« PreviousContinue »
Of these there are twenty-four in number, the reeve, miller, and cook are distinguished viz. twelve on each side the twelve vertebræ of from each other.
Drydere the back; they are segments of a circle; they In the same antique loom these scenes were grow flat and broad, as they approach the ster
wrought; num; but the nearer they are to the vertebra, Embellish'd with good morals and just thought, the rounder and thicker they are; at which end True nature in her noblest light you see, they have a round head, which, being covered Ere yet debaucb'd by modern gallantry with a cartilage, is received into the sinus in To triting jests and fulsome ribeldry. G1289. the bodies of the vertebræ: the ribs, thus arti- if the outward profession of Iulizion were once culated, make an acute angle with the dwer in practice among men in office, the clergy souid vertebræ: the ribs have each a small canal or see their duty and interest in qualitving taenie sinus, which runs along their under sides, in selves for lay-conversation, when once they were which lies a nerve, vein, and artery: their ex- out of fear of being choaked by ribaldry or protremities which are fastened to the sternum, phaneuess.
Stift. are cartilaginous, and the cartilages make an obtuse angle with the bony part of the ribs; this Ri'BAND. 1. s. (rubande, rubar, Frencb. angle respects the head: the cartilages are harder
This word is sometimes wuities rikes.) in women than in men, that they may better
A fillet of silk; a narrow web of sik, bear the weight of their breasts: the ribs are of which is worn for ornainent. 'wo sorts; the seven upper are called true ribs, Quaint in green, she shall be loose enrobid, because their cartilaginous erds are received With ribbunds pendent, faring 'bout her head. into the sinus of the sternum : the five lower are
Sbakspeare called false ribs, because they are softer and A ribland did the braided tresses bind, shorter, of which only the first is joined to the The rest was loose.
Dryden. extremity of the sternum, the cartilaginous ex- See! in the lists they wait the trumpet's tremities of the rest being tied to one another,
sound; and thereby leaving a greater space for the dila- Some love device is wrought on ev'ry sword, tation of the stomach and intrails: the last of And ev'ry riband bears some mystick word. these short ribs is shorter than all the rest : it is
Gransilk. not tied to them, but sometimes to the musculus Ri'BBED. adj. (from rib.] obliquus descendens.
Quincy. 1. Furnished with ribs.
Was I by rocks engender'd; rib'd with steel!
Such tortures to resist, or not to feel? Saedys And make my seated heart knock at my ribs,
Hung on each bough a single leaf appears, Against the use of nature! Sbakspeare.
Which shrivell’d in its infancy remains,
Like a clos'd fan, nor stretches wide its veins,
But as the seasons in their circle run,
Opes its ribb'd surface to the nearer sun. Gay. In harden'd oak his heart did hide,
2. Enclosed as the body by ribs. And ribs of iron arm'd his side.
Remember 2. Any piece of timber or other matter
That nat'ral brav'ry of your isle, which stands
As Neptune's park, ribbed and paled in which strengthens the side.
With rocks unscaleable, and roaring waters I should not see the saudy hour glass run,
Skalspeare, But I should think of shallows and of flats;
3. Marked with protuberant lines. And see my wealthy Andrew dock'd in sand,
Ri'BBON. 1. s. See RIBAND.
To Rí'BROAST. V. n. [rib and roast.] TO The ships with shatter'd ribs scarce creeping beat soundly. A burlesque word. from the seas.
Drayton. That done, he rises, humbly bow's, 3. Any prominence running in lines : as And gives thanks for the princely blows; the stalks of a leaf.
Departs not meanly proud, and boasting
Burr. RI'BALD. n. s. (ribauld, French ; ribaldo,
Of his magnificent ribreasting, ;
I have been pinched in tiesh, and well rié Italian.) A loose, rough, mean, brutal
roasted under my former masters; but I'm in aua wretch.
for skin and all.
L'Estraat That lewd ribbald, with vile lust advanced,
Ri’BWORT. n. s. (plantago.) A plant. Laid first his filthy hands on virgin clean, To spoil her dainty corse so fair and sheen.
