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sure you I know whereof I speak," con- more highly civilized than even the Sentinued the Cynic, warming to his subject. ior Laws, will be capable of furnishing "In our examinations here in the legal enough honor to support such a system. department, we are often put under an Until then, let us hold to the custom of honor system for an hour at a time. I our ancestors. Selah." assure you nothing could produce worse results. Of course, there are a few poor,

From Columbia University Law School misguided wretches who make an earnest endeavor to write their examinations I am very much gratified to know that without either receiving or rendering any you are taking such a lively interest in aid. Theirs is indeed a thankless and the Honor System. I have already sent burdensome task.

in my vote in your canvass, but wish to "The majority of us, conscienceless add my hopes that your agitation will wights that we are, who have flitted gay- succeed in getting the system established ly o'er the course of lectures and have generally. amused ourselves by hurling paper darts, I have the honor to be a graduate wads of gum, and other infantile mis- of Washington and Lee University, in siles at the lecturer, instead of taking whose law school Mr. Tucker was forcareful notes, are totally at a loss to an- merly a professor, and so I know from swer the questions propounded. Obsess- personal observation of the same condied with a sudden desire to do so, we tions that he must have had in mind promptly and effectually muffle 'the still when making the address you quote. small voice called conscience and seek to According to what I saw during my obtain information from whomever is three years there, the System is an uncontiguous. As a result of this whole- qualified success, because it has the sancsale thirst for knowledge, Chaos reigns tion of the student body. A difficulty in supreme in that erstwhile quiet chamber. establishing it in schools that have not The air is freighted with questions, an- had experience with it, I apprehend, will swers, and opinions vouchsafed in no un- be that it will not have at first the certain tones. The fortunate possessors sanction of the student body. This apof cribs wave them triumphantly in the plies most particularly to undergraduate face of those who are trying to combine schools. As to law schools, I think the their own and their neighbor's knowl- introduction would be welcomed. I have edge with but ill success.

talked to many of my classmates here "But when the wandering Prof. re- (Columbia University Law School) on turns, all this is changed. Once more all this subject, and without exception all of is calm and tranquil. The stillness is un- them would much prefer it. Many of broken, save for the scratching of pens these men went to colleges where it was and the wails of a poor unfortunate who not in force, but that has not kept them must struggle with a puzzler unaided. from wanting it here. The idea seems

"All of which proves that the good, to be that, since they are preparing themold-fashioned, wholesome fear of au- selves to handle delicate questions and thority is the only means by which ex- care for large interests, they should at aminations can be satisfactorily conduct- least be encouraged in cultivating a high ed. There may come a time when a fu- sense of honor by not being subjected ture generation, more intelligent and to the present system of .espionage, ac

cording to which we are watched during if they possessed either, it would deter our examinations as if we were a lot of them from doing anything whatever tothieves.

M. H. ward passing the required subjects by

fraud. No, because of peculiar racial condi

Now, as to the other side of the questions in this law school. H. A. W.

tion. The honorable student cares not I vote no, because of peculiar racial how much he is watched; in fact, he preconditions existing in this school.

fers, for his own protection, to be watchK. E. W.

ed, so that no question can ever be raised

as to his ability to do that for which he From the Brooklyn Law School

has obtained the credit; and it seems to I would say that the “Honor System” me that, in justice to such students, all is not in effect in the Brooklyn Law

College and Bar Examiners are in duty School; and, as to my opinion regarding

bound to see that they have this protecits success if introduced, I reply most


R. S. R. emphatically, No. One must indeed be very inexperi

From the University of Virginia Law enced if he supposes that putting stu

School dents upon their honor would obviate a

The "Honor System" had its birth great deal of fraud. Let such a man al

here, and Virginia takes a modest and tend a few of the Regents' examinations

motherly pride in her most successful held at the Grand Central Palace in this


L. J. P. City, not as a watcher, but as one of the body of candidates, and observe for him

From Washington and Lee University self what takes place. From personal

Law School knowledge I cite one instance: A young man who sat in front of me at one of We have the “Honor System.” It is these examinations did not hesitate to very successful, and is strictly upheld ask questions of me repeatedly during without any trouble. N. W. B. the course of the examination; and, up

The “Honor System” reigns supreme on failing to elicit any response, he deliberately rose, crossed the aisle, looked

here, and is a success, and neither stuover another candidate's shoulder at his

dent nor teacher would change it.

