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5. TO PROVIDE for. To take care of

My heart shall be my own, my vast expence beforehand.

Reduc'd to bounds, by timely providence.
States, which will continue, are above all things PROʻvident. adj. [providens, Latin:]

Dryden. to uphold the reverend regard of religion, and to provide for the same by all means. Hooker. Forecasting ; cautious; prudent with He hath intent, his wonted followers

respect to futurity. Shall all be very well provided for. Shakspeare.

I saw your brother,
A provident man provides for the future. Most provident in peril, bind himself


To a strong mast that liv'd upon the sea.
My arbitrary bounty's undeny'd;

Shakspeare. I give reversions, and for heirs provide. Garth. We ourselves account such a man for provi

He will have many dependents, whose wants dent, as remembering things past, and observing he cannot provide for.

Addison. things present, can, by judgment, and comparing PROVIDED that. [This is the form of the one with the other, provide for the future. an adverbial expression, and the French

Raleigh. number pourveu que among their conjunctions; it is however the participle

The parsimonious emmet, provident
Of future.

Millon. of the verb provide, used as the Latin, Orange, with youth, experience has, audito hæc fieri.] Upon these terms; In action young, in council old; this stipulation being made.

Orange is what Augustus was, If I come off, she your jewel, this your jewel, Brave, wary, provident, and bold. Waller. and my gold are yours; provided I have your A very prosperous people, fushed with great commendation for my more free entertainment. successes, are seldom so pious, so humble, so

Sbukspeare. just, or so provident, as to perpetuate their hapI take your offer, and will live with you; piness.

Atterbury. Provided that you do no outrages, Shakspeare. PROVIDENTIAL. adj. [from providence.]

Provided that he set up his resolution, not to let himself down below the dignity of a wise man.

Effected by providence; referrible to L'Estrange.

providence PROVIDENCE. n. s. [ providence, French;

What a confusion would it bring upon manprovidentia, Latin.]

kind, if those, unsatisfied with the providential

distribution of heats and colds, might take the 1. Foresight; timely care ; forecast ; the

government into their own hands ? L'Estrange. act of providing.

The lilies grow, and the ravens are fed, acThe only people, which as by their justice and cording to the course of nature, and yet they Providence give neither cause nor hope to their are made arguments of providence; nor are these neighbours to annoy them, so are they not stir- things less providential, because regular. Burnet. red with false praise to trouble others quiet.

The scorched earth, were it not for this re

Sidney. markably providential contrivance of things, Providence for war is the best prevention of it. would have been uninhabitable. Woodward.

Bacon. This thin, this soft, contexture of the air, An established character spreads the influence Shows the wise author's providential care. of such as move in a high sphere on all around;

Blackmore, it reaches farther than their own care and provi- PROVIDE'NTJALLY. adv. (from providence can do.


dential.] By the care of providence. 2. The care of God over created beings;

Every animal is providentially directed to the divine superintendence.

use of its proper weapons.

Ray. This appointeth unto them their kinds of

It happened, very providentially to the honour working, the disposition whereof, in the purity of the christian religion, that it did not take its of God's own knowledge, is rightly termed pro- rise in the dark illiterate ages of the world, but vidence.

Hooker. at a time when arts and sciences were at their Is it not an evident sign of his wonderful pro- height.

Addison. vidence over us, when that food of eternal life, PROVIDENTLY. adv. [from provident.] upon the utter want whereof our endless destruction ensueth, is prepared and always set in

With foresight; with wise precaution. such a readiness?


Nature having designed water fowls to fly in Eternal providence exceeding thought,

the air, and live in the water, she providently Where none appears can make herself a way,

makes their feathers of such a texture, that they Spenser. do not admit the water.

Boyle. Providence is an intellectual knowledge, both PROVI'DER. 1. s. [from provide.] He who foreseeing, caring for, and ordering all things, provides or procures. and doth not only behold all past, all present,

Here's money for my meat; and all to come; but is the cause of their so I would have left it on the board, so soon being, which prescience is not. Raleigh. As I had made my meal, and parted thence The world was all before them, where to chuse

With prayers for the provider. Sbakspeart. Their place of rest, and providence their guide.

