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special dress—once natural, but now rep- bound. The owners are looking forward resenting somewhat artificially the digni- to having the sets all rebound in time, ty which is inherent in the law. In its and thus matched up. Indeed, where place, they declare for straightforward buckram some years ago was heterodox and up-to-date canvas or buckram. in a law library, it is now, as one book

In this they are merely giving expres- man punningly declared, the consertasion as a body to an opinion which has tive thing. been growing with amazing rapidity Naturally, this situation has set the among the individual members of the binders and the manufacturers of bindprofession. One law publisher reports ers' supplies to experimenting with varithat two-thirds of the new orders receiv- ous grades of cloth. A very good grade ed specify buckram binding. Another of canvas is made in England; but there publisher estimates the proportion at 75 is nothing better than the Americanto 80 per cent. Thousands of lawyers

Thousands of lawyers made buckram, which is more and more have "changed over” from sheep to buck- used by the leading law publishers in ram on their continuing sets, reconciling this country. It adapts itself readily to themselves to the incongruity of a set

the work of the skillful binder. Both bound partly in one way and partly in serviceable and handsome, buckram is another because of the manifest advan- undoubtedly destined to be as charactertage of having the more durable binding istic of the law book of the twentieth from this time on. It is common even to century as vellum was in the fifteenth, see sets spotted over with buckram where calf in the sixteenth, or sheep in the ninespecial odd volumes have had to be re- teenth century.

How Attorney Smith Became a Law Editor.


1. The Home View.

II. Smith's View.
TTORNEY Henry Dillingsworth William Jones,

Smith has accepted a position on Attorney at Law, Jackson, Okla. the Editorial Staff of the West Publish- Dear Bill: ing Co. and will remove from our midst You may be surprised to learn to St. Paul next week. Mr. Smith is a that I have changed my base of operalawyer of ability and had a promising tions and am now on the editorial force career at the bar opening before him, of the West Publishing Co. As you but the attractions of a legal literary life know, I had a pretty good practice in were too strong to be resisted. We con- Jackson for a town of its size. But one fidently anticipate that he will shortly day, as I was looking through an advance be found in the front rank of the West sheet of the Pacific Reporter, it occurred Publishing Co.'s knights of the pencil. to me that I was wasting my time and Success to you, Henry!

ability in sticking to the humdrum of the - Jackson Weekly Bugle. active practice, that I was meant for an

author, for a legal literary editor. I felt extent my ideals by conforming to what
sure that a company which issued week- seemed to be their established methods.
ly nine or ten pamphlets like the Pacific After this came a third installment, with
must need the assistance of bright young a letter commenting on the improvement
men of my caliber, and so I wrote to in my work. It seems that there were
them, tendering ny services, telling of now but three of us left in the competi-
my superior qualifications, magnifying, tion, and this fact put me upon my met-
perhaps, the importance of the cases I tle. After this came a summons to St.
had handled, and inclosing a few briefs Paul for a trial on actual work. This
which I had prepared. I also enclosed was a triumph but it was qualified, be-
letters from our United States Senator cause I was warned not to announce to
and our Circuit Judge showing that I my friends the purpose of my trip, as
was eminently qualified for the position it might not result favorably.
for which I was applying. Their reply On arriving here, I found myself
stated that there was no vacancy, but among a group of forty able men, gradu-
added that in the selection of editors ates of the academic and law depart-
they were not guided by testimonials, but ments of Yale, Harvard, Michigan, Chi-
relied solely upon their own opinion of cago, and other large universities, one
the applicant's fitness as evidenced by of whom is Maldim, who was in the
actual tests in writing headnotes. How- class ahead of us at Ann Arbor. In-
ever, they offered to put me on their stead of being put to work as a full-fledg-
waiting list and with this I was obliged ed editor a one hundred and thirty page
to be content. A month or two later I book on headnote writing was put in-
received a letter inviting me to compete to my hands to study. It opened my
with thirty others for a vacancy which eyes to many things. It contained rules
had then occurred.

