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the thief, was one of those that, by a worthy

Of heats, hand, was stolen from me.

South. Add one more to the plagay bill. Donne Without invention, a painter is but a copier,

What perils do environ and a poet a plugiary of others; both are allow- The man that meddles with cold iron?

ed sometimes to copy and translate. Dryden. What plaguy mischiefs and mishaps 2. The crine of literary thett. Not used. Do dog him still with after-claps ? Hudibrato

Plagiary had not its nativity with printing, but PLAICE. n. s. (plate, Dut.) A fat fish. began when the paucity of books scarce wanted Of fiat fish there are soles, flowkes, dabs, and that invention.

PLAGUE. n. s. [plaghe, Dutch; plage, Plaid. n. s.


Careu. Teutonick; plaga, Latin ; Tryn.]

A striped or variegated 3. Pestilence; a disease eminently conta

cloth; an outer loose weed worn much gious and destructive.

by the highlanders in Scotland : there is Thou art a bile,

a particular kind worn too by the woA plague-sore or imboss'd carbuncle

men. In my corrupted blood.

Sbakspeare. PLAIN. adj. (planus, Latin.) The general opinion is, that years hot and

1. Smooth ; level;. fiat ; free from protumoist, are most pestilent; yet many times there

berances or excrescences. In this sense, have been great plagues in dry years.

Bacon. Snakes, that use within thy house for shade, especially in philosophical writings, it Securely lurk, and, like a plague, invade

is frequently written plane : as, a plane Thy cattle with venom.

May. superficies. All those plagues, which earth and air had It was his policy to leave no hold behind him; brooded,

but to make all plain and waste. Spenser. First on inferiour creatures try'd their force, The south and south-east sides are rocky and

And last they seized on man. Lee and Dryden. mountainous, but plein in the midst. Sandys. 2. State of misery.

They were front to make their canoes or boats I am set in my plague, and my heaviness is plain withoui, and hollow within, by the force ever in my sight. Psalms. of fire.

Helix 3. Any thing troublesome or vexatious. Thy vineyard must employ thy sturdy steer 'Tis the time's plague, when madman lead the

To turn the globo; besides thy daily pain blind.


To break the clods, and make the surface plsia. I am not mad, too well I feel

Dryde, The diff'rent plague of cach calamity. Shaksp.

Hilly countries afford the most entertaining Good or bad company is the greatest blessing

prospects, though a man would chuse to travel or greatest plague of life.

through a plain one.

dd disak, Sometimes my plague, sometimes my darling, 2. Open ; clear; flat. Kissing to-day, to-morrow snarling. Prior.

Our troops beat an army in plain fight and To PLAGUE. v.a. (from the noun. 1.]

Foton 1. To infect with pestilence.

3. Void of ornament; simple. 2. To infest with disease; to oppress with A crown of ruddy gold enclos d her brow, calamity.

Plain without pomp, and rich without a shore. Say my request's unjust,

Drodr. And spurn me back; but if it be not so,

A man of sense can artifice disdain, Thou art not honest, and the gods will plague

As men of wealth may venture to go plair. thee. Sbakspeare.

forsy Thus were they plagu'd

4. Artless ; not subtle: not specious ; not And worn with famine.


learned ; simple. 3. To trouble ; to tease; to vex; to har- In choice of instruments, it is better to chuca

ass; to torment; to afflict; to distress ; men of a plainer sort, that are likely to do that to torture; to embarrass; to excruciate;

that is committed to them, and to report faithto make uneasy ; to disturb. In this

fully the success, than those that are cunning sense it is used ludicrously.

to contrive somewhat to grace themselves, apo will help the matter in report.

Bacon. If her nature be so,

Of many plain, yet pious christians, this casThat she will plague the man that loves her most,

not be affirmed.

Hansende And take delight to encrease a wretch's woe,

The experiments alledged with so much conThen all her nature's goodly gifts are lost. Spens.

fidence, and told by an author that vrit like a People are stormed out of their reason,

plain man, and one whose profession was to tell plagued into a compliance, and forced to yield

truth, helped me to resolve upon making the in their own detence.


Tespie. When a Neapolitan cavalier has nothing else

My heart was made to fit and pair within, to do, he gravely shuts himself up in his closet,

Simple and plain, and fraught with artloss tenand falls a tumbling over his papers, to see if he


Rose. can start a law suit, and plague any of his neigh

Must then at once, the character to save, bours.