Milton. PROVINCE. n. s. [province, French; Though the providence of God doth suffer many provincia, Latin.] particular churches to ccase, yet the promise of 1. A conquered country; a country gothe same God will never permit that all of them

verned by a delegate. at once shall perish.


Those provinces these arms of mine did conThey could not move me from my settled faith in God and his providence.



Greece, Italy, and Sicily, were divided into 3. Prudence; frugality ;, reasonable and

commonwealths, till swallowed up, and made moderate care of expence.

provinces by Rome.

Temple. By thrift my sinking fortune to repair,

See them broke with toils, or sunk in ease, Though late, yet is at last become my care ; Or infamous for plunder'd provinces. Popes






2. The proper office or business of any He preserved all points of humanity, in taking one.

order and making provision for the relief of I am fit for honour's toughest task;

strangers distressed."

Bacan. Nor ever yer found fooling was my province.

The prudent part is to propose remedies for Otway.

the present evils, and provisions agains: future Nor can I alone sustain this day's province,

Tesspie. More.

Religion lays the strictest obligations upon "Tis thine, whate'er is pleasant, good, or fair; men, to make the best provision for their comAll nature is thy province, life thy care. Dryd.

fortable subsistence in this world, and their sal'Tis n t the pretor's province to bestow

vation in the next.

Tilletsan. True freedom.

Dryden. 3. Accumulation of stores beforehand; The woman's province is to be careful in her stock collected. economy, and chaste in hier affection. Tatier. Mendoza advertised, that he would rılantly 3. A region?; a tract.

defend the city, so long as he had any priester Over many a tract

of victuals.

Kaplic. Of heav'n they marchd, and many a province

In such abundance lies our choice, wide.

Milton. As leaves a greater store of fruit untouch'd, Their understandings are cooped up in narrow Still hanging incorruptible, till men bounds; so that they never look abroad into Grow up to their provision. other provirftes of the intellectual world. Watts. David, after he had made such vast praisia

He has caused fortified towns and large pro- of materials for the temple, yet, because te had vinces to be restored, which had been conquered dipe his hands in blood, was not permitted to lag long before.

Davenant. a stone in that sacred pile. PROVI'NCIAL. adj. [ provincial, Fr. from 4. Victuals ; food ; provender. province.)

He caused provisions to be brought in. 1. Relating to a province; belonging to a


Provisions laid in large for man or beast. province. The duke dare no more stretch

Under whose chin nature hath fastened a little This tinger of mine, than he dare rack his own;

bag, which she hath also taught him to use as His subject am I not, nor here provincial.

a store-house; for in this, having filled his belly, Sbakspeare. he preserveth the remnant of his previsiem.

1. 2. Appendant to the principal country.

Holis. Some have delivered the polity of spirits, and 5. Terms settled ; care taken. left an account even to their provincial domi

This law was only to reform the degenerate 1 nions.


English, but there was no care taken for the res 3. Not of the mother country; rude ; formation of the mere Irish, no.ordinance, no unpolished.

provision made for the abolishing of their bare They build and treat with such magnificence, barous customs.

Dawirs. That, like th' ambitious monarchs of the age, Provision AL. adj. [provisionel, French; They give the law to our provincial stage.

from provision.j Temporarily esta

A country 'squire having only the provincial

blished; provided for present need.

The commenda semestris grew out of a naaccent upon his tongue, which is neither a fault, nor in his power to remedy, must marry a cast

tural equity, that, in the time of the patron's re wench.


spite given him to present, the church shoud His mien ras aukward; graces he had none;

not be without a provisional pastor.

Apliga Provincial were his uctions and his tone. Harte. Provi'SIONALLY. adv. [from provisica4. Belonging only to an archbishop's juris

al.) By way of provision. diction; not oecumenical.

The abbot of St Martin was born, was hapa A law inade in a provincial synod is properly

tized, and declared a man provisionally, till ting

should show what he wouid prove, nature had termed a provincial constitution. Aylijfé.

moulded him so untowardly. ProvI'NCIAL. 1. s. [ provincial, French;

PROITSO. n. s. (Latin : as, provisores from province.] A spiritual governour. Valignanus was provincial of the Jesuits in the

iin se habiturum esse.] Stipulation; Indies.


fleet. caution ; provisional condition. TO PROVINCIATE. v. a. [from pro

This proviso is necdful, that the strid ma?? vince.] To turn to a province. Not

not have the like power of life as the marsuel hath.