for the preparation of cases and samples My first impulse was to decline to join of original paragraphs written by new in any such scramble for their old va- editors and the corrected paragraphs cancy. On reflection, however, I con- written by the revisor. I learned for the cluded that I would go in and show them first time, that in placing catch words what real headnote writing was. So I over the paragraphs I could not use any went at the first three cases. When I word which occurred to my mind but sent them off I was thoroughly satisfied must use one of the four hundred and that their editor in chief would have no twelve main titles of the American Digest trouble in making a decision as to the System; that wherever a statute was best work. A few days later I received construed, language of the statute must the company's reply, which I am free to be set forth in the syllabus, etc., etc. I confess was a blow to my self-esteem. spent nearly a week studying this book. Instead of an invitation to come to St. After this I was set to work writing Paul, it contained three more cases and headnotes under the direction of one an invitation to try again. Criticisms of their chief editors, known as the reof my work which were inclosed im- visor. At first I had some trouble makpressed upon me the fact that there were ing my views meet those of this gentlesome things about headnote writing man but after several weeks of hard which I wasn't just up on, due, of course, work I reached the point where we often to my inexperience. I then prepared this agreed even over the first draft of my second lot of cases, sacrificing to some headnotes. This training over, I was in

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stalled as a full-fledged editor, on the III. The Company's View. basis of merit alone.

Revisor's Report: I feel that I can do first-class work, and will prove a valuable addition to the

Smith, the man now on trial, gives staff. I am confident the time is not far promise of making a satisfactory editor distant when I shall be able to append

in time, and I recommend that he be my name to some work which shall be of given a contract. Of course, he is full sufficient value to become familiar to the

of the faults which beset all new men, entire legal fraternity of our land. and I shall continue to go over his work Yours as ever,

with him for six or eight months, as is Henry Dillingsworth Smith. our custom.


A New Development in Legal Education.


Professor of Law, University of Indiana.

The inauguration of the American Institute of Law promises a very important advance into new fields of legal education. The movement was started some months ago by the American Law Book Company. Encouraged by the success of its Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure, which is largely the work of law school teachers, the American Law Book Company has taken the initiative in moving for the establishment of a high grade institution for legal education in its widest relations, to be organized by, and conducted under, the control of law school men and active practitioners interested in the cause of legal education.

Professor Charles M. Hepburn, of the Indiana University School of Law, has been asked to take charge of the organization and development of the Educational Side of the Institute. He is now engaged in this work. At the request of the American Law School Review he has furnished us with the following statement of the general purpose of the Law Institute and its proposed methods of teaching.–Editor.


"HE leading purpose of the Ameri- haps larger than either lawyer or layman

can Institute of Law is to supple- supposes. They constitute a great negment the work of the Law Schools which lected majority. With the best of inrequire residence on the part of their tentions the door of legal learning has students. The Institute would not turn been locked against them by the Law any away from the residence schools or Schools, even in universities which, in discourage entrance into them, but the other departments of human knowledge, contrary. It will seek to reach those seek to aid those who cannot go into whom the residence Law Schools cannot university residence. reach, or at least do not reach. It would The existence of this class is someprovide a complete, systematic, and scien- times brought to the attention of law tific course of instruction in law for all school faculties by the enrollment, among who desire to study the law of the land, the freshmen law students, of an active but cannot find the time and the money member of the bar who, for the sake of necessary for attendance upon a good a scientific course in legal training, has residence Law School.

closed his law office, given over his law The number of such persons is per- business, and moved his family to a col


lege town for the three years' residence very clear that a host of the law clerks in the shadow of the law school. He will not attend the residence law schools will, no doubt, profit from this courage and will force a way to the bar, whether and self-denial. He ought to have many

the law schools like it or not. “As well followers. It is roughly estimated that try to sweep back the tide with a broom," from 50 per cent. to 70 per cent. of the said a member of one of the Boards of practicing lawyers in the central West State Bar Examiners recently, "as try have come to the bar with neither law to keep the law clerks from getting to school instruction nor adequate office the bar." training; and there is abundant evidence In the prevailing conditions in Amerithat very many of these realize the de- ca, the practical question for legal edufect and seek a remedy. But for every cators is not, “How can law clerks be forone who thus closes his office, and enrolls ced to leave their law offices and attend in a good residence law school, there are good residence law schools?" nor, "How 50 who remain out in the woods.

can law clerks who have not attended No less numerous is that rapidly grow- residence law schools be kept out of the ing class of business men who desire to bar?" but, "What is the best legal educastudy law, either for the purpose of in- tion which can be offered to law clerks tellectual training, or because of special in their law offices?" ized lines of business which require a The Institute aims to reach, with apworking knowledge of fundamental dis- propriate educational or instructional tinctions in some branches of substan- methods, all of these wide classes of pertive law.

