
Shook down my mellow hangings. Shaksp. Alma slap-dash, is all agnin In ev'ry sinew, nerve, and vein;
Some more effectual way might be found, for Runs here and there, like Hamlet's ghost,
suppressing commion thefts and rol beries. Temple. While every where she rules the roast.
Prior. Robe. n. š. [robbe, Fr. robia, Italian; Rob. 1. s. [I believe Arabick.] Inspis
rauba, low Lat] A gown of state ; a sait juice.
dress of dignity. This infu
Through tatter'd cloaths small vices do appear; being evaporated to a thicker
Robes and furr'd gowns hide all. Sbaksp. tence, passech into a jelly, rob, extract,
My Nan shall be the queen of all fairies, Wisch contain all the virtues of the infusion,
Finely attir'd in a robe of white. Shaks. TO ROB. v.a. [rober, old Fr. robbare,
The last good king, whom willing Rone
Was the poor offspring of a captive maid; 1. To deprive of any thing hy unlawful Ver he those robes of empire justly bore,
torce, or by secret theft ; to plunder. Which Romulus, our sacred founder, wore. To be robbed, according to the present
Dryden. use of the word, is to be injured by To Robe, v. a. [from the noun.] To theft secret or violent; to rob, is to take
dress pompously; to invest.
What christian soldier will not be touched away by uniawful violence; and to steal,
with a religious emulation, to see an order of is to take away privately.
Jesus do such service for enlarging the christian Is't not enough to break into my garden, borders: and an order of St. George only to And, like a chiet, to come to rob my grounds,
robe, and feast, and perform rites and observances? But thou wilt brave me with these salicy terms?
Bacon. Svakspeare. There in long robes the royal magi stand; Our sins being ripe, there was no preventing The sage Chaldeans rub'd in white appear’d, of God's justice from resping that glory in our And Brachmans. calamities, which we rubled him of in our prospice Rebed in loose array she came to bathe. rity: King Charles.
Thomson I have not here designed to rob him of any Roʻbert. n. s. (geranium ruperti, Latin.) part of that commendation, which he has so
An herb); stocksbill. justly acquired from the whole author, whose
Ainsworth. Traginents only tail to my portion. Dryden.
ROBE'RSMAN, 7 n. s. In the old statutes, The water nymnhs lanent their empty urns,
ROBE'RTSMAN.S a sort of bold and Baotia, rubb'd of silver Dirce, mourns. Addison. stout robbers or night thieves, said to 2. To set free; to deprive of soinething be so calicd from Robinhood, a famous bad. Ironica!.
robher. Our house is nie'l, and thou a merry devil, Ro's!n. Didst rob it of sume taste of tediousness. Shakip. ROBIN-RED-BREAST. S Lat.] A bird
21. s. (rubecula, 3. To take away unlawfully. Better he disdain’d of all, than fashion a car.
so named from his red breast; a rudriage io rob love isom any
Shakspure. Procure, that the nourishment may not be Up a grove did spring, green as in May, robbed and dran away.
When spril had been moist; upon whose bushes Nor will I take from any man his due;
The pretty robins, nightingales, and thrushes But thus assuming all, he roba from you. Dryde
Warbled cheir notes.
Suckling. On double sacrilege on things divine,
The robin-red-breast, till of late had rest, To rob ihe relick, and deface the shrins! Dryd.
And children sacred held a martin's nest. Pope Ro'BEER. N. s. [from rob.] One that
ROBOʻREOUS. adj. (robur, Lat.) Made of oak.
Dict. plunders by force, or steals by secret
ROBU'ST. means; a plunderer; a thief.
adj. [robustus, Latin; These hairs, which thou dost ravish from my
ROBU'STIOUS. } robuste, Fr.] chin,
1. Strong; sinewy; vigorous ; forceful, Will quicken and accuse thee; I'm your host;
'These redundant locks, With robbers hands, my hospitable tavour
Robustious to no purpose, clustring down, You should not ruffle ihus. Sbakspeare.
Vain monument of strength.
Millona Had'st thou not committed
2. Boisterous; vivient; unwieldy. Notorious murder on those thirty men
The men sympathize with the mastiffs, in ro. At Ascalon;
bustious and rough coming on. Sbukspeare: Then, like a robber, strip'd'st them of their robes. it ottends me to hear a robustious periwig-pated
Milton. fellow tear a passion to tatters, to very rags, to The robber must run, ride, and use the des split the cars of the groundlingsa Sisakspo
While I was managing this young rebustious 1. To shake ; to move backward and forfellow, that old spark, who was nothing but skin
ward. and bone, slipt through my fingers. Dryden.
If, by a quicker rocking of the engine, the
smoke were more swiftly shaken, it would, like Is haul'd about in gallantry robust.