Stouset. in use.

Some will allow the church no further porei, When there was a design to provinciate the than only to exhort, and this but with a preci: whole kingdom, Druina, though offered a can

too, that it extends not to such as think'them ton, would not accept of it.

Howel. selves too wise to be advised.
TO PROVI'N E. v. n. (provigner, French.] He doth deny his prisoners,

To lay a stock or branch of a vine in But with proviso and exception,
the ground to take root for more in-

That we, at our own charge, shall ransom strai
His brother-in-law.

Stadsplat?. PROVISION. 1. s. [ provision, French ;

PROVOCATION.9.5. [ provocatio, Latii; provisio, Latin.]

provocation, French) 1. The act of providing beforehand.

1. An act or cause by which anger


Kalander knew, that provision is the founda-
tion of hospitality, and thrift the fewel of mag-

It is a fundamental laws, in the Turkish empire, ni@cence.


that they may, without any other pros tin, 2. Masures taken beforehand.

make war upon Christendom for the preparation Five days we do allot thee for provision,

of their law.
To sinield thee from disasters of the world.

Tempt not my swelling rage

With black reproacies, scorn, ani prezeration,




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2. An appeal to a judge.

If we consider man in such a loathsome and A provocation is every act, whereby the office provoking condition, was it not love enough, that of the judge or his assistance is asked; a provo- he was permitted to enjoy a being? Taglor. sation including both a judicial and an extrajudi- Provo’KER. n. s. (from provoke.] cial appeal.

Ayliffe. 1. One that raises angér. 3. I know not whether, in the following As in all civil insurrections the ringleader is passage, it be appeal or incitement. looked on with a peculiar severity, su, in this

The like effects may grow in all towards their case, the first provoker has double portion of the pastor, and in their pastor towards every of

Government of ibe Tongues them, between whom there daily and inter- 2. Causer; promoter. changeably pass in the hearing of God himself, Drink, sir, is a great provoker of nosepainting, and in the presence of his holy angels, so many sleep, and urine.

Sbakspeare. heavenly acclamations, exultations, provocations, ProVo’KINGLY. adv. [from provoking.] and petitions.


In such a manner as to raise anger. ProvO'C ATIVE. n. s. (fron provoke.] When we see a man that yesterday kept a

Any thing which revives a decayed or humiliation, to-day invading the possessions of cloyed appetite.

his brethren, ive need no other proof how hypoThere would be no variety of tastes to solicit critically acid provokingly he confcssed his pride. his palate, and occasion excess, nor any artificial

Decay of Picty. provocatives to relieve satiety, illison. PROVOST. n. s. (prafart, Saxon; proPlovo'CATIVENESS. n. s. (from provo- vost, French; provosto, Italian ; pracative.] The quality of being provoca

positus, Latin.] tive.

1. The chief of any body: as, the provost TO PROVOKE. v. a. [provoquer, Fr. of a college. provoco, Latin.]

He had particular intimacy with Dr. Potter, 1. To rouse ; to excite by something of

provost of Queen's college.


2. The executioner of an army. fensive; to awake. Ye provoke me unto wrath, burning incense

Kingston, provost marshal of the king's army, unto other Gods.


was deemed not only cruel but inhuman in his

executions. Neither to proroke, nor dread

Hayward. New war provok'd.

Milton. PRO'VOSTSHIP. n. s. [from provost.) Towhet their courage, and their rage provoke. The office of a provost.

Drydea. C. Piso first rose, and afterwards was advanced I neither fear, nor will provoke the war.

to the provostship of Rome by Tiberius. Dryden.

Hakowill. 2. To anger; to enrage ; to offend; to incense.

Prow. n. s. (prore, French ; proa, SpaThough often provoked, by the insolence of nish; prora, Latin.] The head or foresome of the bishops, to a dislike of their over- part of a ship. much fervour, his integrity to the king was The sea-victory of Vespasian was a lady hold. without blemish.

