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1. To thrive; to come forward.

2. To expose upon vile terms. All things do prosper best, when they are ad- It were unfit, that so excellent and glorious vanced to the better'; a nursery of stocks ought a reward, as the gospel promises, should stoop to be in a more barren ground, than that where- down like fruit upon a full laden bough, to be unto you remove them.


plucked by every idle and wanton hand, that The plants, which he had set, did thrive and heaven should be prostituted to slothful men. rosper: Cowley.

Tillotson. Slie visits how they prosperid, bud, and bloom. PRO'STITUTE. adj. (prostitutus, Latin.]


Vitious for hire; sold to infamy or That neat kind of acer, whereof violins and musical instruments are made, prospers well in

wickedness; sold to whoredom. these parts.


Their common loves, a lewd abandon'd pack PROSPERITY, n. s. [prosperitas, Lat.

By sioth corrupted, by disorder fed,

Made bold by want, and prostitute for bread. prosperité, Fr.] Success; attainment of

Prier. wishes; good fortune.

PRO'STITUTE, n. s. (from the verb.] Prosperity, in regard of our corrupt inclination to abuse the blessings of Almighty God,

1. A hireling; a mercenary; one who is doth prove a thing dangerous to the souls of

set to sale. Hooker.

At open fulsome bawdry they rejoice, God's justice reaps that glory in our calamities,

Base prostitute! thus dost'thou gain thy bread. which we robbed him of in our prosperity.,

Dryden King Charles.

No hireling she, no prostitute to praise. Pepe. PRO'SPEROUS. adj. (prosperus, Latin.] 2. [prostibulum, Lat.) A publick strumpet. Successful; fortunate.

From every point they come, Your good advice, which still hath been both Then dread no dearth of prostitutes at Rome, grave

Drydes. And prosperous.

Sbakspeare. PROSTITUTION. n. so (prostitution, Fr.
Either state to bear, prosperous or adverse. from prostitute.)

May he find

1. The act of setting to sale; the state of A happy passage, and a prosp'rous wind. being set to sale.

Denbam, 2. The life of a publick strumpet. PROSPEROUSLY. adv. [from prosperous.] An infamous woman, having passed her youth Successfully; fortunately.

in a most shameless state of prostitution, not Prosperously I have attempted, and

gains her livelihood by seducing others. With bloody passage led your wars, even to

Spectata. The gates of Rome.

Shekspeare. PROSTRA'TE. adj. [prostratus, Latin.] In 1996, was the second invasion upon the The accent was formerly on the first main territories of Spain, prosperously atchieved by Robert earl of Essex, in consort with the earl

syllable. Sidney and Spenser seem to of Nottingham.


differ.] Those, who are prosperously unjust, are in- 1. Lying at length. titled to panegyrick; but afflicted virtue is stab

Once I saw with dread oppressed bed with reproaches.


Her whom I dread; so that with prostrate lying, PRO'SPEROUSNESS. n.s. (from prosperous.]

Her length the earth in love's chief clothing

dressed. Prosperity.


Before fair Britomart she fell prestrate. Prospicience. n. s. (prospicio, Latin.]

Spenser. The act of looking forward.

He heard the western lords would undermint PROSTERNATION. n. s. [from prosterno, His city's wall, and lay his tow'rs prostrate. Lat.] Dejection ; depression; state of

Fairfax. being cast down; act of casting down.

Groveling and prostrate on yon lake of fire.

Miltes A word not to be adopted.

2. Lying at mercy. Pain interrupts the cure of ulcers, whence are stirred up a fever, watching, and prosternation of

Look gracious on thy prostrate thrall. Sbalss. spirits.


At thy knees lie Pro'stethis. 1. s. 17605»gis.] In surgery,

Our prostrate bosomes forc't with prayers ::

trie, that which fills up what is wanting, as If any hospitable right, or boone when fistulous ulcers are filled up with Of other nature, such as have bin wonne flesh.

Dict. By laws of other houses, thou wilt give. TO PRO'STITUTE. v. a. (prostituo, Lat.

Cbagsis. prostituer, Fr.]

3. Thrown down in humblest adoration. 1. To sell to wickedness; to expose to The warning sound was no sooner heard, but crimes for a reward. It is commonly

the churches were filled, the pavement covered used of women sold to whoredom by

with bodies prostrate, and washed with tears of devout joy,

Hooker. others or themselves.

