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Taylor. 7. Bleak ; chill.


His sire appear'd;

S. Unseasoned; unripe in skill. And all his praize, to every syllable heard; Some people, very rew and ignorant, are very But then a rocke, in size more amplified,

unworthily and unftly nominated to places, whers Then first he ravisb’t to him. Chapman. men of desert are held back and unpreferred. I owe myself the care,

Raleigb. My fame and injur'd honour to repair ;

People, while young and raw, and soft-naFrom thy own tent, proud man, in thy despite, tured, are apt to think it an easy thing to gain This band shall ravisb thy pretended right. love, and reckon their own friendship a sure

Dryden. price of another man's; but when experience 3. To delight to rapture ; to transport, shall have once opened their eyes, they will

Thou hast ravished my heart. Canticles, find that a friend is the gift of God. Sestb.
Be thou ravisbed always with her love.

Sails were spread to ev'ry wind that blew,

Proverbs. Raw were the sailors, and the depths were nes. RA'VISHER.n. s. s.bravisseur, French; from


Well I knew ravish.]

What perils youthful ardout would pursue, r. He that embraces a woman by vio

Young as thou wert in dangers, raw to war. lence.

Dryden. They are cruel and bloody, common ra. 6. New. This seems to be the meaning. visbers of women, and murtherers of children.

I have in my mind

Spenser. A thousand row tricks of these bragging jacks. A ravisber must repair the temporal detri

Sbakspeare. ment to the maid, and give her a dowry, or marry her if she desire it. Turn hence those pointed glories of your

They carried always with them that weed, as

their house, their bed, and their garment; ad eyes! For if more charms beneath those circles rise,

coming lastly into Ireland, they found chere So weak my virtue, they so strong appear,

more special use thereof, by reason of the ro

cold climate. I shall turn ravisber to keep you here. Dryden.


Youthful still in your doublet and hose, this 2. One who takes any thing by violence.

raw rheumatick day.

Sbaksfera Shall the ravisher display your hair,

Once upon a raw and gusty day, While the fops envy, and the ladies stare?

The troubled Tyber chafing with his shores.

RA'VISHINGLY. adv. [from ravishing.] 8. Not decocted.

Sbakspeare To extremity of pleasure.

Distilled waters will last longer than 11 As all the housewiferies of deities are

Base To heare a voice so ravishingly fair. Chapman. 9. Not spun or twisted : as, raw silk. RA'VISHMENT.n.s. [ravissement, French; RA'WBONED. adj.[raw and bone.) Having from ravish.]

bones scarcely covered with flesh. 1. Violation ; forcible constupration.

Lean rawbond rascals! who would e'er sup Of his several ravishments, betrayings and

pose stealing away of men's wives, came in all those They had such courage ?

Sbakspeart. ancient fables of his transformations and all that The wolf was content to barter away a rar rabble of Grecian forgeries.

Raleigh. boned carcase for a smooth and fat one. Tell them ancient stories of the ravishment of

L'Estrange. Chaste maidens.

Taylor. RA'WHEAD. n. s. [raw and head.] Toe I told them I was one of their knight-errants that delivered them from ravishment. Dryden.

name of a spectre, mentioned to fright

children, 2. Transport; rapture ; ecstasy; pleasing

Hence draw thy theme, and to the stage pee violence on the mind.

mit All things joy, with ravisbment

Rowbead and bloody bones, and hands and feet, Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. Milton.

Ragousts for Tereus or Thyestes drest. Dryde Can any mortal mixture of earth's mould

Servants awe children, and keep chem in sube Breathe such divine enchanting ravishment !

jection, by telling them of rawbead and bloody Milton. bones.

Lecki. What a ravishment was that, when having Ra'wly. adv. [from raw.] found out the way to measure Hiero's crown,

I. In a raw manner. he leaped out of the bath, and, as if he were suddenly possest, ran naked up and down! 2. Unskilfully; without experience.

Wilkins. 3. Newly. RAW. adj. [hreap, Saxon; raa, Danish; Some crying for a surgean, some upen the rouw, Dutch.]

debts they owe, some upon their children saray

left. 1. Not subdued by the fire.