Clarer.don. ing a palm in her hand, at her fuot the praw of Such acts a ship.

Peacbar Of contumacy will provoke the Highest. Milt. Straight to the Dutch he turns his dreadful Agamemnon provokes Apollo against them,

protu, whom he was willing to appease afterwards. More tierce th' important quarrel to decide. Pope.

Drydenta 3. To cause; to promote.

Prow, adj. Valiant. Spenser. Drink is a great provoker; it provokes and Pro'wESS. N. s. [prodezza, Italian ; prouunprovokes.

Sludspeare. esse, French.] Bravery ; valour; miliOne Petro covered up his patient with warm cloaths, and, when the fever began a little to de

tary gallantry. chine, gave him cold water to drink till he pro

Men of such prowess, as not to know fear in vcled sweat.


themselves, and yet to teach it in others that

should deal with them; for they had often made To challenge.

their lives triumph over most terrible dangers, He now provokes the sea-gods from the shore:

never dismayed, and ever fortunate. Siuney. With envy Triton heard the martial sound,

I hope
And the bold champion for his challenge drown'd. That your wisdom will direct my thought,


Or that your prowess can me yield relief. 3. To induce by motive; to move ; to

Spenser. incite.

Henry the fifth, by his prowess, conquered all We may not be startled at the breaking of the France.

Sbaksteire. exterior earth; for the face of nature hath pro

Nor should thy prowess want praise and ooked men to think of and observe such a thing.


Burnet. But that 't is shewn in treason. Sbalspcare. TO PROVO'KE. V. n.

Those are they

First seen in acts of prowess eminent, 1. To appeal. A latinism.

And great exploits; but of true virtue void. Arius and Pelagius durst provoke

Milton. To what the centuries preceding spoke. Dryden. Michael! of celestial armies prince; 2. To produce anger.

And thou in military prowess next,
It was not your brother's evil disposition made Gabriel !

Milton. him seek his death, but a provoking merit.

The vigour of this arm was never vain;

Shaispeare. And that my wonted proquess I retain, The Lord abhorred them, because of the pro- Witness these heaps of slaughter on the plain. acking of his sons. Deuteronomy.



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These were the enertainments of the softer

proximitas, from proximus, Latin. nations, that fel under the virtue and recess Neares. of the two last empues.


When kingdoms have customably been carried PRO'WEST. adj. the superlative formed

by right of succession, according to groximity of from prow, a 'jective. ]

bloon, the violation of this course cath always I. Bravest; most valiant.

been dangerous.

Hayward They be two ci are frereka bis ca ground, If he plead proximity of blood, Andrt aprice'd in rany a hard assay;

That err ode is with ease withstood. Dreden, And eke Gi surest steei, irat may be found,

Add the convenience of the situation of the Do arm yourself against that day them to con- ere, in respect of its preizity to the brain, the foura.

seat of common seose.

Ray. 2. Brave ; valiant. [from trecuess.)

I can call to my assistance The fairest of her sex, Angelica,

Proximity, mark that! and distance. Prior. His daughter, sought by many rerest karbis.

Most se send to stab or poison all the popish Miti

princes, who have any pretended tit.e to our TO PROV'L. 7. Q. (Of this word the

crown by the proximity of blood? Saft etymology is dubitul: the old dic. PRO'x Y. a.s. (By contraction from protioraries write proie, which the dreamer

Carac.] Casauten derives from any ready,

1. The agency of another. quick. Skinner, a far more judicious 2. The substitution of another; the agenetymologist, deduces it from proie'er, a cy of a substitute ; appearance of a rediminutive formed by himself from presentative. prcier, to prey, French : perhaps it may

None acts a friend by a deputy, or can be fx. miliar br proxy.

Sorte. be formed, by accidental corruption, Had Hyde thus sat by prexy too, from patro..) To rove over.

As Venus once tas said to do, He rearls each place, still in new colours The painter must have search'd the skies, deckt,

To match the lustre of her eyes. Grzesille. Sucking one's iil, another to infect.


