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CONTENTS

PART I

INTRODUCTORY

CHAPTER

PAGB

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1. A BIBLE HARD TO READ TO-DAY

• 3 II. THE POETRY OF THE BIBLE NOT OUR PROSE

14 III. TRUTH OF IDEA TRUER THAN TRUTH OF FACT 25 IV, MISLEADING ORDER AND TITLES OF BIBLICAL BOOKS 33 V. EARLY MAN AND HIS CREED

56 VI. BABYLONIA, ITS INFLUENCE ON ISRAEL

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IX. SAUL TO Amos. (c. 1050-760 B.C.)

X. AMOS, HOSEA, SAIAH, AND MICAH .
XI. THE BOOK OF THE LAW, AND JEREMIAH .

141

164

CHAPTER

PAGE
181

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XII. THE CAPTIVITY; EZEKIEL ; II ISAIAH
XIII. THE RETURN FROM EXILE; THE PRIESTLY CODE 199
XIV. MORAL AND SPIRITUAL VALUES OF PRIESTLY CODE. 214

XV. (1) THE “ HOLY WRITINGS": INTRODUCTORY. 238
XVI. (II) THE “HOLY WRITINGS” EXAMINED : PSALMS 253
XVII. (III) THE “HOLY WRITINGS": JOB, ECCLESIASTES,
PROVERBS

266

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XVIII. (IV) THE “HOLY WRITINGS": CANTICLES, RUTH,

ESTHER, LAMENTATIONS
XIX. MESSIANIC HOPE-DANIEL AND APOCALYPSES

289

306

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INDEX

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337

KEY TO THE SYMBOLS J, E, D, H, P

As stated and explained in Chap. IV., pp. 41-55, the Hexateuch (ie.
Gen. to Josh.) is not by one author, but a composite work, formed out
of several documents wide apart in date and representing distinct stages
of development. These various groups were gradually welded together,
till at last the Hexateuch assumed its present form about 450-400 B.C.
J = the Jehovistic narrative, so called because it regularly uses the

term Jehovah (or Yahweh) for God. Date c. 850 B.C.
E= the closely cognate Elohistic narrative, so called because it prefers

Elõhîm for the Divine Name, never using Jehovah till Exod. iii.
14 sqq. (where God reveals it to Moses), and very sparingly after
that." Date c. 750 B.C. J (of Judah origin), and E (of Northern
Kingdom, or Israel, origin), are independent parallel narratives

drawing mainly on a common stock of tradition.
JE=J and E skilfully welded together into one narrative. The symbol

JE is used when it is not possible, or not necessary, to distinguish

the two sources. Date c. 700 B.C. or shortly after.
D = Deuteronomy, the" Book of the Law” discovered in the Temple in

621 B.C. It was written some little time before its discovery.

H = the “Law of Holiness," i.e. roughly speaking, Lev. xvii.-xxvi. It is

the oldest part of the Priestly Law, and its kernel ; "holiness" is

its keynote ; its date is the age of Ezekiel, say, c. 580 B.C.
P = the Priestly narrative, the work of the legalistic school of the

latter part of the exile and later, though based on older material.
Date c. 500 B.C.

[For C, E, JED, and full details of the above symbols, refer to

Index.]

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INTRODUCTORY

B

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