The plain rough hero turn a crafty knave? Pope PLA'GUILY. adv. (from plaguy. ] Vex

s. Honestly rough; open; sincere ; not atiously ; horribly. A low word.

soft in language. This whisperir.g bodes me no good; but he

Give me leave to be plain with you, that youra has me so pluguily under the lash, I dare not inierrupt him.


self give no just cause of scandal. Becsa. You look'd scornful, and snift at the dean;

6. Mere ; bare. But he durst not so much as once open his lips,

He that beguil'd you in a plair accent, was a And the doctor was plaguily down in the hips. pluin knave, which, for my part, I will not be. Swift.


Some have at first for wits, then poets past, PLA'GUY, adj. [froin plague.] Vexa

Turu'd criticks next, and prov'd plain fools at tious; troublesome. A low word.



open field.


7. Evident; clear; discernible ; not ob.

He to himself thus pluin'd. Millon.

PLAINDE A'LING. adj. (plain and deal.] They wor:dered there should appear any dif

Honest; open ; acting without art. ficulty in any expressions, which to them seemed Though I cannot be said to be a flattering very clear and plain.

Clarendon. honest min; it must not be denied, but I am a Express thyself in plin, not doubtful words, plaintaling villain.

Shakspeared That ground for quarrels or disputes affords. Bring a pleindealing innocence into a consistDenbam. ency with necessary prudence.

L'Estrange: I can make the difference more plain, by giv- PLAINDEA'LING. n. s. Management void ing you may method of proceeding in my trans- of art ; sincerity. lations; I considered the genius and distinguish- I am no politician; and was ever thought to . ing character of my author.

Dryden. have too litile wit, and too much plaindealing Tis plain in the history, that Esau was never for a statesman.

Denbam. subject to Jacob.


It looks as tute with nature's law may strive, That children have such a right, is plain from

To shew plaindealing once an age would thrive. the laws of God; that men are convinced that children have such a right, is evident from the PLA'INLY. adv. [from plain.}

Dryden. law of the land.

le is plain, that these discourses are calculated 1. Levelly; fatly.
for none, but the fashionable part of woman- 2. Not subtilly; not speciously.

Spectatur. 3. Without ornament.
To speak one thing, mix'd dialects they join; 4. Without gloss; sincerely.
Divide the simple, and the plain define. Prior.

You write to me with the freedom of a friend, 8. Not varied by much art; simple.

setting down your thoughts as they occur, and A plaining song plain-singing voice requires,

dealing plainly with me in the matter. Pope. For warbling notes from inward cheering flow.

5. In earnest; fairly.

His diet was of the plainest meats, and com-

They charged the enemy's horse so gallantly,

that they gave ground; and at last plainly run monly not only his dishes, but the parts of them

to a safe place.

Clarendon. were such as most others would refuse. Fell. PLAIN. adv.

6. Evidently; clearly; not obscurely. 1. Not obscurely.

St. Augustine acknowledgeth, that they are

not only set down, but also plainly set down in 2. Distinctly; articulately,

scripture; so that he which heareth or readeth, The string of his tongue was loosed, and he

may without difficulty understand. Hooker. spake plain.


Coriolanus neither cares whether they love or 3. Simply; with rough sincerity.

hate him; and out of his carelessness, lets them Goodman Fact is allowed by every body to be

plainly see't.

Sbakspearea a plain-spoken person, and a man of very few From Epiphanius's censure of Origen, one words; cropes and figures are his aversion.' Add.

may perceive plainly, that he thought the Antie PLAIN. n. s. (plaine, French.] Level nicene church in general, both before and after

ground; open field; flat expanse ; often, Origen, to be of a very contrary judgment to a field of battle.

that which he condemns in Lucian and Origen,

that is, to Arianisın. In a plain in the land of Shinah they dwelt.

Waterland. Genesis,

By that seed The Scots took the English for foolish birds

Is meant thy great deliverer, who shall bruise fallen into their net, forsook their hill, and

The serpent's head; whereof to thec anon
Plainlier shall be reveal'd.

Milton. marched into the plain directly towards them.


We see plainly that we have the means, and They erected their castles and habitations in

that nothing but the application of them is wanting.

Addisons the plains and open countries, where they found most fruitful lands, and turned the Irish into the PLA'INNESS. n. s. [from plain.] woods and mountains,

Davies. 1. Levelness; fatness.
Pour forth Britannia's legions on the plain. 2. Want of ornament; want of show.

While here the ocean gains,

If some pride with want may be allow'd,
In other parts it leaves wide sandy

plains. Pope.