Let us to the place Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her

Repairing where he judg'd us, prostrate fall to be a whore.

Leviticus. Before him reverent; and there confess Marrying or prostituting,

Humbly our faults, and pardon beg.

Mitter. Rape or adultery.


While prostrate here in humble grief I lie, Who shall prevail with them to do that thenselves which they beg of God, to spare his peo

Kind virtuous drops just gath'ring in my eye. ple and his heritage, to prostitute them no more

Pope. to their own sinister designs?

To PROSTRA'TE. v. a. (prostratus, Latin.

Decay of Piety. Affections, consecrated to children, husbands,

This was accented anciently on the first and parents, are vilely prostituted and thrown syllable. away upon a hand at loo.

Addison, 1. To lay flat; to throw dowa.

In the sireets many they slew, and fired divers mighty, they could not with justice lament their places, prostrating two parishes almost entirely. condition.

Swift. Hayward. 2. A passport; exemption from being moA storm that all things doth prostrate,

lesiedi as, be had a protection during Finding a tree alone all comfortless, Beats on it strongly, it to ruinate. Spenser.

the rebellion. Stake and bind up your weakest plants against

The law of the empire is my protection, the winds, before they come too fiercely, and in

Kettlewell. a moment prostrate a whole year's labour.

PROTE'CTIVE. adj. (from protect.] DeEvelyn.

fensive; sheltering. The drops falling thicker, faster, and with The stately sailing swan guards his osier isle, greater force, beating down the fruit from the

Protective of his young.

Thomson. trees, presirating and laying corn growing in the PROTECTOR. n. s. [protecteur, Fr. from fields.


protect.] 2. (se prosterner, Fr.] To throw down in

1. Defender; shelterer ; supporter ; one adoration.

who shields from evil or oppression ; Some have prostrated themselves an hundred times int. e day, and as often in the night.


Hither th' oppressed shall henceforth resort,

Duppa. PROSTRA'TION. X. s. (prosternation, Fr.

Justice to crave, and succour at your court;

And then your highness, not for our's alone, from prostrate.)

But for the world's protector shall be known. 1. The act of tailing down in adoration.

Waller. Nor is only a resolved prostration unto au

The king of Spain, who is protector of the comtiquity a powerful enemy unto knowledge, but monwealth, received information from the great any conndent adherence unto authority.


Addison. Brown, 2. An officer who had heretofore the care The worship of the gods had been kept up in of the kingdom in the king's minority. temples, with altars, images, sacrifices, hymns Is it concluded, he shall be protector? and prostrations.

Stilling fiect. -It is deterinin'd, not concluded yet. Sbaksp. The truths, they had subscribed to in speculation, they reversed by a brutish senseless de Prote'ctress. n. s. [protectrice, Fr. votion, managed with a greater prostration of from protector.] A woman that proreason than of body.

Soutb. tects. 2. Dejection ; depression.

All things should be guided by her direction, A sudden prostration of strength or weakness as the sovereign patroness and protectress of the attends this colick. Arbuthnot. enterprize.

Bacon, PROSTY'1.6. n. s. [prostyle, Fr. apuce}

Behold those arts with a propitious eye, A building that has only pillars in the

That suppliane to their great protectress fly:, front. Dict.

Addison. Prosy'LLOGISM. n. s. [pro and syllo

TO PROTE'ND. v. a. (protendo, Lat.] To sism. ) A prosyllogism is when two or

hold out ; to stretch forth.

All stood with their protended spears prepar'd. more syllogisms are so connected to

Dryden. gether, that the conclusion of the former With his protended lance he makes detenie. is the major or the minor of the follow.

Dryden. ing:

Watis. PROTE'RVITY. n. s. { protervitas, Latin.] Prora'sis. n. s. [protase, Fr. apátreis:]

Peevishness; petulance. 1. A maxim or proposition.

TO PROTE'ST. v. n. ( protestor, Latin; 2. In the ancient drama, the first part of protester, Fr.] To give a solemn decla

a comedy or tragedy that explains the ration of opinion or resolution. argument of the piece.

