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J. To fit for any thing; to adjust to any

Though pillars by channelling be seemingly use ; to make ready for any purpose.

ingrossed to our sight, yet they are truly weako Patient Octavia, plough thy visage up

ened; and therefore ought not to be the more With her prepared nails.


slender, but the more corpulent, uniess ape Prepare men's hearts by giving them the grace

parences preponder truths.

Wottun. of humility, repentance, and probity of heart.

PREPO'NDERANCE. n. s. [from pre

Hummond. PREPO'S DERANCY.S ponderate.] The Confound the peace establish’d, and prepare state of outweighing ; superiority of Their souls to hatred, and their hands to war. weight.

Our souls, not yet prepar'd for upper light,

As to addition of ponderosity in dead bodies,

comparing them unto blocks, this occasional preTill dooinsday wander in the shades of night.

ponderancy is rather an appearance than reality. Dryden.

Brown. The bears of light had been in vain display'd, The mind should examine all the grounds Had not the eye been tit for vision made; In vain the author had the eye prepur'd

of probability, and, upon a due balancing the

whole, reject or receive proportionably to the With so much skill, had not the light appear’d.

preponderancy of the greater grounds of probaBlackmore, bility.

Locke. 2. To quali., for any purpose.

Little light boats were the ships which people Some preachers, being only

prepared upon two used, to the sides whereof this tish remora fastor three points of doctrine, run the same round. ening, might make it swag, as the least prepon

Addison. derance on either side will do, and so retard its 3. To make ready beforehand.


Grew. There he maketh the hungry to dwell, that TO PREPONDERATE. v. a. (preporithey may prepare a city for habitation. Psalms.

dero, Latin.]
Now prepare thee for another sight. Milton.
He took the golden compasses, prepard

1. To outweigh; to overpower by weight. In God's eternal score, to circumscribe

An inconsiderable weight, by distance from This universe.


the centre of the balance, will preponderats 4. To furm; to make.

greater magnitudes.


The triviallest thing, when a passion is cast He hath founded it upon the seas, and prepared into the scale with it, preponderates substantial it upon the floods.


Government of the Tongue. s. To make by regular process; as, he 2. To overpower by stronger influence. prepared a medicine.


1. To exceed in weight. 1. To take previous measures.

That is no just balance, wherein the heaviest Efficacy is a power of speech, which repre- side will not preponderate,

Wilkins. sents to our minds the lively ideas of things so He that would make the lighter scale prepore truly, as if we saw them with our eyes;

as Dido derate, will not so soon do it, by adding new preparing to kill herself.

Peacban. weight to the emptier, as if he took out of the 2. To make every thing ready ; to put

heavier what he adds to the lighter. Locke. things in order.

Unless the very mathematical center of graGo in, sirrah, bid them prepare for dinner.

vity of every system be fixed in the very maSbakspeare.

thematical center of the attractive power of all The long-suffering of God waited in the days the rest, they cannot be evenly attracted on all of Noah, while the ark was a preparing. 1 Peter.

sides, but must preponderate some way or other. 3. To make one's self ready; to put him

Bentley. self in a state of expectation.

2. To exceed in influence or power analo. PREPA'R E. n. s. [from the verb.] Pre

gons to weight.

In matters of probability, we cannot be sure paration ; previous measures. Not in

that we have all particulars before us, and that use.

there is no evidence behind, which may outIn our behalf

weigh all that at present seems to preponderate Go levy men, and make prepare for war. Shaks. with us.

Locke. Prepa'REDLY. adv. (from prepare.] By By putting every argument on one side and proper precedent measures.

the other into the balance, we must form a judg. She preparedly may frame herself

ment which side preponderates.

Watts. To th’ way she's forc'd to. Sbakspeare. PREPONDER A'TION. n. s. [from preponPREPA'REDNESS. n. s. (from prepare.]

derate.) The act or state of outweighing State or act of being prepared : as, be is

any thing. in a preparedness for his final exit.

Iii matters, which require present practice, we PREPARER. n. s. (from prepare.)

must content ourselves with a mere prepondera1. One that prepares; one that previously tion of probable reasons.

Watts, fits.

TO PREPO'S E. v. a. I preposer, Fr. præpono, The bishop of Ely, the fittest preparer of her Lat.] To put before.

