Page images


I call you servile ministers,

PERPENDICULARLY, adv. [from perpen. That have with two pernicious daughters join'd dicular.) Your high engender'd battles, 'gainst a head So old and white as this.


1. In such a manner as to cut another line Let this pernicious hour

at right angles. Stand ay accursed in the kalendar! Sbakspeare. 2. In the direction of a straight line up 2. (pernix, Lat.] Quick. An use which and down.

I have found only in Milton, and which, Ten masts attacht make not the altitude reach, as it produces an ambiguity, ought not

Which thou hast perpendicularly fali'n. Sheksp.

Irons refrigerated north and south, not caly to be imitated. · Part incentive reed

acquire a directive faculty, but if cooled upright Provide, pernicious with one touch to fire. Milt.

and perpendicularly, they will also obtain the samme.

Breun, Perni'cIOUSLY. adv. (from pernicicus.] Shoot up an arrow perpendicularly from the

Destructively; mischievously; ruin- earth, the arrow will return to your foot again. ously.

More Some wilful wits wilfully against their own

All weights naturally move perpendicularis knowledge, perniciously against their own con


Ray. science, have taught.

Aschum. PERPENDICULARITY. n. s. [from perAll the commons

pendicular.] The state of being perpen. Hate him pernicisusly, and wish him Ten fathom deep.


dicular. PERNICIOUSNESS. 11, s. [fro pernicious.)

The meeting of two lines is the primary es

sential mode or difference of an angle; the ps. The quality of being pernicious.

pendicularity of these lines is the difference of a PERNICITY. n. s. [from pernix.] Swift- right angle. ness; celerity.

Perpe’NSION. n. s. [from perpend.] Con. Others armed with hard shells, others with

sideration. Not in use. prickles, the rest that have no such armature endued with great swiftness or pernicity. Ray.

Unto reasonable perpensions it hath no place in PERORA'TION.n. s. (peroratio, Lat.] The

some sciences.

Broa. conclusion of an oration.

TO PEʻRPETRATE. v. a. (perpetro, Lat. What means this pas iɔnate discourse?

perpetrer, Fr.] This peroration with such circumstances? Shaks. 1. To commit; to act. Always in an ill True woman to the last --my peroration

sense. I come to speak in spite of suttocation. Smart.

Hear of such a crime
TO PERPE'ND. v. a. [perpendo, Latin.] As tragick poets, since the birth of time,
To weigh in the mind; to consider at-

Ne'er feign'd a thronging audience to amaze; tentively.

But true and perpetrated in our days. Tats.

My tender'infants or my careful sire,
Thus it remains and the remainder thus;


These they returning will to death require,

Will perpeirate on them the first design, Perpend, my princess, and give ear. Shaksp:

And take the forfeit of their heads for mine. Consider the different conceits of men, and

Drydene duly perpend the imperfection of their discove

The forest, which, in after-times,

Tierce Romulus, for perpetraled crimes,
PERPE'NDER. n, s. (perpigne, French.] A

A sacred refuge made.


. coping stone.

2. It is used by Butler in a nevtral sense, PERPENDICLE. n. s. [perpendicule, Fr.

in compliance with his verse, but not perpendiculum, Lat.] Any thing hanging down by a straight line.



Success, the mark no mortal wit, PERPENDICULAR. adj. [perpendicu- Or surest hand can alu ays hit; laire, Fr. perpendicularis, Lat.)

For whatsoe'er wc perpetrate, 1. Crossing any other line at right angles. We do but row, we're steer'd by fate. Hudibras.

Of two lines, if one be perpendicular, PERPETRA’TION. n. s. [from perpetrate.] the other is perpendicular too.

1. The act of committing a crime. If in a line oblique their atoms rove,

A desperate discontented assassinate would, Or in a perpendicular they move;

after the perpetration, have honested a mere priIf some advance not slower in their race,

vate revenge.

Hottoa. And some more swift, how could they be en

A woman, who lends an ear to a seducer, may tangled ?


be insensibly drawn into the perpetration of the The angle of incidence, is that angle, which

most violent acts.