We in our plainness may be justly proud,

Whate'er he's pleas'd to own, can need no show. The impetuous courser pants in ev'ry vein, And pawing seems to beat the distant plain.

Dryden. As shades most sweetly recommend the light,

Popes To Plain. v. a. [from the noun.] To

So modest plainness sets off sprightly wit. Pepe.

3. Openness; rough sincerity. level; to make even.

Well, said Basilius, I have not chosen Dame. Upon one wing the artillery was drawn, every tas for his fighting nor for his discoursing, but piece having his guard of pioneers to plain the for his plainpess and honesty, and therein I know ways. Hayward. he wili nct deceive me.

Sidney. To PLAIN. v. n. (plaindre, je plains, Fr.] Your plainness and your shortness please me To lament; to wail. Little used.


Sbuksedre. Long since my voice is hoarse, and throat is Think'st thou, that duty shall have dread to sore,

speak, With cries to skies, and curses to the ground: When pow'r to flatt'ry bows; to plainness honcer But more i plain, I feel my woes the more.

Is bound, when majesty to folly falls? Sbak.po

Sidnev. Plainness and freedom, an epistolary stile rea The fox, that first this cause of grief did find, quired.

Waker 'Gan first thus plain his case with words unkind. 4. Artlessness ; simplicity,


All laugh to find The incessant weeping of my wife,

Unthinking plainness so o'erspreads thy sind, And piteous plainings of the pretty babes, That thou could'st seriously persuade the crowd aic'd in: to seek delays, Sbakspeare, To keep their oaths.

Drydens VOL. III.


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PLAINT. H. s. <plainte, French.)

Therefore these plaits and folds the sound te 1. Lamentation ; complaint ; lament.

strain, Then pour out plaint, and in one word say

That it the organ may more gently touch. this;

Daviesa Helpless his plaint, who spoils himself of bliss. Nor shall thy lower garments artful plait,


From thy fair side dependent to thy feet,
Bootless are plaints, and cureless are my

Arm their chaste beauties with a modest pride, wounds.


And double ev'ry charm they seek to hide.
From inward grief

Prier. His hursting passion into plaints thus pour'd. 'Tis very difficult to trace out the figure of a

Milton, vest through all the plaits and foldings of the 2. Exprobation of injury.


Addison There are three just grounds of war with TO PLAIT. v. a. (from the noun.] Spain; one of plaint, two upen defence. Bacon.

1. To fold ; to double. 30 Expression of sorrow.

The busy sylphs surround their darling care, How many childrens plaints, and mothers Some fold the sleeve, while others plait the cries?


gown ;
Where though I mourn my matchless loss And Betty's prais'd for Jabours nor her own.

Pepe And none between my weakness judge and me; Will she on Sunday morn thy neckcloth plat? Yet even these gentle walls allow my moan,

Gay. Whose doleful echoes to my flaints agree. 2. To weave; to braid.

Wotton. Let it not be that outward adorning of pleito Listning where the hapless pair

ing the hair.

I Petera Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, 'What she demands, incessant I'll prepare ; Thence gather'd his own doom. Milton.

I'll weave her garlands, and I'll plait her bair;
For her relief,

My busy diligence shall deck her board,
Vext with the long expressions of my grief, For there at least I may approach my lord.
Receive these plaints.

Prier, PLA'INTFUL. adj. (plaint and full.) Your hands have not been employed in fatto Complaining; audibly sorrowful. ing the hair, and adorning your persons ; but in To what a sea of miseries iy plaintful tongue

making clothes for the naked.

Lau. doth lead me!

Sidney. 3. To entangle ; to involve. PLA'INTIFF. xs. (plaintif, Fr.) He that

Time shall unfold what plaited cunning hides, commences a suit in lan against an

Who covers faults at last with shame derides other : opposed to the defendunt.

Sbaksfeere. The plaintiff proved the debt by three positive

Plater, he s. (from plait.] He that witnesses, and the defendant was cast in costs

plaits. and damages.

L'Estrange Pian. n. s. (plan, French.] You and I shall talk in cold friendship at a bar 1. A scheme ; a form; a model. before a judge, by way of plaintif and defen

Remember, O my friends, the laws, the rights

, dant.


The generous plan of power deliver'd down In such a cause the plaintif will be hiss'd,

From age to age to your renown'd forefathers

. My lord, the judges laugh, and you're dismiss'd.

Addison. Pope. PLA'INTIFF. adj. (plaintif, Fr.]