Dict. mind to receive such a doleful accident, came to Preposition.n.s. (preposition, French; visit her.


præpositio, Latin.] In grammar, a par1. That which fits for any thing,

ticle governing a case. Codded grains are an improver of land, and preparer of it for other crops. Mortimer.

A preposition signifies some relation, which

the thing signified by the word following it, has PREPE'NSE. Į adj. [prepensus, Latin.] to something going before in the discourse ; as, PREPE'NSED.) Forethought ; precon

Cæsar came to Rome.

Clarke. ceived; contrived beforehand: as, malice PREPOʻSITOR. ni s. (prepositor, Latin.] prepense.

A scholar appointed by the master to TO PREPO'NDER. ?'. a. [from preponder- overlook the rest.

etc.) To outweigh. Not used. TO PREPOSSE'SS. V. R. [pre and possess.]




To fill with an opinion unexamined; to The prepuce was much infiamed and swelled.

Wiseman pre'udice.

She was prepossessed with the scandal of sali- To PR E'REQUIRE.V. a. í pre and require.} varing.

Wiseman. To demand previously. PREPOSSE'ssIox. n. s. [from prepossesso]

Some primary literal signiscation is prerequired 1. Preoccupation ; first possession.

to that other of figurative. Hammond. God hath taken care to anticipate and prevent PRERE'QUISITE. adj. (pre and requisite.] every man to give piety the prepossession, before Previously necessary. other competitors should be able to pretend to The conformation of parts is necessary, not him; and so to engage him in holiness first, and only unto the prerequisite and previous conthen in b.iss.

Hammond. ditions of birth, but also unto the parturition. 2. Prejudice; preconceived opinion.

Brown. Had the poor vulgar rout only, who were held

Before the existence of compounded body, under the prejudices and frepossessions of edu

there must be a pre-existence of active princication, been abused into such idolatrous super- ples, necessarily prerequisite to the mixing these stitions, it might have been pitied, but not so particles of bodies.

Hake. much wondered at.

South. PŘEROGATIVE. n. s. [prerogatis, Fr. With thought, from prepossession free, reflect prærogativa, low Lat.) An exclusive or On solar rays, as they the sight respect: peculiar privilege.


My daughters and the fair Parthenia might PREPO'STEROUS. adj. [pra posterus, far better put in their claim for that prerozatie Latin.]

Sidney 1. Having that first which ought to be last.

Our prerogative The method I take may be censured as pre

Calls not your counsels, but our natural good. posterous, because I thus treat last of the antediluvian earth, which was first in order of na

Imparts ihis.

Sbakspeare Woodward.

How could communities, 2. Wrong ; absurd; perverted.

The primogeniture, and due of birth,

Prerogative of age, sceptres, and crowns, Put a case of a land of Amazons, where the

But by degree, stand in authentick place! whole government, publick and private, is in the hands of women: is not such a preposterous


The great caliph hath an old prerogative in the government against the first order of nature,

choice and confirmation of the kings of Assyria. for women to rule over men, and in itself void?

Koles. Bacon.

They are the best laws, by which the king Death from a father's hand, from whom I

hath the justest prerogative, and the people the first

best liberty. Receiv'd a being! 't is a preposterous gift, An act at which inverted nature starts,

Had any of these second causes despoiled God And blushes to behold herself so cruel. Denham.

of his prerogative, or had God himself con

strained the mind and will of man to impious Such is the world's preposterous fate;

acts by any celestial inforcements ? Raicige: Amongst all creatures, mortal hate

They obtained another royal prerogative and Love, though immortal, doth create. Denbam. The Roman missionaries gave their liberal power, to make war and peace at their pleasure.

Davies. contribution, affording their preposterous charity The house of commons to these their prerea to make them proselytes, who had no mind to be confessors or martyrs.

gatives over the lords, sent an order to the lieve

Fell. By this distribution of matter, continual pro

tenant of the Tower, that he should cause him to be executed that very day:

Clarendoa. vision is every where made for the supply of

For freedom still maintain d alive, bodies, quite contrary to the preposterous rea- Freedom an English subject's sole prerogatice, sonings of those men, who expected so different

Accept our pious praise.

Dryán. a result.