3. The person substituted or deputed.". TO PROWL. 0.1. To wander for prey ; A wise man will commit no business of into prey ; to purder.

portance to a proxy, where he may do it himself. The champion roobeth by night,

L'Estrange And proukts and cheth by daie.

Tusser. We must not think that we, who act only a Nor do they bear so quietly the loss of some their prexies and representatives, may do it for parceis coníscated abroad, as the great detriment them.

Kettiene which they suffer by some prowling vice-admiral PRUCE. n. s. [Pruce is the old name for or publick minister.

Raleigh. Prussia.] Prussian leather.
As whin a preurling wolf,

Some leathern bucklers use
Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. Of folded hides, and others shields of prec.

Dryden. Shall he, who looks erect on heav'n,

PRUDE. 1. s. [prude, French.) A woman

n E'er stoop to ring'e with the prowling herd,

And dip his tongue in gore? Tbomson. over nice and scrupulous, and with false PROWLER. 1.

n. s. [from pros!.] One that affectation. rores about for prey.

The graver prule sinks downward to a gnome,

In search of mischief, still on earth to roam.
On churchyards drear

The disappointed growlers fall, and dig
The shrouded body from the grave. Tbomson.

Not one careless thought intrudes,
Less modest than the speech of predes. Swifi

. PROXIMATE. adj. [ proximus, Latin.] Next in the series of ratiocination; near

PRU'DEXCE, n. s.

s. ( prudence, French; and immediate : opposed to remote and

prudentia, Latin.] Wisdom applied to mediate.

practice. Writing a theory of the deluge, we were to

Under prudence is comprehended, that discreet, shew the proximate natural causes of it. Burnet.

apt, suiting, and disposing as well of actions as Substance is the remote genus of bird, because

words, in their due place, time, and manner,

Pesia, it agrees not only to all kinds of animals, but

Prudence is principally in reference to acticas also to things inanimate; but animal is the proxi

to be done, and due means, order, season, and mate or nearest genus of bird, because it agrees to fewest other things.


method, of doing or not doing.

If the probabilities on the one hand should PROʻXIMATELY. adv. [from proximate.]

somewhat preponderate the other, yet if there Immediately; without intervention.

be no considerable hazard on that side, which The considération of our mind, which is in- has the least probability, and a very great appa corporeal, and the contemplation of our bodies,

rent danger in a mistake about the other; in this which have all the characters of excellent con

case, prudence will oblige a man to do that which trivance; these alone easily and proximately may make most for his own safety. Hilties. guide us to the wise author of all things.


PRU'DENT. adj. [prudent, French; prin PRO'XIME. adj. [proximus, Lat.] Next;

dens, Latin.] immediate.

1. Practically wise. A syllogism is made up of three propositions,

The simple inherit folly, but the prudent are

Properos. and these of three term's variously joined: the

crowned with knowledge. three terms are calied the remote matter of a

I have seen a son of Jesse, that is a man of

war, and prudent in matters. I Szmido Syllogism, the three propositions the prexir or immediate matter of it.


The monarch rose preventing all reply,

Prudent, lest froin his resclation rais'd PROXIMITY. 7. s. [ proximité, French ; Others among the chiefs might offer.



2. Foreseeing by natural instinct.

The muse, whose early voice you taught to So steers the prudent crane

sing, Hur annual voyage.

Milton. Prescrib'd her heights, and prun'd her tender PRUDENTIAL. adj. [from prudent.] Eli


Popes gible on principles of prudence.

TO PRUNE, v. n. To dress; to prink. He acts upon the surest and most prudential

A ludicrous word. grounds, who, whether the principles, which he

Every scribbling man acts upon, prove true or false, yet secures a

Grows a fop as fast as e'er he can, happy issue to his actions.

South. Prunes up, and asks his oracle the glass, Motives are only prudential, and not demon- If pink or purple best become his face ! Dryden,

Tillotson. PRUNE. 1. s. l prune, pruneau, French ; These virtues, though of excellent use, some prunum, Latin.) A dried plum. prudential rules it is necessary to take with them In drying of pears and prunes in the oven, and in practice.

Rogers. removing of them, there is a like operation. PRUDE'NTIALS. n. so Maxims of pru

Bacon. dence or practical wisdom.