RA'WNESS. n. s. (from raw.] Full of great lumps of flesh, and gobbets raw.

Spenser. 1. State of being raw. 2. Not covered with the skin.

Chalk helpeth cor.coction, so it be out of a All aloud the wind doth blow,

deep well; for then it cureth the ratoncss of the And coughing drowns the parson's saw;

B30. And birds sit brooding in the snow,

2. Unskilfulness. And Marian's nose looks red and raw. Shaksp. Charles v. considering the rawness of his ses

If there be quick raw flesh in the risings, it is men, established a pilot major for their examirtaan old leprosy. Leviticus. tion.


3. Hasty manner.' This seems to be the This her knight was feeble and too faint, meaning in this obscure passage : And all his sinews waxen weak and raw

Why in that rawness left he wife aed Through long imprisonment. Spenstr.

children, 4. Immature ; unripe ; not concocted. Without leave taking?



3. Sore.

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R E A RAY. n. s. [raie, rayon, Fr. radius, Latin.] with such eagerness, that the life of religion is 1. A beam of light.

thereby hazarded.


These words are razors to my wounded heart. These eyes that roll in vain

Shakspeare. To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn.


Those thy boist'rous locks, not by the sword The lease light, or part of light, which may

Of noble warrior, so to stain his honour,

But by the barber's razor best subdu'd. Milton. be stopt alone, or do or suffer any thing alone, which the rest of the light doth not or suffers

Razor makers generally clap a small bar of not, I call a ray of light.


Venice steel between two small bars of Flemish

steel, and weld them together, to strengthen the Sol through white curtains shot a tim'rous

back of the razor.

Moxon. ray,

As in smooth oil the razor best is whet, And op'd those eyes that must eclipse the day.


So wit is by politeness sharpest set:

Their want of edge from their offence is seen; 2. Any lustre corporeal or intellectual.

Both pain us least when exquisitely keen. Young.
The air sharpen'd his visual ray. Milton.
He now, observant of the parting ray,

RAZORs of a boar. A boar's tusks.
Eyes the calm sunset of thy various day. Pope. RA'ZORABLE. adj. [from razor.) Fit to

be shared. Not in use. 73. [rage, French; raia, Latin.] A fish.


New-born chins be rough and razourable. 4. [lolium, Lat.] An herb. Ainsworth.


RA'ZORFISH. n. so To RaY. v. a. [rayer, Fr. from the noun.]

The sheath or razorfish resembleth in length To streak; to mark in long lines. An and bigness a man's finger.

Carew. old word.

RA'ZURE. n. s. (rasure, Fr. rasura, Lat. ]
Beside a bubbling fountain low she lay,
Which she increased with her bleeding heart,

Act of erasing.
And the clean waves with purple gore did ray.

Oh! your desert speaks loud;

It well deserves with characters of brass
His horse is raied with the yellows. Sbakspeare.

A forted residence, 'gainst the tooth of time
Was ever man so beaten? was ever man so

And razure of oblivion.

Sbakspeare. raied? was ever man so weary? Sbakspeare. RE. Is an inseparable particle used by the Ray, for array.

Spenser: Latins, and from them borrowed by us Raze, n. s. (rayz, a root, Spanish.] A

to denote iteration or backward action: root of ginger. This is commonly writ- as, return, to come back; to revive, ten race, but less properly.

to live again ; repercussion, the act of I have a gammon of bacon and two razes of driving back : reciprocation, as, to reginger to be delivered.

Sbakspeare. criminate. It is put almost arbitrarily To Raze. v. a. [raser, Fr. rasus, Latin.] before verbs and verbal nouns, so that See RASE,

many words so compounded will per1. To overthrow; to ruin ; to subvert. haps be found, which it was not ne

Will you suffer a temple, how poorly built cessary to insert. It sometimes adds soever, but yet a temple of your deity, to be little to the simple meaning of the word, razed?


as in rejoice. He yoketh your rebellious necks, Razetb your cities, and subverts your towns.