W codward,

All wish the dire prerogative to kill, 3. Applied to persons : foolish ; absurd.

Ev'n they would have the pow's, who want the Preposterous ass! that never read so far

will. To know the cause why musick was ordain'd. It seems to be the prerogative of human un

Sbakspeare. derstanding, when it has distinguished any ideas, PREPO'STEROUSLY.adv.(from preposter- so as to perceive them to be different, to con ous.] In a wrong situation ; absurdly. sider in what circumstances they are capable to Those things do best please me,

be compared. That befal prepost'rously. Shakspeare.

I will not consider only the prerogatives of Upon this supposition, one animal would have man above other animals, but the endowments its lungs where another hath its liver, and all the which nature hath conferred on his body in come other members preposterously placed; there could mon with thein,

Ray. not be a like conhguration of parts in any two PREROʻGATIVED. adj. [from prerogativ.] individuals.


Having an exclusive privilege ; having PREPO'STEROUSNESS. n. s. [from pre

prerogative. posterous.] Absurdity; wrong order or 'Tis the plague of great ones, method.

Prerogativ'd are they less than the base; Pre'POTENCY. n. s. [præpotentia, Lat.] 'Tis destiny unshunable. Sbakspears Superiour power; predominance. Pris, Pres, prest, seem to be derived If there were a determinate prepotency in the

from the Saxon, preost, a priest; it right, and such as ariscth from a constant root being usual in after times to drop the in nature, we might expect the same in other letter o in like cases.

Gibson. animals.

Brown. PRESA'GE. n. S. [ Aresage, Fr. pr.escia PREPU'CF. 1. s. [prepuce, Fr. præputium, Latin.! That which covers the glans ;

gium, Latin.) Prognostick; presension

of futurity. fortekin,

Joy and shout presage of victory,





it sees.

Dreams have generally been considered by PRESBYTERY. n. s. [from presbyter.) Ruthors only as revelations of what has already Body of elders, whether priests or layhappened, or as presages of what is to happen.


Those which stood for the presbytery thought TO PRESA'GE. v. a. [ presager, Fr. præ- their cause had more sympathy with the discisagio, Latin.]

pline of Scotland than the hierarchy of England. 1. To forebode; to foreknow ; to foretel ;

Bacon. to prophesy: it seems properly used of

Flea-bitten synod, an assembly brew'd

Of clerks and elders ana, like the rude internal presension. Henry's late presaging prophesy

Chaos of presbyt'ry, where laymen guide Did glad my heart with hope. Sbakspeare. With the tame woolpack clergy by their side.

Cleaveland. What pow'r of mind Foreseeing, or presaging from the depth

Could a feeble presbytery, though perchance Of knowledge past or present, could have fear'd

swelling enough, correct a wealthy, a potent, of How such united force of gods, how such


Holyday. As stood like these, could ever know repulse?

PRE'SCIENCE. n.'s. (prescience, Fr. from

Milton. prescient.] Foreknowledge; knowledge This contagion might have been presaged upon

of future things. consideration of its precursors.

°Harvey. They tax our policy, and call it cowardice, Wish'd freedom i presage you soon will find, Forestall our prescience, and esteem no act If heav'n be just, and if to virtue kind. Dryden. But that of hand.

Sbakspeare. 2. Sometimes with of before the thing Prescience or foreknowledge, considered in orforetold.

der and nature, if we may speak of God after the That by certain signs we may presage

manner of men, goeth before providence; for Of heats and rains, and wind's impetuous rage,

God foreknew all things before he had created The sovereign of the heav'ns has set on high

them, or before they had being to be cared for : The moon to mark the changes of the sky.

and prescience is no other than an infallible fore knowledge.

Raleigb. Dryden. 3. To foretoken; to foreshow.

God's prescience, from all eternity, being buc If I may trust the Aattering ruth of sleep,

the seeing every thing that ever exists as it is, My dreams presage some joyful news at land.

contingents as contingents, necessary as necesShakspeare.

sary, can neither work any change in the object, Dreams advise some great good presaging:

by thus sceing it, nor itself be deceived in what

Hammond. Milton. That cloud, that hangs upon thy brow, pre

If certain prescience of uncertain events imply

a contradiction, it seems it may be struck out of sages A greater storm than all the Turkish power

the omnisciency of God, and leave no blemisha behind.