It will offer in full the regular The neglected condition of law clerks course of the best three-year law schools, who seek to reach the bar, but cannot with some additional subjects,' as, for attend a good residence law school, has instance, a course on legal ethics. It long been recognized-by practitioners will offer also a number of special coursrather than by law school faculties. es to meet the needs of business men. There appear to be some fifteen thou- The regular course will cover a period sand of these law clerks now registered of four years. In exceptional cases, in law offices as candidates for admis- however, on a showing by the student sion to the bar. It is easy to say that all of adequate academic training and facilisuch should obtain leave of absence from ties for continuous legal study, the course their offices, enroll in good residence law may be completed, and a certificate grantschools, and give three years to the un- ed, after a searching examination, in interrupted study of law. Perhaps the law clerk of to-day, for his own sake The instruction will necessarily be by and for the sake of the profession which correspondence. While there are suche hopes to enter, should enroll in a good cessful correspondence law schools in residence law school. But even if this existence, the general method employed is so, and even if it be assumed that the by the Institute will be somewhat differState ought to prescribe a full law course ent from that found in these schools, in in a residence law school as preliminary that it is designed not only to impart into a call to the bar, it is clear that the formation, but also to develop in the stuLegislatures will not require this for dent the power of legal reasoning. It many a long year to come. It is also aims to give him through correspondence

three years.

a legal training like that which can be ob- The Lecturers, selected from the foretained in residence law schools under ap- most authorities on their subjects in the proved methods of instruction.

leading law schools, will prepare the InIn most subjects in the regular course troductory Lectures for the several coursthe work will be based upon a study of es, and co-operate with the Professors in carefully arranged selections of decided selecting the cases on the subject. cases. The full course will include in- Each professor in the Institute will struction, first, in certain general intro- have charge of a limited group of subductory subjects, such as Elementary jects, to the scientific and systematic Law and How to Study Cases, based on study and teaching of which he is exthe use of text-books, quizzes, and cases pected to give continuously his best for practice; second, on the individual thought and energies. The aim of the subjects generally covered in the first, Institute is to have in its professors a second, and third year work of the best body of lawyers, each of whom is enresidence law schools.

titled to recognition as an authority on The method of instruction in each of the subjects intrusted to him and can the individual courses shows the follow- teach as a master of these subjects and ing features: a subject introductory lec- not as a retailer of secondhand opinions. ture for each subject; a topical intro- It is also the aim of the Law Institute to ductory lecture and hypothetical cases enable each of its Professors to make a for each main division; a carefully ar- career in the work of the Institute as a ranged selection of actually decided teacher of law. cases, printed without the syllabi, for The work of a Professor will be to each topic, intended to furnish the stu- conduct the courses committed to his dent with the materials for working out charge, and, in particular: the principles governing the topic; ques- (1) To prepare the topical lectures in tions intended to direct the student's at- his subjects, as distinct from the subtention to special features in any one of ject introductory lectures prepared by the cases, as to the judge deciding the the Lecturer. case, the course of the action in the case, (2) To select and arrange the cases and other points of critical or historical for the subject when they are not selectinterest; examinations based on an ex- ed by the Lecturer. tensive selection of hypothetical cases; (3) To frame the quizzes in his subetc. The manner of presenting the sub- ject and the hypothetical questions. ject-matter to the student, the quizzing, (4) To prepare for the assistance of the methods employed in preparing re- the Instructors the proper statement of ports on cases read, the review work, the

the cases and the answers to the Case manner of conducting examinations, have Interrogatories. all been worked out with an eye single The work of the Instructors will be to to the educational efficiency of corre- assist the Professors in the several coursspondence teaching in the fundamentals es, and in particular to examine, critiof the law.

cise, and grade the note books and the The work of instruction will be in examination books of the students. It charge of a faculty composed of Lectur- is the purpose

of the Institute that every ers, Professors, and Instructors.

note book sent in by a student shall re

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