F. B. R. paper, and spoke to him.

Note the precautions that are neces- The "Honor System" is in effect here, sary to prevent fraud at these examina

and we wouldn't give it up. W. L. F. tions, where time and time again pro

Has been in effect for years, and has fessional examination takers have, for a

proved highly successful. J. N. K. price, taken examinations for candidates, so that now a recent photograph of every candidate must be filed, with his sworn

From Harvard University Law School statement, upon finishing his examina- Harvard Law School Examinations tion.

are aimed to test a man's reasoning powOf what use would it be to put upon ers, which cannot be worn upon his cuff. their honor men who have neither honor The few facts that a man might disnor pride to guide their course? For, honestly take into the examination room

The pre

would little avail him. So it is mere- a particular point in his existence, he is ly an academic question which system always and instantaneously going to be would be better in our law school. Har- converted by being placed upon his honvard has never favored the “Honor Sys- or. All men do not possess a sufficiently tem," and on the whole I concur.

solid substratum to respond in the nature H. R. B. of things to such an appeal, just as in

the other fields of endeavor all do not From Stanford University Law School come up to the mark when the demand is

made. Let us take the case of a class We have the “Honor System” in our

under examination, in which there is one school. It is ideal.

J. C. T.

delinquent individual, and see what are

the consequences. A. is an honest stuFrom the National University Law

dent, perhaps fluctuating, on a certain School

question on the paper, between the cor

rect and incorrect answer. The "Honor System" is in effect in ponderance of his impression is in favor our school, and is very successful. Nev- of the correct answer. While he is hesier heard or knew of any one taking ad- tating to write it on his examination vantage of it.

J. T. McM.

book, B., the one to whom the honor The "Honor System" is now in force

system fails to appeal, happens to ask

assistance of A. on that identical quesin this school, and has proven a success.

H. H. B.

tion, phrasing his remark in such a way that A. cannot help knowing what is the

preponderance in the dishonest student's From a Cambridge, Mass., Reader.

mind. This process of suggestion is one In the current number of your maga- that is constantly being seen on the witzine I was interested to mark that you ness stand. The honest student, A., had undertaken the compilation of data therefore, seeing that B.'s opinion inregarding the preference of students, or clines in the same direction as does his lack of it, for the “Honor System,” so (A.’s) on the matter in hand, comes to called, and although no longer a student, the shrewd conclusion that his opinion is except in the sense of “once a student, the correct answer. He is now in a always a student," and therefore not en- quandary. If he has any introspective titled to return your inclosed post card powers, he will soon wonder if he would on the subject, I should like to express

have answered the question in the way my views, strongly opposed as they are he has come to feel is the proper way, to any such institution. The idea of an if it had not been additionally suggested lionor system appears to have originated to him by B. He realizes that any judgin some very ill-reasoned logic or mis- ment in his favor now will, or may be, placed sentimentality, assuming that hon- tinctured by bias. If he has a very highor is a ccmmodity that can be mechanic- ly developed conscience, he will not be ally turned on and off like liquid through disposed to give himself the benefit of a stop-cock

the doubt, and must therefore leave the Its most ardent advocates could hardly question unanswered, or answer it incormaintain without refutation that, no mat- rectly; whereas he had the right, before ter how dishonest a student may be at he was interfered with, to "guess" at

the answer to the best of his ability. He stitution is not bound at its peril to prebecomes, therefore, the victim of circum- vent him from cheating, and, if it cannot stances, even if his participation in the do it, he is not entitled to enjoy his deconversation goes no further than simply gree with an easy conscience. He is not hearing what is B.'s question. B. had no entitled to use writing concealed on his right to interfere with A. A. had a right cuff, or in his watch, or in any other not to be interfered with by B., and the astute way, as he might successfully do, educational institution was bound to pro- if he tried. Even with a proctor present, tect him in that right. Furthermore, on it must be donë quietly or at least more this question may depend the success or quietly, and hence is confined more closefailure of A.'s examination, and we may ly to the delinquent, without making otheven suppose that his degree depends on ers unwilling particeps criminis. Nor this course. He thus, without any fault when he enters business life is he any of his own, may lose his degree; and the less bound to the highest principles this by, to me, unanswerable logic, based of honor. on the wholly possible premise that there In the many examinations I have passed is one dishonest student in the examina- through I have not felt that the proctortion room. Nor is this all. A., the stu- ing system, which always obtained, lessdent particularly addressed by B., need ened my personal sense of honor, and, if not necessarily be the only man who I were to go through them again, would hears the question asked; and it is plain, not under any consideration (unless I therefore, more than one man may have were examined in a room by myself, and his peace of mind ruined.