REACCE'ss. n. s. [re and access.] Visit reSbakspeare.

newed. It grieved the tyrant, that so base a town Let pass the quailing and withering of all should so long hold out, so that he would threaten things by the recess, and their reviving by the to raze it. Knolles.

Hakéwill. Shed christian blood, and populous cities To REACH, v. a. ancient preterit raught. Taze ;

[ræcan, Saxon.] Because they're taught to use some diff'rent 1. To touch with the hand extended. phrase.


Round the tree
We couch'd with joy
The royal hand that raz'd unhappy Troy.

They longing stood, but could not reach.

Dryden. What are riches, empire, pow'r,
The place would be razed to the ground, and
its foundations sown with salt.

But larger means to gratify the will;

The steps by which we climb to rise and reach 2. To efface.

Our wish, and that obtained, down with a scaf Fatal this marriage; cancelling your fame,

folding Razing the characters of your renown. Sbaksp. Of scepters, crowns and thrones: they've sery'd Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow,

their end,
Raze out the written troubles of the brain. And there like lumber to be left and scorn'd?

He in derision sets
Upon their congues a various spirit, to raze

2. To arrive at ; to attain any thing diQuite out their native language; and instead,

stant; to strike from a distance. To sow a jangling noise of words. Milton.

The coast so long desir'd

Thy troops shall reach, and having reacb'd, reI'll find a day to massacre them all,


Dryden. And raze their faction and their family.

What remains beyond this, we have no more

positive notion of, than a mariner has of the Sbakspeare.

depth of the sea; where, having let down his no so (rasor, Latin.] A knife

sounding liné, he reacbes no bottom. Locke, with a thick blade and fine edge used in It must fall perhaps before this letter reaches

Popeo Zeal, except ordered arighs, useth the resor 3. To strike from a distant place.


the sun.

3. To extirpate.




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your hands.

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O patron pow'r, thy present aid afford, REACH. n. s. [from the verb.]
That'l may reach the beast !

Dryden. 5. Act of touching or seizing by extension 4. To fetch from some place distant, and of the hand.

G give. He reached me a full cup.

2. Power of reaching or taking in the 2 Esdras.

hand. 5. To bring forward from a distant place.

There may be in a man's reach a book tosReacb hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach bither thy hand, and thrust it into my

taining pictures and discourses, capable to do

light and instruct him, which yet he may berer side.


have the will to open. 6. To hold out ; to stretch forth. These kinds of goodness are so nearly united 3. Power of attainment or management


In actions, within the reach of power in his, to the things which desire them, that we scarcely perceive the appetite to stir in reaching forth her

a man seems as free as it is possible for freedom

to make him. hand towards them.


4. Power; limit of faculties. 7. To attain; to gain; to obtain. The best accounts of the appearances of na

Our sight may be considered as a more sa ture, which human penetration can reach, come

fusive kind of touch, that brings into our reach short of its reality.

some of the most remote parts of the universe,

Cbezne. 8. To tran'sfer.

Be sure yourself and your own reach o Through such hands

know, The knowledge of the gods is reach'd to man. How far your genius, taste, and learning en Rowe.

Pepe 9. To penetrate to.

5. Contrivance; artful scheme; dev? Whatever alterations are made in the body,

thought. if they reach not the mind, there is no perception.

Drawn by others, who had deeper reactar teta Locke.

themselves, to matters which they least intende 10. To be adequate to.

Haydet The law reached the intention of the pro- Some, under types, have affected obscuritas moters, and this act fixed the natural price of amuse and make themselves admired for money.

Locke. found reacbes.
If these examples of grown men reach not the

6. A fetch; an artifice to attain socke case of children, let them examine. Locke.

distant advantage. JI. To extend to.

The duke of Parma had particular rearbess! Thy desire leads to no excess that reaches

ends of his own underhand, to cross the desire blame.

Milton. Her imprecations reach not to the gomb, They shut not out society in death. Addison.

7. Tendency to distant consequences.

Strain not my speech
3%. To extend ; to spread abroad.
Trees reacb'd too far their pamper'd boughs.