Ric, denotes a powerful, rich, or valiant Spenser.
man : as in these verses of Fortunatos: Your ribanld nag of Egypt,
Hilperice pulens, si interpres barbaru The breeze upon her, like a cow in June,
adsit, Hoist sails, and flies.
Adjutor fortis boc quoque nomen babet. Wak'd by the lark, has rous'd the ribald crows,
Hilp’ric barbarians a stout helper term. And dreaming night will hide our joys no longer.
So Alfric is altogether strong; Ætbelry, Sbakspeare.
nobly strong or powerful : to the sains Ne'er one sprig of laurels grac'd these ribbalds, sense as Polycrates, Craio, Plutarchus. From Aashing Bentley down to pidling Tibbalds. Opimius.
Gibson's Cand. RIBALDRY. n. s. [from ribold;
Pope. Rice. n. s. [oryza, Lat.] One of the escla
ribaudie, old French.) Mean, lewd, brutal lan.
lent grains : it hath its grains dispose.
into a panicle, which are almost of a4 guage. Mr. Cowley asserts, that obscenity has no
oval figure, and are covered with a thick place in wit; Buckingham says, 'tis an ill sort of
husk, somewhat like harley: this grain wit, which has nothing more to support it than
is cultivated in most of the eastern courbarefaced ribaldry.
is kindly to human constitutions, proper for the What riches give us, let us first inquire, consumptive, and those subject to hæmorrhages. Meat, fire, and cloaths; what more? meat,
Pope. If the snuff get out of the snuffers, it may fall 2. Splendid sumptuous appearance. into a dish of rice milk.
Swift. The riches of heav'n's pavement, trodden gold. RICH. adj. [riche, Fr. ricco, Ital. rica,
Richly. adv. (from ricb.] s. Wealthy; abounding in wealth ; a. 1. With riches; wealthily; splendidly ;
bounding in money or possessions ; magnificently. opulent: opposed to poor.
In Belmont is a lady richly left, I am as rich in having such a jewel,
And she is fair, of wondrous virtues. Sbaksp. As twenty seas, if all their sand were pearl.
Women ricbly gay in gems.
Milton. Shalspeare. 2. Plenteously ; abundantly. The rich shall not give more, and the poor no In animals, some smells are found more richly less. Exodus. than in plants.
Brown. A thief bent to unhoard the cash
After a man has studied the laws of England, Of some rich burgher.
Milton. the reading the reports of adjudged cases will Rich was his soul, though his attire was poor, richly improve him.
Watts. As heav'n had cloach'd his own embassador. 3. Truly; abundantly. An ironical use.
Dryden. There is such licentiousness among the basest Several nations of the Americans are rich in
of the people, that one would not be sorry to see land, and poor in all the comforts of life. Locke.
them bestowing upon one another a chastiseHe may look upon the rich as benefactors, who
ment, which they so ricbly deserve. Addison, have beautified the prospect all around him. Seed. 2. Valuable; estimable ; precious; splen
RI'CHNESS. n. s. [from ricb.] did; sumptuous.
1. Opulence; wealth. Earth, in her rich attire,
Of virtue you have left proof to the world; Consummate lovely smil'd.
And virtue is grateful with beauty and richness Matilda never was meanly dress'd in her life;
Sidney and nothing pleases her in dress, but that which 2. Finery ; splendour.
is very rich and beautiful to the eye. Law. 3. Fertility; fecundity ; fruitfulness. 3. Having any ingredients or qualities in
This town is famous for the ricbness of the soil.
Addison. a great quantity or degree. So we th' Arabian coast do know
4. Abundance or perfection of any quaAt distance, when the spices blow,
lity. By the rich odour taught to steer,
I amused myself with the richness and variety Though neither day nor star appear.
Waller. of colours in the western parts of heaven. If lite be short, it shall be glorious,
Spectator. Each minute shall be rich in some great action. 5. Pampering qualities.
Rome. The lively tincture of whose gushing blood Sauces and ricb spices are fetched from India. Shou'd clearly prove the richness of his food. Baker.
Dryden 4. Fertile ; fruitful.
Rick. n. S. See REEK. There are, who fondly studious of increase,
1. A pile of corn or hay regularly heaped Ricb foreign mold on their ill-natur'd land Induce.
up in the open field, and sheltered from
wet. s Abundant; plentiful.