even then I should, I think, prefer a procEven under the proctor system, honor tor's presence) exchange the system that is not entirely dispensed with. The stu- was in force for the uncertain complident is not entitled to circumvent, if he ment of the so-called “Honor System.” can, the proctor. The educational in

C. H. H.

The New Law Building at the University of Iowa

and Its Dedication


N FEBRUARY 22d the magnificent

new Law Building at the University of Iowa was dedicated with fitting ceremonies. In the morning at ten o'clock the keys to the building were formally presented and accepted. This part of the program was held in the new Law Library. Addresses were made by Senator James H. Trewin, Chairman of the State Board of Education, George E. MacLean, President of the University, and

Charles N. Gregory, Dean of the College of Law.

The address of Dean Gregory, which was one of unusual beauty and fitness, has since been called the “Gregory Benediction," and was as follows:

"Mr. President, Your Excellency the

Governor, Gentlemen of the Board of Education, Ladies and Gentlemen : “For the Faculty of Law I humbly and solemnly accept the trust confided, and


earnestly promise that we will spare no can be reached from the floor and where labor in its faithful administration. the sun shines by day and the electric

"The Law School of the State Univer- light by night, where, in a vaulted, pilsity of Iowa has been houseless and lared hall, with air that is mechanically homeless for the forty-two years of her changed every few moments, the longuseful and prolific existence. She has suffering law student may forget the fetknown, as Dante says, 'How hard it is to id air, the dim lights, and the inaccesclimb and to descend the stranger's stair,' sible galleries of our old historical library yet in that time she has graduated (with those who take their degrees to-day) "Thanks are due to the governing 2,711 students. These 'sons in Law' of boards of the University, the Governor the University have many of them won and Legislature of the State, the ingenthe success of private fortune and pro- ious and gifted architect, for all this, fessional eminence. At least four have and, still more, to the people of the state, reached the United States Senate; many who have provided this noble shelter for the lower house of Congress. At least law and scholarship. May its use be thirteen have attained the Supreme lasting and lofty as its own stone colBench of their states, and two the Fed- umns, and may it return 'full measure, eral Bench. At least three have been pressed down, and running over to the Governors of states and a great many state by which it was decreed and the have been District Judges, Senators, As- people by whom it was provided. May semblymen, Regents, Mayors, and Coun- its years be crescent years, each riper, ty and City Attorneys.

wiser, fuller, higher, than the year be"Now, for the first time, by the bounty fore, and may its sons, the only harvest of the state, this ‘mother of men' is given that it promises, its sons, the lawyers and a habitation and a dwelling place; one, public servants of the state, justify its too, of dignified and austere beauty, existence. May they help to make the stately, ample, and commodious. Secure splendid declaration of Magna Charta a by its construction against fire, as eter- living fact in this broad state. "To no nal as justice. One, too, in which the man shall be sold or denied or delayed law students may at last find the com- right or justice.' May they help to make forts and conveniences which have been the law of this Commonwealth what I long accorded to their fellows.

heard a gifted Alumnus declare to the "In two weeks of experience every

Bar of the State that the law should be: professor of law has already noticed the “The hope of all who suffer,

The dread of all who wrong.' increase in zeal, order, and attention which such surroundings must promote. “And when I that speak and you that Every student has his seat, and his desk listen lie under the sod, as presently we as well, assigned for the semester in the must, may there still pass out from the classroom. The practice court meets in carved stone portals of this building, to a courtroom as dignified and judicial as serve and to bless the state, the nation, that of the county.

and mankind, a procession of good men "The Marshall Law Society enjoys its and sound lawyers as endless and benefiown well-fitted room for debate and par- cent as the flow of the Iowa River, which liamentary practice, and the library has rolls on in the valley below for ever and every one of its 14,000 volumes where it

ever. Amen.”

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