To grosser issues, not to larger reacb,
Than to suspicion.


8. Extent. 13. To take in the hand.

The confines met of empyrean heav'n, Lest he reach of the tree of life, and eat. And of this world : and, on the left band, he!


With long reacb interpos'd. TO REACH. V. n.

TO REA'CT. v.a. (re and act.) To return 3. To be extended.

the impulse or impression. We hold that the power which the church

The lungs being the chief instruments hath lawfully to make laws doth extend unto

sanguification, and acting strongly urcat sundry things of ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and chyle to bring it to an animal fluid, must be such other matters whereto their opinion is, that

reacted upon as strongly, the church's authority and power doth not reach. Cut off your hand, and you may do


With t'other hand the work of r*o; The new world reaches quite cross the torrid Because the soul her power contracts, zone in one tropick to the other. Boyle. And on the brother limb reacts.

When men pursue their thoughts of space, REACTION. n. s. [reaction, Fr. from me they are apt to stop at the confines of body, as if space were there at an end too, and reached no

act.] The reciprocation of any impulse farther.

Locke, or force impressed, made by the body If I do not ask any thing improper, let me be on which such impression is made: buried by Theodosius; my vow reaches no far- action and reaction are equal. ther than the grave.

Addison. Do not great bodies conserve their heat the The influence of the stars reaches to many longest, their parts heating one another; ac events, which are not in the power of reason.

may not great, dense, and fixed bodies, kas

Swift. heated beyond a certain degree, emit ligi: 5 2. To be extended far.

copiously, as, by the emission and reactiskos Great men have reaching hands. Sbakspeare. light, and the reflections and refractions as 3. To penetrate.

rays within its pores, to grow still horrer tilt He hath delivered them into your hand, and comes to a certain period of heat, such as is : ye have slain them in a rage, that reacheth up of the sun? into heaven.

2 Chronicles. Alimentary substances, of a mild nature, 23 We reach forward into futurity, and bring up

with small force upon the solids; and as the to our thoughts objects liid in the remotest depths 'action and reaction are equal, the smallest de of time.

Addison, gree of force in the solids digests them. 4. To make efforts to attain.

Could a sailor always supply new line, and READ. n. s. [næd, Saxon ; raed, Dutch.) find the plummet sink without stopping,, he

I. Counsel. would be in the posture of the mind, reaching The man is blest that hath not lent after a positive idea of infinity,

Locke To wicked read his ear.

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2. Saying; saw. This word is in both and sense be clear, so if the obscurity happen senses obsolete.

through the hearers or readers want of underThis reade is rife that oftentime

standing, I am not to answer for them. Great cumbers fall unsoft,

Ben Jonson. In humble dales is footing fast,

2. One studious in books. The treade is not so tickle.


Basiris' altars and the dire decrees To READ. v. a. pret. read; part. pass.

Of hard Eurestheus, ev'ry reader sees. Dryden.

3. One whox office is to read prayers in read. (næd, Saxon.]

churches. I. To peruse any thing written. I have seen her take forth paper, write upon't,

He got into orders, and became a reader in a

parish church at twenty pounds a year. Swift. read it, and afterwards seal it.

The passage you must have read, though REA'DERSHIP. n. s. [from reader.] The since slipt out of your memory. Pope.

office of reading prayer3. If we have not leisure to read over the book When they have taken a degree, they get itself regularly, then by the titles of chapters into orders, and solicit a readership. Swift. we may be directed to peruse several sections. READILY. adv. [from ready.] Expedite.


ly; with little hinderance or delay. 2. To discover by characters or marks.

My tongue obey'd, and readily could name
An armed corse did lye,
Whate'er I saw.

Milton. In whose dead face he read great magnanimity. Those very things, which are declined as im

Spenser. possible, are readily practicable in a case of ex. 3. To learn by observation.

treme necessity.

South. Those about her

I readily grant, that one truth cannot contraFrom her shall read the perfect ways of honour. dict another.