Clarissa. the line, described by the incident ray, contains

2. A bad action. with the perpendicular to the reflecting or refract

The strokes of divine vengeance, or of men's ing surface at the point of incidence. Norton.

own consciences, always attend injurious perpen 2. Cutting the horizon at right angles.

trations, Some define the perpendicular altitude of the highest mountains to be four miles. Brown, Perpe’TUAL. adj. [perpetuel, Fr. perpePERPENDICULAR. n. š. A line crossing

tuus, Lat.) the horizon at right angles.

1. Never ceasing ; eternal with respect to Though the quantity of water thus rising and

futurity. falling be nearly constant as to the whole, yet it

Under the same moral, and therefore under varies in the several parts of the globe; by rea

the same perpetual law.

Holyday son that the vapours float in the atmosphere, and

Mine is a love, which must perpetual be, are not restored down again in a perpendicular

If you can be so just as I am true. Dryden, upon the same precise tract of land. Woodward. 2. Continual ; uninterrupted ; perennial.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


King Cbarks.


[ocr errors]

Within those banks rivers now

A cycle or period begins again as often as it Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train. ends, and so obtains a perpetuity. Holder.

Milton. What the gospel enjoins is a constant disposiBy the muscular motion and perpetual Aux of tion of mind to practice all christian virtues, as the liquids, a great part of theni is thrown out often as time and opportunity require; and not of the body,


a perpetuity of exercise and action; it being im3. Perpetual screw. A screw which acts possible at one and the same time to discharge against the teeth of a wheel, and conti- variety of duties.

Nelson. nues its action without end.

3. Something of which there is no end. A perpetual screw hath che motion of a wheel

A mess of pottage for a birth-right, a present and the force of a screw, being both infinite.

repast for a perpetuity.

Soutb. Wilkins.

The ennobling property of the pleasure, that PERPE'TUALLY, odv. [from perpetual.]

accrues to a man from religion, is, that he that

has the property, may be also sure of the perpeConstantly; continually; incessantly.


Soutb. This verse is every where sounding the very The laws of God as well as of the land thing in your ears; yet the numbers are perpe- Abhor a perpetuity should stand; tually varied, so that the same sounds are never Estates have wings, and hang in fortune's power. refeated twice.

Dryden. In passing from them to great distances, doth TO PERPLE'X. v. a. (perplexus, Lat.) it not grow denser and denser perpctually; and

1. To disturb with doubtful notions; to thereby cause the gravity of those great bodies, ton ards one another.

Netton, entangle; to make anxious; to tease The bible and common prayer book in the with suspense or ambiguity; to disvulgar tongue, being perpetrally read in churches, tract; to embarrass; to puzzle. have proved a kind of standard for language, es- Being greatly perplexed in his inind, he deterpecialiy to the common people. Swift. mined to go into Persia.

1 Macabees. TO PERPETUATE. v. a. [perpetuer, Fr. Themselves with doubts the day and night perpetuo, Lat.)


Denham. 1. To make perpetual ; to preserve from He perplexes the minds of the fair sex, with extinction; to eternize.

nice speculations of philosophy, when he should Medals, that are at present only mere curio

engage their hearts.

Dryden. sities, may be of use in the ordinary commerce

We can distinguish no general truths, or at of life, and at the same time perpetuate the glo

least shall be apt to perplex the mind. Locke. ries of her maj-sty's reign.


My way of stating the main question is plain Man cannot devise any other method so likely

and clear; yours obscure and anbiguous : mine

is fitted to instruct and inform; yours to perplex to preserve and perfetuate the knowledge and be

and confound a reader.

Waterland. liet of a revelation so necessary to mankind.


2. To make intricate ; to involve ; to com2. To continue without cessation or in- plicate. termission. What is it, but a continued perpetuated voice

Lies through the perpicx'd paths of this drere

wood. from heaven, resounding for ever in our ears?


We both are involv'd
to give men no rest in their sins, no quiet from
Christ's importunitv, till they awake from their

In the same intricate perplext distress. Addison. lethary ck sleep, and arise from so mortierous

What was thought obscure, perplexed, and coo a state, and permit him to give them life. Ham.

hard for our weak jarts, will lie open to the understanding in a fair view.

Locke. PERPETUA’TION. N. s. [from perpetuate.] 3. To plague; to torment; to vex. A The act of making perpetual; incessant

ser se not proper, nor used.