An inundation The gorgeous East with richist hand
O'erflowed a farmer's barn and stable ; Pours on her sons barbarick pearl and gold.
Whole ricks of hay and stacks of corn
Were down the sudden current born. 6. Abounding; plentifully stocked : as,
Mice and rats do great injuries in the field, pastures rich in flocks.
houses, barns, and corn ricks. Mortimer. 7. Having something precious.
2. A neap of corn or hay piled by the Groves whose ricb trees wept odorous gums gatherer. and balm.
In the north they hind them up in small bun. Ri'ched. adj. [from rich.] Enriched. dles, and make small ricks of them in the field. Obsolete.
Mortimers Of all these bounds,
RI'CKETS. n. s. [rachitis, Latin. A With shadowy forests, and with champions ricb'd, name given to the distemper at its first With plenteous sivers and wide skirted meads, We make thee lady.
appearance by Glisson.) A distemper. Riches. 12. s. (richesses, French.)
in children, from an unequal distribu3. Wealth ; money or possessions.
tion of nourishment, wliereby the joints The instrumentalness of riches to charity has grow knotty, and the limbs uneven : rendered it necessary by laws to secure propriety, its cure is performed by evacuation and Hammond. friction.
Quincy. Chemists seek ricbes by transmutation and the In some years, liver-grown, spleen, and rickets
are put altogether, by reason of their likeness. Riches do not consist in having more gold and
Graunt. silver, but in having more in proportion than our O were my pupil fairly knock'd oth' head, neighbours, whereby we are enabled to procure I should possess th' estate, if he were dead; to ourselves a greater plenty of the conveniences He's so far gone with the rickets and th' evil, of life, than comes within their reach, who, shar- That one small dose will send him to the devil ing the gold and silver of the world in a less pro
Dryden, portion, want the means of planty and power, So when at school we first declaim, and so are poorer.
Looke. Old Busby walks us in a theme,
Whose props support our infnt vein, 3. Act of clearing away any encur And help the rickets in the brain;
brances. But when our souls their force dilate,
Those blossoms, and those dropping gums, Our e mughts grow up to wit's estate. Prior.
That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth, RICKETY. a.ij. (from rickets.] Diseased Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease. Witthe rickets.
Milton in a young animal, when the solids are too Ridden. The participle of ride. lix, the case of richety children, the diet should He could never have ridden out an eternal
be RICTURE.n. 5. (rictura, Lat.] A gaping.
period, but it must be by a more powerful being than himself,
Hak. Dict. RI'DDLE. n. s. (nædels, Saxon ; from Rip. The preterit of ride.
ræde, counsel, perhaps a trial of wit.] TO RID. v.a. [from hreddan, Saxon. In 1. An enigma ; a puzzling question ; a
the pret. perhaps ridded or rid; in the dark problem. passive participle rid.]
How did you dare 1. To set free; to redeem.
To trade and traffick with Macbeth, It is he that delivereth me from my cruel ene
In riddles and in charms of death? Sbalspear. mies; thou shalt rid me from the wicked man.
The Theban monster, that propos'd
Her riddle, and him, who solv'd it not, devour'd; Rid me, and deliver me out of great waters.
That once found out and sol'd, for grief and Psalms.
spight I will bring you out from under their bur
Cast herself headlong from the Ismenian steep thens, and rid you out of their bondage. Exod. 2. To clear ; to disencumber.
2. Any thing puzzling. They were not before so willing to be rid of
"Twas a strange riddle of a lady; their learned pastor, as now importunate to ob
Not love, if any lov'd her: hey day! tain him again from them, who had given him
So cowards never use their might, entertainment.
But against such as will not fight. I must rid all the seas of pirates. Sbakspeare. 3. [hriddle, Saxon.] A coarse or open We'll use his countenance; which being done,
sieve. Let her, who would be rid of him, devise
Horse-beans and tares, sown together, are His speedy taking off
To Riddle.V.a. (from the noun.]
1. To solve ; to unriddle. There is someI can put on
thing of whimsical analogy between the Thy terrors, as I put thy mildness on,
two senses of the word riddle; as, we Image of thee in all things; and shall soon, say, to sift a question : but their derivaArm'd with thy might, rid heav'n of these re
tions differ, bellid.