PRU'NEL. n. s. [ prunella.) An herb. Many stanzas, in poetick measures, contain

Ainsworth. rules relating to common prudentials, as well as PRUNE'LLO. n. si to religion.


1. A kind of stuff of which the clergyPRUDENTIALITY. n. s. [from pruden

men's gowns are made. tial.] Eligibility on principles of pru. Worth makes the man, and want of it, the dence.

fellow; Being incapable rightly to judge the prudenti- The rest is all but leather or prunello. Pope. ality of affairs, they only gaze upon the visible 2. [ prunelle, French.) A kind of plum. success, and thereafter condemn or cry up the

Ainsworth. whole progression.

Brown. PRUDENTIALLY. adv. [from pruden

PRU'NER. n. s. [from prune.] One that tial.] According to the rules of pru

crops trees.

Lest thy redundant juice dence.

Should fading leaves, instead of fruits, produce, If he acts piously, soberly, and temperately,

The pruner's hand with letting biood must he acts prudentially and safciy.


quench PRU'DESTLY. adv. (from prudent.) Dis- Thy heat, and thy exub'rant parts retrench. creetly; judiciously.

Denham. These laws were so prudently framed, as they PRUNIFEROUS. adj. ( prunum and fero, are found fit for all succeeding times. Bacon.

Latin.] Plum-bearing. Such deep designs of empire does he lay.

PRU'NINGHO0k. 1.5. A hook or knife O'er them whose cause he seems to take in hand;

PRLÄNING KNIFE.} And prudently would make them lords at sea,

used in lopping

trees. To whom with ease he can give laws by land.


Let thy hand supply the pruningknife, PRU'DERY. . s. [from prude.] Over

And crop luxuriant stragslers. Dryden. much nicety in conduct.

No plough shall hurt the glebe, no pruning

book the vine. Pru'dish. adj. (from prude.] Affectedly The cyder land, obsequious still to thrones, grave.

Her pruninglooks extended into swords. Philips. I know you all expect, from seeing me, Some formal lecture, spoke with predish face.

PRUʻRIENCE. n. s. [from prurio, Lat.)

Garrick. PRURIENCY.S An itching or a great TO PRUNE. v. a. (of unknown deriva

desire or appetite to any thing: Sevift. tion.]

PRURIENT.adi. [pruriens, Lat.] Itching. 1. To top ; to divest trees of their super- Prur I’Ginous. adj. [prurio, Lat.) Tend

Ainsworth. fuities. So lop'd and pruned trees do flourish fair. ing to an itch.

Davies. To Pry. V. n. (of unknown derivation.] Let us ever extol

To peep narrowly; to inspect officiHis bounty, following our delightful task,

ously, curiously, or impertinently. To prune those growing plants, and tend these

I can counterteit the deep tragedian,

What we by day

Speak, and look back, and pry on ev'ry side,
Intending deep suspicion.

Słakspeare. Lop overgrown, or prune, or prop, or bind,

I pry'd me through the crevice of a wall, One night with wanton growtn derides,

When for his hand ne had his two sons heads. Tending to wild. Milton.

Shakspeare. Horace will our superfluous branches prune, Watch thou, and wake when others be asleep, Give us new rules, and set our harp in tune.

To pry into the secrets of the state. Sbar speare. Waller.

We of th' orfending sid: You have no less right to correct me, than the Must keep aloof from strict arbitrement; same hand that raised a tree has to prune it.

And stop ail sight holes, every loop, from whence

Pope. The eye of reason may pry in upon us. 2. To clear from excrescences; to trim.

Sbadspeare. His royal bird

He that prieth in at her windows, shill also Prunes the immortal wing, and cloys his beak. hearken at her doors.

E-clesiasticus. Sbakspeare. We have naturally a curiosity to be prying Some sitting on the beach to prune their and searching into forbidden secrets

. L'Estrange. painted breasts. Drayton.

Search well Many birds prune their feathers; and crows Each grove and thicket, pry in ev'ry shape, seem to call upon rain, which is but the comfort Lost bid in some th' arch-hypocrite escape. shey receive in the relenting of the air. Bacon.



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