Locke, Sbakspeare. Every one sometime or other dreams that he 4. To know fully

is reading papers, in which case the invention O most delicate fiend !

prompts so readily, that the mind is imposed Who is 't can read a woman? Shakspeare. upon.

Spectator. T. READ. V. n.

REA'DINESS. n. s. [from ready.] 1. To perform the act of perusing writ- 1. Expediteness; promptitude. ing.

He would not forget the readiness of their It shall be with him, and he shall read

king in aiding him when the duke of Bertagne failed him.

Bacon. therein, that he may learn to fear the Lord.


He opens himself to the man of business with 2. To be studious in books.

reluctancy, but offers himself to the visits of a 'T is sure that Fleury reads. Taylor.

friend with facility and all the meeting readiness of desire.

South. 3. To know by reading.

2. The state of being ready or fit for any I have read of an eastern king, who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence. Swift.

Have you an army ready? READ. particip. adj. [from read; the

- The centurions and their charges already verb read is pronounced reed; the pre- in the entertainment to be on foot at an hour's terit and participle red.] Skilful by warning. reading.

-I am joyful to hear of their readiness. Shaks. Virgil's shepherds are too well read in the They remained near a month, that they might philosophy of Epicurus.

Dryden. be in readiness to attend the motion of the We have a poet among us, of a genius as army.

Clarendon. exalted as his stature, and who is very well read 3. Facility ; freedom from hinderance or in Longinus his treatise concerning the sub- obstruction. lime.


Nature has provided for the readiness and REA'DING. n. s. [from read.)

easiness of speech.

Holder. 1. Study of books; perusal of books. 4. State of being willing or prepared.

Though reading and conversation may fur- A pious and well-disposed mind, attended nish us with many ideas of men and things, yet with a readiness to obey the known will of it is our own meditation must form our judge God, is the surest means to enlighten the un

Watts. derstanding to a belief of christianity. South. Less reading than makes felons 'scape,

Their conviction grew so strong, that they Less human genius than God gives an ape, embraced the same truths, and laid down their Can make a Cibber.

lives, or were always in a readiness to do it, 2. A lecture; a prelection.

rather than depart from them. Addisoni. 3. Publick recital.

READMI'SSION. n. s. [re and admission.] The Jews had their weekly readings of the

The act of admitting again. law.


In an exhausted receiver, animals, that seem Give attention to reading, exhortation and doctrine.

1 Timothy.

as they were dead, revive upon the readmission of fresh air.

Arbuthnot. 4. Variation of copies. That learned prelate has restored some of the

To READMI'T. v. a. [re and admit.] To readings of the authors with great sagacity. let in again.


These evils I deserve, READE'PTION. 1. s. (re and adeptus, Lat.) Yet despair not of his final pardon, Recovery ; act of regaining:

Whose ear is ever open, and his eye Will any say, that the readeption of Trevigi

Gracious to readmit the suppliant. Milton. was matter of scruple ?

Bacon. After twenty minutes I readmitted the air. REA'DER. n. s. [from read.)

Derbam. 1. One that peruses any thing written.

TO READO'RN. v. a. (re and adorn.] To As we must take the care that our words decorate again ; to deck anew.




The streams now change their languid blue, 9. Expedite ; nimble; not embarrassed; Regain their giory, and their fame renew,

not slow. Wiin scarlet honours readora the tide.


Those who speak in pub":& are much better DEADY. adj. (næb, Saxon ; redo, Swe

accepted, when they can deliver their discourse

by the help of a lively genius and a ready ch; hrade, nimble, Saxon.]

memory, than when they are forced to read zí 1. P inpt; not delayed.

Inese commodities yield the readiest money For the most part there is a fner sense, i of any in this kingdom, because they never fail clearer mind, a riadier apprehension, and geçtia of a price abroad.

Temple. dispositions in that sex, chan in the other. Los. He overlook'd his hinds; their pay was just 10. To make READY. An elliptick er. And ready : for he scoru'd to go on uust. pression for, to make things ready. To

Dryden. 2. Fit for a purpose ; not to seek.

make preparations. All things are ready, if our minds be so.