Chloe's the wonder of her sex,
Nourishing hair lipon the moles of the face, is

"Tis well her heart is tender,
the perpetuation of a very ancient custom.

How might such killing eyes perplex,

With virtue to defend her.
PerperU'ITY. n. s. (perpetuité, French ; Perple'x. adj. (perplex, French; per-

Granville. perfeitas, Latin.) 1. Duration to all futurity.

plexus, Latin.) Intricate ; difficult. Per.' For men to alter those laws, which God for

plexed is the word in use. perpetuity, hath established, were presumption

How the soul directs the spirits for the mo. most intolerable.


tion of the body, according to the several animal Yet am I better

exigents, is perplex in the theory. Glanvilli. Than one that's sick o' the gout, since he had PERPLE'XEDLY. adv. (from perplixid.)

Groan so in perpetuity, than be cur'd

Intricately; with involution.

PERPLE'XEDNESS. n. s. [from perplexed.]
By the sure physician, death. Sbalspeare.
Time as long again

1. Embarrassment; anxiety.
Would be fill'd up with our tanks;

2. Intricacy; involution; difficulty.
And yet we should, for perpetuity,

Obscurity and perplexedness have been cast
Go hence in debt.
Sbakspeare. upon St. Paul's epistles from without.

Nothing wanted to his noble and heroical in-

PERPLEXITY. n. s. (perplexité, Fr.]
tentions, but only to give perpetrity to that which
was in his time so happily established. Bacon.

J. Anxiety ; distraction of mind.
There can be no other assurance of the per-

The fear of him ever since hath put me into petuiry of this church, but what we have from him such perplexity, as now you frund me. Sidney. that built it.


Perplexity not suffering them to be idle, they

think and do, as it were, in a phrensy. Hicokci. 2. Exemption from intermission or cessa- The royal virgin, which beheld from far, tion.

In pensive plight and sad perplexity,

Their way

[ocr errors]

The whole atchievement of this doubtful war,

PERSECUTOR. n.s. (persecuteur, French; Came running fast to greet his victory. Spenser. 2. Entanglement; intricacy,

from persecute.) One who harasses Let him look for the labyrinth; for I cannot

others with continued malignity. discern any, unless in the perplexity of his own

What man can do against them, not afraid, thoughts.

Stilling fleet.

Though to the death ; against such cruelties PERPOTA’TION. 1.s. (per and poto, Lat.)

With inward consolations recompens'd;
The act of drinking largely.

And oft supported so, as shall amaze
Their proudest persecuters.,

Milta. PE'RQUISITE. n. s. (perquisitus, Latin.)

Henry rejected the pope's supremacy, but reSomething gained by a place or office tained every corruption besides, and became & over and above the settled wages.

cruel persecutor.

Swift. Tell me, perfidious, was it fit

PERSEVEʻRANCE. n. s. [perseverance, Fr. To make my cream a perquisite, And steal to mend your wages ? Wid. and Cat.

perseverantia, Lat. This word was once To an honest mind, the best perquisites of a

improperly accented on the second sylplace are the advantages it gives a man ot doing

lable. good.

Addison. 1. Persistence in any design or attempt ; To what your lawful perquisites amount. steadiness in pursuits ; constancy in

Swift. PERQUISI'TION. n. s. (perquisitus, Lat.)

progress. It is applicd alike to good

and ill. An accurate inquiry i a thorough

The king-becoming graces, search.


Bounty, persev'rance, mercy, lowliness; PE'RQUISITED. adj. [from perquisite.] I have no relish of them.

Sbakse. Supplied with perquisites.

Perseverance keeris honour bright; But what avails the pride of gardens rare,

To have done, is to hang quite out of fashion, However royal, or however fair,

Like rusty mail in monumental mockery. If perquisited varlets frequent stand,

Sbakspeere. And each new walk must a new tax demand?

They hate repentance more than perseveran: Savage. in a fault.

King Cbarle. Pe'rry. n. s. (poire, Fr. from poire.] Cider

Wait the seasons of providence with patience made of pears.

and perseverance in the duties of our calling,

what difficulties soever we may encounter. Perry is the next liquor in esteem after cyder,

L'Estrange. in the ordering of which, let not your pears be

Patience and perseverance overcome the greatover ripe before you grind them; and with some

est difficulcies.