More. Can throw upon us.

Denham. When others tell, this standing did presage

Of things of the most accidental and mutable The crown should triumph over pop'lar rage,

nature, God's prescience is certain.

Souib. Freedom was first bestow'd on human race,

Waller PRESAGEMENT. n. s. (from presage.]

And prescience only held the second place.

Dryden. 1. Forebodement; presension.

PRE'SCIENT.adj. (presciens, Lat.] ForeI have spent much enquiry, whether he had

knowing ; prophetick. any ominous presagement before his end. Wotton. 2. Foretoken.

Henry, upon the deliberation concerning the

marriage of his eldest daughter into Scotland, The falling of sale is an authentick presagement had shewed himself sensible and almost prescient of ill luck, from whence notwithstanding nothing of this event.

Bacon. can be naturally feared.


Who taught the nations of the field and wood, PRE'SBYTER. . s. [presbyter, Latin ; Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand ? πρεσβύτερο.]

Pope. 1. A priest.

PRE'Scious.adj. [præscius, Lat.] Having Presbyters absent through infirmity from their foreknowledge. churches, might be said to preach by those de- Thrice happy thou, dear partner of my bed, puties who in their stead did but read homilies. Whose holy soul the stroke of fortune fled;

Hooker. Prescious of ills, and leaving me behind, They cannot delegate the episcopal power, To drink the dregs of life. properly so called, to presbyters, without giving To PRESCI'ND. v. a. (præscindo, Latin.] them episcopal consecration.


To cut off ; to abstract. 2. A presbyterian.

A bare act of obliquity does not only prescind And presbyters have their jackpuddings too. from, but positively deny, such a special depende Butler.

Norris. PRESBYTERIAL. adj. [Proßúrs] PreSCI'NDENT, adj. [prescindens, Lat.) PRESBYTE'RIAN.S Consisting of eld

Abstracting ers; a term for a modern form of ec.

We may, for one single act, abstract from a clesiastical government.

reward, which nobody who knows the prescindent Chiefly was urged the abolition of episcopal, faculties of the soul can deny. Cheyne. and the establishing of presbyterian, government. To PRESCRI’BE. v. a. [præscribo, Lat.]

King Charles.
Who should exclude him from an interest, and

1. To set down authoritatively; to order; so unhappily a more unavoidable sway in presbye

to direct. terial determinations?


Doth the strength of some negativo arguPRESBYTERIAN. n. š. [from presbyter.)

ments prove this kind of negative argument

strong, by force whereof all things are denied, An abettor of presbytery, or calvinisti- which scripture affirmeth not, or all things, cal discipline.

which scripture prescribeth not, condemned? One of the more rigid presbyterians. Szeift.





is past.

To the blanc moon her office they prescribd. you have employed them; for that breeds cone

Milton, fidence, and they will strive to ma'ntain their There's joy, when to wild will you laws pre- prescription.

Васен, scribe,

It will be found a work of no small difficulty, When you bid fortune carry back her bribe. to dispossess a vice from that heast, where long

Dryden. possession begins to plead prescription. South. When parents' loves are order'd by a son, Our poet bade us hope this grace to find, Let streams prescribe their fauntains where to To whom by long prescription you are kind. Dryden.

Dryder. By a short account of the pressing obligations The Lucquese plead prescription, for hunting which lie on the magistrate, I shall not 80 much in one of the duke's forests, that lies upon their prescribe directions for the future, as praise what frontiers.

Addison Atterbury. 2. Medical receipt. 2. To direct medically.

My father left me some prescriptions The end of satire is the amendment of vices Of rare and prov'd effects; such as his reading by correction; and he who writes honestly is 110 And manifest experience had coilected more an enemy to the oftender, than the phy- For general sov'reignty.

Sbakspears. sician to the patient, when he prescribes harsh Approving of my obstinacy against all comremedies.

Dryden. mon prescriptions, he asked me, whether I had The extremest ways they first ordain,

never heard of the Indian way of curing the gout Prescribing such intolerable pain

by moxa.

Temple As none but Cæsar could sustain.