Dict. Here's the twin brother of thy letter; but PROTA'TICK. adj. (protatique, Tr. Tsama

let thine inherit first, for, I protest, mme never

shall. Fox);-) Previous.


The peaking cornuto comes in the instant, There are protatick persons in the ancients,

after we had protested and spoke the prologue of whom they use in their plays to hear or give the

our comedy.

Sbakspeare. relation.

Dryden. I have long loved her; and I protest to you, TO PROTE'CT. v. a. (protectus, Latin; bestowed much on her; followed her with a proteger, Fr.] To defend; to cover tiom

doating observance.

Sbakspeare. evil; to shield.

He protests against your votes, and s: társ The king

He'll not be try'd by any but his peers. Had virtuous uncles to protect his grace. Shaks.

Denham. Leave not the faithful side,

The conscience has power to disapprove and That gave thee being, still shades thee and

pro- to protest against the excrbitances of the passions. Milton.

South. Full in the midst of his own strength he TO PROTE'ST. v.a. stands,

1. To prove; to show ; to give evidence Stretching his brawny arms and leafy hands,

of. Not used. His shade protects the plains. Dryden.

Many unsought youths, that even now PROTE'CTION. n. s. (protection, Fr. from Protest their first of manhood. Sbakspeare. protect.]

2. To call as a witness. 1. Defence; shelter from evil.

Fiercely they oppos'd Drive toward Dover, friend, where thou sha My journey strange, with clamorous uproar,

Protesting fate supreme.

Näilton, Both welcome and

protection. Shakspeare. Pro'rEST. n. s. [from the verb.] A soIf the weak might find protection froin the lemn declaration of opinion commonly







against something: as, the lords pub- The image and prototype were two distince lished a protest.

things; and therefore what belonged to the P:OʻTESTANT. adj. [from protest.] Be

exemplar could not be attributed to the image.

Stilling fiect. longing to protestants.

T. PROTRA'CT. 9. a. (protractius, Lat.) Since the spreading of the protestant religion, several nations are recovered out of their ignor

To draw out; to delay; to lengthen;

Addison. to spin to length. PROTESTANT. n. s. [ protestant, Fr. from

Where can they get victuals to support such

a multitude, if we do but protract the war? protest.] One of those who adhere to them, who, at the beginning of the re- . He shrives this woman to her smock; formation, protested against the errours Else ne'er could he so long grotract his speech. of the church of Rome.


. This is the first example of any ?rotestant sub- PROTRA'CT. n. s. [from the verb.) Te. jects that have taken up arms against their king dious continuance. a protestant.

King Charles.

Since I did leave the presence of my love, ProtestaʼTION. n. s. [ protestation, Fr. Many long weary days I have out-worn,

from protest.] A solemn declaration of And many ni nts, enat sio ly seem'd to move resolution, fact, or opinion.

Their sad protructtiomercing until morn. He maketh protestation to them of Corinth,

Spenser that the gospel did not by other means prevail PROTRACTER. n. s. [from protract) with them, than with others the same gospel 1. One who draws out any thing to te. taught by the rest of the apostles. Hooler. dious length.

But to your protestation ; let me hear 2. A mathematical instrument for taking What you profess.


and measuring angles. If the lords of the council issued out any order against thein, some nobleman published a pro

PROTRA'ction. 17. s. [from protract.] testation against it.

Clarendon. The act of drawing to length.
I smiled at the solemn protestation of the poet

Those delays in the first page, that he believes neither in the And long protraction, which he must enduire, fates or destinies. Addison. Betrays the opportunity.

Daxi!. PROTE'STER. N. s. [from protest.] One

As to the fabulous protractions of the age who protests ; one who utters a solemn

the world by the Egyptians, they are uncertai.

idle traditions. declaration. Did I use

PROTRA'CTIVE. adj. [from protract.) To stale with ordinary oaths my love

Dilatory; delaying; spinning to length. To every new protester?


Our works are nought eise What if he were one of the latest protesters

But the protractive tryals of great Jove, against popery? and but one among many, that

To fmd persistive constancy in men. Sbakspeareset about the same work?