Clarissa. sorts of pears, the mixing of a few crabs in the grinding is of great advantage, making perry

And perseverance with his batter'd shield.

Brokas equal to the red-streak cyder. Mortimer.

2. Continuance in a state of grace. T. ÞE'RSECUTE. v.a. (persecuter, Fr.

We place the grace of God in the throne, to persecutus, Latin.]

rule and reign in the whole work of conversion, s. To harass with penalties; to pursue perseverance, and salvation.

Henrard. with malignity. It is generally used of PERSEVEʻrant, adj. (perseverant, Fr. penalties inflicted for opinions.

perseverans, Lat.] Persisting; constant. I persecuted this : ay unto the death. Acts.

Ainsworth. 2. To pursue with repeated acts of ven

TO PERSEVEĽRE. V. n. (persevero, Latin ; geance or enmity. They might have fall’n down, being persecuted

perseverer, Fr. This word was ancient. of vengeance, and scattered abro.d. Wisdom.

ly accented less properly on the second Relate,

syllable.] To persist in an attempt; not For what offence the queen of heav'n began to give over; not to quit the design.

To persecute so brave, so just a man. Dryden. But my rude musick, which was wont to please 3. To importune much : as, be persecutes Some dainty ears, cannot with any skill me with daily solicitations.

The dreadful tempest of her wrath appease, PERSECUʻTION.n.s. (persecution, French;

Nor move the dolphin from her stubborn will; persecutio, Lat. from persecute. )

But in her pride she doth persevere still. Spens.

Thrice happy, if they know The act or practice of persecuting; Their happiness, and persevere upright! Milton.

The Jews raised persecution against Paul and Thus beginning, thus we persevere; Barnabas, and expelled them.

Acts, Our passions yet continue what they were. He endeavoured to prepare his charge for the

Drider. reception of the impending persecution ; that To persevere in any evil course, makes you they might adorn their profession, and not at the unhappy in this life, and will certainly throw same time suffer for a cause of righteousness, you into everlasting torments in the next. Wake. and as evil doers.


PERSEVEʻRINGLY.adv. (from persevere.] Heavy persecution shall arise On all, who in the worship persevere

With perseverance. Of spirit and truth.

Milton. To PERSI'ST. v. n. (persisto, Lat. persis. The deaths and sufferings of the primitive ter, Fr.] To persevere ; to continue christians had a great share in the conversion of firm ; not to give over. those learned pagans, who lived in the ages of

Nothing can make a man happy, but that persecution.


which shall last as long as he lasts; for an im2. The state of being persecuted.

mortal soul shail persist in being, not only when Our necks are under persecution; we labour profit, pleasure, and honour, but when time itand bave no rest.

Lamentations. self, shall cease. Christian fortitude and patience had their op- If they persist in pointing their batteries portunity in times of affliction and persecution. against particular persons, no laws of war for

Spratt. bid the makiøg reprisals.

[ocr errors]




PERSI'STANCE. Z n.s. (from persist. PerPERSISTENCY. S sistence seems more

proper.] s. The state of persisting; steadiness ;

constancy ; perseverance in good or bad.

The love of God better can consist with the indeliberate commissions of many sins, than with an allowed persistance in any one.

Government of the Tongue. s. Obstinacy; obduracy; contumacy.

Thou think'st me as far in the devil's book, as thou and Falstaff, for obduracy and persistency.

Sbakspeare, PERSI'STIVE. adj. [from persist.) Steady;

not receding from a purpose ; persevering:

The protractive tryals of great Jove,

To find persistive constancy in men. Sbaksp. PEʻRSON. n. s. [personne, French ; perso

na, Latin.) 3. Individual or particular man or woman.

A person is a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing in different times and places.

Lecke, 2. Man or woman considered as opposed to things, or distinct from them.

A zeal for persons is far more easy to be perverted, than a zeal for things.

Spratt, To that we owe the safety of our persons and the propriety of our possessions. Atterbury. 3. Individual; man or woman.

This was then the church, which was daily increased by the addition of other persons received into it.

Pearson. 4. Human being, considered with respect to mere corporal existence.