2. A plot of any building, or ichnogra:

Com. plaining. Not in use.

phy; form of any thing laid down on His younger son on the polluted ground,

paper. First fruit of death, lies plaintiff of a wound

Artists and plans reliev'd my solemn hours ; Giv'n by a brother's hand.

Prise. Prior.

I founded palaces, and planted how'rs. PLA'INTIVE. adj. (plaintif, Fr.) Com

To Plan.'q. a. (from the noun.) To plaining; lamenting ; expressive of sor.

scheme; to form in design.

Vouchsafe the means of vengeance to debate, • row. His careful mother heard the plaintive sound,

And plan with all thy arts the scene of fate.

Pets. Incompass'd with her sea-green-sisters round. Pla'nary, adj. Pertaining to a plane.

The goddess hcard,

Dic. Rose like a morning mist, and thus begun

PLA'NCHED. adj. (from plancb.] Made To sooth the sorrowsof her plair:tive sun. Dryd.

of boards. Can Nature's voice

He hath a garden circummur'd with brick, Plaintive be drown'd, or lessen'd in the noise, Whose western side is with a vineyard backt, Though shouts as thunder loud affict the air? And to that vineyard is a plancbed gate,

Prior. That makes his opening with this bigger ker. Leviathans in plaintide thunders cry. Young.

Sbaksport Pla'INWORK. 5. s. (plain and work.] PLANCHER. n. s. [plancher, Fr.) A toor Needlework as distinguished from em

of wood. Not used, broidery; the common practice of sew

Oak, cedar, and chesnut are the best builders; ing or making linen garments.

some are best for plancbers, as deal; some for She went to plain work, and to purling brooks. PiA'NCHING. . s. [In carpentry.) The

tables, cupboards, and desks, as walnuts. Bace.

Pope. Plant. n. s. [corrupted from plight or

laying the floors in a building. Dict. plyght, from to ply or fold.] A fold; a

PLANE. n. š. (planus, Lat. Plain is com; double.

monly used in popular language, and Should the voice directly strike the brain;

plane in geometry.) k would astonish and contuse it much;

s. A level surface.



Comets, as often as they are visible to us, PLA’NETARY. adj. [planetaire, Fr. from move in planes inclined to the plane of the eclip- planet.] tick, in all kinds of angles.


1. Pertaining to the planets. Projectils would ever move on in the same

Their planetary motions and aspects.

Milt. right line, did not the air, their own gravity, or

To marble and to brass, such features give, the ruggedness of the plane on which they move, Describe the stars and planetary way, stop their motion.


And trace the footsteps of eternal day. Granv. 2. (plane, Fr.] An instrument by which 2. Under the domination of any partithe surface of boards is smoothed.

cular planet. The iron is set to make an angle of forty-five Darkling they mourn their fate,whom Circe's degrees with the sole of the plane. Moxon.

power, TO PLANE. v. a. (planer, Fr. from the

That watch'd the moon and planetary hour,

With words and wicked herbs, fron human kind, noun.]

Had alter'd.

Dryden. . To level; to smooth; to free from in- I was born in the planetary hour of Saturn, equalities.

and, I think, I have a piece of that leaden planet The foundation of the Roman causeway was

in me; I am no way facetious. Addison. made of rough stone, joined with a most firm 3. Produced by the planets. cement; upon this was laid another layer of

Here's gold, go on; small stones and cement, to plane the inequali- Be as a planetary plague, when Jove ties of rough stone, in which the stones of the Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison upper pavement were fixt. Arbutbnot. In sick air.

Shakspeare 2. To smooth with a plane.

We make guilty of our disasters the sun, the These hard woods are more properly scraped

moon and stars, as if we were villains by an enthan planed.


forced obedience of planetary influence. Shaksp. PLANE-TREE. n.s. (platanus, Lat. planes. 4. Having the nature of a planet ; erraplatane, French.)

We behold bright planetary Jove, The plane-tree hath an amentaceous flower, Sublime in air through his wide province move; consisting of several slender stamina, which are Four second planets his dominion own, all collected into spherical little balls and are

And round him turn, as round the earth the barren; but the embryos of the fruit, which are

Blackmore. produced on separate parts of the same trees, are turgid, and afterwards become large spherical

PLANE'TICAL. adj. (from planet.] Perballs, containing many oblong seeds intermixed

taining to planets. with down: it is generally supposed that the in

Add the two Egyptian days in every month, troduction of this tree into England is owing to

the interlunary and plenilunary exemptions, the lord chancellor Bacon.


eclypses of sun and moon, conjunctions and opThe beech, the swimming alder, and the

positions planctical,

Brown, plane.