He suffered their pretra tive arts,

And strove by midness to reduce their hearts. PROTHOʻNOTARY. n. s. (pronotaire,

Dryden. French; protonotarius, Latin.] The head PROTREʻPTICAL, adj. [apoopiad;. ] Hor. register.

tatory ; suasory. Saligniacus, the pope's prothonotary, denies the The means used are partly didactical and proNubians professing of obedience to the bishop of treptical; demonstrating the truths of the grase Rome.

Brerewood. pel, and then urging the professors to be stedfart PROTHONO'T ARISHIP. n. s. [from pro- in the faith, and beware of intidelity.

thonotary.] The office or dignity of the To PROTRUDE. v. a. ( protrudo, Latir.) principal register.

To thrust forward. He had the prothonotariship of the chancery. When the stomach has performed its office


upon the food, it protrudes it into the guts, by PROTOCOL. n. s. ( protokol, Dutch ; pro- whose peristaltick motion it is gently conveyed tocole, French; culoxolaov, from priporou along

Locks. and x32m.] The original copy of any

They were not left, upon the sea's being in writing

truded forwards, and constrained to fall off from An original is stiled the protocol, or scriptura

certain coasts by the mud or earth, which is dis. matrix; and if the protocol, which is the root

charged into it by rivers.

Wonderardi and foundation of the instrument, does not ap

His left arm extended, and fore finger fratrzeb.

Garlick, pear, the instrument is not vajid. Aylife

TO PROTRU'DE. v. n. PROTOMA'RTYR.n. s. (Tfür3 and pcipupo]

To thrust itself

forward. The first martyr. A term applied to St. Stephen.

If the spirits be not merely detained, but prse

trude a little, and that motion be contused, there PRO'TOPLAST. n. s. [zaçã=and adresóse] followeth putrefaction.

B2.0. Original; thing first formed as a copy ProtRU'SION. n. s. (protrusus, Latin] to be followed afterward. The consumption was the primitive disease,

The act of thrusting forward ; thrust ; which put a period to our protoplasts, Adam and

push. Eve.


To conceive this in bodies inflexible, and with ProʻTOTYPE. *. s. [ prototype, French;

out ali protrusion of parts, were to expect a race from Hercules his pillars.

Breton I FUTÓTUTOV.] The original of a copy ; One can have the idea of une body moved, exemplar; archetype.

whilst others are at rest; then the place it deMan is the prototype of all exact symmetry. serted gives us the idea of pure space witicut

Wotion, solidity, whereinto another body may encer,

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without either resistance or pretrusion of any The palace built by Picus vast and proud, thing.

Locke. Supported by a hundred pillars stood. Dryden. PROTU'BERANCE. n. s. [ protubero, Lat.] 7. Ostentations ; specious ; grand.

better brook the loss of brittle life, Something swelling above the rest ; pro

Than those proud titles thou hast won of me. minence ; tumour. If the world were eternal, by the continual 8. Salacious ; eager for the male.

Sbakspeare. fall and wearing of waters, all the protuberances That camphire begets in men an impotency of the earth would infinite ages since have been

unto venery, observation will hardly connrm; levelled, and the superficies of the earth ren- and we bave found it fail in cocks and hens, dered plain.


which was a more favourable tryal than that of Mountains seem but so many wens and unna

Sciliger, when he gave it unto a bitch that was tural protuberances upon the face of the earth.

Brown. More. PROTUʻBERANT. edi. [from protuberate.) 9. [pnyde, Saxon, is swelling.) Fungous;

exuberant. Swelling; premin: nt.

When the vessels are too lax, and do not sufOne man's eyes are more protuberant and ficiently resist the influx of the liquid, that begets swelling out, another's more sunk and depressed.

a fungus or proud flesh.


This eminence is composed of little points, Though the eye seems round, in itality the called fungus or proud fesh.

Sbarpo iris is protuberant above the whit”, else the eye could not have admitted a whole hemisphere at PROU'D LY. adv. (from proud.] one view.

Ray. 1. Arrogantly; ostentatiously; in a proud TO PROTU'BERATF. v. n. (protubero,


He bears himself more proudly Latin.] To swell forward ; to swell out

Even to my person, than I thought he would. beyond the parts adjacent.

Shakspeare. If the navel protuberates, make a small punc- Ancus follows with a fawning air ; ture with a lancer through the skin, and the

But vain within, and proudly popular. Dryden. waters will be voided without any danger of a

Proudly he marches on, and void of fear; hernia succeeding. Sharp Vain insolence.