He will shew you a large upper room; tbere make ready for us.

Mare Perish the man whose mind is backward now!


REA'DY. adv. Readily ; so as not to need Make you ready your stiff bats and clubs;

delay. Rome and her rats are at the point of battie. We will go ready armed before the children

of Israel.

Nrabera. One hand the sword, and one the pen em

REA'dy, n. s. Ready money. A los ploys,

word. And in tay lap the ready paper lies. Dryden. Lord Strut was not fush in ready, either og

The sacred priests with ready knives bereave go to law, or clear old debts. Arbeten The beasts of life, and in full bowls receive REAFFI'RMANCE. n. s. (re and afirx. The streaming blood.


ance.] Second confirmation. 3. Prepared ; accommodated to any de.

Causes of deprivation are a conviction before sign, so as that there can be no delay. the ordinary of a wilful maintaining any ¢t*

Trouble and anguish shall prevail against him, trine contrary to the thirty-nine articles, ar a as a king ready to the battle.

Fob. persisting therein without revocation of his so Death ready stands to interpose his dart. ror, or a reaffirmince after such revocation. Milton.

Alif The word which I have giv'n, I'll not re- RE'AL. adj. [reel, Fr. realis, Lat.)

voke ; If he be brave, he's ready for the stroke. Dryd.

1. Relating to things, not persons ; not The imagination is always restless, and the personal. will, reason being laid aside, is ready for every

Many are perfect in men's humours, that a extravagant project.


not greatly capable of the real part of business:

which is the constitution of one that hath studes 4. Willing ; eager ; quick.

men more than books.

Bacet Men, when their actions succeed not as they would, are always ready to impute blame thercof

2. Not fictitious; not imaginary; true; unto the heavens, so as to excuse their own fol- genuine. lies.


We do but describe an imaginary sorld, edges A cloud that is more show than moisture; a

is but little a-kin to the real one. cloud that is more ready to bestow his drops

When I place an imaginary name at the hea upon the sea, than on the land. Hoiyday:

of a character, I examine every letter of it, the *They who should have helped him to mend it may not bear any resemblance to one che things were readier to promote the disorders by real. which they might thrive, than to set a-foot fru- Imaginary distempers are attended with a gality

Davenant. and unfeigned sufferings, that enfeeble the bed, 5. Being at the point; not distant; near;

and dissipate the spirits.

Bahan: about to do or be.

The whole strength of the Arian cause, 1:a He knoweth that the day of darkness is ready

or artificial; all ihat can be of any force en 10 Cünvince, or deceive a reader.

kter at hand.

Satan ready now

3. (In law.] Consisting of things immore To stoop with weary'd wings and willing feet

abie, as land. On this world.

Milton. I am hastening to convert my small esoz? 6. Being at hand ; next to hand.

that is personal, into real. A sapling pine he wrench'd from out the RE'ALGAR. %. 5. A mineral. ground,

Realgar or sandarachais red arsenick. Harris The readiest weapon that his fury found. Dryd. Put realgar not into the niidse of the que 7. Facile ; easy; opportune ; near.

silver, whereby it may be condensed as ! Sometimes the readiest way, which a wise man

from within as wrihour. hath to conquer, is to fly.,

Hooker. REA'LITY. n. s. [realité, Fr. from real. The race elect,

1. Truth; verity; what is, not what Safe towards Canaan from the shore advance mercly seems. Through the wild desert, not the readiest way. I would have them well versed in the Greek

Miltan. and Latin poets, without which a man fan Proud of their conquest, prouder of their that he understands a critick, when in reality that prey,

does not comprehend his meaning, They leave the camp, and take the readiest The best accounts of the appearances of *** way.

Dryden. ture in any single instance human penetral The ready way to be thought mad, is to con- can reach, comes infinitely short of its reaning tend that you are not so.


and internal constitution ; for who can seara 8. Quick ; not done with hesitation. out the Almighty's works to perfection? Claas

A ready consent often subjects a woman to My neck may be an idea to you, but kis contempt

Clarissa, a reality to me.


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