PLANETSTRUCK. adj. (planet and strike.] PLANET. n. s. (planeta, Lat. Faraw ;

Blasted : sidere afflatus.

Wonder not much if thus amaz'd I look, planette, French.) Planets are the erratick or wandering stars,

Since I saw you, I have been planetstruck; and which are not like the fixe ones always in the PLANIFO'lious, adj. (planus and folium,

A beauty, and so rare, I did descry. Suckling. same position to one another : we now number the earth among the primary planets, because

Latin.] Flowers are so called, when we know it moves round the sun, as Saturn, made up of plain leaves, set together in Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and Mercury do, and circular rows round the centre, whose that iu a path or circle between Mars and Venus:

face is usually uneven, rough, and and the moon is accounted among the secondary planets or satellites of the primary, since she


Dict. moves round the earth: all the planets have, be.

PLANIME'TRICAL. adj. (from planimetry.] sides their motion round the sun, which makes Pertaining to the mensuration of plane their year, also a motion round their own axes, surfaces. which makes their day; as the earth’s revolving PLANIMETRY. n.s. (planus, Lat. and so makes our day and night: it is more than probable, that the diameters of all the planets

per ew ; planimetrie, Fr.]

The mena are longer than their axes: we know 'tis so in

suration of plane surfaces. our earth; and Flamsteed and Cassini found it PLANIPE'TALOUS. adj. (planus, Latin, to be so in Jupiter : sir Isaac Newton asserts our

and πεταλον.] Flatleaved, as when the earth's equatorial diameter to exceed the other small towers are hollow only at the aboui thirty-four miles; and indeed else the

bottom, but fiat upward, as in dandemotion of the earth would make the sea rise so

lion and succory.

Dici. high at the equator, as to drown all the parts thereabouts.


To PLA'NISH. v. a. [from plano.] To Barbarous villains! hath this lovely face polish; to smooth. A word used by Rul'd like a wand'ring planet over me,

manufacturers. And could it not inforce them to relent? Sbaks. PLA'NISPHERE. n. so (plarus, Latin, and

And planets, planci-struck, real eclipse Then suffer'd.

sphere.) A sphere projected on a plane ;

Milton. There are seven planets or errant stars in the

a map of one or both hemispheres. lower crbs of heaven.

Brown. PLANK. n. s. [planche, Fr.) A thick The Chaldeans were much devoted to astro

strong board. logical devices, and had an opinion that every They gazed on their ships, seeing them so hour of the day was governed by a particular great, and consisting of divers planks. Abbot. planet, reckoning them according to their usual The doors of plank were; their close ex. order, Saturn, Jupitir, Mars, inius, Mercury,

quisire, Luna, Wilkino, Kept with a double key.

С! артал.

The smoothed plank new rubbid with balm.

Milton. Some Turkish bow's are of that strength, as to pierce a plank of six inches. Wilkins,

Deep in their hulls our deadly bullets light, And through the viclding plants a passage find.

Dryden. Be warn'd to some the watry wiv, For late I saw adritt dicjointed planks,

And empty combs erected on the banks. Dryd. 70 PLANK, v a. [froin vse noun.]

Το cover o" lay with planks.

If you do but plank the ground over, it will hieer í al-pe:re.

Bacon. A seed or monstrous height appear'd; ? he sido were plank'd with pine. Dryden. PlasOCOʻNICAL. adj. (flanus and conus,

Latin.] Level on one side and conical on others.

Some few are planoconiral, whose superficies is in part level between both ends. Grow. PLA'NOCONVEX. adj. (planus and con

vexus, Latin.] Flat on the one side and and convex on the other.

It took iwo object-glasses, the one a planoconvex for a fourteen feet telescope, and the other a la:ge double convex for one of about fitty feet.

Neriton. PLANT. n. s. [plante, Fr. planta, Litin.) 1. Any thing produced from seed; any vegetable production.