Addison. PROUD. adj. [prude, or pruz, Saxon.]

2. With loftiness of mien.

The swan 1. Too much pleased with himself. The proudest admirer of his own parts might

Between her white wings mantling proudly rows. find it useful to consult with others, though of

Milton. inferior capacity

Watts. To Prove. v. a. (probo, Latin ; prouver, 2. Elated ; valuing himself: with of be- French.) fore the object.

1. To evince; to show by argument or If thou beest proud, be most instant in pray- testimony. ing for humility. Duty of Man.

Let the trumpet sound: Fortune, that, with malicious joy,

If none appear to prove upon thy person
Does man her slave oppress,

Thy heinous, manifest, and many treasons,
Proud of her office to destroy,
Is seldom pleas'd to bless.


There is my pledge; I'll prove it on thy heart. In vain of pompous chastity you 're proud,


So both their deeds compar'd this day shall Virtue 's adultery of the tongue, when loud.


Milton. Dryden. Smile on me, and I will prove, High as the mother of the gods in place,

Wonder is shorter liv'd than love. Waller. And proud, like her, of an immortal race.

If it prove any thing, it can only prove against Dryden.

our author, that the assignment of dominion to If it were a virtue in a woman to be proud and the eldest is not by divine institution. Locke. vain in herself, we could hardly take better

In spite of Luther's declaration, he will prove means to raise this passion in her, than those

the tenet upon him.

Atterbury. that are now used in their education. Law.

2. To try; to bring to the test. 3. Arrogant; haughty; impatient.

Wilt thou thy idle rage by reason prove? The patient in spirit is better than the prond Or speak those thoughts, which have no power in spirit.

to move?

Sandys. A foe so proud will not the weaker seek.


3. To experience. Proud Sparta with their wheels resounds. Pupe.

Thy overpraising leaves in doubt

The virtue of that fruit, in thee first prov'd. 4. Daring; presumptuous.

Milton. By his understanding he smiteth through the proud.

Job. 4. To endure ; to try by suffering or enThe blood foretold the giant's fall,

countering. By this proud palmer's hand. Drayton.

Delay not the present, but The proud attempt thou hast repelld. Milt. Filling the air with swords advanc'd, and darts, 5. Lofty of mien ; grand of person.

We prove this very hour.

Shakspeare, He, like a proud steed rein’d, went haughty on.

Could sense make Marius sit unbound, and Milton.

prove 6. Grand ; lofty; splendid; magnificent.

The cruel lancing of the knotty gout? Davies. So much is true, that the said country of At

Well I deserv'd Evadne's scorn to prove, lantis, as well as that of Peru, they called Coya,

That to ambition sacrific'd my love. Waller. as that of Mexico, then named Tyrambel, were

Let him in arms the pow'r of Turnus prove,

And learn to fear whom he disdains to love. mighty and proud kingdoms in arms, shipping, and riches. Bacon.

Dryden. Storms of stones from the proud temple's height To Prove. v. n. Pour down, and on our batter'd helms alight. 1. To make trial.

Dryden. Children prove, whether they can rub upon

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the breast with one hand, and pat upon the
forehead with another.

The sons prepare
Meeting like winds broke loose upon the main,
To prove by arms whose fate it was to reign.

Dryden. 2. To be found by experience.

Prove true, imagination; oh, prove true, That I, dear brother, be now ta'en for you.

Sbakspeare. All esculent and garden herbs, set upon the tops of hills, will prove more medicinal, though less esculent.

Bacon. 3. To succeed.

If the experiment proved not, it might be pretended, that the beasts were not killed in the due time.

Bacon. 4. To be found in the event.

The fair blossom hangs the head
Sideways, as on a dying bed,
And those pearls of dew she wears
Prove to be presaging tears.

The beauties which adorn'd that age,
The shining subjects of his rage ;
Hoping tuey should immortal prove,
Rewarded with success in love. Waller.

When the intammation ends in a gangrene, the case proves mortal.