Riddle me this, and guess him if you can, Did saints for this bring in their plate;
Who bears a nation in a single man? Dryden. For when they thought the cause had need on't, Happy was he that could be rid on't. Hudibras: - 2. To separate by a coarse sieve. The god uneasy till he slept again,
The finest sifted mould must be riddled in. Resolvå at once to rid himself of pain. Dryden. To Riddle. v. n. To speak ambiguousig
Martier. The greater visible good does not always raise men's desire, in proportion to the greatness it
or obscurely appears to have; though every little trouble Be plain, good son, and homely in thy drift; moves us, and sets us on work to get rid of it. Riddling confession finds but riddling shrift. Locke.
Stadspeare The ladies asked, whether we believed that RIDDLINGLY. adv. [from riddle.] In tne the men of any town would, at the same con- manner of a riddle; secretiy. juncture, have loaden themselves with their
Though like the pestilence and old-fashion'd wives; or rather, whether they would not have
love, been glad of such an opportunity to get rid of Riddlingly it catch men, and doth remove them?
Never, till it be starv'd out, yet their state 3. To dispatch.
Daars Having the best at Barnet field,
TO RIDE. v. n. pret. rid or rode; part. We'll thither straight; for willingness rids away. rid or ridden. [ridan, Saxon; rijles,
Shakspeare. 4. To drive away; to remove by violence;
1. To travel on horseback. to destroy.
Brutus and Cassius Ah deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young Are rid, like madmen, through the gates of prince.
Rome. RI'D DANCE, N. S. (from rid.]
Slatspeart. Were you but riding forth to air yourself
, i. Deliverance.
Such parting were too perty.
Sbatspeare. Deliverance from sudden death, riddance from Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast rista all adversity, and the extent of saving mercy to- den?
Newbers. wards all men
Hooker, Through storms of smoke and adverse fire he 2. Disencuir.brance; loss of something
rides, one is glad to lose.
While ev'ry shot is levell’d at his sides. Sæisb. ilave too griev'd a heart
your master ride on before, and do you To take a tedious leave: thus losers sart.
gallop after him.
Spijk. A gentle riddance.
2. To travel in a vehicle; to be born, not By this, the cock had a good riidance of his
to walk. tira!
Infected be the air whereon they rids. Sbels
Upon this chaos rid the distressed ark, that bore the small remains of mankind. Burnet. Shall dwell to Seir, on that long ridge of hills! 3. To be supported in motion.
Milton, As venerable Nestor, hatch'd in silver,
The highest ridges of those mountains serve Should with a bond of air, strong as the axle-tree
for the maintenance of cattle for the inhabitants On which heav'n rides, knit all the Grecian ears
of the vallies.
Ray. To his experienc'd tongue. Shekspeure. 3. A steep protuberance. 4. To manage a horse.
Part rise in crystal wall, or ridge direct, Skill to ride seems a science,
About her coasts unruly waters roar,
And, rising on a ridge, insult the shore. Dryden.
Spenser. 4. The ground thrown up by the plow. The horses I saw well chosen, ridden, and fur- Thou visitest the earth; thou waterest the nished.
Sbakspeare. ridges thereof abundantly; thou settlest the furInspir'd by love, whose business is to please,
Psalms. Ho rods, he fenc'd, he mov'd with graceful ease. The body is smooth on that end, and on this
Dryden. 'tis set with ridges round the point. Woodward. s. To be on the water.
Wheat must be sowed above furrow fourteen On the western coast
days before Michaelmas, and laid up in round Rideth a puissant army. Sbakspeare, high warm ridges,
Mortimer. The sea was grown so rough, that the admiral s. The top of the roof rising to an acute was not able longer to ride it out with his gallies;
angle. but was enforced to slip his anchors, and run his gallies on ground.
Ridge tiles or roof tiles, being in length thir
teen inches, and made circular breadthways like They were then in a place to be aided by their
an half cylinder, whose diameter is about ten ships, which rode near in Edinburgh Frith.
inches or more, and about half an inch and half a Hayward.
quarter in thickness, are laid upon the upper part Waiting him his royal fleet did ride,
or ridge of the roof, and also on the hips. Moxon. And willing winds to their low'r'd sails deny'd.