What comes under this denomination, Ray has distributed under tweniy-seven genders or kinds : 1. The imperfect plants, which do cither focally want both flower and seed, or else scem to do so. 2. Plants producing either no fou cr at all, or an imperfect one, whose seed is so small as not to be discernible by the naked eye. 3. Those whose seeds are not so sinall, as singly to be invisible, but yet have an imperfect or staminous flower; i.e. such a one as is without the petala, having only the stamina and the perianthium. 4. Such as have a compound flower, and emit a kind of white juice or milk when their stalks are cut off or their branches broken off. 5. Such as have a compound flower of a discous figure, the seed pappous, or winged with downe, but emit no milk. 6. The herbæ capitatif, or such whose flower is composed of many small, long, fistulous or hollow fiowers gathered Jound together in a round button or head, which is usually covered with a squamous or scaly coat. 7. Such as have their leaves entire and undivided into jags. 8. The corymbiferous parts, which have a compound discous flower, but the seeds have no downe adhering to theni. 9. Plants with a perfect flower, and having only one single seed belonging to each single flower. 10. Such as have rough, hairy or bristly seeds. 11. The umbelliferous plants, which have a rentapetalous fiower, and belonging to each single flower are two seeds, lying naked and joining together; they are called umbelliferous, because the plent, with its branches and flowers, hath an head like a lady's umbrella. (1.) Such as have a broad flat seed, almost of the figure of a leaf, which are encompassed round about with something like leaves. 2.! Such as have a longish seed, swelling out in the middle, and larger than the former. (3.) Such as have a shorter seed. [4.] Such as have a tuberose root. 15.] Such as have a wrin:led, channelated or striated seed. 12. The stellate plants, which are so called, because their leares grow on their stalks at certain intervals or distances in the form of a radiant otar: their flowers are really monopetalous, divided into four sments, which look like so many icials; and each Houyer is succeeded by iwo

seeds at the bottom of it." 13. The asperifolia, or rough leaved plants : they have their leaves placed alternately, or in no certain order on their stalks; they have a monopetalous dover cut or disided into five partitions, and after every flower there succeed usually four seeds. 14. The suffrutices, or verticilate plants: their leaves grow by pairs on their stalks, one leaf right against another; their leaf is monopetalous and usually in furm of au helmet. 15. Such as have naked seeds, more than four, succeeding their powers, which therefore they call poissperma plantz sc nine nudo; by naked seeds, they mear such as are not included in any seed pod. 16. Bacciferous plants, or such as bear berries.

17. Multisiliquous, or cornicula:e things, or such as have, after each flower, many distinct, long, slender, and many times crooke ed cases or siliquæ, in which their seed is contained, and which, when they are ripe, opea themselves and let the seeds drop out. 18. Such as have a monopetalous flower, either uniform or difform, and after each flower a peculiar seed-case containing the seed, and this often divided into many distinct cells. 19. Such as have an uniform ietrapetalous flower, but bear these seeds in oblong siliquous cases.

20. Vase culiferous plants, with a tetrapetalous Honey but often aromalous. 21. Leguminous pluti, or such as bear pulse, with a papilionaceous flower. 22. Vasculiicrous plants with a pentapetalous flower; these have, besides the cornmon calix, a peculiar case containing their sezd and their flower consisting of tire leares. 2. Plants with a true bulbous rooi, which consists but of one round ball or head, out of whose lower part go many fibres to keep it firm in ile earth : the parts of this kind come up but with one leat; they have no footstalk, and are long and slender; the seed vessels are divided into three partitions: their fower is sexapetails. 24. Such as have their fruits approaching to a bulbous form : these emit, at first coming ty, but one leat, and in leaves, flowers and round resemble the true bulbous plant. 25. Culmic rous plants, with a grassy leat, are such as have a smooth hollow-jointed stalk, with one sha? pointed leaf at each juint, encompassing te stalk, and set out without any foot-stajk : their seed is contained within a chaity husk. 20. Plan with a grassy leaf, but not culmiterous, with an imperfect or staminous fiower. 27. Plants whose place of growth is uncertain and various, chiedy water plants.

Butchers and villains,
How sweet a plant have you untimely cropt.

Shaispeare Between the vegetable and sensitive province there are plant-animals and some kind of insects arising from vegetables, that seem to particijute of both.

Hale. The next species of life above the vegetable, is that of sense: wherewith some of those pro ductions, which we call planı-animals are codowed.

Gret. It continues to be the same plant, as long as it partakes of the same life, though that lite be communicated to new particles of matter, vitaly united to the living flant, in a like continued organization, contornable to that sort of plastia

Le.. Once I was skill'd in ev'ry herb that grew, And every plant that drinks the morning dew.

Pepe Some plants the sunshine ask, and some the

shade, At night, the nure-trees spread, but check

their bloom At morn, and lose their verdure and perfume.


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