'Tis in her heart alone that you must reign; You'll find her person difficult to gain. Dryden. s. Man or woman considered as present, acting or suffering.

If I am traduc'd by tongues that neither know My faculties nor person ; 'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake That virtue must go through. Slaksp.

The rebels maintained the fight for a small time, and for their persons shewed no want of courage.

Bacon, 6. A general loose term for a human be. ing; one; a man.

Be a person's attainments ever so great, he should always remember that he is God's crea

Clarissa. 7. One's self ; not a representative.

When I purposed to make a war by my lieu. tenant, I made declaration thereof by my chancellor; but now that I mean to make war upon France in person, I will declare it to you myself.

Bacon. Our Saviour in his own person, during the time of his humiliation, duly observed the sabbath of the fourth commandment, and all other legal rites and observations.

White. The king in person visits all around, Comforts the sick, congratulates the sound, And holds for thrice three days a royal feast.

Dryden. 8. Exteriour appearance.

For her own person, It beggar'd all description.

Sbaksp. 9. Man or woman represented in a ficti

tious dialogue.

All things are lawful unto me, saith the aposo tie, speaking, as it seemeth, in the person of the christian gentile for the maintenance of liberty in things indifferent.

Hooker. These tables Cicero pronounced, under the person of Crassus, were of more use and authority than all the books of the philosophers.

Baker on Learning. 10. Character.

From his first appearance upon the stage, in his new person of a sycophant or juggler, instead of his former person of a prince, he was exposed to the derision of the courtiers and the common people, who flocked about him, that one might know where the owl was, by the flight of birds.

Bacon. He hath put on the person not of a robber and murtherer, but of a traitor to the state. Hayw. 11. Character of office.

I then did use the person of your father;
The image of his power lay then in me:
And in th' administration of his law,
While I was busy for the commonwealth,
Your highness pleased to forget my place.

Shakspeare. How different is the same man from himself, as he sustains the person of a magistrate and that of a friend?

South, 12. [In grammar.] The quality of the noun that modifies the verb.,

Dorus the more blushed at her smiling, and she the more smiled at his blushing; because he had, with the remembrance of that plight he was in, forgot in speaking of himself the third person.

Sidney If speaking of himself in the first person singular has so various meanings, his use of the tirst person plural is with greater latitude. Locke. PERSONABLE, adj. [from person. ] 1. Handsome ; graceful; of good appearance.

Were it true that her son Ninias had such a stature, as that Semiramis, who was very persona able, could be taken for him; yet it is unlikely that she could have held the empire forty-two

years after by any such subtilty. Raleigh. 2. [In law.] One that may maintain any

plea in a judicial court. Ainsworth. PERSONAGE. n. s. I personage, Fr.] 1. A considerable person ; man or woman of eminence.

It was a new sight fortune had prepared to those woods, to see these great personages thus run one after the other.

Sidney. It is not easy to research the actions of eminent personages, how much they have blemished by the envy of others, and what was corrupted by their own felicity,

Wotion. 2. Exteriour appearance ; air ; stature.

She hath made compare Between our statures, she hath urg'd his height; And with her personage, her tall personage, She hath prevail'd with him.

Sbakst. The lord Sudley was fierce in courage, courtly in fashion, in personage stately, in voice magnifi

cent, but somewhat empty of matter. Hayward. 3. Character assumed.

The great diversion is masking; the Venetians, naturally grave, love to give into the follies of such seasons, when disguised in a false personage.

Addison. 4. Character represented.

Some persons must be found out, already known by history, whom we may make the actors and personages of this fable Broome.



[ocr errors]

PERSONAL. adj. [personel, Fr. personalis, 2. With respect to an individual ; parti. Lat.)

cularly. 1. Belonging to men or women, not to

She bore a mortal hatred to the house of L20things; not real.

caster, and personally to the king. Bacon Every man so termed by way of personal dif- 3. With regard to numerical existence. ference only.

Hooker. The converted man is personally the same he 2. Affecting individuals or particular peo

was before, and is neither born nor created 2

new in a proper literal sense. Rigers. ple; peculiar ; proper to him or her ; TO PERSONATE. v.a. [from persona, Lat.) relating to one's private actions or cha

1. To represent by a fictitious or assumed racter.

character, so as to pass for the person For my part, I know no personal cause to spurn at him:

represented. But for the general.