Dryden. 6. Ridges of a horse's mouth are wrinkles Men once walk'd where ships at anchor ride. or risings of the flesh in the roof of the
Dryden. mouth, running across from one side of Now on their coasts our conquering navy rides,
the jaw to the other like fleshy ridges, Way-lays their merchants, and their land besets.
with interjacent furrows or sinking ca
vities. 6. To be supported by something subser
Farrier's Dict. vient.
To Ridge. v. a. [from the noun.] TO A credulous father, and a brother noble,
form a ridge. Whose nature is so far from doing harms,
Thou from heav'n That be suspects none; on whose foolish honesty Feign’dst at thy birth was given thee in thy hair, My practices rid easy.
Where strength can least abide, though all thy
hairs To RIDE. V. a.
Where bristles rang'd like those that ridge the 1. To sit on so as to be carried.
back They ride the air in whirlwind. Milton. Of chaf'd wild boars, or ruffl'd porcupines. 2. To manage insolently at will.
Milton. Humility does not make us servile or insen- RIDGIL. n. s. [ovis rejicula, Latin.
Ainsworth.) A ram half of every coxcomb.
castrated. The nobility could no longer endure to be ridden by bakers, coblers, and brewers. Swift.
Tend my herd, and see them fed;
To morning pastures, evening waters led: RIDER. n. s. [from ride.)
And 'ware the Libyan ridgil's butting head. 1. One who is carried on a horse or in a
And 'ware the ridgling with his butting head. 'The strong camel and the gen'rous horse,
Dryder. Restrain'd and aw'd by man's inferior force,
Ri'dgy. adj. [from ridge.] Rising in a Do to the rider's will their rage submit,
ridge. And answer to the spur, and own the bit. Prior. Far in the sea against the foaming shore, 2. One who manages or breaks horses. There stands a rock, the raging billows roar His horses are bred better; and to that end
Above his head in storms: but when 'tis clear, riders dearly hired.
Uncul their ridsy backs, and at his feet appear. I would with jockies froin Newmarket dinc,
Dryden, And to rough riders give my choicest wme.
RIDICULE. 1. s. (ridicule, Fr. ridicukum,
Bramston. 3. An inserted leaf.
Lat.) Wit of that species that provokos RIDGE. n. s. (hrizz, Saxon; rig, Danish;
Sacred to ridicule his whole life long, rugge, Dutch, the back.]
And the sad burthen of some merry song. Pope. 1. The top of the back.
'Those, who aim at ridicule, He thought it was no time to stay;
Should tix upon some certain rule, But in a crice advanc'd the knigint
Which fairly hints they are in jest. Sivist, Upon the bare ridge bolt upright. Hudibras. To RIDICULE. v.a. [from the noun. ) 2. The rough top of any thing, resembling To expose to laughter ; to treat with the vertebres of the back.
contemptuous merriment. As when a vulture on Imaus bred,
I wish the vein of ridiculing all
that is seri 'us Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds, and good may have no worse effect upon our Dislodges from a region scarce of prey. Milter. state, than knight errantry had on their .. Tem le.
He often took a pleasure to appear ignorant,
There went a fame in heav'n, that he ero long that he might the better turn to ridicule those Intended to create.
Milton that valued themselves on their books. Addison.
This is the place, Ridicu'LER. n.s. One that ridicules.
Whepce ev'n now the tumult of loud mirth The ridiculer shall make only himself ridicu
Was rife, and perfect in my list’ning ear. Min. lous. Earl of Chesterfield.
That grounded marim RIDICULOUS. adj. (ridicule, Fr. ridiculus,
So rife and celcbrated in the mouths
Of wisest men, chat to the publick good Latin.) Worthy of laughter ; exciting
Private respects mlist yield.
Milton contemptuous merriment.
Before the plague of London, infiammaticos Thus was the building left
of the lungs were rife and mortal. Arbetet Ridiculous; and the work confusion nan'd. Ri'FELY. adv. (from rife.] Prevalently;
Milton. It was not in Titus's power not to be derided;
abundantly. but it was in his power not to be ridiculous. Scutb.