Property, you see it alter,
Or in a mortgage prove a lawyer's share,

Or in a jointure vanish from the heir. Pope.
PRO'VE ABLE. adj. (trom prove.] That

may be proved. Prove'ditor. n. s. [ proveditore, Ital.] ProveDO'R E. One who undertakes to procure supplies for an army.

The Jews, in those ages, had the office of provedore.

PRO'VENDER. n. s. [ provande, Dutch;

provende, French.] Dry food for brutes;
hay and corn.
Good provender labouring horses would have.

I do appoint him store of provender;
It is a creature that I teach to fight. Shakspeare.

Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave
Wears out his time, much like his master's ass,
For nought but provender. Sbakspeare.

Whene'er he chanc'd his hands to lay
On magazines of corn or hay,
Gold-ready coin'd appear'd, instead
Of paltry provender and bread. Stuift.

For a fortnight before you kill them, feed them with hay or other provender.

Mortimer. PROVERB. n. s. [ proverbe, Fr. prover

bium, Lat.] I. A short sentence frequently repeated by the people; a sav ; an adage,

The sum of his whole book of proverbs is an exhortation to the study of this practick wisdom.

L'ecay of Pidy. It is in praise and commendation of men, as it is in gettings and gains; for the proverb is true, that light gains make heavy purses: for light gains come thick, whereas great come but now and then

Bacon. The proverb says of the Genoese, that they have a sea without fish, land without trees, and men without faith.

Addison. 2. A word; a by-word ; name or observation commonly received or uttered.

Thou hast delivered us for a spoil, and a proverb of reproach.

Tobit. To PRO'VERB. v. a. (from the noun. Not

a good word.] 1. To niention in a proverb.

Ann I not sung and proverö'd for a fool
In ev'ry street; do they not say, how well

Are come upon him his deserts? Milton 2. To provide with a proverb.

Let wantons, light of heart,
Tickle the senseless rushes with their heels:
For I am proverb’d with a grandsire phrase ;

I'll be a candle-holder and look on. Sbakspeare.
PROVE'R BIAL. adj. [ proverbial, French;

from proverb.]
1. Mentioned in a proverb.

In case of excesses, I take the German pre verhial cure, by a hair of the same beast, to be the worst in the world; and the best, the monks diet, to eat till you are sick, and fast till you are we'l again.

Temeke 2. Resembling a proverb ; suitable to a proverb.

This river's head being unknown, and drawn to a proverbial obscurity, the opinion became without bounds.

Brown 3. Comprised in a proverb.

Moral sentences and proverbial speeches are numerous in this poet. PROVE'R BIALLY. adv. (from prover bial] In a proverb.

It is proverbially said, formicæ sua bilis inest, habet & musca splenem; whereas these parts

anatomy hath not discovered in insects. Brea's. TO PROVIDE. 3.n. (provide o, Latin. 1. To procure beforehand ; to get itady; to prepare.

God will provide himself a lamb for a burnke ! offering.

Geacsi. Provide out of all, able men that fear God.

Exats. He happier seat provides for us. Midtes. 2. To furnish; to supply: with oj or with before the thing provided.

Part incentive reed
Provide, pernicious with one touch to fire.

To make experiments of go'd, be presided of a conservatory of snow, a good large vault under ground, and a deep well.

Bache The king forthwith provides him of a guard, A thousand archers daily to attend. Tonid

If I have really drawn a portrait to the knees, let some better artist provide himse't fadeeper canvas, and, taking these hints, set the figure an its legs, and finish it.

Drgcen. With large expence and with a pompous train Provided, as to visit France or Spain

Dride. An earth well provided of all requisite thing for an habitable world.

Burma. Rome, by the care of the magistrates, W33 well provided with corn.

Arbuite. When the monasteries were granted away, the parishes were left destitute, or very imeanly provided of any maintenance for a pastor. Saif

They were of good birth, and such who, although inheriting good estates, yet happened to be well educated, and provided with learning:

Sacific 3. To stipulate ; to make a conditional

limitation. 4. 70 PROVIDE against. To take mea

sures for counteracting or escaping any ill.

Sagacity of brutes in defending themselves, prosiding against the inclemency of the weather, and care for their young.

Hoke. Some men, instructed by the lab'ring ant, Provide against th' cxtremities of wan:. Dryden.

Fraudulent practices were provided agzinst by laws.


He went,

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