Dryden. PRE'SEANCE. n. s. (preseance, Fr. ? PriorShould any man argue, that a physician understands his own art best; and therefore, al

ity of place in sitting. Not used. though he should prescribe poison to all his pa

The ghests, though rude in their other fztients, he cannot be justly punished, but is an

shions, may, for their discreet judgment in preswerable only to God?

cedence and prescance, read a lesson to our civil-

Carero 10 PRESCRIBE. v. n.

est gentry 1. To influence by long custom.

Presence.n.'s. (presence, Fr. præsentia, A reserve of puerility we have not shaken off

Latin.) from school, where being seasoned with minor

1. State of being present; contrary to sentences, they prescribe upon our riper years,

absence, and never are worn out but with our memories. To-night we hold a solemn supper,


And I 'll request your presence, Sbakspeare 2. To influence arbitrarily; to give law. The presence of a king engenders love The assuming an authority of dictating to

Amongst his subjects and his loyal friends, others, and a forwardness to prescribe to their

As it disanimates his enemies. Sbakspeare, opinions, is a constant concomitant of this bias We have always the same natures, and are of our judgments.


every where the servants of the same God, as 3. [ prescrire, Fr.) To form a custom which

every place is equally full of his presence, and

Law. has the force of law.

every thing is equally his gift. That obligation upon the lands did not pre

2. Approach face to face to a great pere scribe or come into disuse, but by fifty consecu- sonage. tive years of exemption.

Arbuthnot. The shepherd Dorus answered with such a 4. To write medical directions and forms trembling voice and abashed countenance, and of medicine.

oftentimes so far from the matter, that it was Modern 'pothecaries, taught the art

some sport to the young ladies, thinking it want By doctors' bills to play the doctor's part,

of education, which made him so discounteBold in the practice of mistaken rules,

nanced with inwonted


Sidney Prescribe, apply, and call their masters fools.

Men that very presence fear, Which once they knew authority did bear.

Daniel. PRE'SCRIPt. adj. (præscriptus, Latin.]

3. State of being in the vicw of a supe Directed ; accurately laid down in a

riour. precept.

I know not by what power I am made bold, Those very laws so added, they themselves do not judge unlawful; as they plainly confess both

In such a presence here to plead my thoughts.

Sbakspearts in matter of prescript attire, and of rites apper- Thou with eternal wisdom didst converse, taining to burial.

Hooker. Wisdom thy sister, and with her didst play PRE'SCRIPT. 1. s. [præscriptum, Latin.] In presence of th' Almighty Father, pleas'd 1. Direction; precept; model prescribed.

With thy celestial song. Milton seems to accent the last.

Perhaps I have not so well consulted the reBy his prescript, a sanctuary is fram’d

pute of my intellectuals, in bringing their imOf cedar, overlaid with gold.

perfections inso such discerning presences,

Glanvill. 2. Medical order. Nor did he ever with so much regret submit

Since clinging cares and trains of inbred fears, unto any prescript,

Not aw'd by arms, but in the presence bold, PRESCRIPTION. n. s. (prescription, Fr.

Without respect to purple or to gold. Dryder. prescriptio, Lat. from præscribo, Lat.)

4. A number assembled before a great pere 1. Rules produced and authorized by long

Look I so pale?custom ; custom continued till it has

-Ay; and no man in the presence, the force of law.

But his red colour hath forsook his cheeks. You tell a pedigree

Sbaksprar! Of threescore and two years, a silly time

Odmar, of all this presence does contain,
To make prescription for a kingdom's worth. Give her your wreath whom you esteem mest


Dryden. Use such as have prevailed before in things 5. Port: air; mien; demeanour.








PRE Virtúe is best in a body that is comely, and The present hours in present mirth employ, that hath rather dignity of presence, than beauty And bribe the future with the hopes of joy. of aspect. Bacon.

Priors A graceful presence bespeaks acceptance, gives The present age hath not been less inquisitive a force to language, and helps to convince by than the former ages were. Woodward. look and posture.

Collier. The present moment like a wife we shun, How great his presence, how erect his look, And ne'er enjoy, because it is our own. Young. How every grace, how all his virtuous mother 3. Ready at hand ; quick in emergencies. Shines in his face, and charms me from his eyes! If a

a man write little, he had need have a great Smith.

memory; if he confer little, he had need hava 6. Room in which a prince shows himself a present wit; and if he read little, he had need to his court.

have much cunning.