It was rifély reported, that the Turks were RICULOUSLY.adv. (from ridiculous. J Ri'FENESS. n. s. (from rife.] Prevalence;
coming in a great feet. In a manner worthy of laughter or con- abusdvice. tempt.
He ascribes the great rifeness of carbon le in Epicurus's discourse concerning the original of the summer, to the great beats. Arbetkort the world is so ridiculously merry, that the de- RIFFRAFF. n. s. (recrementum, Latin.) sign of his philosophy was pleasure and not in
The refuse of any thing. struction.
South. Ridi'cULOUSNESS. n. s. [from ridiculous.]
TORI'FLE. v.a. (rifer, rifler, Fr, rijftles,
1. To rob; to pillage ; to plunder. nobius make with the images consecrated to di.
Stand, sir, and chrow us what you have about vine worship? from the meanness of the matter you; if not, we'll make you, sir, and if you. they are made, the casualties of fire, and rotten
Skaimers ness they are subject to, on purpose to represent
Men, by his suggestion taught, the ridiculousness of worshipping such things.
Ransack'd the centre, and with impious hands Stilling flect.
Rijld the bowels of their mother earth RIDING. particip. adj. Employed to travel
For treasures better hid.
You have rifled my master; who shall m2inon any occasion.
L'Esfree It is provided by another provincial constitu
A commander in the parliament's rebel arts tion, that no suffragan bishop shall have more
rifled and defaced the cathedral at Lichtield. Soate than one riding apparitor, and that archdeacons
2. To take away; to seize as pillage. shall not have so much as one riding apparitor, but only a foot messenger.
Mine is thy daughter, priest, and shall remain,
And pray’rs, and tears, and bribes shall plead in RI'DING. 1. s. (from ride.] A district
vain, visited by an officer.
Till time shall rifle every youthful grace.. Perte RIDINGCOAT. n. s. (riding and coat.) A Rifler. n. s. (from rifle.] Robber; coat made to keep out weather.
plunderer; pill.:ger. When you carry your master's ridingerat in a Rift. n. s. (from rive.] A cleft; a journey, urap your own in it.
Swift. breach ; an opening. RIDINGHOOD. n. s. (riding and hood.] A
He pluckt a bough, out of whose rift there hood used by women, when they travel, to hear off the rain.
Small drops of gory blood.
Spenser The palliolum was like our ridingboods, and
She did contine thee served loch for a runick avd a coat. Arbutonot. Into a cloven pine, within which rift
Good housewives all the winter's rage despise, Imprison'd thou didst painfully renain. Sboks. Defended by the riding bood's disguise. Gay. In St. James's fields is a conduit of brick, unto Rie. n. s. An esculent grain. This dif
which joineth a low vault; at the end of that is a
round house, with a small slit or rift; and in the fers from wheat in having a fiatter spike,
conduit a window; if you cry out in the rift, it the corn larger and more naked. Miller.
makes a fearful roaring at the window. Burse. August shall hear the form of a young man of They have an idle tradition, that a missel bird, a tierce aspect, upon his head a garland of wheat
feeding upon a seed she cannot digest, expelleih and rie.
Pracbam. it whole; which, falling upon a bough ot a tree RIFE. adj. (nyfe, Sax. rijf, Dutch.] Pre- that hath soine rift, putteih forth the misseltoe.
Dacas. valent; prevailing; a hounding. It is
Either tropick now only used of epidemical distem- .
'Gan thunder, and both ends of heav'n; the pers.
clouds while those restless desires, in great men vi
From many a horrid rift abortive pour'd To visit so low folks did much disdain,
Fierce rain, with lightning mixt. This while, though poor, they in themselves did
Some pick out bullets from the vessels sides, reign.
Some drive old oakum through each seain and Guyon closely did await
Dryder. Avantage; whilst his foe did rage most rife;
To Rift, v. a. [from the noun.] To Sometimcs athwart, sometimes he strook' him straight,
cleave ; to split. To rive is perhaps And talsed out his blows.
Spenser. more proper:
Have I giv'n fire, and rifted Jove's stout oak
Sbudspeare. Space may produce new worlds; whereof so At sight of him the people with a shout rije
· Rifted the air.