Bogie 3. Requiring strength.
The wind was laid; the whisp’ring sound The tenderness of a sprain remains a good Was dumb; a rising earthquake reci'd the while after, and leaves a lasting caution in the
Dreden. man, not to put the part quickly again to any A living tortoise, being turned upon its back, robust employment.
could help itself only by its ueck and head, by 4. Robustious is now only used in low lan.
pushing against the ground to rock itself as in a guage, and in a sense of contempt. cradle, to find out the side towards which the ROBUSTNESS.
[from robust.) inequality of the ground might more easily perStrength ; vigour.
mit to roll its shell. Beef may confer a robustness on my son's
2. To move the cradle, in order to procure limbs, but will hebetate his intellectuals. sleep.
Come, take hand with me, ROCAMBOʻLE. n. s. See GARLICK. And rock the ground whereon these sleepers be.
Sbakspears. Rocambole is a sort of wild garlick, otherwise called Spanish garlick; the seed is about the big
Leaning her head upon my breast, ness of ordinary pease.
My panting heart rock'd her asleep Sucking. Garlick, rocambole, and onions abound with a
My bloody resolutions,
A, butbrot. pungent volatile salt.
Like sick and froward children,
Were rock'd asleep by reason. Debe. ROCHE-ALUM. n. s. (roche, Fr. a rock.]
While his secret soul on Flanders sreys, A purer kind of alum.
He recks the cradle of the babe of Spain. Der Rocbe-alum is also good.
High in his hall, rock'd in a chair of state, Ro'chet. n. s. [rochet, Fr. rochetum, from
The king with his tempestuous council sate. roccus, low Latin, a coat.]
Drydes. 1. A surplice; the white upper garment 3. To lull; to quiet. of the priest officiating.
Sleep rock thy brain, What zealous phrenzy did the senate seize,
And never come mischance between us tu ain!
To Rock. v.n. To be violently agitated; 2. (rubellio, Lat.) A fish.
to reel to and fro. ROCK. n. s. [roc, rocbe, Fr. rocca, Ital.]
The rocking town 1. A vast mass of stone, fixed in the earth.
Supplants their footsteps; to and fro they reel
Astonished. The splitting rocks cow'r'd in the sinking
I like this rocking of the battlements. Ing.
ROCK-DOE. n.s. A species of deer.
The rock-doe breeds chiefly upon the Alps: a
creature of admirable switness; and may pro there is some mould,
bably be that mentioned in the book of Job : ber Distilling some of the tincted liquor, all that
horns grow sometimes so far backward, as is
Boyle. properly by lapidaries and jewellers to These lesser rocks, or great bulky stones, are the garnet, when it is of a very strong, they not manifest fragments ?
Burnet. Of amber a nodule, invested with a coat, called
but not deep red, and has a fair cast rock amber.
Hill. Pigeons or doves are of several sorts; as wood Reck-ruby is of a deep red, and the hardest of pigeons and rock pigeons.
Two pieces of transparent rock-selt; one
Weerard 2. Protection; defence. A scriptural Roʻck'er. n. s. [from rock.] One who sense.
rocks ihe cradle. Though the reeds of Egypt break under the
His fellow, who the narrow bed had kept, hand of him that leans on them, yet chc rock of Israel will be an everlasting stay.
Was weary, and without a rocker slept. Urrats,
K. Charles, Ro'cket. nis. [rochette, Italian.) 3. [rock, Danish ; rocca, Italian ; rucca,
artificial firework, being a cylindrical Spanish; spinroch, Dutch.) A distaff held in the hand, from which the wool
case of paper filled with nitre, charcoal,
and sulphur, which mounts in the air was spun by twirling a ball below. A learned and a manly soul
to a considerable height, and there I purpos'd her; that should with even powers,
bursts. The rock, the spindle, and the sheers, controul
Every rocket ended in a constellation, siroving Of destiny, and spin her own tree hours.
the air with a shower of silver spangles. Altis
When bonfires blaze, your vagrant works On the rock a scanty measure place
shall rise Of vital flax, and turn the wheel apace. Dryden,
In rockets, till they reach the wond'ring skies. Flow from the rock my flax, and swiftly dow,
Garib, Pursue thy thread, the spindle runs below.
Ro'cket. n. s. [eruca.] A plant. The
Parnel, To Rock. v. a. [rocquer, French.]
whole plant hath a peculiar fetid smell,
R OG Rocket is one of the sallet furniture. Mortim. to be heard, and he, whose office it is, ought Ro’CKLESS. adj. [from rock.) Being with- now to expound to the sick man the particular -out rocks.
meaning of the voice.
Hammond A crystal brook
Grant me and my people the benefit of thy Is weedless all above, and rockless all below. Dryd.
chastisements; that thy röd, as well as thy staff, may comfort us.