This lad was not to personate one, that had It could not mean, that Cain as elder had a

been long before taken out of his cradle, but a natural dominion over Abel, for the words are

youth that had been brought up in a court, conditional; if thou docst well: and so personal

where infinite eyes had been upon him. Baces. to Cain.


2. To represent by action or appearance; Publick reproofs of sin are general, though by to act. this they lose a great deal of their effect; but in Herself a while she lays aside, and makes private conversations the application may be Ready to personate a mortal part. Crasbaw. more personal, and the proots when sa directed 3. To pretend hypocritically: with the come home.

Rogers. reciprocal pronoun. If he imagines there may be no personal pride,

It has been the constant practice of the Jesuits vain fondness of themselves, in those that are

to send over enissaries, with instructions to pero patched and dressed out with so much glitter of

sonate themselves members of the several sects art or ornament, let him only make the experi


amongst us. ment.

Law. 3. Present; not acting by representative. 4. To counterfeit ; to feign. Little in

The fav'rites that the absent king In deputation left,

Piety is opposed to that personated devotion When he was personal in the Irish war. Sbaksp.

under which any kind of impiety is disguised.

Hummerd. This immediate and personal speaking of God almighty to Abraham, Job, and Moses, made

Thus have I played with the dogmatist in a

Glanvill.. not all his precepts and dictates, delivered in this

personated scepticism. manner, simply and eternally moral; for some 5. To resemble. of them were personal, and many of them cere- The lofty cedar personates thee. Sbaksp. monial and judicial.

Wbite. 6. To make a representative of, as in 4. Exteriour; corporal.

picture. Out of use. This heroick constancy determined him to Whose eyes are on this sovereign lady fist, desire in marriage a princess, whose personal One do I personate of Timon's frame, charms were now become the least part of her Whom fortune with her iv'ry hand wafts to her. Addison.

Sbakspeare. 5. [In law.] Sonething moveable ; some- 3. To describe. Out of use.

thing appendant to the person, as mo- I am thinking what I shall say; it must be a ICT ; not real, as land.

personating of himself; a satyr against the softThis sin of kind not personal,

'ness of prosperity.

Sbaksp; But real and hereditary was.


I will drop in his way some obscure epistles of

Jove, wherein, by the colour of his beard, the 6. [In grammar. ) A personal verb is that shape of his leg, the manner of his gait, the ex.

which has all the regular modification pressure of his eye, forehead, and complexion, of the three persons; opposed to im- he shall find himself most feelingly personated.

Sbakspeare. personal, that has only the third. PERSONA’LITY. n. s. [from personal.] The PERSONA’tion. 7. s. [from personate.] existence or individuality of any one.

Counterfeiting of another person. Person belongs only to intelligent agents, ca

This being one of the strangest examples of a pable of a law, and happiness and misery : this

personation that ever was, it deserveth to be dis

covered and related at the full. premality extends itself beyond present exista ence to what is past, enly by consciousness, PERSONIFICA’TION. 1. s. (from personiWherehv it imputes to itself past actions, just ty.) Prosopopceia; the change of things upon the same ground that it does the present.


to persons : as, PE'RSONALLY. adv. [from personal.]

Confusion heard his voice.

TO PERSO NIFY. V. a. (from person.) To 1. In person ; in presence; not by repre

change from a thing to a person. sentative. Approbation not only thev give, who persona'ly

PE'RSPECTIVE. 7.s. (perspectif, French; declare their assent by voice, sign, or act, but

perspicio, Latin.) also when others do it in their names. Hooker. 1. A glass through which things are I could not personelin deliver to her

viewed. What yeu commanded me, but by her woman If it tend to danger, they turn about the pero I sent your message.

Sbakst. spective, and shew it so little, that he can searce There are many reasons, why matters of such discern it.

Derbian a wonderful nature should not be taken notice It may import us in this calm, to hearken to og bu tarse pagan writers, who lived before our the storms raising abroad; and by the best pere Savvurs disciples liai personally appeared among spetites, to discover from this coust they them. didins break.




« PreviousContinue »