Bacon. By them they pass, all gazing on them round, 'Tis a high point of philosophy and virtue for And to the presence mount, whose glorious view a man to be so present to himself, as to be always Their frail amazed senses did confound. Spenser. provided against all accidents. L'Estrange. An't please your grace, the two great cardinals 4. Favourably attentive ; not neglectful; Wait in the presence.

Sbakspeare. The lady Anne of Bretagne, passing through

propitious. the presence in the court of France, and espying

Be present to her now, as then, Chartier, a famous poet, leaning upon his elbow

And let not proud and factious men fast asleep, openly kissing him, said, we must

Against your wills oppose their mights.

Ben Jonson honour with our kiss the mouth from whence

The golden goddess, present at the pray'r, so many sweet verses have proceeded. Peacbam,

Well knew he meant th' inanimated fair, 7. Readiness at need ; quickness at expe- And gave the sign of granting his desire. Dryd. dients.

Nor could I hope in any place but there, A good bodily strength is a felicity of nature, To find a god so present to my pray'r. Dryder. but nothing comparable to a large understanding 5. Unforgotten; not neglectful. and ready presence of mind. L'Estrange. The ample mind keeps the several objects all Errors, not to be recall’d, do find

within sight, and present to the soul. Watts. Their best redress from presence of the mind; Courage our greatest failings does supply.

6. Not abstracted; not absent of mind ;

Waller. attentive. 8. The person of a superiour.

7. Being now in view; being now under To her the sov'reign presence thus reply'd. consideration.

Milton. Thus much I believe may be said, that the PRESENCE-CHAMBER. n. s. [ presence much greater part of them are not brought up PRESENCE-ROOM. and chamber or

so well, or accustomed to so much religion, as room.] The room in which a great per

in the present instance.

Law. son receives company.

The PRE'SENT. An elliptical expression If these nerves, which are the conduits to con- for the present time; the time now vey them from without to their audience in the

existing brain, the mind's presence-room, are so disorder

When he saw descend ed, as not to perform their functions, they have The Son of God to judge them, terrify'd no postern to be admitted by.


He filed; not hoping to escape, but shun
Kneller, with silence and surprise,
We see Britannia's monarch rise,

The present ; fearing, guilty, what his wrath
Might suddenly inflict.

Milton, And, aw'd by thy delusive hand,

Men that set their hearts only upon the preAs in the presence-chamber stand.


sent, without looking forward to the end of Prese'nsion. n. s. (præsensio, Latin.] things, are struck at.

L'Estrange. Perception beforehand.

Who, since their own short understandings The hedgehog's presension of winds is exact.

reach Brown.

No further than the present, think ev'n the wise PREÄSENT. adj. (present, Fr. præsens,

Speak what they think, and tell tales of themselves.

Rowe. · Latin.] 1. Not absent ; being face to face ; being At Present. present, Fr.} At the at hand.

present time ; dow: elliptically, for the But neither of these are any impediment, be

present time. cause the regent thereof is of an infinite immen- The state is at present very sensible of the desity more than commensurate to the extent of

cay in their trade.

Addison. the world, and such as is most intimately present Present. n. so (present, Fr. from the with all the beings of the world. Hale. Be not often present at feasts, not at all in

verb.) dissolute company; pleasing objects steal away 1. A gift ; a donative; something cere

Taylor moniously given.
Much have I heard

Plain Clarence!
Incredible to me, in this displeas'd,

I will send thy soul to heav'n,
That I was never present on the place

If heav'n will take the present at our hands.

Sbakspeare 3. Not past; not future.

His dog to-morrow, bv his master's command, Thou future things canst represent

he must carry for a present to his lady. Shaksp.

Milton. He sent part of the rich spoil, with the admiA present good may reasonably be parted with, ral's ensign, as a present unto Solyman, Knolles. upon a probable expectation of a future good Say, heav'nly muse, shall not thy sacred vein which is more excellent.

Wilkins. Afford a present to the infant God? The moments past, if thou art wise, retrieve Hast thou no verse, nohymn, no solemn strain, With pleasant mem'ry of the bliss they gave;

To welcome him to this his new abode? Milt,

che heart.

Of those encounters.

As present.

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