King Cbarlesa RoʻCKROSE. n. s. (rock and rose.] A plant.
"They trembling learn to throw the fatal dart, Ro'ckwork. n. s. [rock and work.) And under rods of rough ceuturions smart. Droda
Stones fixed in mortar, in imitation of As soon as that sentence is executed, these the asperities of rocks. A natural wall rods, these instruments of divine displeasure, are of rock.
thrown into the fire.
Atterbury. The garden is fenced on the lower end, by a
A wit's a feather, and a chief a rod; natural mound of rockwork.
Addison An honest man's the noblest work of God. Popes Ro'cky, adj. [from rock.]
Rode. The pret. of ride. 1. Full of rocks.
He in paternal glory rode.
Milton Val de Compare presenteth her rocky moun- RODOMONTA'DE. n. s. [from a boastful tains.
boisterous hero of Ariosto, called Rodo. Make the bold prince Through the cold north, and rocky regions run.
monte; rodomontade, French.] An empWaller,
ty noisy bluster or boast; a rant. The vallies he restrains
He only serves to be sport for his company; With rocky mountains.
for in these gamesome days men will give him Nature lodges her treasures in rocky ground.
hints, which may put him upon his rodomontades. Locke.
Government of the Tongue. 2. Resembling a rock.
The libertines of painting have no other moSuch destruction to withstand, he oppos'd the
del but a rodomontade genius, and very irregular,
which violently hurries them away. rocky orb
Dryden. Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield. Milton.
He talks extravagantly in his passion, but if I
wouid quote a hundred passages in Ben Jonson's 3. Hard ; stony; obdurate.
Cethegus, I could shew that the rodomontades of J, like a poor bark, of sails and tackling reft,
Almanzor are neither so irrational nor impossiRush all to pieces on thy'rocky bosom. Sbaksp.
ble, for Cethegus threatens to destroy nature. Rod. n. s. (roede, Dutch.]
Dryden. 1. A long twig.
To RODOMONTA'DE. V. n. [from the Some chuse a hazle rod of the same year's noun.) To brag thrasonically; to boast shoot, and this they bind on to another straight like Rodomonte. stick of any wood, and walking softly over those Roe. n. s. (na, ra-deor, Saxon.) places, where they suspect the bowels of the
1. A species of deer, yet found in the earth to be enriched with metals, the wand will, by bowing towards it, discover it.
Boyle, Highlands of Scotland.
He would him make 2. A kind of sceptre. Sh' had all the royal makings of a queen;
The roc bucks in their flight to overtake. Spons.
Thy greyhounds are feeter than the roe. As holy oil, Edward Confessor's crown, The rod and bird of peace.
Sbakspeare. Sbakspeare. They were as swift as the roes upon the mounThe past’ral reed of Hermes, or his opiate rod. tains.
1 Cbronicles. Milton.
Procure me a Troglodyte footman, who can O gentle sleep, I cry'd,
catch a roe at his full speed. Arbutb. and Pope. Why is thy, gitt to me alone day'd?
2. The female of the hart. Mildest ot' beings, friend to ev'ry clime,
Run like a rok or hart upon
The lofty hills of Bicheron.
Sandys. The drowsy mountains wave, and seem to nod: Roe, n. s. [properly roan or rone ; rann, The torrents cease to chide, the seas to roar, Danish ; rogen, German.] The eggs of And the lush'd waves recline upon the shore. fisb.
Here comes Romeo 3. Any thing long and slender.
Without his roe, like a dried herring. Sbaksp. Let the fisherman Increase his tackle, and his rod retie. Gay.
ROGA'TION. n. s. [rogation, Fr. from Haste, ye Cyclops, with your forked rods, rogo, Latin.) Litany ; supplication. This rebel love braves all the gods,
He perfecteth the rogations or litanies before And every hour by love is made,
in use, and addeth unto them that which the Some heaven defying Encelade. Granville. present necessity required.
Hooker. 4. An instrument for measuring.
Supplications, with the solemnity for appeasDecempeds was a measuring rod for taking the
ing of God's wrath, were of the Greek church dimensions of buildings, and signified the same
termed litanies, and rogations of the Latin. thing as pertica, taken as a measure of length.
ROGA'TION-WEEK. n. s. The second 5. An instrument of correction, made of week before Whitsunday; thus called twigs tied together.
from three fasts observed therein, the If he be but once so taken idly reguing, he Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, may punish him with stocks; but if he be found called rogation days, because of the ex. again so loitering, he may scourge him with traordinary prayers and processions whips or rods.
Spenser. then made for the fruits of the earth, or I'am whipt and scourg'd with rods, Nettled, and stung with pismirès, when I hear
as a preparation for the devotion of Of Bolingbroke.